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A comprehensive directory of world famous philosophers, including their biography, philosophies and work.

Plato once said ‘Wonder is the feeling of the philosopher, and philosophy begins in wonder’. With this wonder a philosopher expresses his thoughts sometimes making life easier for millions. Commonly called ‘thinkers’, philosophers search for the hidden meanings of things and then nurture it in a system of thoughts. Often, they share these thoughts with the world even though they know the fragility of the society. Philosophers turn their hurtful experiences into lessons and share them to save several others from the vices of life. Education does not necessarily make a philosopher, however a degree is often acquired by many. However, the beauty lies in the fact that no two philosophers are alike. Some are like wine: the older the better, like Socrates; others are meteors like Nietzsche, full of their own brilliance and beauty. Some are drowned in their sorrow and some are hopeful beyond their sorrow. Yet each of them finds a connection with someone and speaks of his own individuality. At every age Philosophers add to life and show that there’s one hidden in each of us. Discover this space for the list of famous Philosophers with their biographies that include trivia and interesting facts about them and also tracing their timeline and life history.
Abdolkarim Soroush Abdolkarim Soroush

Abdolkarim Soroush is a religious leader of great importance in Iran. In an era where influences of the modern world are making an impact on ...

Adam Smith Adam Smith

Adam Smith was a pioneer of political economy and a thinker of modern economics. Due to his extensive work in economics and for being the most ...

Alan Watts Alan Watts

Alan Watts or Alan Wilson Watts was a British philosopher, writer, and speaker who popularized and interpreted Eastern Philosophy for the ...

Albert Camus Albert Camus

A Nobel Prize laureate, Albert Camus was the French Algerian philosopher, author and journalist, much renowned worldwide for his contribution in ...

Albert Schweitzer Albert Schweitzer

Albert Schweitzer was a German born French theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary. His notable work is in founding ...

Alexander Bain Philosopher Alexander Bain - Phi...

Alexander Bain was a prominent philosopher and logician who excelled in the fields of psychology, linguistics, logic and moral philosophy. Many ...

Alexander Herzen Alexander Herzen

Alexander Herzen was a Russian author and political activist, popularly known as the ‘Father of Russian socialism’. He fought all his life ...

Alfred North Whitehead Alfred North Whitehe...

Alfred North Whitehead was a British Mathematician who is known for his tremendous contributions in algebra, logic, foundations of mathematics, ...

Amartya Sen Amartya Sen

Amartya Sen is a much-admired, award winning economist, writer and philosopher. A voice of the poor and malnourished, tirelessly engrossed in ...

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius Anicius Manlius Seve...

“Last of the Romans”, as he is fondly dubbed, Boethius, the Roman philosopher and statesman, is regarded by many as a Christian martyr who ...

Aristotle Aristotle

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, better known as the teacher of Alexander the Great. He was the student of Plato and was considered to be an ...

Arthur Schopenhauer Arthur Schopenhauer

An isolated, aggressive and pessimistic person, Schopenhauer was one of the greatest philosophers of the 19th century. His cynicism, much of ...

Auguste Comte Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte or Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte was a prominent French philosopher. He introduced a new discipline namely ...

Avicenna Avicenna

Avicenna was the most influential and renowned philosopher and scientist of the Islamic world. Popularly known as the father of modern medicine, ...

Baruch Spinoza Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza was one of the frontrunners of radical thinking who coined a new school of belief called Spinozism. Since an early age, he ...

Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS, is one of the finest names in the list of great philosopher, logician, ...

Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He did pioneering works in calculating machines ...

Bob Black Bob Black

Bob Black is considered one of the foremost post-left anarchists. He expressed his ideas in his books and essays in his inimitable style ...

Cicero Cicero

Marcus Cicero was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. A strong believer in the ...

Dallas Willard Dallas Willard

Dallas Albert Willard was one of the most acclaimed Christian thinkers. An academician and educator, he served as the professor of Philosophy ...

Daniel Dennett Daniel Dennett

Daniel Dennett is an American philosopher and writer who has created a stir in the world through his ground-breaking research on the philosophy ...

David Hume David Hume

David Hume was a fabulous philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist from Scotland. He was extremely popular for his amazing philosophical ...

Diogenes Of Sinope Diogenes Of Sinope

Diogenes was a commendable Greek philosopher and one of the founders of the Cynic philosophy from Sinope. He is also remembered as “Diogenes ...

Epicurus Epicurus

Epicurus was an ancient Greek philosopher and one of the prominent philosophers in the Hellenistic period. He was the founder of the school of ...

F.H Bradley F. H. Bradley

Francis Herbert Bradley, OM was one of the most influential British idealistic philosophers. Bradley after a number of attempts to gain a ...

Francis Bacon Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon was a legendary English philosopher, scientist, lawyer, author, statesman, jurist and father of the scientific methods. He was one ...

Francis Schaeffer Francis Schaeffer

Francis Schaeffer was an American Evangelical Christian theologian, philosopher, and Presbyterian pastor. He inspired a cohort of evangelicals ...

Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche was a famous German philosopher and philologist known for his critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, ...

Friedrich Schiller Friedrich Schiller

Voted by a Franco-German TV network as ‘the second most important playwright in Europe after William Shakespeare’, Friedrich Schiller is ...

Friedrich August von Hayek Friedrich von Hayek

If there is one twentieth-century economist who can be tagged as the Renaissance man, it has to be Friedrich Hayek, the Austrian born British ...

George Berkeley George Berkeley

George Berkeley, an Anglo-Irish Anglican bishop, was one of the great philosophers of the modern era. He is known for his empiricist and ...

George Boole George Boole

British mathematician and logician George Boole discovered Boolean logic. This logical theory acts as the basis of modern digital computer and ...

George Santayana George Santayana

George Santayana was a Spanish American philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist. He never gave up his Spanish citizenship, despite being ...

Gottfried Leibniz Gottfried W. Leibniz

Gottfried W. Leibniz holds a prominent position in the domains of mathematics and philosophy. Famed as the developer of infinitesimal calculus, ...

Heraclitus Heraclitus

Heraclitus was a Greek philosopher who was an independent thinker and unlike other ancient philosophers, he is not considered to belong to any ...

Herbert Spencer Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer was an English philosopher, biologist and sociologist. He was also one of the influential classical liberal political theorists ...

Hippocrates Hippocrates

Hippocrates is a radiant name in the history of medicine. The outstanding individual brought a new form into the field of ancient Greek ...

Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant was a famous Prussian philosopher. He was a professor of philosophy at Königsberg, in Prussia and spent his life in researching, ...

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Ishwar Chandra Vidya...

The social reformer who strived to make life better for the women of India and pushed the British government to pass the Widow Remarriage Act, ...

Jacques Derrida Jacques Derrida

Jacques Derrida was one of the most significant French philosophers of the 20th century. He is best-remembered for developing a method of ...

Jean Le Rond d’Alembert Jean Le Rond d’Ale...

A great mathematician, philosopher and music theoretician, Jean Le Rond d’Alembert was among the most influential men of his time. His ...

Jean Piaget Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist and philosopher best known for his work on the cognitive development in children. He identified his field ...

Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Roussea...

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an influential Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism. His political philosophy deeply ...

Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre was an excellent existentialist philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer ...

Jeremy Bentham Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham, the key founder of the Principle of Utility, was a voracious reader at a very early age. He was known as a ‘philosopher’ to ...

Jiddu Krishnamurti Jiddu Krishnamurti

Jiddu Krishnamurti was one of the paramount spiritual leaders of the 20th century. When he was just a little boy, he was pronounced as the ...

John Dewey John Dewey

John Dewey was a famous American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer. He was also the founder of functional psychology and one of ...

John Locke John Locke

John Locke was an outstanding English philosopher and physician, extensively known as the “Father of Liberalism”. He was also admired as one ...

John Rawls John Rawls

John Rawls was one of the leading American philosophers who specialised in moral and political philosophy. He was the author of ‘A Theory of ...

John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill

A British philosopher and civil servant, John Stuart Mill was an influential contributor to social theory, political theory, and political ...

Karl Marx Karl Marx

Karl Marx was a 19th century philosopher, political economist and revolutionary, who gave socialism a scientific foundation. Marx was devoted to ...

Karl Popper Karl Popper

Karl Popper, also known as Sir Karl Raimund Popper, was an Austrian-born British Philosopher and a professor at the London School of Economics. ...

Kurt Gödel Kurt Gödel...

Kurt Friedrich Gödel was known for his mathematical work in the 20th century, which was the time when most mathematicians were concentrating on ...

Lao Tzu Lao Tzu

Lao Tzu also known as Laozi or Lao Tse was a mystic Chinese philosopher who was best known as the author of the “Tao Te Ching”. Being the ...

Laozi - Chinese Philosopher Laozi

Laozi or Lao Tzu, who existed in the 6th century B.C, was the founder of the Chinese philosophical ‘School of the Tao’ or ‘Taoism’. He ...

Ludwig von Mises Ludwig von Mises

Ludwig von Mises was a famous Austrian economist and was one of the most notable philosophers of the 20th century. During the course of his long ...

Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein was an Austrian philosopher who inspired two great philosophical movements of the 20th century — logical positivism and ...

Maimonides Maimonides

Moses ben-Maimon, commonly called Maimonides, was a distinguished Jewish philosopher of medieval times. Apart from being an eminent philosopher, ...

Martin Buber Martin Buber

Martin Buber was an influential twentieth century Jewish philosopher and an outstanding religious thinker, political activist, educator, ...

Martin Heidegger Martin Heidegger

Martin Heidegger was a German philosopher, who is famous for his theories on existentialism and phenomenology. He was associated with ...

Mary Wollstonecraft Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft was a famous, eighteenth-century British writer who is best known for her work, ‘A Vindication of the Rights of Women’. ...

Meister Eckhart Meister Eckhart

Eckhart von Hochheim, better known to the world as Meister Eckhart, was born in a German family of landowners in c.1260. He was endowed with the ...

Mencius Mencius

Mencius was a famous Chinese philosopher, born in the state of Zou. He was controversially considered the most popular Confucian, after ...

Michel de Montaigne Michel de Montaigne

Michel Eyquem de Montaigne was among the most powerful writers of the French Renaissance. He was extremely popular for publicizing the essay as ...

Michel Foucault Michel Foucault

Michel Foucault was a prominent French philosopher and historian. He was also a controversial scholar, who shot to both fame and notoriety ...

Mikhail Bakunin Mikhail Bakunin

Legendary Russian revolutionary, anarchist and prolific political writer, Mikhail Bakunin was one of the most powerful propagators of anarchism ...

Baron de Montesquieu Montesquieu

Baron de Montesquieu was a French author, political commentator, philosopher, jurist and social commentator. He is widely regarded as one of the ...

Muhammad Iqbal Muhammad Iqbal

Sir Muhammad Iqbal, also famously known as Allama Iqbal, was a famous poet, philosopher, lawyer and politician from British India. He is ...

Murray Rothbard Murray Rothbard

Murray Newton Rothbard was an American economist, historian, and political theorist. With his exceptional academic and scholarly ability, he ...

Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg/Novalis Novalis

Novalis was amongst the most renowned poet, author and philosophers of the early German romanticism era. Mostly known to the world by his ...

Paul Tillich Paul Tillich

Widely revered as 'one of the most influential theologians of the 20th century', Paul Tillich was a Christian existentialist philosopher and ...

Paulo Freire Paulo Freire

Paulo Reglus Neves Freire was a professor and philosopher known for his work with adult illiterates and for promoting critical pedagogy, a ...

Peter Singer Peter Singer

Peter Albert David Singer is a world famous Australian-born Jewish moral philosopher who has, in his career of almost three decades, challenged ...

Philo Philo

Philo who, also known as Philo of Alexandria, Philo Judaeus, Philo Judaeus of Alexandria, Yedidia, "Philon", and Philo the Jew, was a popular ...

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Pierre Teilhard de C...

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was a famous French philosopher and Jesuit priest who was also trained as a paleontologist and geologist. He took ...

Plato Plato

Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and mathematician, more so known as the student of Socrates and writer of philosophical dialogues. He ...

Plotinus Plotinus

Plotinus was an ancient philosopher considered as the pioneering founder of Neo-Platonism, a philosophical movement of the Graeco-Roman world in ...

Plutarch Plutarch

Plutarch was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist, known for his famous works, “Parallel Lives” and “Moralia”. ...

Protagoras Protagoras

Protagoras was a Greek philosopher, thinker and teacher. He is considered as the most famous of Greek Sophists. In fact, he is attributed for ...

Pythagoras Pythagoras

Pythagoras of Samos was a well-known mathematician, scientist and a religious teacher. He was born in Samos and is often hailed as the first ...

Reinhold Niebuhr Reinhold Niebuhr

Reinhold Niebuhr was a well known American theologian and intellectual who earned great fame and admiration of the masses. Niebuhr was ordained ...

René Déscartes René Déscartes...

René Descartes was an eminent French Mathematician, philosopher and writer, who has been popularly referred to as ‘Father of Modern ...

Robert M. Pirsig Robert M. Pirsig

Robert M. Pirsig is the renowned author of the bestseller, ‘Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance,” a popular cult classic of the ...

Rudolf Steiner Rudolf Steiner

While describing Rudolf Steiner, it is rather easy to list the fields in which he failed to excel than explain the areas in which he was a ...

Socrates Socrates

“As for me, all I know is that I know nothing” - a famous quote describes the humble and modest attitude of one of the most famous Greek ...

Soren Kierkegaard Soren Kierkegaard

Soren Kierkegaard was a famous Danish philosopher, theologian and religious author. He was well known for his criticism of the philosophies of ...

Sun Tzu Sun Tzu

Sun Tzu was an ancient Chinese military general, strategist and philosopher, who is believed to have written the famous ancient Chinese book on ...

Thales Thales

Thales of Miletus was a prominent and popular Greek philosopher of pre- Socratic times. He belonged to Miletus in Asia Minor and was among the ...

Thomas Carlyle Thomas Carlyle

Thomas Carlyle was a popular satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher from Scotland in the Victorian era, born in the village of ...

Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes was a prominent English philosopher, who is best known for his excellent work on political philosophy. His 1651 book ...

Walter Benjamin Walter Benjamin

Walter Benjamin, was a German critic, writer, philosopher, essayist, translator and radio broadcaster. He supported the importance of the ...

William Godwin William Godwin

William Godwin was the father of philosophical anarchism, and was also a prominent a novelist and journalist. He is best-remembered for two of ...

William James William James

William James was one of the original thinkers and a famous American philosopher. For his pioneering work in psychology, he was often called as ...

Xenophon Xenophon

Xenophon was an ancient Greek historian and philosopher. He lived during the 4th century B.C. and wrote about life in ancient Greece. He was a ...