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A comprehensive directory of world famous philosophers, including their biography, philosophies and work.

Plato once said ‘Wonder is the feeling of the philosopher, and philosophy begins in wonder’. With this wonder a philosopher expresses his thoughts sometimes making life easier for millions. Commonly called ‘thinkers’, philosophers search for the hidden meanings of things and then nurture it in a system of thoughts. Often, they share these thoughts with the world even though they know the fragility of the society. Philosophers turn their hurtful experiences into lessons and share them to save several others from the vices of life. Education does not necessarily make a philosopher, however a degree is often acquired by many. However, the beauty lies in the fact that no two philosophers are alike. Some are like wine: the older the better, like Socrates; others are meteors like Nietzsche, full of their own brilliance and beauty. Some are drowned in their sorrow and some are hopeful beyond their sorrow. Yet each of them finds a connection with someone and speaks of his own individuality. At every age Philosophers add to life and show that there’s one hidden in each of us. Discover this space for the list of famous Philosophers with their biographies that include trivia and interesting facts about them and also tracing their timeline and life history.
Abdolkarim Soroush Abdolkarim Soroush
(Iranian)

Abdolkarim Soroush is a religious leader of great ...

Abraham Joshua Heschel Abraham Joshua Heschel
(Polish)

Born in a family of eminent rabbis, Abraham's ...

Adam Smith Adam Smith
(Scottish,Welsh)

Adam Smith was a pioneer of political economy and ...

Adi Shankara Adi Shankara
(Indian)

Adi Shankara was an 8th century Indian Hindu ...

Alan Watts Alan Watts
(British,American)

Alan Watts or Alan Wilson Watts was a British ...

Albert Camus Albert Camus
(French)

A Nobel Prize laureate, Albert Camus was the ...

Albert Schweitzer Albert Schweitzer
(French)

Albert Schweitzer was a German born French ...

Alexander Bain - Philosopher Alexander Bain - Philosop...
(Scottish)

Alexander Bain was a prominent philosopher and ...

Alexander Herzen Alexander Herzen
(Russian)

Alexander Herzen was a Russian author and ...

Alfred North Whitehead Alfred North Whitehead
(British,American)

Alfred North Whitehead was a British ...

Allan Bloom Allan Bloom
(American)

A philosopher, academician and classicist, Allan ...

Alphonsus Liguori Alphonsus Liguori
(Italian)

Alphonsus Liguori was an Italian theologian, ...

Amartya Sen Amartya Sen
(Indian)

Amartya Sen is a much-admired, award winning ...

Anaxagoras Anaxagoras
(Greek)

Anaxagoras of Clazomenae was an ancient Greek ...

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius Anicius Manlius Severinus...
(Italian,Ancient Roman)

Boethius was an early 6th century Roman senator, ...

Anna Comnena Anna Comnena
(Greek)

Anna Comnena was a Greek princess and scholar who ...

Aristotle Aristotle
(Greek)

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist, ...

Arthur Schopenhauer Arthur Schopenhauer
(German)

An isolated, aggressive and pessimistic person, ...

Auguste Comte Auguste Comte
(French)

Auguste Comte or Isidore Auguste Marie François ...

Averroes Averroes
(Spanish)

Ibn Rushd was one of the most renowned Andalusian ...

Avicenna Avicenna
(Iranian)

Avicenna was the most influential and renowned ...

Baruch Spinoza Baruch Spinoza
(Dutch)

Baruch Spinoza was one of the frontrunners of ...

Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell
(British)

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl ...

Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal
(French)

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician and ...

Bob Black Bob Black
(American)

Bob Black is considered one of the foremost ...

Chanakya Chanakya
(Indian)

Chanakya was a philosopher, economist, and ...

Cicero Cicero
(Italian,Ancient Roman)

Marcus Cicero was a Roman philosopher, ...

Confucius Confucius
(Chinese)

Confucius was an ancient Chinese teacher, ...

Dallas Willard Dallas Willard
(American)

Dallas Albert Willard was one of the most ...

Daniel Dennett Daniel Dennett
(American)

Daniel Dennett is an American philosopher and ...

David Hume David Hume
(British,Scottish)

David Hume was a fabulous philosopher, historian, ...

Debendranath Tagore Debendranath Tagore
(Indian)

Debendranath Tagore was an Indian religious ...

Diogenes Of Sinope Diogenes Of Sinope
(Greek)

Diogenes was a commendable Greek philosopher and ...

Edith Stein Edith Stein
(German)

It is often stated that there are certain people ...

Emile Durkheim Emile Durkheim
(French)

David Émile Durkheim is regarded as the ...

Epicurus Epicurus
(Greek)

Epicurus was an ancient Greek philosopher and one ...

Eratosthenes Eratosthenes
(Greek)

The Greeks were the earliest discoverers of much ...

F. H. Bradley F. H. Bradley
(British)

Francis Herbert Bradley, OM was one of the most ...

Francis Bacon Francis Bacon
(British)

Francis Bacon was a legendary English ...

Francis Schaeffer Francis Schaeffer
(American)

Francis Schaeffer was an American Evangelical ...

Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche
(German)

Friedrich Nietzsche was a famous German ...

Friedrich Schiller Friedrich Schiller
(German)

Voted by a Franco-German TV network as ‘the ...

Friedrich von Hayek Friedrich von Hayek
(Austrian,British)

If there is one twentieth-century economist who ...

Galen Galen
(Greek)

Galen was an ancient Greek physician and surgeon ...

Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei
(Italian)

Often remembered as the Father of Modern ...

George Berkeley George Berkeley
(Irish,British)

George Berkeley, an Anglo-Irish Anglican bishop, ...

George Boole George Boole
(British)

British mathematician and logician George Boole ...

George Santayana George Santayana
(Spanish,American)

George Santayana was a Spanish American ...

Gottfried W. Leibniz Gottfried W. Leibniz
(German)

Gottfried W. Leibniz holds a prominent position ...

Henry David Thoreau Henry David Thoreau
(American)

Henry David Thoreau was an American writer, poet ...

Heraclitus Heraclitus
(Greek)

Heraclitus was a Greek philosopher who was an ...

Herbert Spencer Herbert Spencer
(British)

Herbert Spencer was an English philosopher, ...

Ibn Khaldun Ibn Khaldun

Ibn Khaldun was a 14th century Arab Muslim ...

Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant
(German)

Immanuel Kant was a famous Prussian philosopher. ...

Imre Lakatos Imre Lakatos
(Hungarian)

Imre Lakatos was a Jewish-Hungarian philosopher ...

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(Indian)

The social reformer who strived to make life ...

Jacques Derrida Jacques Derrida
(French)

Jacques Derrida was one of the most significant ...

Jean Le Rond dâAlembert Jean Le Rond d’Alembert...
(French)

A great mathematician, philosopher and music ...

Jean Piaget Jean Piaget
(Swiss)

Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist and ...

Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau
(French)

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an influential Genevan ...

Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre
(French)

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre was an excellent ...

Jeremy Bentham Jeremy Bentham
(British)

Jeremy Bentham, the key founder of the Principle ...

Jiddu Krishnamurti Jiddu Krishnamurti
(Indian)

Jiddu Krishnamurti was one of the paramount ...

John Dewey John Dewey
(American)

John Dewey was a famous American philosopher, ...

John Locke John Locke
(British)

John Locke was a 17th century English philosopher ...

John Rawls John Rawls
(American)

John Rawls was one of the leading American ...

John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill
(British)

A British philosopher and civil servant, John ...

Karl Marx Karl Marx
(German,Prussian)

Karl Marx was a 19th century philosopher, ...

Karl Popper Karl Popper
(British)

Karl Popper, also known as Sir Karl Raimund ...

Ken Wilber Ken Wilber
(American)

Ken Wilber is one of the most important ...

Kurt Gödel Kurt Gödel
(American)

Kurt Friedrich Gödel was known for his ...

Lao Tzu (Laozi) Lao Tzu (Laozi)
(Chinese)

Lao Tzu or Laozi, who existed in the 6th century ...

Seneca the Younger Lucius Annaeus Seneca
(Ancient Roman)

Lucius Annaeus Seneca was a Roman philosopher and ...

Ľudovít Å túr Ľudovít Štúr...
(Hungarian)

Ľudovít Štúr was a Slovak politician, poet ...

Ludwig von Mises Ludwig von Mises
(Austrian)

Ludwig von Mises was a famous Austrian economist ...

Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Wittgenstein
(Austrian)

Ludwig Wittgenstein was an Austrian philosopher ...

Maimonides Maimonides

Moses ben-Maimon, commonly called Maimonides, was ...

Maria Gaetana Agnesi Maria Gaetana Agnesi
(Italian)

Maria Gaetana Agnesi was an eighteenth century ...

Martin Buber Martin Buber
(Austrian,Israeli)

Martin Buber was an influential twentieth century ...

Martin Heidegger Martin Heidegger
(German)

Martin Heidegger was a German philosopher, who is ...

Mary Wollstonecraft Mary Wollstonecraft
(British)

Mary Wollstonecraft was a famous, ...

Meister Eckhart Meister Eckhart
(German)

Eckhart von Hochheim, better known to the world ...

Mencius Mencius
(Chinese)

Mencius was a famous Chinese philosopher, born in ...

Michel de Montaigne Michel de Montaigne
(French)

Michel Eyquem de Montaigne was among the most ...

Michel Foucault Michel Foucault
(French)

Michel Foucault was a prominent French ...

Miguel de Unamuno Miguel de Unamuno
(Spanish)

Miguel de Unamuno was a Spanish educator, ...

Mikhail Bakunin Mikhail Bakunin
(Soviet Russian,Russian)

Legendary Russian revolutionary, anarchist and ...

Milan Rastislav Å tefánik Milan Rastislav Štefáni...
(Slovak)

Milan Rastislav Stefanik was a Slovak ...

Mirza Fatali Akhundov Mirza Fatali Akhundov
(Azerbaijani)

Mirza Fatali Akhundov was a renowned Azerbaijani ...

Montesquieu Montesquieu
(French)

Baron de Montesquieu was a French author, ...

Muhammad Iqbal Muhammad Iqbal
(Pakistani)

Sir Muhammad Iqbal, also famously known as Allama ...

Murray Rothbard Murray Rothbard
(American)

Murray Newton Rothbard was an American economist, ...

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
(Iranian)

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi was a prolific author and an ...

Niccolò Machiavelli Niccolò Machiavelli...
(Italian)

Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian politician, ...

Nicholas Murray Butler Nicholas Murray Butler
(American)

Nicholas Murray Butler was an American ...

v Nikos Kazantzakis
(Greek)

Nikos Kazantzakis, a Greek philosopher and ...

Novalis Novalis
(German)

Novalis was amongst the most renowned poet, ...

Paul Tillich Paul Tillich
(German,American)

Widely revered as 'one of the most influential ...

Paulo Freire Paulo Freire
(Brazilian)

Paulo Reglus Neves Freire was a professor and ...

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