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Comprehensive biographies of world's most famous physicists.

Physicists are the scientists who study the field of physics in great detail. They conduct research into physical phenomena or the natural science that involve the study of matter and related concepts. They analyze the general happenings in nature and try to understand how the universe behaves. On the basis of research through observation and experiments, they discover physical laws and propound theories that explain the functioning of natural forces like gravity, electromagnetism, and nuclear interactions. The discovery of new physical laws and theories contribute to the existing base of theoretical knowledge and can also be used for more practical applications such as development of medial equipment, electronic devices, nuclear reactors, etc. During the earlier days, physics was considered a field of philosophy; it was only during the 19th century that physics was realized as a discipline separate from philosophy. Some of the major branches of physics are classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, theory of relativity and electromagnetism. Since physics covers a vast number of fields, most physicists specialize in one of the many subfields. However, the various subfields may overlap with each other and also with other sciences resulting in interdisciplinary fields such as biophysics, geophysics, meteorology, etc. Browse through this section to explore the biographies, life and works of various famous physicists from all over the world.
Abdus Salam Abdus Salam
(Pakistani)

One person who had made the Asian sub-continental ...

Abraham Pais Abraham Pais
(American)

Born in a family of educators, Pais was a bright ...

Albert Abraham Michelson Albert A. Michelson
(American)

Albert Abraham Michelson was the first American ...

Albert Einstein Albert Einstein
(German,American)

Do you fondly call the whiz kid in your class/ ...

Allan McLeod Cormack Allan McLeod Cormack
(American,South African)

Allan McLeod Cormack was a South African-American ...

Amedeo Avogadro Amedeo Avogadro
(Italian)

Amedeo Avogadro was an Italian scientist who ...

Anders Celsius Anders Celsius
(Swedish)

Anders Celsius was a Swedish astronomer, ...

Andre Marie Ampere Andre Marie Ampere
(French)

.Andre Marie Ampere was a French physicist and ...

Andrei Sakharov Andrei Sakharov
(Russian)

Andrei Sakharov was a Russian physicist and Noble ...

Annie Jump Cannon Annie Jump Cannon
(American)

Annie Jump Cannon was an American astronomer and ...

Archimedes Archimedes
(Greek)

Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding ancient ...

Arnold Sommerfeld Arnold Sommerfeld
(German)

Arnold Sommerfeld was a renowned German physicist ...

Arthur Compton Arthur Compton
(American)

Arthur Holly Compton was a renowned American ...

Arthur Eddington Arthur Eddington
(British)

Arthur Eddington was an eminent scientist who is ...

Augustin-Jean Fresnel Augustin-Jean Fresnel
(French,American)

Augustin-Jean Fresnel was a French physicist best ...

Avicenna Avicenna
(Iranian)

Avicenna was the most influential and renowned ...

Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal
(French)

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician and ...

Brian Josephson Brian Josephson
(British)

Brian Josephson is a Welsh theoretical physicist ...

Burton Richter Burton Richter
(American)

Burton Richter is an American scientist who ...

Cecil Frank Powell C. F. Powell
(British)

Cecil Frank Powell was an English physicist who ...

C.V. Raman C.V. Raman
(Indian)

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, the Indian ...

Carl David Anderson Carl David Anderson
(American)

Carl David Anderson was a renowned American ...

Carl Sagan Carl Sagan
(American)

Carl Sagan was a multifaceted scientist who left ...

Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia
(Italian)

Carlo Rubbia is an Italian physicist, who has ...

Charles Augustin De Coulomb Charles Augustin De Coulo...
(French)

Charles Augustin de Coulomb was a French ...

Charles Édouard Guillaume Charles Édouard Guillaum...
(Swiss)

Charles Édouard Guillaume was a renowned Swiss ...

Charles Hard Townes Charles H. Townes
(American)

Charles Hard Townes was an American physicist and ...

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson Charles Thomson Rees Wils...
(British)

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson was a Scottish ...

Christian Doppler Christian Doppler
(Austrian)

Ambitious and indomitable are two words that ...

Clifford Shull Clifford Shull
(American)

Clifford Glenwood Shull was a well-known U.S. ...

Count Alessandro Volta Count Alessandro Volta
(Italian)

Known for his extraordinary work in the field of ...

Cyril Domb Cyril Domb
(Israeli,British)

Can religion and science ever be reconciled? This ...

Daniel Bernoulli Daniel Bernoulli
(Swiss)

Daniel Bernoulli was a Swiss mathematician and ...

David Bohm David Bohm
(American)

David Bohm is an American born theoretical ...

Dennis Gabor Dennis Gabor
(Hungarian)

Dennis Gabor was a Hungarian-born British ...

Donald A. Glaser Donald A. Glaser
(American)

Donald Arthur Glaser was a prominent American ...

Edward Mills Purcell Edward Mills Purcell
(American)

Edward Mills Purcell was a well-known American ...

Edward Teller Edward Teller
(American)

A controversial figure and one of the most ...

Edward Victor Appleton Edward Victor Appleton
(British)

Sir Edward Victor Appleton was an English ...

Edwin Mattison McMillan Edwin McMillan
(American)

Edwin Mattison McMillan was an American nuclear ...

Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi
(Italian,American)

Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist who made ...

Ernest Lawrence Ernest Lawrence
(American)

Ernst Lawrence was an American nuclear scientist ...

Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford
(New Zealander,British)

Ernest Rutherford is a prominent figure in the ...

Ernest Walton Ernest Walton
(Irish)

Ernest Walton was an Irish physicist who shared ...

Ernst Mach Ernst Mach
(Austrian)

Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach was a noted ...

Ernst Ruska Ernst Ruska
(German)

German physicist and academician Ernst Ruska is ...

Erwin Schrödinger Erwin Schrödinger...
(Austrian)

Known for his contribution in the theory of ...

Eugene Paul Eugene Wigner
(American)

Eugene Paul "E. P." Wigner was a Hungarian ...

Evangelista Torricelli Evangelista Torricelli
(Italian)

Evangelista Torricelli was a famous Italian ...

Felix Bloch Felix Bloch
(Swiss)

Felix Bloch was a Swiss born American physicist ...

Francis William Aston Francis William Aston
(British)

Francis William Aston was a British scientist ...

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz...
(Costa Rican,American)

Franklin Chang-Diaz is a physicist and former ...

Frédéric Joliot-Curie Frédéric Joliot-Curie...
(French)

Frederic Joliot Curie was a French physicist and ...

Gabriel Lippmann Gabriel Lippmann
(French)

Gabriel Lippmann was a French physicist and ...

Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei
(Italian)

Often remembered as the Father of Modern ...

Georg Ohm Georg Ohm
(German)

A German physicist and mathematician, Georg Simon ...

George Gamow George Gamow
(Russian)

George Gamow was a Russian theoretical physicist ...

George Paget Thomson George Paget Thomson
(British)

George Paget Thomson was an English physicist, ...

Georges Lemaître Georges Lemaître...
(Belgian)

Georges Lemaitre was a Belgian scientist who ...

Gerhard Herzberg Gerhard Herzberg
(Canadian,German)

Gerhard Herzberg was a Germany-born Canadian ...

Gustav Kirchhoff Gustav Kirchhoff
(German)

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was a German physicist ...

Gustav Ludwig Hertz Gustav Ludwig Hertz
(German)

Gustav Ludwig Hertz was Nobel Prize winning ...

Hans Bethe Hans Bethe
(American)

Hans Albrecht Bethe was a German and American ...

Hans Christian Ørsted Hans Christian Ørsted...
(Danish)

Hans Christian Oersted, a Danish chemist and ...

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
(Dutch)

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes was a Dutch physicist who ...

Heinrich Hertz Heinrich Hertz
(German)

Heinrich Hertz was a German scientist and ...

Heinrich Rohrer Heinrich Rohrer
(Swiss)

A pioneer in the field of nanotechnology, Swiss ...

Hendrik Lorentz Hendrik Lorentz
(Dutch)

Hendrik Lorentz was a Dutch scientist who is ...

Henri Becquerel Henri Becquerel
(French)

Henri Becquerel was a French scientist, physicist ...

Henry Cavendish Henry Cavendish
(British)

Henry Cavendish was a renowned British scientist ...

Henry Moseley Henry Moseley
(British)

Englishmen have often been at the forefront of ...

Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl
(German)

Hermann K. H. Weyl, famous as Peter among his ...

Hermann von Helmholtz Hermann von Helmholtz
(German)

Hermann von Helmholtz was a German physician and ...

Hideki Yukawa Hideki Yukawa
(Japanese)

Hideki Yukawa was a renowned Japanese theoretical ...

Homi Bhabha Homi Bhabha
(Indian)

The man who pioneered the Indian nuclear research ...

Isaac Newton Isaac Newton
(British)

An extraordinary genius and proficient physicist, ...

Isidor Isaac Rabi Isidor Isaac Rabi
(American)

Isidor Isaac Rabi was a Poland-born American ...

Johannes Hans Daniel Jensen J. Hans D. Jensen
(German)

Johannes Hans Daniel Jensen was a German nuclear ...

J J Thompson J. J. Thomson
(British)

J.J. Thomson was an English physicist and ...

J. Robert Oppenheimer J. Robert Oppenheimer
(American)

J. Robert Oppenheimer is fondly remembered as the ...

Jack Steinberger Jack Steinberger
(American)

Jack Steinberger is a physicist who co-discovered ...

Jagadish Chandra Bose Jagadish Chandra Bose
(Indian)

The first person to prove that plants also have ...

James Chadwick James Chadwick
(British)

Sir James Chadwick CH was an English physicist, ...

James Cronin James Cronin
(American)

James Cronin is an American nuclear physicist who ...

James Franck James Franck
(German)

James Franck was a famous German physicist who ...

James Maxwell James Maxwell
(Scottish)

Accredited to be one of the greatest scientists ...

James Prescott Joule James Prescott Joule
(British)

James Prescott Joule was an English physicist, ...

James Rainwater James Rainwater
(American)

Leo James Rainwater was an American physicist who ...

Jean Baptiste Perrin Jean Baptiste Perrin
(French)

Jean Baptiste Perrin was a renowned French ...

Jean le Rond d'Alembert Jean le Rond d'Alembert
(French)

Jean le Rond d'Alembert was a brilliant ...

Jean Le Rond d’Alembert Jean Le Rond d’Alembert...
(French)

A great mathematician, philosopher and music ...

Johann Heinrich Lambert Johann Heinrich Lambert
(Swiss)

Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. ...

Johannes Rydberg Johannes Rydberg
(Swedish)

The brilliant physicist who devised the Rydberg ...

Johannes Stark Johannes Stark
(German)

Johannes Stark was a German scientist who won the ...

Johannes Diderik van der Waals Johannes van der Waals
(Dutch)

Johannes Diderik van der Waals was a Dutch ...

John Archibald Wheeler John Archibald Wheeler
(American)

John Archibald Wheeler was a renowned theoretical ...

John Bardeen John Bardeen
(American)

The only person to have won the Nobel Prize in ...

John Cockcroft John Cockcroft
(British)

John Cockcroft was a British Physicist who shared ...

John Stewart Bell John Stewart Bell
(Northern Irish)

It is often said that physicists are usually of ...

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