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Comprehensive biographies of world's most famous physicists.

Physicists are the scientists who study the field of physics in great detail. They conduct research into physical phenomena or the natural science that involve the study of matter and related concepts. They analyze the general happenings in nature and try to understand how the universe behaves. On the basis of research through observation and experiments, they discover physical laws and propound theories that explain the functioning of natural forces like gravity, electromagnetism, and nuclear interactions. The discovery of new physical laws and theories contribute to the existing base of theoretical knowledge and can also be used for more practical applications such as development of medial equipment, electronic devices, nuclear reactors, etc. During the earlier days, physics was considered a field of philosophy; it was only during the 19th century that physics was realized as a discipline separate from philosophy. Some of the major branches of physics are classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, theory of relativity and electromagnetism. Since physics covers a vast number of fields, most physicists specialize in one of the many subfields. However, the various subfields may overlap with each other and also with other sciences resulting in interdisciplinary fields such as biophysics, geophysics, meteorology, etc. Browse through this section to explore the biographies, life and works of various famous physicists from all over the world.
Abdus Salam Abdus Salam
(Pakistani)

One person who had made the Asian sub-continental ...

Abraham Pais Abraham Pais
(American)

Born in a family of educators, Pais was a bright ...

Albert Einstein Albert Einstein
(German,American)

Do you fondly call the whiz kid in your class/ ...

Amedeo Avogadro Amedeo Avogadro
(Italian)

Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro de Quaregna ...

Anders Celsius Anders Celsius
(Swedish)

Anders Celsius was a Swedish astronomer, ...

Andre Marie Ampere Andre Marie Ampere
(French)

.Andre Marie Ampere was a French physicist and ...

Andrei Sakharov Andrei Sakharov
(Russian)

Andrei Sakharov was a Russian physicist and Noble ...

Annie Jump Cannon Annie Jump Cannon
(American)

Annie Jump Cannon was an American astronomer and ...

Archimedes Archimedes
(Greek)

Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding ancient ...

Arnold Sommerfeld Arnold Sommerfeld
(German)

Arnold Sommerfeld was a renowned German physicist ...

Arthur Compton Arthur Compton
(American)

Arthur Holly Compton was a renowned American ...

Arthur Eddington Arthur Eddington
(British)

Arthur Eddington was an eminent scientist who is ...

Augustin-Jean Fresnel Augustin-Jean Fresnel
(French,American)

Fresnel was a French physicist and is best ...

Avicenna Avicenna
(Iranian)

Avicenna was the most influential and renowned ...

Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal
(French)

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician and ...

C.V. Raman C.V. Raman
(Indian)

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, the Indian ...

Carl David Anderson Carl David Anderson
(American)

Carl David Anderson was a renowned American ...

Carl Sagan Carl Sagan
(American)

Carl Sagan was a multifaceted scientist who left ...

Charles Augustin De Coulomb Charles Augustin De Coulo...
(French)

Charles Augustin de Coulomb was a French ...

Christian Doppler Christian Doppler
(Austrian)

Ambitious and indomitable are two words that ...

Count Alessandro Volta Count Alessandro Volta
(Italian)

Known for his extraordinary work in the field of ...

Cyril Domb Cyril Domb
(Israeli,British)

Can religion and science ever be reconciled? This ...

Daniel Bernoulli Daniel Bernoulli
(Swiss)

Daniel Bernoulli was a Swiss mathematician and ...

David Bohm David Bohm
(American)

David Bohm is an American born theoretical ...

Edward Teller Edward Teller
(American)

A controversial figure and one of the most ...

Edward Victor Appleton Edward Victor Appleton
(British)

Sir Edward Victor Appleton was an English ...

Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi
(Italian,American)

Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist who made ...

Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford
(New Zealander,British)

Ernest Rutherford is a prominent figure in the ...

Ernst Mach Ernst Mach
(Austrian)

Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach was a noted ...

Erwin Schrödinger Erwin Schrödinger...
(Austrian)

Known for his contribution in the theory of ...

Evangelista Torricelli Evangelista Torricelli
(Italian)

Evangelista Torricelli was a famous Italian ...

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz...
(Costa Rican,American)

Franklin Chang-Diaz is a physicist and former ...

Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei
(Italian)

Often remembered as the Father of Modern ...

Georg Ohm Georg Ohm
(German)

A German physicist and mathematician, Georg Simon ...

George Gamow George Gamow
(Russian)

George Gamow was a Russian theoretical physicist ...

Georges Lemaître Georges Lemaître...
(Belgian)

Georges Lemaitre was a Belgian scientist who ...

Gustav Kirchhoff Gustav Kirchhoff
(German)

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was a German physicist ...

Gustav Ludwig Hertz Gustav Ludwig Hertz
(German)

Gustav Ludwig Hertz was Nobel Prize winning ...

Hans Bethe Hans Bethe
(American)

Hans Albrecht Bethe was a German and American ...

Hans Christian Ãrsted Hans Christian Ørsted...
(Danish)

Hans Christian Oersted, a Danish chemist and ...

Heinrich Hertz Heinrich Hertz
(German)

Heinrich Hertz was a German scientist and ...

Hendrik Lorentz Hendrik Lorentz
(Dutch)

Hendrik Lorentz was a Dutch scientist who is ...

Henri Becquerel Henri Becquerel
(French)

Henri Becquerel was a French scientist, physicist ...

Henry Cavendish Henry Cavendish
(British)

Henry Cavendish was a renowned British scientist ...

Henry Moseley Henry Moseley
(British)

Englishmen have often been at the forefront of ...

Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl
(German)

Hermann K. H. Weyl, famous as Peter among his ...

Hermann von Helmholtz Hermann von Helmholtz
(German)

Hermann von Helmholtz was a German physician and ...

Homi Bhabha Homi Bhabha
(Indian)

The man who pioneered the Indian nuclear research ...

Isaac Newton Isaac Newton
(British)

An extraordinary genius and proficient physicist, ...

J J Thompson J. J. Thomson
(British)

J.J. Thomson was an English physicist and ...

J. Robert Oppenheimer J. Robert Oppenheimer
(American)

J. Robert Oppenheimer is fondly remembered as the ...

Jagadish Chandra Bose Jagadish Chandra Bose
(Indian)

The first person to prove that plants also have ...

James Maxwell James Maxwell
(Scottish)

Accredited to be one of the greatest scientists ...

James Prescott Joule James Prescott Joule
(British)

James Prescott Joule was an English physicist, ...

Jean le Rond d'Alembert Jean le Rond d'Alembert
(French)

Jean le Rond d'Alembert was a brilliant ...

Jean Le Rond dâAlembert Jean Le Rond d’Alembert...
(French)

A great mathematician, philosopher and music ...

Johann Heinrich Lambert Johann Heinrich Lambert
(Swiss)

Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. ...

Johannes Rydberg Johannes Rydberg
(Swedish)

The brilliant physicist who devised the Rydberg ...

Johannes Diderik van der Waals Johannes van der Waals
(Dutch)

Johannes Diderik van der Waals was a Dutch ...

John Archibald Wheeler John Archibald Wheeler
(American)

John Archibald Wheeler was a renowned theoretical ...

John Bardeen John Bardeen
(American)

The only person to have won the Nobel Prize in ...

John Stewart Bell John Stewart Bell
(Northern Irish)

It is often said that physicists are usually of ...

John Tyndall John Tyndall
(Irish,British)

John Tyndall was an Ireland born physicist and ...

Joseph Fourier Joseph Fourier
(French)

A French mathematician and physicist, Joseph ...

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
(French)

Joseph Louis Gay Lussac was a French chemist and ...

Karl Herzfeld Karl Herzfeld
(Austrian)

Karl Herzfeld’s rise through the scientific ...

Katharine Burr Blodgett Katharine Burr Blodgett
(American)

Katherine Burr Blodgett is not only one of the ...

Kip Thorne Kip Thorne
(American)

Kip Stephen Thorne is a renowned theoretical ...

Klaus Fuchs Klaus Fuchs
(German)

Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs was a German theoretical ...

Leó Szilárd Leó Szilárd...
(American)

Leo Szilard was a renowned inventor who was ...

Léon Foucault Léon Foucault...
(French)

Leon Foucault was a renowned scientist of the ...

Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler
(Swiss)

Leonhard Euler, the 18th century Swiss ...

Lise Meitner Lise Meitner
(Austrian)

Lise Meitner is a renowned scientist from Austria ...

Lord Kelvin Lord Kelvin
(British)

William Thomson is popularly known as 1st Baron ...

Louis de Broglie Louis de Broglie
(French)

Louis de Broglie was an eminent French physicist ...

Ludwig Boltzmann Ludwig Boltzmann
(Austrian)

Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann was an Austrian ...

Luis Walter Alvarez Luis Walter Alvarez
(American)

An experimental physicist, Luis Walter Alvarez ...

Marie Curie Marie Curie
(Polish,Soviet Russian)

Marie Curie has a number of ‘firsts’ and ...

Max Born Max Born
(German)

Max Born was a German physicist whose work was ...

Max Planck Max Planck
(German)

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck or simply Max Planck ...

Meghnad Saha Meghnad Saha
(Indian)

Meghnad Saha was an eminent Indian astrophysicist ...

Michael Faraday Michael Faraday
(British)

Michael Faraday was one of the most prolific ...

Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin
(Serbian)

Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin was a physicist and ...

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons Mileva MariÄ
(German)

Mileva Marić was born in Serbia, to wealthy ...

Niels Bohr Niels Bohr
(Danish)

Niels Bohr was a Noble Prize winning Danish ...

Owen Chamberlain Owen Chamberlain

Nobel Laureate American physicist Owen ...

Paul Dirac Paul Dirac
(British)

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac was an English ...

Pierre Curie Pierre Curie
(French)

Pierre Curie was a French physicist, one of the ...

Pieter Zeeman Pieter Zeeman
(Dutch)

Pieter Zeeman was a Dutch physicist who won Nobel ...

Richard Feynman Richard Feynman
(American)

Richard Feynman was an American physicist ...

Robert Boyle Robert Boyle
(Irish,British)

Robert Boyle was an Anglo-Irish natural ...

Robert Hooke Robert Hooke
(British)

Robert Hooke FRS (Fellow of the Royal Society) ...

Sadi Carnot Sadi Carnot
(French)

Popularly described as the "Father of ...

Sally Ride Sally Ride
(American)

Sally Ride was an American physicist and ...

Satyendra Nath Bose Satyendra Nath Bose
(Indian)

Satyendra Nath Bose was an eminent physicist ...

Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet Sir George Stokes, 1st Ba...
(British)

Sir George Gabriel Stokes, 1st Baronet, PRS was ...

Sir William Lawrence Bragg Sir William Lawrence Brag...
(British)

William Lawrence Bragg was an Australian-British ...

Sir William Rowan Hamilton Sir William Rowan Hamilto...
(Irish)

One of the most significant Irish scientists, ...

Stephen Hawking Stephen Hawking
(British)

Stephen William Hawking is an English theoretical ...

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