Comprehensive biographies of world's most famous physicists.

Physicists

Physicists are the scientists who study the field of physics in great detail. They conduct research into physical phenomena or the natural science that involve the study of matter and related concepts. They analyze the general happenings in nature and try to understand how the universe behaves. On the basis of research through observation and experiments, they discover physical laws and propound theories that explain the functioning of natural forces like gravity, electromagnetism, and nuclear interactions. The discovery of new physical laws and theories contribute to the existing base of theoretical knowledge and can also be used for more practical applications such as development of medial equipment, electronic devices, nuclear reactors, etc. During the earlier days, physics was considered a field of philosophy; it was only during the 19th century that physics was realized as a discipline separate from philosophy. Some of the major branches of physics are classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, theory of relativity and electromagnetism. Since physics covers a vast number of fields, most physicists specialize in one of the many subfields. However, the various subfields may overlap with each other and also with other sciences resulting in interdisciplinary fields such as biophysics, geophysics, meteorology, etc. Browse through this section to explore the biographies, life and works of various famous physicists from all over the world.
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
Do you fondly call the whiz kid in your class/ organization ‘Einstein’? If yes, then you aren’t the only one who does so. People around the ...
Amadeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro de Quaregna e di Cerreto, more popularly known as Amedeo Avogadro was born on August 9, 1776, in Turin, ...
Andre Marie AmpèreAndre Marie Ampere
. André Marie Ampère is usually considered the first person to discover electromagnetism. He is credited for the invention of the astatic ...
ArchimedesArchimedes
Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding Greek mathematician, inventor, physicist, engineer and also an astronomer. Although not much is known ...
Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresne...
Fresnel was a French physicist and is best remembered for his invention of compound lenses that transform the radiance of lighthouses and helped ...
AvicennaAvicenna
Avicenna was the most influential and renowned philosopher and scientist of the Islamic world. Popularly known as the father of modern medicine, ...
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He did pioneering works in calculating machines ...
C.V. RamanC.V. Raman
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, the Indian physicist who made his motherland proud by becoming the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize for ...
Carl Sagan Carl Sagan
Carl Sagan was a multifaceted scientist who left his mark in astronomy, astrophysics, Extra-Terrestrial Science, the space and natural sciences ...
Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De ...
Coulomb was an astounding physicist, engineer and mathematician, who served his nation in many areas and brought about the culture of ...
Christian DopplerChristian Doppler
Ambitious and indomitable are two words that perfectly describe Christian Doppler’s personality. A leading mathematician and physicist of his ...
Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Vol...
Known for his extraordinary work in the field of electricity, Volta invented the voltaic pile, which became the world’s first electric battery; ...
Edward TellerEdward Teller
A controversial figure and one of the most brilliant nuclear and molecular physicists, Edward Teller left an unparalleled legacy in the field of ...
Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford
Ernest Rutherford is a prominent figure in the field of nuclear physics. He is known for his discoveries of chemical relations between ...
Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
A German physicist and mathematician, Georg Simon Ohm is best remembered for his formulation of Ohm’s Law, which defines the relationship ...
Hermann Klaus Hugo WeylHermann Klaus Hugo W...
Hermann K. H. Weyl, famous as Peter among his close associates, was one of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century. His contributions in ...
Homi BhabhaHomi Bhabha
The man who pioneered the Indian nuclear research programme, Homi Jahangir Bhabha was a nuclear physicist who laid the foundation for nuclear ...
Issac NewtonIsaac Newton
An extraordinary genius and proficient physicist, mathematician, astronomer and alchemist, Sir Isaac Newton is considered to be the greatest and ...
J. Robert OppenheimerJ. Robert Oppenheime...
J. Robert Oppenheimer is fondly remembered as the founding father of the American School of Theoretical Physics. His significant contributions ...
Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bos...
The first person to prove that plants also have the ability to feel pain and affection, Jagadish Chandra Bose was an Indian polymath whose ...
James MaxwellJames Maxwell
Who introduced the concept of electromagnetic theory? Who presented the first durable color photograph? Who was the man behind the kinetic ...
Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alemb...
A great mathematician, philosopher and music theoretician, Jean Le Rond d’Alembert was among the most influential men of his time. His “Traité ...
Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lamb...
Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. Despite coming from a family of tailors, Lambert acclaimed a great deal of success in his life, ...
Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
A French mathematician and physicist, Joseph Fourier is renowned for showing how the conduction of heat in solid bodies could be analyzed in ...
Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
Leonhard Euler was a leading Swiss mathematician and physicist who made significant discoveries in varied fields such as graph theory and ...
Lord KelvinLord Kelvin
William Thomson is popularly known as 1st Baron Kelvin, the creator of ‘absolute zero’ which are low limit temperature units now represented in ...
Meghnad SahaMeghnad Saha
Meghnad Saha was an eminent Indian astrophysicist who gave the world the theory of ionization which explained the origin of stellar spectra. By ...
Michael FaradayMichael Faraday
Michael Faraday was one of the most prolific scientists of the 19th century. A British physicist and chemist, Faraday is best known for his ...
Owen ChamberlainOwen Chamberlain
Nobel Laureate American physicist Owen Chamberlain discovered the existence of antiprotons. The founding of antiprotons has great significance ...
Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot
Popularly described as the "Father of Thermodynamics", Sadi Carnot was the man behind the first successful theoretical account of heat engine, ...
Sally RideSally Ride
Sally Ride was an American physicist and astronaut who achieved iconic status by becoming the first American woman and third overall to travel ...
Satyendra Nath BoseSatyendra Nath Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose was an eminent physicist after whom ‘Bosons’, one of the two classes of particles in quantum mechanics, was named. He was a ...
Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Ha...
One of the most significant Irish scientists, William Rowan Hamilton made noteworthy contributions in the field of classical mechanics, algebra ...
Steven WeinbergSteven Weinberg
Steven Weinberg is a theoretical physicist who along with Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow won the Nobel Prize in physics "for their ...
Subrahmanyan ChandrasekharSubrahmanyan Chandra...
A Nobel laureate, who along with William A. Fowler, won the Nobel Prize for Physics for his mathematical theory of black holes,, Subrahmanyan ...
Thomas KuhnThomas Kuhn
One of the most influential ‘philosophers of science’ of the 20th century, Thomas Kuhn is regarded as the man who changed the way the world ...
Vikram SarabhaiVikram Sarabhai
Fondly called the Father of the Indian Space program, Vikram Sarabhai was a man much ahead of his times. Born into a wealthy business family in ...
Wilhelm Weber Wilhelm Weber
Popularly known as the co-inventor of the first electromagnetic telegraph, Wilhelm Weber was a man blessed with exceptional intelligence and ...
William GilbertWilliam Gilbert
William Gilbert, also known as ‘Gilberd’, was a famous researcher in magnetism. He was famous during the time of Queen Elizabeth I and is best ...