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Comprehensive biographies of world's most famous physicists.

Physicists are the scientists who study the field of physics in great detail. They conduct research into physical phenomena or the natural science that involve the study of matter and related concepts. They analyze the general happenings in nature and try to understand how the universe behaves. On the basis of research through observation and experiments, they discover physical laws and propound theories that explain the functioning of natural forces like gravity, electromagnetism, and nuclear interactions. The discovery of new physical laws and theories contribute to the existing base of theoretical knowledge and can also be used for more practical applications such as development of medial equipment, electronic devices, nuclear reactors, etc. During the earlier days, physics was considered a field of philosophy; it was only during the 19th century that physics was realized as a discipline separate from philosophy. Some of the major branches of physics are classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, theory of relativity and electromagnetism. Since physics covers a vast number of fields, most physicists specialize in one of the many subfields. However, the various subfields may overlap with each other and also with other sciences resulting in interdisciplinary fields such as biophysics, geophysics, meteorology, etc. Browse through this section to explore the biographies, life and works of various famous physicists from all over the world.
Abdus Salam Abdus Salam

One person who had made the Asian sub-continental nation of Pakistan famous for a reason other than cricket and politics, is Abdus Salam. This ...

Abraham Pais Abraham Pais

Born in a family of educators, Pais was a bright student since his childhood days. He was interested in languages and learnt English, French and ...

Albert Einstein Albert Einstein

Do you fondly call the whiz kid in your class/ organization ‘Einstein’? If yes, then you aren’t the only one who does so. People around ...

Amadeo Avogadro Amedeo Avogadro

Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro de Quaregna e di Cerreto, more popularly known as Amedeo Avogadro was born on August 9, 1776, in Turin, ...

Anders Celsius Anders Celsius

Anders Celsius was a Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician who proposed the Celsius temperature scale and founded the Uppsala ...

Andre Marie Ampère Andre Marie Ampere

. André Marie Ampère is usually considered the first person to discover electromagnetism. He is credited for the invention of the astatic ...

Andrei Sakharov Andrei Sakharov

Andrei Sakharov was a Russian physicist and Noble Prize winning activist, popularly known as ‘The Father of Soviet nuclear bomb’. He was a ...

Archimedes Archimedes

Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding Greek mathematician, inventor, physicist, engineer and also an astronomer. Although not much is known ...

Arthur Compton Arthur Compton

Arthur Holly Compton was a renowned American physicist who first rose to fame with his famous revolutionary discovery of the Compton Effect for ...

Augustin-Jean Fresnel Augustin-Jean Fresne...

Fresnel was a French physicist and is best remembered for his invention of compound lenses that transform the radiance of lighthouses and helped ...

Avicenna Avicenna

Avicenna was the most influential and renowned philosopher and scientist of the Islamic world. Popularly known as the father of modern medicine, ...

Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He did pioneering works in calculating machines ...

C.V. Raman C.V. Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, the Indian physicist who made his motherland proud by becoming the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize for ...

Carl David Anderson Carl David Anderson

Carl David Anderson was a renowned American physicists, who is best remembered for the discovery of positron in 1932. Born to Swedish immigrant ...

Carl Sagan Carl Sagan

Carl Sagan was a multifaceted scientist who left his mark in astronomy, astrophysics, Extra-Terrestrial Science, the space and natural sciences ...

Charles Augustin De Coulomb Charles Augustin De ...

Coulomb was an astounding physicist, engineer and mathematician, who served his nation in many areas and brought about the culture of ...

Christian Doppler Christian Doppler

Ambitious and indomitable are two words that perfectly describe Christian Doppler’s personality. A leading mathematician and physicist of his ...

Count Alessandro Volta Count Alessandro Vol...

Known for his extraordinary work in the field of electricity, Volta invented the voltaic pile, which became the world’s first electric ...

Cyril Domb Cyril Domb

Can religion and science ever be reconciled? This age-old question has had many a great mind baffled, but not Cyril Domb. The theoretical ...

Daniel Bernoulli Daniel Bernoulli

Daniel Bernoulli was a Swiss mathematician and physicist who did pioneering work in the field of fluid dynamics and kinetic theory of gases. He ...

Edward Teller Edward Teller

A controversial figure and one of the most brilliant nuclear and molecular physicists, Edward Teller left an unparalleled legacy in the field of ...

Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi

Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist who made major contributions to the development of nuclear energy. He is counted amongst the men who are ...

Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford

Ernest Rutherford is a prominent figure in the field of nuclear physics. He is known for his discoveries of chemical relations between ...

Franklin Diaz Franklin Chang Díaz...

Franklin Chang-Diaz is a physicist and former NASA astronaut. He was enamored by the idea of becoming an astronaut since childhood. As a ...

Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei

Often remembered as the Father of Modern Astronomy, Galileo Galilei was one of the most celebrated and illustrious astronomers, mathematicians ...

Georg Ohm Georg Ohm

A German physicist and mathematician, Georg Simon Ohm is best remembered for his formulation of Ohm’s Law, which defines the relationship ...

Gustav Kirchhoff Gustav Kirchhoff

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was a German physicist who made major contributions to the fields of thermochemistry and electrochemistry. His findings ...

Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl Hermann Klaus Hugo W...

Hermann K. H. Weyl, famous as Peter among his close associates, was one of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century. His contributions in ...

Homi Bhabha Homi Bhabha

The man who pioneered the Indian nuclear research programme, Homi Jahangir Bhabha was a nuclear physicist who laid the foundation for nuclear ...

Issac Newton Isaac Newton

An extraordinary genius and proficient physicist, mathematician, astronomer and alchemist, Sir Isaac Newton is considered to be the greatest and ...

J. Robert Oppenheimer J. Robert Oppenheime...

J. Robert Oppenheimer is fondly remembered as the founding father of the American School of Theoretical Physics. His significant contributions ...

Jagadish Chandra Bose Jagadish Chandra Bos...

The first person to prove that plants also have the ability to feel pain and affection, Jagadish Chandra Bose was an Indian polymath whose ...

James Maxwell James Maxwell

Who introduced the concept of electromagnetic theory? Who presented the first durable color photograph? Who was the man behind the kinetic ...

James Prescott Joule James Prescott Joule

James Prescott Joule was an English physicist, best known for establishing the relationship between mechanical work and heat transfer. This ...

Jean le Rond d'Alembert Jean le Rond d'Alemb...

Jean le Rond d'Alembert was a brilliant mathematician after whom the D'Alembert's formula for calculating solutions to the wave equation is ...

Jean Le Rond d’Alembert Jean Le Rond d’Ale...

A great mathematician, philosopher and music theoretician, Jean Le Rond d’Alembert was among the most influential men of his time. His ...

Johann Heinrich Lambert Johann Heinrich Lamb...

Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. Despite coming from a family of tailors, Lambert acclaimed a great deal of success in his life, ...

Johannes Rydberg Johannes Rydberg

The brilliant physicist who devised the Rydberg formula, for predicting the wavelengths of photons, Johannes Rydberg was a Swedish scientist who ...

John Bardeen John Bardeen

The only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice, John Bardeen was an American physicist and one of the co-inventors of the ...

John Stewart Bell John Stewart Bell

It is often said that physicists are usually of two types, the first type are the ones who delve into nature and study it like a book and the ...

Joseph Fourier Joseph Fourier

A French mathematician and physicist, Joseph Fourier is renowned for showing how the conduction of heat in solid bodies could be analyzed in ...

Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler was a leading Swiss mathematician and physicist who made significant discoveries in varied fields such as graph theory and ...

Lord Kelvin Lord Kelvin

William Thomson is popularly known as 1st Baron Kelvin, the creator of ‘absolute zero’ which are low limit temperature units now represented ...

Marie Curie Marie Curie

Marie Curie has a number of ‘firsts’ and ‘only’ to her credit – she was the first woman ever to win a Nobel Prize, the first female ...

Meghnad Saha Meghnad Saha

Meghnad Saha was an eminent Indian astrophysicist who gave the world the theory of ionization which explained the origin of stellar spectra. By ...

Michael Faraday Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday was one of the most prolific scientists of the 19th century. A British physicist and chemist, Faraday is best known for his ...

Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin Mihajlo Idvorski Pup...

Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin was a physicist and scientist who revolutionised the sphere of science with his numerous inventions. He had to dropout ...

Mileva MariÄ Mileva MariÄ

Mileva Marić was born in Serbia, to wealthy parents, and was the eldest of three children in the family. As a child, she showed a lot of ...

Niels Bohr Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr was a Noble Prize winning Danish physicist who did pioneering work in quantum theory and in contributing to the understanding of ...

Owen Chamberlain Owen Chamberlain

Nobel Laureate American physicist Owen Chamberlain discovered the existence of antiprotons. The founding of antiprotons has great significance ...

Pierre Curie Pierre Curie

Pierre Curie was a French physicist, one of the pioneers in radioactivity. He and his wife, Marie Curie, along with Henri Becquerel, were ...

Robert Boyle Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist and physicist. As one of the early pioneers of modern experimental scientific ...

Sadi Carnot Sadi Carnot

Popularly described as the "Father of Thermodynamics", Sadi Carnot was the man behind the first successful theoretical account of heat engine, ...

Sally Ride Sally Ride

Sally Ride was an American physicist and astronaut who achieved iconic status by becoming the first American woman and third overall to travel ...

Satyendra Nath Bose Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose was an eminent physicist after whom ‘Bosons’, one of the two classes of particles in quantum mechanics, was named. He ...

William Lawrence Bragg Sir William Lawrence...

William Lawrence Bragg was an Australian-British physicist, who won the Nobel Prize for Physics at the age of 25 and is the youngest ever Nobel ...

Sir William Rowan Hamilton Sir William Rowan Ha...

One of the most significant Irish scientists, William Rowan Hamilton made noteworthy contributions in the field of classical mechanics, algebra ...

Stephan Hawking Stephen Hawking

Stephen William Hawking is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical ...

Steven Weinberg Steven Weinberg

Steven Weinberg is a theoretical physicist who along with Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow won the Nobel Prize in physics "for their ...

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Subrahmanyan Chandra...

A Nobel laureate, who along with William A. Fowler, won the Nobel Prize for Physics for his mathematical theory of black holes,, Subrahmanyan ...

Thomas Kuhn Thomas Kuhn

One of the most influential ‘philosophers of science’ of the 20th century, Thomas Kuhn is regarded as the man who changed the way the world ...

Vikram Sarabhai Vikram Sarabhai

Fondly called the Father of the Indian Space program, Vikram Sarabhai was a man much ahead of his times. Born into a wealthy business family in ...

Wilhelm Rontgen Wilhelm Rontgen

Wilhelm Rontgen was an eminent German physicist who won the first Nobel Prize in Physics, for the discovery of X-rays. Though many scientists ...

Wilhelm Weber Wilhelm Weber

Popularly known as the co-inventor of the first electromagnetic telegraph, Wilhelm Weber was a man blessed with exceptional intelligence and ...

Wilhelm Wien Wilhelm Wien

Wilhelm Wien was a German physicist who won Nobel Prize in Physics for his groundbreaking work in thermal radiation. He is best known for Wien's ...

William Gilbert William Gilbert

William Gilbert, also known as ‘Gilberd’, was a famous researcher in magnetism. He was famous during the time of Queen Elizabeth I and is ...

Wolfgang Pauli Wolfgang Pauli

Wolfgang Ernst Pauli was an Austrian-Swiss theoretical physicist, winner of Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the ‘Exclusion ...