Archimedes was one of the greatest mathematicians ever born who made incredible inventions in his life. Let’s read his biography to explore his childhood, life and timeline.

# Archimedes

Also Listed In: Physicists, Mathematicians

Famous as: Mathematician, Engineer, Inventor, Physicist

Nationality: Greek

Born on: 287 BC

Born in: Syracuse

father: Phidias

discoveries / inventions: Antikythera, Mechanism, Archimedes' Screw, Hydrostatics, Levers, Infinitesimals

Works & Achievements: Credited with Archimedes' principle of density, siege machines, screw pump, formulae for the volumes of surfaces, approximate value of ð

Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding Greek mathematician, inventor, physicist, engineer and also an astronomer. Although not much is known about his life, he is considered as one of the most eminent scientists in classical antiquity. He established strong foundations in the field of physics, particularly in statics, hydrostatics and explained the principle of the lever. In his lifetime, he made many incredible inventions such as designing innovative machines, including screw pumps and siege machines, After intensive experiments, it is concluded that the machines designed by Archimedes are capable of lifting attacking ships out of the water and even setting ships on fire using an array of mirrors. Undoubtedly, Archimedes is considered the greatest scientist and mathematician of ancient times. He applied the 'method of exhaustion' in calculating the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an endless series and gave a marvelously precise approximation of pi, the symbol. He also identified the spiral that bears his name, designed formulae for the volumes of surfaces of revolution and also invented a technique for expressing extremely large numbers.

**Famous Discoveries And Inventions**

**Archimedes' Principle**

**Archimedes' Screw**

**Claw Of Archimedes**

**Heat Rays**

**Mathematics**

**Death And Legacy**

There are many legacies attached to Archimedes:

- A crater on the Moon is called ‘Archimedes ’to revere him’ and a lunar mountain range is known as ‘the Montes Archimedes’.
- The asteroid ‘3600 Archimedes’ is named after this ancient scientist.
- The Fields Medal for exceptional achievement in mathematics illustrates a portrait of Archimedes, along with his proof relating to the cylinder and the sphere. The message around the head of Archimedes is a quote credited to him that reads – ‘Rise above oneself and grasp the world’.
- Archimedes has also appeared on postage stamps issued by Spain (1963), Nicaragua (1971), East Germany (1973), San Marino (1982), Greece (1983) and Italy (1983).
- The exclamation of ‘Eureka!’, attributed to Archimedes, became a state motto of California and relates to the discovery of gold near Sutter's Mill in 1848 that ignited the California Gold Rush.

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