Famous People By

A comprihensive directory of world's famous mathematicians, along with their biographies.

# Mathematicians

A mathematician is an expert in the field of mathematics; a person who is highly skilled and knowledgeable. It is a science that deals with numbers and their interrelations, combinations and operations, data, measurements, quantity, structure, space and generalizations. The science is extensively used in the fields of finance, engineering, industries, robotics, astronomy, business, information technology, and various other fields. Mathematicians analyze data, study patterns and develop mathematical models that not only help to further human knowledge, but are also utilized for solving problems in various fields. These scientists work in the fields of pure and applied mathematics. In the pure form of this science, the researchers work through abstract problems with the sole motive of furthering human knowledge and contributing to theory formation. On the other hand, professionals working in the applied form formulate mathematical models for problem solving in real-world situations. But these two fields are overlapping—what starts out as a theoretical study may spawn some practical applications, while applied study of maths may sometimes contribute to its theoretical base. They need to be highly analytical and technologically savvy with excellent reasoning skills. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous mathematicians from all over the world.

Adrien-Marie Legendr...

French mathematician Adrien-Marie Legendre invented mathematical theories of Legendre transformation and elliptic functions. He worked on ...

French mathematician Adrien-Marie Legendre invented mathematical theories of Legendre transformation and elliptic functions. He worked on ...

Alexander Grothendie...

One of the foremost mathematicians of 20th century, Alexander Grothendieck is a pioneer of modern algebraic geometry. His contributions to ...

One of the foremost mathematicians of 20th century, Alexander Grothendieck is a pioneer of modern algebraic geometry. His contributions to ...

Alfred North Whitehe...

Alfred North Whitehead was a British Mathematician who is known for his tremendous contributions in algebra, logic, foundations of mathematics, ...

Alfred North Whitehead was a British Mathematician who is known for his tremendous contributions in algebra, logic, foundations of mathematics, ...

Andre Marie Ampere

. André Marie Ampère is usually considered the first person to discover electromagnetism. He is credited for the invention of the astatic ...

. André Marie Ampère is usually considered the first person to discover electromagnetism. He is credited for the invention of the astatic ...

Archimedes

Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding Greek mathematician, inventor, physicist, engineer and also an astronomer. Although not much is known ...

Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding Greek mathematician, inventor, physicist, engineer and also an astronomer. Although not much is known ...

Arthur Cayley

Arthur Cayley was a British mathematician who helped founding the British school of pure mathematics. He is most famous for developing the ...

Arthur Cayley was a British mathematician who helped founding the British school of pure mathematics. He is most famous for developing the ...

Augustin-Louis Cauch...

Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French mathematician. He was famous for the countless contributions he made to the domain of mathematics. He made ...

Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French mathematician. He was famous for the countless contributions he made to the domain of mathematics. He made ...

Bernhard Riemann Bio...

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann was a prominent German mathematician who bestowed the world with his brilliant contributions to analysis, ...

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann was a prominent German mathematician who bestowed the world with his brilliant contributions to analysis, ...

Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He did pioneering works in calculating machines ...

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He did pioneering works in calculating machines ...

Carl F. Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and physical scientist par excellence who made his invaluable contributions in several ...

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and physical scientist par excellence who made his invaluable contributions in several ...

Carl Ludwig Siegel

The man behind the number theory, Carl Ludwig Siegel was a significant mathematician of the 20th century. Son of a postal worker, Siegel, in ...

The man behind the number theory, Carl Ludwig Siegel was a significant mathematician of the 20th century. Son of a postal worker, Siegel, in ...

Charles Hermite

Charles Hermite was one of the most famous French mathematicians of the nineteenth century, who researched on orthogonal polynomials, algebra, ...

Charles Hermite was one of the most famous French mathematicians of the nineteenth century, who researched on orthogonal polynomials, algebra, ...

Christian Doppler

Ambitious and indomitable are two words that perfectly describe Christian Doppler’s personality. A leading mathematician and physicist of his ...

Ambitious and indomitable are two words that perfectly describe Christian Doppler’s personality. A leading mathematician and physicist of his ...

David Hilbert

David Hilbert was the perfect example of a celebrated, established and meticulous mathematician. His works helped pave the path for modern ...

David Hilbert was the perfect example of a celebrated, established and meticulous mathematician. His works helped pave the path for modern ...

Edwin Powell Hubble

"I knew that even if I were second or third rate, it was astronomy that mattered" — these words reflect the stubborn and ambitious nature of ...

"I knew that even if I were second or third rate, it was astronomy that mattered" — these words reflect the stubborn and ambitious nature of ...

Emmy Noether

Born on March 23, 1882 in Bavaria Germany, Amalie Emmy Noether made several contributions in the field of Mathematics. She is best known for her ...

Born on March 23, 1882 in Bavaria Germany, Amalie Emmy Noether made several contributions in the field of Mathematics. She is best known for her ...

Euclid

Although little is known about Euclid’s early and personal life, he was known as the forerunner of geometrical knowledge and went on to ...

Although little is known about Euclid’s early and personal life, he was known as the forerunner of geometrical knowledge and went on to ...

Évariste Galois...

Evariste Galois has been hailed by many as the father of modern algebra. In his short lifetime, he did some phenomenal research work on ...

Evariste Galois has been hailed by many as the father of modern algebra. In his short lifetime, he did some phenomenal research work on ...

Felix Christian Klei...

Felix Christian Klein is appreciated and well-known for his significant works in the field of Geometry. He obtained his Doctorate degree from ...

Felix Christian Klein is appreciated and well-known for his significant works in the field of Geometry. He obtained his Doctorate degree from ...

G. H. Hardy

G.H. Hardy was a great British mathematician. He was the person who made the mathematics world look up to England for his massive contributions ...

G.H. Hardy was a great British mathematician. He was the person who made the mathematics world look up to England for his massive contributions ...

Georg Cantor

A popular German mathematician, Georg Cantor is famous for discovering and building a hierarchy of infinite sets according to their cardinal ...

A popular German mathematician, Georg Cantor is famous for discovering and building a hierarchy of infinite sets according to their cardinal ...

Georg Ohm

A German physicist and mathematician, Georg Simon Ohm is best remembered for his formulation of Ohm’s Law, which defines the relationship ...

A German physicist and mathematician, Georg Simon Ohm is best remembered for his formulation of Ohm’s Law, which defines the relationship ...

George Boole

British mathematician and logician George Boole discovered Boolean logic. This logical theory acts as the basis of modern digital computer and ...

British mathematician and logician George Boole discovered Boolean logic. This logical theory acts as the basis of modern digital computer and ...

Gottfried W. Leibniz

Gottfried W. Leibniz holds a prominent position in the domains of mathematics and philosophy. Famed as the developer of infinitesimal calculus, ...

Gottfried W. Leibniz holds a prominent position in the domains of mathematics and philosophy. Famed as the developer of infinitesimal calculus, ...

Henri Poincare

Apart from being a well-known mathematician, Jules Henri Poincare also indulged in the study of philosophy. He learned much during his lifetime ...

Apart from being a well-known mathematician, Jules Henri Poincare also indulged in the study of philosophy. He learned much during his lifetime ...

Hermann Klaus Hugo W...

Hermann K. H. Weyl, famous as Peter among his close associates, was one of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century. His contributions in ...

Hermann K. H. Weyl, famous as Peter among his close associates, was one of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century. His contributions in ...

Hermann Minkowski

Hermann Minkowski was a renowned German mathematician. His contribution to the development of modern mathematics is immense. The development of ...

Hermann Minkowski was a renowned German mathematician. His contribution to the development of modern mathematics is immense. The development of ...

Jacob Bernoulli

Jacob Bernoulli can be rightly called the initiator of the Bernoulli family’s mathematical dynasty. A class of his own, Jacob was bright and ...

Jacob Bernoulli can be rightly called the initiator of the Bernoulli family’s mathematical dynasty. A class of his own, Jacob was bright and ...

James Maxwell

Who introduced the concept of electromagnetic theory? Who presented the first durable color photograph? Who was the man behind the kinetic ...

Who introduced the concept of electromagnetic theory? Who presented the first durable color photograph? Who was the man behind the kinetic ...

Jean Le Rond d’Alemb...

A great mathematician, philosopher and music theoretician, Jean Le Rond d’Alembert was among the most influential men of his time. His “Traité ...

A great mathematician, philosopher and music theoretician, Jean Le Rond d’Alembert was among the most influential men of his time. His “Traité ...

Johann Heinrich Lamb...

Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. Despite coming from a family of tailors, Lambert acclaimed a great deal of success in his life, ...

Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. Despite coming from a family of tailors, Lambert acclaimed a great deal of success in his life, ...

Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler was a famous German mathematician and astronomer who discovered the ovoid movements of the planets around the sun. The first ...

Johannes Kepler was a famous German mathematician and astronomer who discovered the ovoid movements of the planets around the sun. The first ...

John Napier

David Hume’s personification of the title “a great man” more than aptly describes the prominence and distinction of John Napier. A distinguished ...

David Hume’s personification of the title “a great man” more than aptly describes the prominence and distinction of John Napier. A distinguished ...

John von Neumann

John von Neumann was a famous Hungarian-American mathematician, who is still revered for his unparalleled contributions to disciplines like ...

John von Neumann was a famous Hungarian-American mathematician, who is still revered for his unparalleled contributions to disciplines like ...

Joseph Fourier

A French mathematician and physicist, Joseph Fourier is renowned for showing how the conduction of heat in solid bodies could be analyzed in ...

A French mathematician and physicist, Joseph Fourier is renowned for showing how the conduction of heat in solid bodies could be analyzed in ...

Joseph Louis Lagrang...

Joseph Louis Lagrange, originally considered a French Mathematician, was actually of an Italian descent. He was largely self-taught and pushed ...

Joseph Louis Lagrange, originally considered a French Mathematician, was actually of an Italian descent. He was largely self-taught and pushed ...

Karl Weierstrass

Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass, who is known as the Father of modern analysis, was a great German mathematician. With is mathematical ...

Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass, who is known as the Father of modern analysis, was a great German mathematician. With is mathematical ...

Kurt Gödel

Kurt Friedrich Gödel was known for his mathematical work in the 20th century, which was the time when most mathematicians were concentrating on ...

Kurt Friedrich Gödel was known for his mathematical work in the 20th century, which was the time when most mathematicians were concentrating on ...

Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler was a leading Swiss mathematician and physicist who made significant discoveries in varied fields such as graph theory and ...

Leonhard Euler was a leading Swiss mathematician and physicist who made significant discoveries in varied fields such as graph theory and ...

Lord Kelvin

William Thomson is popularly known as 1st Baron Kelvin, the creator of ‘absolute zero’ which are low limit temperature units now represented in ...

William Thomson is popularly known as 1st Baron Kelvin, the creator of ‘absolute zero’ which are low limit temperature units now represented in ...

Pythagoras

Pythagoras of Samos was a well-known mathematician, scientist and a religious teacher. He was born in Samos and is often hailed as the first ...

Pythagoras of Samos was a well-known mathematician, scientist and a religious teacher. He was born in Samos and is often hailed as the first ...

René Déscartes...

René Descartes was an eminent French Mathematician, philosopher and writer, who has been popularly referred to as ‘Father of Modern Philosophy’. ...

René Descartes was an eminent French Mathematician, philosopher and writer, who has been popularly referred to as ‘Father of Modern Philosophy’. ...

Richard Dedekind

A well known German mathematician, Richard Dedekind made immense contribution in the field of abstract algebra, especially, algebraic number ...

A well known German mathematician, Richard Dedekind made immense contribution in the field of abstract algebra, especially, algebraic number ...

Sir William Rowan Ha...

One of the most significant Irish scientists, William Rowan Hamilton made noteworthy contributions in the field of classical mechanics, algebra ...

One of the most significant Irish scientists, William Rowan Hamilton made noteworthy contributions in the field of classical mechanics, algebra ...

Srinivasa Ramanujan

Rightly regarded as ‘natural genius’ by the English mathematician G.H. Hardy, Srinivasa Ramanujan displayed an amazing talent in mathematics, ...

Rightly regarded as ‘natural genius’ by the English mathematician G.H. Hardy, Srinivasa Ramanujan displayed an amazing talent in mathematics, ...

Tom Lehrer

Tom Lehrer, born as Thomas Andrew Lehrer, is an American singer-songwriter and mathematician. He is known for his dark humour and satire. As a ...

Tom Lehrer, born as Thomas Andrew Lehrer, is an American singer-songwriter and mathematician. He is known for his dark humour and satire. As a ...

Willebrord Snell

Willebrord van Royen Snell was a prominent mathematician and astronomer. His name and works had been associated with the law of refraction for ...

Willebrord van Royen Snell was a prominent mathematician and astronomer. His name and works had been associated with the law of refraction for ...

See Also