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Presenting biographical sketch of some of the most famous political leaders of all times. Biographies of these leaders trace their life history, works & achievements.

A political leader, or a politician, can be anyone who has taken up the responsibility of governing a tribe, city, state, region or even an entire nation. History has given us a plethora of political leaders, both good and bad, who have dedicated their lives to the betterment of their countries and the people living in the country. Political leaders are not just people who govern nations during peace times but also during times of crisis. They are people who are responsible for making and implementing strategies and policies meant to better serve the interests of the country they govern. These leaders are chosen through various processes, some examples of which would be through elections, in a democratic nation, and through lineage or birthright, in case of a monarchy, or even dictatorships wherein one individual declares himself the head of state. A look at the political leader’s hall of fame would reveal names like Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi, Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill and even Genghis Khan. What follows next are the biographies of some of the most famous politicians along with information on their life’s story, trivia about them, their timelines and some other interesting facts about their professional and personal lives.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Little did Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma know that their son would grow up to be the first citizen of India. An Indian scientist and administrator, ...

Aaron Burr Aaron Burr

When Aaron Burr Jr was born, little did his parents, Aaron Burr Sr. and Esther Edwards, knew that their son would go on to hold the chair of the ...

Abba Eban Abba Eban

Abba Eban was an Israeli politician, and diplomat. He was a man of great prominence in Israel’s political scene post World War-II. Though his ...

Abdoulaye Wade Abdoulaye Wade

A politician, lawyer and professor by profession, Abdoulaye Wade secured the chair of the President of Senegal for twelve years and has been ...

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Abdullah Ahmad Badaw...

The 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi is one of the most prolific Malaysian politicians that the country has ever had. ...

Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln

Turn the pages of America’s political history, and you are sure to find one man who clearly outshines all others and manages to attract the ...

Adlai Stevenson I Adlai Stevenson I

Born in Christian County, Kentucky, Adlai Ewing Stevenson I was twice elected into the United States House of Representatives and eventually ...

Adlai Stevenson II Adlai Stevenson II

Born into an affluent political family, Adlai Stevenson II was the grandson of Adlai E. Stevenson I, former Vice President of the United States. ...

Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler

‘Germany will either be a world power or will not be at all’, said the head of the Nazi Party and the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, ...

Agnes Macphail Agnes Macphail

Agnes Campbell Macphail was the first woman elected to the Canadian House of Commons. She was also was one of the first two women elected to the ...

Ahmadou Ahidjo Ahmadou Ahidjo

Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo was the first President of Cameroon. He was born to a Muslim chieftain and one of his slave wives. Encouraged by his ...

Ahmed Ben Bella Ahmed Ben Bella

Ahmed Ben Bella is remembered as one of the greatest figures in Arab nationalism. As a young boy in school, he was deeply affected by the racial ...

Ahmed Chalabi Ahmed Chalabi

Ahmed Chalabi is an Iraqi politician who was deputy Prime Minister between 2005 and 2006. He also served as an Oil Minister for a brief period ...

Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Akbar Hashemi Rafsan...

Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is one of the great political leaders produced by Iran. Born in a family of farmers, Rafsanjani was rational in his ...

Al Franken Al Franken

Al Franken is one of the most recognized and celebrated politician of United States, who presently serves as the United States Senator from ...

Alan Cranston Alan Cranston

Alan Cranston was an American journalist and a Democratic Senator from California. Hailing from a rich family of real estate developers, he ...

Alan Garcia Alan Perez

Alan Garcia Perez is a former president of Peru and leader of the Peruvian Aprista Party. He was president of Peru for two terms – from 1985 ...

Albert John Luthuli Albert John Luthuli

Albert John Luthuli, the president of the African National Congress, was an African politician and teacher. A noble man and an adamant leader, ...

Alberto Fujimori Alberto Fujimori

Alberto Fujimori is a former Peruvian politician who went on to become the President of Peru and served in that capacity for nearly a decade. ...

Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton was one of the important pioneers in the early formation of the American government. He participated in Washington's ...

 	Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin Alexandre Auguste Le...

Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin was a French politician and lawyer whose active radical and political activism earned him a prominent place in ...

Alexei Kosygin Alexei Kosygin

Alexei Kosygin was an important statesman of Soviet-Russia during the cold war. As part of his evacuation process of civilians from Leningrad, ...

Alf Landon Alf Landon

Alf Landon was an American Republican politician, who became the 26th Governor of Kansas. He was one of the most influential political ...

Alfred Smith Alfred Emanuel Smith

Alfred Emanuel “Al” Smith was an American politician who served as the Governor of New York for four times and became the first ever ...

Ali Khamenei Ali Khamenei

Ali Khamenei is the current Supreme Leader of Iran, serving in this position since 1989. Once named as the 21st in the list of ‘The World's ...

Alija Izetbegovic Alija Izetbegovic

Alija Izetbegovic, the first president of the Bosnia-Herzegovina was a Bosnian activist who ruled the nation during one of the bloodiest phases ...

Alva Myrdal Alva Myrdal

Alva Myrdal was a Swedish politician, diplomat and a sociologist, best remembered as the winner of 1982 Nobel Prize for Peace. She worked ...

Andrew Bonar Law Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law was a British Conservative Party statesman and Prime Minister, often referred to as the ‘Unknown Prime Minister’. He ...

Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of United States and the first one to be elected from the Democratic Party. He was a lawyer, planter, ...

Andrew Johnson - 17 President of the United States of America From April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson, the 17th President of United States of America, rose to the position (while he was serving as the vice-president) when President ...

Anthony Wayne Anthony Wayne

Anthony Wayne was one of the important military generals and statesmen who contributed extensively in the American Revolution. During his ...

Antonis Samaras Antonis Samaras

Antonis Samaras is a Greek politician who served as the Prime Minister of Greece from June 2012 to January 2015. A man with a rich political ...

Ariel Sharon Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon is the former Prime Minister of Israel and a military leader. He is ranked among the most powerful leaders in the history of ...

Arthur Balfour Arthur Balfour

Arthur Balfour was one of the most prominent politicians of the United Kingdom, who lived in the 19th century. Entering politics wasn’t too ...

Duke of Wellington Arthur Wellesley, 1s...

One among the world’s most legendary military leaders, Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington was perhaps the greatest of British ...

Arvind Kejriwal Arvind Kejriwal

Arvind Kejriwal is an Indian anti corruption activist turned politician who served as the 7th Chief Minister of Delhi. He is the National ...

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee is a highly respected veteran politician who had served as the Prime Minister of India in three non-consecutive terms. He ...

Aung San Suu Kyi Aung San Suu Kyi

The rising and shinning face of Burma’s (present day Myanmar) claim for democracy and human rights, Aung San Suu Kyi is one of the most ...

Ayaan Hirsi Ali Ayaan Hirsi Ali

Ayaan Hirsi Ali is a Somali-born American activist, writer and feminist. She is known for her extensive work fighting for the rights of Islamic ...

B. R. Ambedkar B. R. Ambedkar

B.R. Ambedkar was a leading activist and social reformer who gave his life working for the upliftment of the Dalits and the socially backward ...

Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal Gangadhar Tilak

While Gandhi fondly administered the title of ‘Maker of Modern India’ on Tilak, the British labelled him as the ‘Father of Indian ...

Barbara Jordan Barbara Jordan

Barbara Jordan had a lot of firsts in her career and life. She was the first African-American to be elected to the Texas Senate after ...

Barry Morris Goldwate - United States Senator from Arizona Barry Morris Goldwat...

As a youth, Barry Goldwater steered his family mercantile business to success, little did he know that in the future, he would dominate the U.S. ...

Benazir Bhutto Benazir Bhutto

Popularly known as the Iron Lady of Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto opened the doors of politics for women in Pakistan. Not only did she become the ...

Benjamin Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli

Benjamin Disraeli is one of the most prominent names in the history of British politics. He was one of the few who paved the way for a great ...

Benjamin Harrison Benjamin Harrison

Benjamin Harrison was the 23rd president of United States and the grandson of William Henry Harrison, 9th president of United States. After ...

Benjamin Netanyahu Benjamin Netanyahu

Benjamin Netanyahu is the current Prime Minister of Israel. He assumed office on 31 March 2009 and also serves as a member of Knesset and ...

Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe Benjamin Nnamdi Azik...

Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe was the first President of Nigeria. Before becoming the president he served as the second and last Governor-General and ...

Benjamin Rush Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush was one of the major political leaders who participated in the American Revolution and signed the U.S. Declaration of Independence ...

Blaise Diagne Blaise Diagne

Blaise Diagne was one of the most important figures in the history of African politics. He fought diligently for equal rights as a citizen of ...

Bob Wise Bob Wise

Bob Wise is one of the strongest voices in America on education issues. He is one of the first governors to come out with the proposal for the ...

Booker T. Washington Booker T. Washington

One of the foremost leaders of the African-American community, Booker T. Washington was a great educator and orator who founded the Tuskegee ...

Boris Yeltsin Boris Yeltsin

He is popularly remembered as the first President of the Russian Federation who served from 1991 until 1999. Boris Yeltsin was a prominent ...

Bruce Barton Bruce Fairchild Bart...

A multi-dimensional personality, Bruce Barton was a man with many hats - a writer-author by heart, an advertising executive by profession, a ...

C. Rajagopalachari C. Rajagopalachari

C. Rajagopalachari was an Indian lawyer, independence activist, politician and writer. He was the first and last Indian Governor General of ...

C.P. Scott C.P. Scott

C. P. Scott was a famous British journalist, who served as the editor of the renowned newspaper “The Guardian” for a number of years. After ...

Carl Stokes Carl Stokes

Carl Stokes was an American politician and 51st mayor of Cleveland. His selection as the mayor of Cleveland, Ohio signifies a new era in the ...

Charles Dawes Charles G. Dawes

Charles Gates Dawes was the 30th Vice President of the United States who served in this post from 1925 to 1929. A highly accomplished man, he ...

Cheddi Jagan Cheddi Jagan

Cheddi Jagan was a former president of Guyana, who played a key role in Guyana’s struggle for independence. For his contribution to Guyana, he ...

Chester A. Arthur Chester A. Arthur

Though the United States has had 44 presidents so far, only a handful few are widely remembered across the world. One such hero of American’s ...

Chief Seattle Chief Seattle

The indigenous populations in North America occupied large parts of uninhabited land, wherein they sheltered their families and lived with the ...

Chittaranjan Das Chittaranjan Das

Chittaranjan Das was one of the most prominent political and nationalist personalities in Bengal when Bengal was going through a very crucial ...

Chris Christie Chris Christie

Chris Christie is the 55th Governor of New Jersey who is serving his second term in the office. A Republican, he first assumed the office of ...

Cicero Cicero

Marcus Cicero was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. A strong believer in the ...

Condoleezza Rice Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza Rice is an American diplomat who served as the 66th United States Secretary of State. Often considered a role model for other ...

Cordell Hull Cordell Hull

Cordell Hull was a major political leader of Tennessee, USA and 47th Secretary of States of the United States. He is credited as the ...

 Dadabhai Naoroji Dadabhai Naoroji

The first ever Asian to be a British Member of Parliament, Dadabhai Naoroji was a pioneer in many fields. He was an intellectual and an ...

Dalai Lama Dalai Lama

The longest living Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso is the 14th and the present Dalai Lama and holds the profile of a spiritual and political leader of ...

Dan Quayle Dan Quayle

Dan Quayle was the 44th Vice President of the United States of America, under the presidency of George H.W. Bush. He also served in the House of ...

Daniel Webster Daniel Webster

Daniel Webster was a renowned American Senator and politician. Famous for his gift of the gab ability, he vehemently criticised the War of 1812 ...

David Ben-Gurion David Ben-Gurion

David Ben-Gurion was a prominent personality in the history of Israel who delivered the country’s declaration of independence and was also the ...

David Blunkett David Blunkett

David Blunkett is a British Labour Party politician who became the first blind person to hold a ministerial position in Great Britain. Blind ...

David Duke David Duke

David Duke is an American politician and supporter of white supremacy. When he was still in his teens, he met white supremacist National ...

David Trimble David Trimble

William David Trimble is a British politician who was the first’ First Minister of Northern Ireland’ He made history in his lifetime through ...

Davy Crockett Davy Crockett

Immortalized as the ‘King of the Wild Frontier’, Davy Crockett is one of the most celebrated and notable figures in American history. He is ...

Dick Cheney Dick Cheney

Known to be one of the most influential vice-presidents in the history of the United States of America, Dick Cheney is an illustrious politician ...

Dr Zakir Hussain Dr Zakir Hussain

Dr Zakir Hussain was the third President of India and the first Muslim to occupy that post. He was a renowned educationist and intellectual and ...

Earl Warren Earl Warren

Earl Warren was a famous American politician and jurist, who served the country as the Governor of California and the Chief Justice of the ...

Edward Everett Edward Everett

Edward Everett was an American politician, pastor, diplomat, educator and orator who served as a U.S. Representative, Senator, Governor of ...

Elbridge Gerry Elbridge Gerry

Elbridge Gerry was a true patriot who played a significant role in America’s struggle to establish its independent identity, ideology and ...

Eldridge Cleaver Eldridge Cleaver

Eldridge Cleaver was a renowned political activist and leader of the Black Panther Party. As a writer, he is remembered for his collection of ...

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Ellen Johnson Sirlea...

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is the current President of Liberia. She is Africa’s first elected female head of state, famously dubbed as the ‘Iron ...

Brigadier J. Enoch Powell Enoch Powell

Brigadier John Enoch Powell was a British politician who had served as a Member of Parliament and Minister of Health. He is best remembered for ...

Ernesto Cardenal Ernesto Cardenal

Ernesto Cardenal is a Roman Catholic priest who is also a poet, politician, and revolutionary. Considered by many to be Nicaragua’s second ...

F D Roosevelt F D Roosevelt

Jean Edward Smith’s quote ‘He lifted himself from a wheelchair to lift the nation from its knees’ best describes Roosevelt’s prominent ...

Fidel Castro Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro is one of the most prominent communist leaders of the last century. He was the Prime Minister, President and Commander-in-Chief of ...

Francis Hopkinson Francis Hopkinson

Francis Hopkinson was one of the 56 signers of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and is also credited to have designed the first American ...

Francis Lewis Francis Lewis

Francis Lewis, one of the 56 signers of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, was a businessman and politician who represented New York in the ...

Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce

When Franklin Pierce became the 14th President of the United States, the political atmosphere of the country was that of the calm before the ...

Gamal Abdel Nasser Gamal Abdel Nasser

Gamal Abdel Naseer was one of the foremost rulers of Egypt who served as the second President of the country from 1956 until his death in 1970. ...

General Aung San General Aung San

Aung San was a revolutionary nationalist leader of Burmese origin. He is regarded as the father of modern-day Burma. He took the initiative to ...

George Canning George Canning

George Canning was a British politician who later became Foreign Secretary and Prime Minister of the UK. During his parliamentary career, he ...

George Wallace George Wallace

Who would have ever thought, that a young boy, who worked his way through school by boxing professionally or serving as a kitchen helper, would ...

George Washington George Washington

George Washington was the first President of the United States who led the Continental Army to victory in the American Revolutionary War against ...

George Wythe George Wythe

George Wythe was a prominent lawyer, educator and judge who represented Virginia in the Continental Congress and signed the U.S. Declaration of ...

Gideon Welles - United States Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles

Gideon Welles was the U.S. Secretary of the Navy first under the administration of President Abraham Lincoln and later under the presidency of ...

Giuseppe Mazzini Giuseppe Mazzini

Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian activist and leader who worked tirelessly for the unification of Italy. Committed towards the cause of free, ...

Golda Meir Golda Meir

The first ever woman to be elected the Prime Minister of Israel, Golda Meir was a person of strong character known for her honest and ...

Goodluck Jonathan Goodluck Jonathan

Goodluck Ebele Azikiwe Jonathan is a Nigerian politician who became the President of Nigeria in 2010 and has been serving in this position since ...

Gopal Krishna Gokhale Gopal Krishna Gokhal...

A pioneer of the Indian National Movement, Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the founding social and political leaders who fought all his life ...