James Clerk Maxwell is regarded as one of the world’s greatest physicists. With this biography, know more about his life and his contributions.

# James Maxwell

Also Listed In: Mathematicians, Physicists

Famous as: Mathematician & Physicist

Nationality: Scottish

Born on: 13 June 1831 AD Famous 13th June Birthdays

Zodiac Sign: Gemini Famous Geminis

Born in: Edinburgh, Scotland

Died on: 05 November 1879 AD

Works & Achievements: Maxwell's equations, Maxwell distribution, Maxwell's demon, Maxwell's discs, Maxwell speed distribution, Maxwell's theorem, Maxwell material, Generalized Maxwell model, Displacement current

Who introduced the concept of electromagnetic theory? Who presented the first durable color photograph? Who was the man behind the kinetic theory of gases? While these maybe three different questions, the answer to all of them confines in three words, James Clerk Maxwell. Regarded as the most important 19th century physicist, after Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein, Maxwell's contribution in the field of mathematics and physics not only made a significant mark in the history of science, but also laid the foundation for the many more discoveries which took place in the 20th century. His work on the electromagnetic field, the study of color vision and establishment of the Maxwell's thermodynamic relations are deemed as the greatest advancements made in the field of physics. Maxwell's achievements concerning electromagnetism have been called the "second great unification in physics", the first one being realised by Isaac Newton. To know more about this prolific scientist, read through the following lines.

**Early Life**

**His Early Education**

**Years at Cambridge**

**Years at Aberdeen University**

**Years at King’s College**

**Later Years**

**Personal Life**

**Death & Legacy**

JAMES MAXWELL TIMELINE

James Clerk Maxwell was born

His mother passed away

Wrote his first scientific paper, Oval Curves

Enrolled at the University of Edinburgh

Contributed two papers for the Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Enrolled himself at the University of Cambridge

Graduated from the Trinity College with a degree in mathematics; Awarded the Smith's Prize

Attained fellowship in the Trinity College

Applied and offered Chair of Natural Philosophy at Marischal College

Married Katherine Mary Dewar

Awarded the Adams Prize

Received the Royal Society's Rumford Medal

Elected to the Royal Society; Published his paper, On Physical Lines of Force

Resigned from his chair at the King's College; Published his work, A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field

Penned a textbook by the title, Theory of Heat; elected as the first Cavendish Professor of Physics at Cambridge

An elementary treatise, Matter and Motion was released

James Clerk Maxwell passed away

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