Women Philosophers

Throughout history, there have been many women philosophers who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female philosophers such as Simone de Beauvoir, Mary Wollstonecraft, Rosa Luxemburg, Peter Kropotkin, Edith Stein.The women philosophers featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Women Philosophers

 1 Simone de Beauvoir

Simone de Beauvoir.
0
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 9, 1908
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris
Died: April 14, 1986
French author and existentialist philosopher Simone de Beauvoir is best remembered for her feminist treatise The Second Sex and her novels The Mandarins and She Came to Stay. Her literary contributions also include essays, biographies, and her autobiographical works. She won the Prix Goncourt and the Jerusalem Prize.

 2 Hannah Arendt

Hannah Arendt.
2
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 14, 1906
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: December 4, 1975

Hannah Arendt was a political theorist. Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's most prominent political thinkers, Hannah Arendt's articles and books have had a significant influence on philosophy and political theory. Her life and work inspired the 2012 biographical drama film, Hannah Arendt. Her work has also inspired several biographies written by popular authors.

 3 Ayn Rand

Ayn Rand.
6
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 2, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 6, 1982

Ayn Rand was a Russian-American philosopher and writer. Apart from publishing two best-selling novels, Ayn Rand is credited with developing a philosophical system called Objectivism. Over the years, Ayn Rand has been a major influence among American conservatives and libertarians. Some of the famous personalities influenced by her include Amber Heard, Vince Vaughn, Jimmy Wales, Ayelet Shaked, and Mary Ruwart.

 4 Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft.
0
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: April 27, 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 10, 1797

Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer, advocate of women's rights, and philosopher. Wollstonecraft, who attracted a lot of attention for her unconventional personal relationships, is widely considered a founding feminist philosopher. Although her unorthodoxy initially attracted criticisms, her advocacy of women's equality became increasingly important during the 20th century. Modern-day feminists cite her works and her life as important influences.

 5 Hypatia

Hypatia.
4
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer
Birthdate: 0360 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0415 AD
Hypatia was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer who lived during the 4th and 5th centuries. She also taught and served as a counselor. She is remembered for her commentary on Diophantus's Arithmetica. She was later murdered and became a symbol of feminism and of opposition to Catholic ideals.

 6 Helena Blavatsky

Helena Blavatsky.
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: August 12, 1831
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Yekaterinoslav, Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
Died: May 8, 1891

Russian philosopher Helena Blavatsky, or Madame Blavatsky, was one of the co-founders of the Theosophical Society. She popularized the slogan “There is no religion higher than truth.” She was inspired by the Arya Samaj and later converted to Buddhism. She also wrote books such as The Secret Doctrine.

 7 Luce Irigaray

Luce Irigaray
0
Famous As: Philosopher, Linguist, University teacher, Psychologist, Feminist
Birthdate: May 3, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bernissart
You May Like

 8 Juana Inés de la Cruz

Juana Inés de la Cruz
0
Famous As: Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Feminist, Composer
Birthdate: November 12, 1651
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tepetlixpa
Died: April 17, 1695

 9 Christina Hoff Sommers

Christina Hoff Sommers.
0
Famous As: Author, Philosopher
Birthdate: September 28, 1950
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Petaluma, California, U.S.

 10 Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen.
2
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 16, 1098
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bermersheim vor der Höhe, Germany
Died: September 17, 1179

Hildegard of Bingen was a German writer, composer, Christian mystic, visionary, philosopher, polymath, and Benedictine abbess of the High Middle Ages. Apart from being the most-recorded composers of sacred monophony in modern history, Hildegard of Bingen is also widely regarded as the founder of scientific natural history.

 11 Martha Nussbaum

Martha Nussbaum
0
Famous As: Philosopher, Writer, University teacher
Birthdate: May 6, 1947
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City

 12 Iris Murdoch

Iris Murdoch
0
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: July 15, 1919
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: February 8, 1999

 13 Saint Teresa of Avila

Saint Teresa of Avila.
2
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: March 28, 1515
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Gotarrendura
Died: October 4, 1582

Teresa of Ávila, also known as Saint Teresa of Jesus, was a Spanish noblewoman who later turned into a Carmelite nun. She was posthumously named a Doctor of the Church. She co-established the Discalced Carmelite Order. Her written works include The Interior Castle and her own autobiography.

 14 Edith Stein

Edith Stein.
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 12, 1891
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: August 9, 1942

Edith Stein was a German Jewish philosopher who studied at the University of Freiburg and completed her dissertation on empathy. Always interested in Catholicism, she read the autobiography of the mystic Teresa of Ávila and converted to Christianity, and became a Discalced Carmelite nun. She was killed in the Auschwitz concentration camp and is canonized as a martyr.

 15 Pema Chodron

Pema Chodron
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 14, 1936
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New York City, New York (state) New York, United States

 16 Julia Kristeva

Julia Kristeva
5
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: June 24, 1941
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sliven, Bulgaria

 17 Rosa Luxemburg

Rosa Luxemburg.
5
Famous As: Marxist Theorist
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamos'c'
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution

 18 Elena Cornaro Piscopia

Elena Cornaro Piscopia
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: June 5, 1646
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: July 26, 1684

 19 Émilie du Châtelet

Émilie du Châtelet
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: December 17, 1706
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 10, 1749

 20 Philippa Foot

Philippa Foot
0
Famous As: Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: October 3, 1920
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Owston Ferry
Died: October 3, 2010

Philippa Foot is remembered as a forerunner of what is now known as virtue ethics. Granddaughter of American president Grover Cleveland, Foot laid down the Trolley problem and believed that the morality of any act is related to its rationality. She was also associated with the charitable organization Oxfam.

 21 Harriet Martineau

Harriet Martineau
0
Famous As: Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian, Translator, Writer, Sociologist, Essayist, Feminist
Birthdate: June 12, 1802
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Norwich
Died: June 27, 1876

Regarded by many as the first female sociologist, Harriet Martineau was a prominent 19th-century social theorist, classical economist, and intellectual who penned the iconic work The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte. She was partially deaf and had lost her sense of taste and smell in childhood.

 22 Germaine de Staël

Germaine de Staël
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 22, 1766
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 14, 1817

 23 Grace Lee Boggs

Grace Lee Boggs
0
Famous As: Writer, Civil rights advocate, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: June 27, 1915
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Providence
Died: October 5, 2015

 24 Héloïse

Héloïse
0
Famous As: French nun
Birthdate: 1101 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 16, 1164

 25 Carol Gilligan

Carol Gilligan
0
Famous As: Psychologist, Philosopher, Non-fiction writer, Sociologist, Feminist
Birthdate: November 28, 1936
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City

 26 Mary Parker Follett

Mary Parker Follett
0
Famous As: Social Woker
Birthdate: September 3, 1868
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Quincy, Massachusetts, United States
Died: December 18, 1933

 27 Anna Comnena

Anna Comnena.
0
Famous As: Greek Princess & Scholar
Birthdate: December 1, 1083
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Porphyra Chamber, Great Palace of Constantinople, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Died: 1153 AD
Daughter of Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus, Anna Komnene is best remembered for writing Alexiad, a genuine treatise of the life and times of her father. She had written the book while imprisoned at the Kecharitomene Monastery, after a failed attempt to depose her brother, John II Komnenos.

 28 Savitri Devi

Savitri Devi
2
Famous As: Writer, Poet
Birthdate: September 30, 1905
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: October 22, 1982

Born in Lyon, Frenchwoman Maximiani Julia Portas later changed her name to Savitri Devi and adopted Nazism. The ardent cat lover earned a PhD in philosophy and later acquired Greek nationality and served as an Axis spy. She claimed Adolf Hitler was an avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu.

 29 Maria Gaetana Agnesi

Maria Gaetana Agnesi.
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Birthdate: May 16, 1718
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Milan
Died: January 9, 1799

Italian mathematician Maria Gaetana Agnesi, daughter of an affluent silk trader, was well-versed in a number of languages as a child. Most of her work was regarding algebra, calculus, and the Witch of Agnesi. She was also the first female academic to write a math book and to teach math.

 30 Akka Mahadevi

Akka Mahadevi
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Karnataka

 31 Lady Margaret Lucas Cavendish

Lady Margaret Lucas Cavendish
0
Famous As: philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction writer
Birthdate: 1623 AD
Birthplace: Colchester, England
Died: December 15, 1673

Lady Margaret Lucas Cavendish was an English poet, philosopher, playwright, fiction writer, and scientist. Margaret, who had the audacity to publish her works without using a pen name at a time when female writers remained anonymous, was ahead of her time. Not surprisingly, she was considered eccentric and earned the nickname Mad Madge. Her works gained popularity in the 1980s.

 32 G. E. M. Anscombe

G. E. M. Anscombe
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: March 18, 1919
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Limerick, Ireland
Died: January 5, 2001

A prominent figure in the philosophical movement of Analytical Thomism, British analytic philosopher G. E. M. Anscombe is remembered for her writings on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, philosophical logic, philosophy of action, and ethics. The term consequentialism was introduced by her in the article Modern Moral Philosophy which has influenced the emergence of contemporary virtue ethics.

 33 Mary Daly

Mary Daly
0
Famous As: Theologian, Writer, Philosopher, University teacher, Feminist
Birthdate: October 16, 1928
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Schenectady
Died: January 3, 2010

 34 Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick

Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
0
Famous As: Academic Scholar
Birthdate: May 2, 1950
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
Died: April 12, 2009

 35 Patricia Hill Collins

Patricia Hill Collins
0
Famous As: Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher, American Sociological Association Distinguished Scholarly Book Award
Birthdate: May 1, 1948
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Philadelphia

 36 Anandamayi Ma

Anandamayi Ma
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 30, 1896
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bengal
Died: August 27, 1982

 37 Adrian Piper

Adrian Piper
0
Famous As: Conceptual Artist
Birthdate: September 20, 1948
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York City, New York

 38 Diotima of Mantinea

Diotima of Mantinea
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Mantineia, Greece

 39 Iris Marion Young

Iris Marion Young
0
Famous As: Political scientist, Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: January 2, 1949
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York City
Died: August 1, 2006

 40 Judith Jarvis Thomson

Judith Jarvis Thomson
0
Famous As: Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: October 4, 1929
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York City

 41 Mary Midgley

Mary Midgley
0
Famous As: Philosopher, Author, University teacher, Writer
Birthdate: September 13, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Greater London

Leading British moral philosopher Mary Midgley, described as a fiercely combative philosopher by The Guardian, was known for her work on ethics, science and animal rights. She worked as senior lecturer in philosophy at Newcastle University and penned over 15 books, including Beast and Man, Animals and Why They Matter, Evolution as a Religion and Science as Salvation.   

 42 Paul B. Preciado

Paul B. Preciado
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD

Born a woman, Paul B. Preciado initially identified himself as a lesbian and later announced his slow transition to being a man. A celebrated author and philosopher, he has penned books such as Testo Junkie, written columns on gender and sexuality, and taught subjects such as gender theory.

 43 Patricia Churchland

Patricia Churchland
0
Famous As: Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: July 16, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Oliver

 44 Cleopatra the Alchemist

Cleopatra the Alchemist
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 45 Susanne Langer

Susanne Langer
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: December 20, 1895
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Manhattan, New York, United States
Died: July 17, 1985

 46 Elisabeth of the Palatinate

Elisabeth of the Palatinate
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: December 26, 1618
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Electorate of the Palatinate
Died: February 11, 1680

 47 Nel Noddings

Nel Noddings
0
Famous As: Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: January 19, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn

 48 Élisabeth Badinter

Élisabeth Badinter
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: March 5, 1945
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boulogne-Billancourt, France

 49 Ban Zhao

Ban Zhao
0
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0049 AD
Birthplace: Shaanxi, China
Died: 0120 AD

Ban Zhao was a Chinese historian, politician, and philosopher. Remembered for her immense contribution to the Book of Han, Ban Zhao was the first known female historian in the history of China. Widely regarded as China's most popular female scholar, Ban Zhao also had an interest in mathematics and astronomy. She also gained political influence by teaching Empress Deng Sui.

 50 Julia Robinson

Julia Robinson
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher, Scientist
Birthdate: December 8, 1919
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: St. Louis
Died: July 30, 1985