Russian Women Leaders

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Throughout history, there have been many Russian women leaders who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great Russian female leaders such as Catherine the Great, Valeriya Novodvorskaya, Catherine I of Russia, Anna of Russia, Valentina Matviyenko.
Vote for Your Favourite Russian Women Leaders
 1 
Lyudmila Putina
(Ex-Wife of Russian President Vladimir Putin)
Lyudmila Putina
7
Birthdate: January 6, 1958
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kaliningrad, Russia
Lyudmila Putina was married to Russian president and former prime minister Vladimir Putin from 1983 to 2013. Their divorce was publicly announced on national TV, during the intermission of a ballet performance. She has been associated with programs developing the Russian language and was previously a flight attendant for Aeroflot.
 2 
Valentina Tereshkova
(The First and Youngest Woman in Space)
Valentina Tereshkova
8
Birthdate: March 6, 1937
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bol'shoe Maslennikovo, Russia
Former cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova is currently part of the Russian State Duma. In 1963, she became the first woman to fly into space when she went on a solo mission aboard the Vostok 6. She has won many honors, such as the Hero of the Soviet Union.
 3 
Alina Kabaeva
(Politician)
Alina Kabaeva
7
Birthdate: May 12, 1983
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tashkent, Uzbekistan
 4 
Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya
(Deputy Minister of Education in the Government of the Soviet Union 1929 – 1938)
Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya
4
Birthdate: February 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 27, 1939
 5 
Natalia Poklonskaya
7
Birthdate: March 18, 1980
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mykhailivka, Ukraine
 6 
Alexandra Kollontai
(Russian Revolutionary and Diplomat & First Woman in History to Become an Official Member of a Governing Cabinet)
Alexandra Kollontai
3
Birthdate: March 31, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 9, 1952

Alexandra Kollontai was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and diplomat. She served as the People's Commissar for Welfare in Lenin’s government. A powerful figure, she became the first woman in history to become an official member of a governing cabinet. She was also one of the few women to play a prominent role during the Russian Revolution. 

 7 
Fanny Kaplan
(Revolutionary)
Fanny Kaplan
5
Birthdate: February 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Volhynian Governorate
Died: September 3, 1918

Born into a poverty-stricken family of farmers, Fanny Kaplan was home-schooled. Later, while working as a milliner, she joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party and thus became part of radical politics. She developed anti-Bolshevik sentiments and attempted to assassinate Lenin. Though Lenin recovered, Kaplan was later executed.

 8 
Lydia Litvyak
(Fighter pilot)
Lydia Litvyak
3
Birthdate: August 18, 1921
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 1, 1943
 9 
Svetlana Savitskaya
(Russian Retired Cosmonaut, First Woman to Fly to Space Twice and First Woman to Perform Spacewalk)
Svetlana Savitskaya
3
Birthdate: August 8, 1948
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
 10 
Natalia Sedova
(Second wife of Leon Trotsky, the Russian revolutionary)
Natalia Sedova
4
Birthdate: April 5, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Romny, Ukraine
Died: January 23, 1962
 11 
Elvira Nabiullina
(Russian Economist and Governor of the Bank of Russia)
Elvira Nabiullina
3
Birthdate: October 29, 1963
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ufa, Russia

The first woman to serve as the governor of the Central Bank of Russia, Elvira Nabiullina has also been an economic advisor to Russian president Vladamir Putin. The daughter of a factory manager mother and a driver father, she made it to the Forbes Power Women 2020 list.

 12 
Lyubov Sobol
(Russian Political Leader and Lawyer)
Lyubov Sobol
3
Birthdate: September 13, 1987
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow Oblast, Russia

Lyubov Sobol is a Russian public and political figure. An influential personality, Sobol serves as a lawyer of a nonprofit organization called the Anti-Corruption Foundation. In 2019, BBC included her in the leadership category of its list of 100 inspiring and influential women from around the world.

 13 
Valentina Matviyenko
(Russian Politician and the First Female Leader of Saint Petersburg)
Valentina Matviyenko
4
Birthdate: April 7, 1949
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shepetivka, Ukraine

Also known as Vladimir Putin’s right-hand woman, Russian politician Valentina Matviyenko has been the governor and the first female leader of Saint Petersburg. She was also an ambassador to Greece and Malta, and now chairs the Federation Council. Though Ukrainian by birth, she supported Putin’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022.

 14 
Marina Raskova
(Navigator)
Marina Raskova
2
Birthdate: March 28, 1912
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Russian Empire
Died: January 4, 1943
 15 
Aleksandra Samusenko
(Military personnel)
Aleksandra Samusenko
3
Birthdate: 1922 AD
Birthplace: Chita, Russia
Died: March 3, 1945
 16 
Elena Stasova
(Politician)
Elena Stasova
3
Birthdate: October 3, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 31, 1966
 17 
Anna Mons
(Politician)
Anna Mons
2
Birthdate: January 26, 1672
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: August 15, 1714
 18 
Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova
(Revolutionary leader and founder of the Soviet Union)
Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova
0
Birthdate: March 6, 1835
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 25, 1916
 19 
Irina Rodnina
(Politician)
Irina Rodnina
2
Birthdate: September 12, 1949
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia
2
Birthdate: September 27, 1657
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: July 14, 1704
 21 
Vera Zasulich
2
Birthdate: August 8, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gzhatsky Uyezd
Died: August 8, 1919
 22 
Khertek Anchimaa-Toka
2
Birthdate: January 1, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bay-Tayginskiy Rayon, Russia
Died: November 4, 2008
 23 
Sophia Perovskaya
(Revolutionary)
Sophia Perovskaya
2
Birthdate: September 13, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 15, 1881
 24 
Yevdokiya Bershanskaya
(Military personnel)
Yevdokiya Bershanskaya
2
Birthdate: February 6, 1913
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dobrovol'noye, Russia
Died: September 16, 1982
 25 
Yekaterina Budanova
(Fighter pilot)
Yekaterina Budanova
2
Birthdate: December 6, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Smolensk Oblast, Russia
Died: July 19, 1943
 26 
Valeriya Novodvorskaya
( Soviet Dissident, Writer and Liberal Politician)
Valeriya Novodvorskaya
2
Birthdate: May 17, 1950
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Baranovichi
Died: July 12, 2014

Soviet politician and The New Times editor Valeriya Novodvorskaya, who founded the Democratic Union party, had been a prominent dissident who often clashed with the Soviet authorities. She was once jailed for criticizing the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. The self-proclaimed asexual activist lived with her mother and her cat.

 27 
Nadezhda Popova
2
Birthdate: December 17, 1921
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Shabanovka, Russia
Died: July 6, 2013
 28 
Vera Figner
(Revolutionary Whose Work to Free All Russian People Led to Her Involvement in the Assassination of 'Alexander II')
Vera Figner
1
Birthdate: July 7, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kazan, Russia
Died: June 15, 1942

Russian revolutionary Vera Figner was a major figure of the Populist (Narodnik) movement. Initially a medical student, she later left her studies midway to devote herself to politics. She also left her husband for her revolutionary cause and became associated with the Zemlya i Volya party.

 29 
Zinaida Greceanii
(Politician)
Zinaida Greceanii
2
Birthdate: February 7, 1956
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tomsk Oblast, Russia
 30 
Galina Starovoytova
1
Birthdate: May 17, 1946
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chelyabinsk, Russia
Died: November 20, 1998
 31 
Marina Salye
(Geologist)
Marina Salye
1
Birthdate: October 19, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 21, 2012
 32 
Marina Popovich
1
Birthdate: July 20, 1931
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Western Oblast, Russia
Died: November 30, 2017
 33 
Tatyana Golikova
(Politician, Economist)
Tatyana Golikova
2
Birthdate: February 9, 1966
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mytishchi, Russia

From being the chief economist of the Russian finance ministry to serving as the deputy prime minister for social policy, Tatyana Golikova has done it all. Known as Miss Budget in popular media, she specializes in labor economics. She was also named Madam Arbidol for her alleged association with Pharmstandard.

 34 
Khiuaz Dospanova
1
Birthdate: May 15, 1922
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kurmangazy District, Kazakhstan
Died: May 20, 2008
 35 
Catherine Breshkovsky
(Political figure)
Catherine Breshkovsky
1
Birthdate: January 25, 1844
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: September 12, 1934
 36 
Anastasia Filatova
(Politician)
Anastasia Filatova
1
Birthdate: February 4, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ryazan, Russia
Died: October 21, 2001
 37 
Yelena Kondakova
(The World's First Female Cosmonaut to Make a Long-Duration Spaceflight)
Yelena Kondakova
1
Birthdate: March 30, 1957
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mytishchi, Russia

Initially an engineer with aerospace manufacturer Energia, Russian cosmonaut Yelena Kondakova later scripted history as the world’s first female astronaut to make a long-duration spaceflight. She was made a Hero of the Russian Federation and later also served in the lower house of the Russian parliament.

 38 
Alena Arshinova
(Politician)
Alena Arshinova
0
Birthdate: March 3, 1985
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
 39 
Yekaterina Kuskova
(Russian Economist and Politician Who Opposed the Bolshevik Government)
Yekaterina Kuskova
0
Birthdate: November 23, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ufa, Russia
Died: December 22, 1958

Economist, journalist and politician Yekaterina Dmitriyevna Kuskova of the Russian Empire advocated for social reformism and opposed the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin’s authoritarian policies following the October Revolution. She was a member of the nascent Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (RSDRP) and later became a founding member of the liberal Union of Liberation, which was renamed as the Constitutional-Democratic Party (KDP).