Andrei Gromyko Biography

(Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1985 to 1988)

Birthday: July 18, 1909 (Cancer)

Born In: Starye Gromyki, Belarus

Andrei Gromyko was a Russian statesman who served for many years as a diplomat of Soviet Union. He was a representative of the Soviet Union and held many positions over the years in USSR. In his early years, he was appointed as the Soviet Ambassador to United States and Great Britain. Later in his career, he served first as the minister of foreign affairs and then as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. He played a crucial role in negotiations with foreign powers in major conferences around the world. He distinguished himself by his ability to implement effectively the policies of the Soviet leadership as the minister of foreign affairs. He was an expert diplomat and skilled at accommodating every Soviet leader and dealt with nine US presidents in his political career. He served for more than four decades as a government official with the USSR and was considered as a tremendous negotiator in the Soviet Union as well as in the West. He also strengthened the global influence of the Soviet Union and his decades of experience in international relations earned him the title of ‘Dean of World Diplomacy’. He was a brilliant politician and an excellent negotiator who played a pivotal role in expanding Soviet Union’s eminence and influence on a global scale.
Quick Facts

Also Known As: Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko

Died At Age: 79


Spouse/Ex-: Lydia Dmitrievna Grinevich

father: Andrei Matveyevich

mother: Olga Jevgenyevna

children: Anatoly, Emilia

Born Country: Belarus

Political Leaders Belarusian Men

Died on: July 2, 1989

place of death: Moscow, Russia

Childhood & Early Life
He was born on July 18, 1909 in Staryya Hramyki, Russian Empire, to Andrei Matveyevich, a seasonal worker at a local factory and his wife, Olga Jevgenyevna. They lived in the Belarusian village of Staryya Gramyki, near Gomel.
Both his parents had attended school only for a short period of time. Although his family and most of the village people were religious beings, he questioned the existence of almighty quite early in his life.
He became a member of the Komsomol, youth division of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and held anti-religious speeches in the village with his friends and promoted Communist values when he was thirteen.
He received his primary school education and vocational training in Gomel. Then, he attended technical school in Borisov, on his mother’s advice.
After studying in Borisov for two years, he was appointed principal of a secondary school in Dzerzhinsk, where he taught, supervised the school, and continued his studies.
In 1933, he was offered an opportunity by the ‘Communist Party of Byelorussia’ to pursue post-graduation in Minsk, which he accepted with delight.
In 1936, after studying economics for three years, he became a researcher and lecturer at the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Subsequently, he was transferred from the Academy of Sciences to the diplomatic service.
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In 1943, he was appointed as the Soviet ambassador to the United States. During his tenure as ambassador he met prominent personalities such as, Charlie Chaplin, Marilyn Monroe and John Maynard Keynes.
In 1946, he was made Permanent Representative of the Soviet Union to the United Nations. Simultaneously, he was also promoted to deputy foreign minister in 1946 and then to the first deputy foreign minister in 1949.
In 1952, he became a candidate member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and was appointed ambassador to the United Kingdom. His tenure as ambassador to the United Kingdom was a short one and he came back to Moscow in 1953.
After returning to Moscow, he resumed his post as first deputy foreign minister. In 1956 he attained full membership on the Central Committee.
He became the Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1957. He was the main Soviet negotiator with the United States government during his long tenure of 28 years.
In 1973, he became a member of the Politburo and was appointed as the first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1983.
In 1985, he was appointed as the President of the Soviet Union (the official title being Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet) by Mikhail Gorbachev.
After retiring from active politics in 1988, he started working on his memoirs which were published in the same year and translated into English in 1990.
Major Works
He became renowned for his extensive knowledge of international affairs and for his negotiating skills. He was entrusted with major diplomatic missions and policy statements. He took part in all the major negotiations of the Second World War and its immediate aftermath which resulted in the creation of the United Nations.
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As the Foreign Minister of Soviet Union, his negotiating style was legendary. He would wear down his negotiating partners by arguing for hours over the most trivial of details, before tackling the meat of the issue, teasing out small victories, which he would trade for larger concessions later in the negotiations.
Awards & Achievements
In 1948, he was honored with the ‘Order of the Red Banner’, the highest award of the Soviet Union until 1930.
He was conferred the honor of being the ‘Hero of Socialist Labour’ twice in his career, first in 1969 and the second time in 1979.
In 1982, he received the ‘Lenin Prize’, one of the most prestigious awards of the Soviet Union.
He also received the Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin".
He was honored with ‘The Order of the Sun of Peru’, the highest award bestowed by the Peru to commend notable civil and military merit.
He was conferred with seven ‘Orders of Lenin’ in his career.
Personal Life & Legacy
In 1931, he married Lydia Dmitrievna Grinevich, daughter of Byelorussian peasants, whom he met in Minsk. They were blessed with two children: a son, Anatoly, and a daughter, Emilia.
On July 2, 1989, he died in Moscow, Soviet Union, after he was admitted to the hospital regarding some vascular problem. He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.

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