Famous Russian Military Leaders

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 1 
Georgy Zhukov
(Military Commander)
Georgy Zhukov
7
Birthdate: December 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zhukov, Kaluga Oblast
Died: June 18, 1974

Soviet general and Marshal of the Soviet Union, Georgy Zhukov, is remembered for overseeing some of the Red Army's most decisive victories during the Second World War. As a young man, he served in the First World War and the Russian Civil War. The recipient of four Hero of the Soviet Union awards, he was made the defence minister.

 2 
Mikhail Kalashnikov
(Inventor of 'AK-47' Assault Rifle, PK Machine Gun and 'RPK Light Machine Gun')
Mikhail Kalashnikov
7
Birthdate: November 10, 1919
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kur'ya, Russia
Died: December 23, 2013
Russian military leader Mikhail Kalashnikov is remembered for inventing the AK-47 assault rifle, along with other weapons such as the AKM, the AK-74, the PK machine gun, and the RPK light machine gun. He was named the Hero of the Russian Federation and received the Order of Military Merit.
 3 
Konstantin Rokossovsky
(Soviet and Polish Military Officer)
Konstantin Rokossovsky
4
Birthdate: December 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: August 3, 1968

Konstantin Rokossovsky was a Soviet and Polish officer. One of the most important Red Army commanders during the Second World War, Rokossovsky also served as Poland's Defence Minister from 1949 to 1956. He also served as the Marshal of Poland and as the Marshal of the Soviet Union.

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 4 
Vasili Arkhipov
(Soviet Naval Officer)
Vasili Arkhipov
5
Birthdate: January 30, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zvorkovo, Russia
Died: August 19, 1998

Vasili Arkhipov was a Soviet Navy officer who played a crucial role in the Cuban Missile Crisis. He prevented a Soviet nuclear strike, which could’ve easily caused an all-out nuclear war. He refused to authorize the use of nuclear torpedoes, for which he was posthumously honored with the Future of Life Award by the Future of Life Institute in 2017.

 5 
Grigory Potemkin
(Russian Statesman, Army Officer and Lover of Empress Catherine the Great)
Grigory Potemkin
7
Birthdate: October 11, 1739
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chizhevo, Russia
Died: October 16, 1791

Grigory Potemkin was a Russian statesman, military leader, and nobleman. A favorite of Catherine the Great, Grigory Potemkin was appointed governor-general of Russia's southern provinces in 1775. An influential personality, Potemkin supervised the construction of several important edifices, such as the Tauride Palace. He is also credited with founding the towns of Ekaterinoslav, Sevastopol, Kherson, and Nikolayev.

 6 
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia
(Russian Noble and Youngest Son of Emperor Alexander III of Russia)
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia
5
Birthdate: December 4, 1878
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tsentralny District, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: June 13, 1918

Son of Alexander III, the emperor of Russia, Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich refused to accept the throne unless Russians were allowed to decide if they wanted the monarchy or a republic. Both Michael and his British secretary, Nicholas Johnson, were arrested and shot to death during the Russian Revolution.

 7 
Alexander Suvorov
(Russian Military Commander Known for His Achievements in the Russo-Turkish War)
Alexander Suvorov
4
Birthdate: November 24, 1729
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: May 18, 1800

Aleksandr Vasilyevich Suvorov was a distinguished Russian General, remembered for winning every battle that he had commanded. Known for his thumping victories at the Battle of Rymnik and Siege of Izmail during the Russo-Turkish War and for his contributions during the French Revolutionary Wars, he won many awards and tittles and wrote several military manuals, including The Science of Victory.

 8 
Mikhail Kutuzov
(Military officer)
Mikhail Kutuzov
4
Birthdate: September 16, 1745
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 28, 1813
 9 
Vasily Chuikov
(Military officer)
Vasily Chuikov
4
Birthdate: February 12, 1900
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tula Oblast
Died: March 18, 1982

Soviet military general Vasily Chuikov is best known for his heroics in the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II. He led the Soviet march into Berlin that led to the surrender of the Germans. Following the war, he became a member of the Communist Party’s Central Committee.

 10 
Grigory Orlov
(Military officer)
Grigory Orlov
3
Birthdate: October 6, 1734
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lyutkino, Russia
Died: April 13, 1783
 11 
Ivan Konev
(One of the Outstanding Soviet Generals in World War II)
Ivan Konev
5
Birthdate: December 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lodeyno, Russia
Died: May 21, 1973

Ivan Konev was a Marshal of the Soviet Union and general. He is remembered for leading the Red Army on the Eastern Front during the Second World War. He also played important roles in World War I and the Russian Civil War before working his way to the top. He remained a respected military figure until his death in 1973.

 12 
Aleksandr Kolchak
(Supreme Ruler of Russia (1918 - 1920))
Aleksandr Kolchak
3
Birthdate: November 16, 1874
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 7, 1920

Aleksandr Kolchak was a military leader who served as the Supreme Ruler of Russia from 18 November 1918 to 7 February 1920. He was also an important member of the Imperial Russian Navy and played a key role in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War. Aleksandr Kolchak's life and career inspired a 2008 biopic titled Admiral.

 13 
Kliment Voroshilov
(Military Officer)
Kliment Voroshilov
3
Birthdate: February 4, 1881
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bakhmut, Ukraine
Died: December 2, 1969

Kliment Voroshilov was an important Soviet politician and military officer during the Stalin era. He also played an important role in postwar Hungary as he oversaw the establishment of the Hungarian People's Republic between 1945 and 1947. From 1953 to 1960, Voroshilov served as the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.

 14 
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
(Soviet General Who was a Major Proponent of Modernization of Soviet Army in the 1920s and 1930s)
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
3
Birthdate: February 16, 1893
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Slednevo, Russia
Died: June 12, 1937

Mikhail Tukhachevsky was a Soviet theoretician and military leader. He is best remembered for commanding the Western Front during the Polish-Soviet War. From 1925 to 1928, he served as the Red Army's chief of staff and commanded the Volga Military District in 1937. In 1935, he was appointed Marshal of the Soviet Union.

 15 
Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
(Russian Naval Officer and Archaeological Explorer)
Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia
3
Birthdate: April 13, 1866
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tbilisi, Georgia
Died: February 26, 1933

Russian naval officer and explorer Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich was the brother-in-law of the last emperor of Russia, Emperor Nicholas II. He played a significant role in the development of Russian military aviation during WWI. He spent his later life in exile in Paris and conducted many archaeological expeditions.

 16 
Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia
3
Birthdate: May 11, 1857
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 17, 1905
 17 
Dzhokhar Dudayev
3
Birthdate: February 15, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yalkhori, Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Died: April 21, 1996
 18 
Lavr Kornilov
(Russian General Who Was Involved in the 'Kornilov Affair')
Lavr Kornilov
3
Birthdate: August 30, 1870
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
Died: April 13, 1918

Russian military intelligence officer Lavr Kornilov served as an Imperial Russian Army general during World War I. He is remembered for his involvement in the Kornilov Affair, a failed coup against the Russian provincial government that was set up after the 1917 February Revolution. He was later killed in a battle for Ekaterinodar.

 19 
Lydia Litvyak
(Fighter pilot)
Lydia Litvyak
3
Birthdate: August 18, 1921
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 1, 1943
Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia
3
Birthdate: November 18, 1856
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 5, 1929
 21 
Semyon Timoshenko
(Military commander)
Semyon Timoshenko
3
Birthdate: February 18, 1895
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bessarabia
Died: March 31, 1970
 22 
Mikhail Frunze
(Former Bolshevik leader during and just prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917)
Mikhail Frunze
3
Birthdate: February 2, 1885
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Died: October 31, 1925
Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia
3
Birthdate: October 13, 1832
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Petergof, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 18, 1909
 24 
Andrey Vlasov
(Soviet Red Army General and Nazi Collaborator During World War II)
Andrey Vlasov
4
Birthdate: September 14, 1901
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lomakino, Russia
Died: August 1, 1946

Russian military general Andrey Vlasov was part of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War. During World War II, he was captured by the Germans and later sided with the Germans against Stalin’s regime in Russia. He was later captured by Russians and hanged for treason.

 25 
Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia
3
Birthdate: September 18, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: March 5, 1942
 26 
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
(Officer in the Red Army Who Attained the Rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union)
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
3
Birthdate: September 30, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vichuga, Russia
Died: December 5, 1977
 27 
Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia
3
Birthdate: October 3, 1860
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 28, 1919
 28 
Gotthard Heinrici
(Officer, Military personnel)
Gotthard Heinrici
4
Birthdate: December 25, 1886
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gusev
Died: December 13, 1971
German military general Gotthard Heinrici had been part of battles in both the Western Front and the Eastern Front during World War II. He was part of Operation Barbarossa in the Soviet Union and later developed innovative strategies to tackle the Red Army, such as withdrawing before counterattacking.
 29 
Semyon Budyonny
(Military commander)
Semyon Budyonny
3
Birthdate: April 25, 1883
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rostov Oblast
Died: October 26, 1973
Cyril Vladimirovich, Grand Duke of Russia
3
Birthdate: October 12, 1876
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 12, 1938
Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia
3
Birthdate: January 14, 1850
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian
Died: November 14, 1908
 32 
Pyotr Wrangel
(Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of South Russia (April 1920 - November 1920))
Pyotr Wrangel
3
Birthdate: August 27, 1878
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Zarasai, Lithuania
Died: April 25, 1928

Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel was a Russian military officer who served in the Imperial Russian Army. He played an important role during the Russian Civil War, serving as the commanding general of the White Army during the later stages of the war. He lost the war and left Russia, becoming one of the most important exiled White émigrés of South Russia.

Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich of Russia
2
Birthdate: May 14, 1879
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 30, 1956
 34 
Imam Shamil
(Political leader)
Imam Shamil
3
Birthdate: June 26, 1797
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gimry, Russia
Died: February 4, 1871
 35 
Aleksandra Samusenko
(Military personnel)
Aleksandra Samusenko
3
Birthdate: 1922 AD
Birthplace: Chita, Russia
Died: March 3, 1945
 36 
Sulim Yamadayev
(Chechen Rebel who Defected to Russia & Later Commanded the Special Battalion Vostok During the 'Second Chechen War')
Sulim Yamadayev
2
Birthdate: June 21, 1973
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Benoy, Russia
Died: March 30, 2009
 37 
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen
(Russian Cartographer, Naval Officer, and Explorer)
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen
2
Birthdate: September 20, 1778
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lahetaguse
Died: January 25, 1852

Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen was a Russian cartographer, naval officer, and explorer. He is best remembered for his role in Russia's first circumnavigation of the world. Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen also led another circumnavigation that led to the discovery of Antarctica. 

 38 
Pavel Sudoplatov
(Lieutenant General)
Pavel Sudoplatov
2
Birthdate: July 7, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Melitopol', Ukraine
Died: September 26, 1996
 39 
Vasily Blyukher
(Military commander)
Vasily Blyukher
2
Birthdate: December 1, 1889
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Russian Empire
Died: November 9, 1938
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly
3
Birthdate: December 27, 1761
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pamūšis, Lithuania
Died: May 26, 1818
 41 
Marina Raskova
(Navigator)
Marina Raskova
2
Birthdate: March 28, 1912
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Russian Empire
Died: January 4, 1943
 42 
Rodion Malinovsky
(Military commander in World War II, Marshal of the Soviet Union, and Minister of Defence of the Soviet Union in the late 1950s and 1960s)
Rodion Malinovsky
3
Birthdate: November 23, 1898
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Odesa, Ukraine
Died: March 31, 1967
 43 
Nikolai Yudenich
(Military commander)
Nikolai Yudenich
2
Birthdate: July 30, 1862
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 5, 1933
 44 
Boris Shaposhnikov
(Military commander)
Boris Shaposhnikov
2
Birthdate: October 2, 1882
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Zlatoust
Died: March 26, 1945
 45 
Alexander Lebed
(Russian politician)
Alexander Lebed
2
Birthdate: April 20, 1950
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Novocherkassk, Soviet Union
Died: April 28, 2002
 46 
Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin
(Military commander)
Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin
2
Birthdate: December 16, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Voronezh
Died: April 15, 1944
Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich of Russia
2
Birthdate: October 7, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Borjomi, Georgia
Died: July 18, 1918
 48 
Dmitry Ustinov
(Politician)
Dmitry Ustinov
2
Birthdate: October 30, 1908
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Samara, Russia
Died: December 20, 1984
 49 
Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia
2
Birthdate: January 22, 1864
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: January 17, 1931
 50 
Paul von Rennenkampf
(Commander of the Vilna Military District)
Paul von Rennenkampf
0
Birthdate: April 29, 1854
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rapla County, Estonia
Died: April 1, 1918