Venustiano Carranza Biography
(44th President of Mexico)
Birthday: December 29, 1859 (Capricorn)
Born In: Cuatrociénegas Municipality, Mexico
Venustiano Carranza was a main leader of the 20th-century Mexican Revolution, or the Mexican Civil War, and had served as the president of Mexico. He was known as the "Primer Jefe" ("First Chief") of the ‘Constitutionalists.’ Carranza was initially made the governor of Coahuila by Francisco I. Madero, after Porfirio Díaz refused to back him. After Madero’s murder in 1913, Carranza formed the ‘Plan de Guadalupe’ to crush Victoriano Huerta. However, after Huerta’s defeat, Carranza fell out with his own associates, Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa. He thus crushed his fellow revolutionaries later. He served as the head of state of Mexico from 1915 to 1917. With the declaration of the new Mexican constitution in 1917, Carranza was elected as the president of Mexico and served in the position till 1920. He later wished to place Ignacio Bonillas in his position, but faced a rebellion under the ‘Plan of Agua Prieta,’ led by Álvaro Obregón, one of his previous associates. Carranza was eventually killed on his way to Mexico City.