Philip Noel-Baker Biography
(British Minister of Fuel and Power (1950-51))
Birthday: November 1, 1889 (Scorpio)
Born In: London, England
Philip Noel-Baker was a British politician and a renowned campaigner for disarmament. A dedicated pacifist, he passionately advocated international disarmament and tirelessly campaigned for 40 years to promote international peace. He was honored with the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1959 in recognition of his pacifist efforts. In addition to being a politician he was also an amateur athlete who carried the British team flag and won an Olympic silver medal at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. The son of a Canadian-born Quaker, he was raised in an environment of religious observance and political activism, in England. His father was a politician, pacifist and humanitarian and the young Baker would soon follow in his footsteps. A brilliant student, he excelled in his studies at King’s College, Cambridge, and at the universities of Munich and Paris. Eventually he ventured into public service and held a succession of prestigious ministerial posts. A pacifist at heart, he actively campaigned for international peace and also wrote extensively on the subject. His book ‘The Arms Race: A Programme for World Disarmament’, published in 1958, won the Albert Schweitzer Book Prize. He also played a pivotal role in drafting the United Nations Charter.