Nicolás Maduro Biography

Nicolás Maduro is the 63rd President of Venezuela. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and other facts about his life.

Quick Facts

Birthday: November 23, 1962

Nationality: Venezuelan

Famous: Dictators Presidents

Age: 57 Years, 57 Year Old Males

Sun Sign: Sagittarius

Also Known As: Nicolás Maduro Moros, Nicolas Maduro Moros, Nicolas Maduro

Born in: Caracas, Venezuela

Famous as: President of Venezuela

Height: 6'3" (190 cm), 6'3" Males

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Spouse/Ex-: Cilia Flores

father: Nicolás Maduro Garcia

mother: Teresa de Jesús Moros

children: Nicolás Ernesto Maduro Guerra

City: Caracas, Venezuela

Founder/Co-Founder: Inter-American League

More Facts

awards: Order of the Liberator General San Martín

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Nicolás Maduro Moros is the 63rd President of Venezuela. Having assumed office in the year 2013, he has proved to be a highly controversial leader. He has been criticized for ruling by decree, which has led to a severe declination of Venezuela’s socio-economic status, along with increase in crime, inflation, poverty and hunger. He has been accused of being an authoritarian and a dictator by the national media. Prior to becoming a politician, he had worked for several years as a bus driver. In this position, he became a trade union leader and soon ventured into mainstream politics. In the year 2000, he was elected to the National Assembly. Maduro, despite not knowing any foreign languages, had also served as the Venezuelan Foreign Minister for a period of six years, after which he was appointed as Vice President by the then-president Hugo Chávez. Later, when Chávez—who was suffering from cancer—realized that he may not survive, he decided that Maduro should be the one to succeed him. Ever since Maduro assumed presidency, he has been continuing the policies of his predecessor. His rule has been vehemently criticized by the mainstream media, and has also led to nationwide protests, which further led to riots. Despite such incidents, Maduro has been continuing as the president, even though his popularity has been hugely affected.

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Childhood & Early Life
  • Nicolás Maduro initially worked for several years as a bus driver, after having found employment with the Caracas Metro company. His political career began in the 1980s, after he formed an informal labor syndicate to represent the bus drivers of the company. Later, he was also employed as a bodyguard by José Vicente Rangel during his presidential campaign.
  • During the early 1990s, he joined the Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement- 200, also known as the MBR-200. He campaigned for the release of Hugo Chávez when the latter was in prison due to his revolutionary actions.
  • In 1998, Maduro was elected to the Venezuelan Chamber of Deputies on the MVR ticket. Later, in 2000, he was elected to the National Assembly as an MP. In 2005, he was elected to the role of Speaker.
  • The following year, Maduro was appointed as the Foreign Minister, though he didn’t speak any foreign languages. The stances of his foreign policy included support for Libya, which at that time, was under Dictator Muammar Gaddafi’s rule.
  • Maduro held the role of Foreign Minister till he was appointed as the Vice President of Venezuela, after Hugo Chavez won the presidential election in 2012. Two months later, Chavez, who had a history of cancer, announced that his cancer had returned, and stated that should his condition worsen, Maduro would be the one to succeed him as he had proven himself to be a capable leader.
  • Chavez died on 5 March 2013 and Maduro assumed the duties of the President. According to the Venezuelan Constitution, a presidential election should be held within thirty days, should a President die within the first four years of his term. Maduro, being the candidate of the Socialist Party for the election, narrowly defeated his opposition candidate, Henrique Capriles.
  • Nicolas Maduro was formally appointed the President of Venezuela on 19 April 2013. He appointed Jorge Arrezea as his Vice President.
  • Maduro’s presidency proved to be controversial from the very beginning. During the first part of the year 2014, citizens of Venezuela took to streets to protest his government. With an increase in international oil prices, the economy of the country also suffered. The country also witnessed a rise in crime rates during his presidency.
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  • The ‘Safe Homeland’ program was one of the most significant programs launched during Maduro’s rule. It was a massive police and military campaign to build security in the country as it had one of the highest rates of homicides in Latin America. According to the government, the program reduced homicide rates by 55%. However, the Venezuela Violence Observatory stated that the crime rate actually increased under the Maduro government.
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  • Maduro continued the majority of his predecessor’s economic policies. He received criticism as during his rule the country faced a high inflation rate, as well as shortages of goods. Maduro, in turn, put the blame on capitalism, and said that he was fighting an economic war. However, his words were criticized to be impractical. The country stood at the top spot globally with the highest misery index in 2013, 2014, and 2015.
  • The nation’s economy entered a recession in 2014. China, being Venezuela’s second largest trade partner, provided economic assistance in form of billions of dollars in loans. However, it was believed that China was actually investing for strategic reasons, rather than for ideological similarities. To add to Venezuela’s woes, the diplomatic relations with American worsened during Maduro’s rule, and Venezuela was declared by the US as a threat to its security.
  • Nicolas Maduro has voiced his opinion on so-called conspiracies against him and his government on several occasions. Even assassination and coup attempts have been claimed by the Venezuelan government, though the theories they have presented have never had any real evidence. It is believed that such conspiracy theories are actually strategies to distract the people from some of the real problems they were facing.
  • Maduro has also accused the American government of attempting to overthrow him. After the arrest of lawyer and politician Antonio Ledezma in early 2015, American tourists were forced to go through strict travel requirements. Once again in 2016, Maduro claimed that the US was assisting the opposition with a coup attempt. However, his claims lacked evidence, and wasn’t believed by most of the public.
  • On several occasions, Maduro has also been criticized for his extremely homophobic comments. He had used homophobic verbal attacks on the members of the opposition during the presidential campaign of 2013.
  • In 2016, two nephews of his wife were found guilty of illicit activities such as drug trafficking. It was assumed that the funds earned through such activities probably assisted Maduro during his presidential campaign, as well as helped his government stay in power.
Personal Life & Legacy
  • Nicolas Maduro is married to Cilia Flores, a lawyer and politician. She had replaced him as the President of the National Assembly after his resignation in 2006. Even though the two had been romantically involved since the 1990s, their marriage took place in July 2013.
  • Maduro has a son, Nicolás Maduro Guerra, whom he has appointed in several senior government posts, including Chief of Presidency’s Special Inspector’s Body, and head of the National Film School.
  • Despite being raised as a Roman Catholic, Maduro has been reported to be a follower of Sathya Sai Baba, a renowned Indian spiritual guru and philanthropist.
  • In 2014, Maduro was named as one of TIME Magazine’s ‘100 Most Influential People’.

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Article Title
- Nicolás Maduro Biography
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Last Updated
- May 05, 2017
Nicolás Maduro

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