Ngo Dinh Diem Biography
(President of Vietnam)
Birthday: January 3, 1901 (Capricorn)
Born In: Quảng Bình, French Indochina (present-day Vietnam)
Ngo Dinh Diem was a Vietnamese politician who served as President of South Vietnam from 1955 to 1963. He was appointed by the then Emperor Bao Dai as the prime minister of the State of Vietnam in 1954. Diem joined the public office under the rule of Bao Dai and became the governor of Binh Thuan, a province of Vietnam, in the late 1920s. He eventually became the interior minister of Binh Thuan but didn’t like the way the emperor was associating with the French. Diem denounced the emperor and showed his support for Vietnamese nationalism. He was against the communist and colonialist culture, opposing both Ho Chi Minh (communist leader and former president of North Vietnam) and Bao Dai. Ngo Dinh Diem and his archivist cum politician brother Ngo Dinh Nhu founded the Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party in the early 1950s. Diem spent several years in exile before he was supported by Bao Dai, who was backed by the United States of America. He became the president and concentrated on rural development as well as emphasized on the industrial revolution. An unpopular figure, Diem faced numerous assassination attempts and eventually lost support from US. A major coup took place, orchestrated by the top generals, and Diem was murdered after he was captured while on the run.