Torsten Wiesel Biography
(Swedish Neurophysiologist and Winner of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology / Medicine)
Birthday: June 3, 1924 (Gemini)
Born In: Uppsala, Sweden
Torsten Nils Wiesel is a Nobel Prize winning Swedish neurophysiologist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; he won the award for his discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system. Born as the youngest son of a psychiatrist, who was also the head of a mental hospital, he had a natural affinity to psychiatry. Later, however, he became greatly interested in the working of nervous system. Therefore, when he received an invitation from well-known neurophysiologist, Dr. Stephen Kuffler, he moved to America and joined his laboratory at Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins Medical School as a post doctoral fellow. Later he was appointed as an Assistant Professor at the same Institute. It was here at Wilmer that Wiesel met another aspiring neurophysiologist, David Hunter Hubel. Very soon they started exploring the cells in the central visual pathways. But before long, they shifted to Harvard University with Kuffler; there they continued their work. Over the time, the two scientists formed a partnership that lasted for over two decades and their work contributed greatly to the understanding of visual system. They also co-wrote many books and co-shared many prizes. Later, Wiesel joined Rockefeller University as a professor, and within a short time became its director. Afterwards, he also served in many distinguished societies.