Famous French Physicians

Physicians are Godsend angels who serve as the face of good health and well-being. Healers and therapists, physicians or doctors as they are popularly known as, are revered and respected by the society for their nature of work and their service to the society. Physician is a broad term that is used to define people who specialize in varied field of medicine. They can be doctors, surgeons, neurologists, cardiologists, radiologists, and so on. However, physicians do not just practice the contemporary method of healing only; they follow the traditional approaches of homeopathy, Ayurveda, Chinese traditional medicine as well. France has been home to several physicians who have contributed extensively in the field of medicine. They have played an instrumental role in developing modern science. Right from Jean Martin Charcot who became popular as the Napoleon of Neuro-Sciences to the surgeon of medieval France Guy de Chauliac, Alexandre Yersin who discovered the bacillus of the bubonic plague, ‘Pasteurellapestis’, to the man who invented the stethoscope Rene Laennec, French physicians have contributed extensively in the advancement of the field of medicine. Know more about each of them and many more through this section. It gives in-depth information about their life, career, their work as physicians and their contribution to medicine.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Nostradamus

Nostradamus
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 14, 1503
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: July 2, 1566

Nostradamus was a French physician, astrologer, and respected seer whose book Les Prophéties is viewed as a document that predicts future events. Since the publication of the book, Nostradamus has been praised for his accurate predictions of major world events. His life has been the subject of several films and hundreds of books.

 2 Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan
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Famous As: Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: April 13, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: September 9, 1981
French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Jacques Lacan is remembered for his philosophical approach that explored Freudian concepts, to which he applied elements of structuralism and anthropology to create his own concepts. His controversial suggestions led to his expulsion from the International Psychoanalytic Association. One of his key concepts was “Return to Freud.”
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 3 Albert Schweitzer

Albert Schweitzer
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Famous As: Philosopher, Theologian
Birthdate: January 14, 1875
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 4, 1965

Albert Schweitzer was an Alsatian polymath who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952 for his philosophical work, Reverence for Life. He is credited with founding the Albert Schweitzer Hospital, which was a direct result of his philosophical expression. Schweitzer is also credited with influencing the Organ reform movement, which began in the mid-20th-century.

 4 Jean-Paul Marat

Jean-Paul Marat
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 24, 1743
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swiss, French
Died: July 13, 1793

French political theorist, scientist, and physician Jean-Paul Marat was a key figure of the French Revolution. He published his radical views in pamphlets and newspapers, such as L'Ami du people. He was held responsible for the September massacres. His assassination by a Girondin supporter made him a Jacobin martyr.

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 5 Antoine-Augustin Parmentier

Antoine-Augustin Parmentier
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Famous As: Botanist, Pharmacist, Physician, Agronomist, Nutritionist
Birthdate: August 12, 1737
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: December 17, 1813

 6 René Laennec

René Laennec
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Famous As: Inventor of Stethoscope
Birthdate: February 17, 1781
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: August 13, 1826
Unlike most doctors, French physician René Laennec was also a skilled musician. It was while making his own wooden flutes that he invented the stethoscope, which helped doctors examine the chest cavity through auditory cues. His research also included work on melanoma, cirrhosis, and tuberculosis. He was a dedicated Catholic.

 7 François Rabelais

François Rabelais
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 4, 1494
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: April 9, 1553

François Rabelais was a French writer, Renaissance humanist, physician, monk, and Greek scholar. Regarded as one of the great writers by Western literary critics, Rabelais is also considered one of the creators of modern European writing. He is remembered for Gargantua and Pantagruel, a pentalogy of novels that are regarded as one of the earliest forms of the modern novel.

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 8 Luc Montagnier

Luc Montagnier
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Famous As: Physician, Biologist, Virologist, Researcher, Professor, Scientist
Birthdate: August 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French

 9 Jean-Martin Charcot

Jean-Martin Charcot
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Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: November 29, 1825
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: August 16, 1893
French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot is best remembered for his work with hysteria patients. He was also an extraordinary professor and had Sigmund Freud as one of his students. He was one of the first to include photos and drawings as tools for instruction in neurology classes.

 10 Gustave Le Bon

Gustave Le Bon
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Famous As: Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Psychologist, Philosopher, Historian, Sociologist
Birthdate: May 7, 1841
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: December 13, 1931

 11 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin

Joseph-Ignace Guillotin
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Famous As: Physician, Politician, Inventor
Birthdate: May 28, 1738
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: March 26, 1814

 12 Ambroise Paré

Ambroise Paré
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: 1510 AD
Nationality: French
Died: December 20, 1590

 13 Alexis Carrel

Alexis Carrel
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Famous As: Surgeon, Biologist
Birthdate: June 28, 1873
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: November 5, 1944
Nobel Prize-winning French biologist and surgeon Alexis Carrel is remembered for developing a method to suture blood vessels with minimum stitches, to repair them. He also successfully kept tissues alive outside the body for 30 years, in an innovative tissue culture experiment, and worked on organ transplantation.

 14 Félix Guattari

Félix Guattari
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: August 29, 1992

 15 Paul Broca

Paul Broca
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Famous As: Physician, Anatomist, Anthropologist, Neuroscientist, Scientist, Politician
Birthdate: June 28, 1824
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: July 9, 1880

 16 François Quesnay

François Quesnay
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Famous As: Philosopher, Economist, Physician, Encyclopédistes
Birthdate: June 4, 1694
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: December 16, 1774

 17 François Bernier

François Bernier
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Famous As: philosopher, physician
Birthdate: 1625 AD
Nationality: French
Died: September 22, 1688

 18 Bernard Kouchner

Bernard Kouchner
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Famous As: Physician, Politician, Diplomat
Birthdate: November 1, 1939
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French

 19 Alexandre Yersin

Alexandre Émile John Yersin
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Famous As: Discoverer of Yersinia Pestis
Birthdate: September 22, 1863
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Swiss, French, Vietnamese
Died: March 1, 1943

Alexandre Yersin was a physician and bacteriologist. He is credited with co-discovering Yersinia pestis, the bacillus that causes the bubonic plague. Also an agriculturist, Yersin pioneered the cultivation of rubber trees. He is revered by the Vietnamese people because of his association with Hanoi Medical University; a private university in Da Lat is named in his honor.

 20 David Servan-Schreiber

David Servan-Schreiber
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Famous As: Neuroscientist and psychiatrist
Birthdate: April 21, 1961
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: July 24, 2011

 21 Jean-Marie Lustiger

Jean-Marie Lustiger
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Famous As: Theologian, Writer, Catholic priest
Birthdate: September 17, 1926
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: August 5, 2007

 22 Jean-Étienne-Dominique Esquirol

Jean-Étienne-Dominique Esquirol
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Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: February 3, 1772
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: December 12, 1840

 23 Gabriel Tarde

Gabriel Tarde
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Famous As: Sociologist
Birthdate: March 12, 1843
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: May 13, 1904

 24 Dominique Jean Larrey

Dominique Jean Larrey
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: July 8, 1766
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: July 25, 1842

 25 Duchenne de Boulogne

Duchenne de Boulogne
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Famous As: Photographer, Neurologist, Physician
Birthdate: September 17, 1806
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: September 15, 1875

 26 Julien Offroy de La Mettrie

Julien Offroy de La Mettrie
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 23, 1709
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: November 11, 1751

 27 Jean Marc Gaspard Itard

Jean Marc Gaspard Itard
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 24, 1774
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: July 5, 1838

 28 Pierre Fauchard

Pierre Fauchard
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1678 AD
Nationality: French
Died: March 22, 1761

 29 Claudie Haigneré

Claudie Haigneré
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Famous As: Doctor
Birthdate: May 13, 1957
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French

 30 Guy De Chauliac

Guy De Chauliac
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Famous As: Surgeon and Physician
Birthdate: 1300 AD
Nationality: French
Died: July 25, 1368

Guy de Chauliac was a French surgeon and physician. He is credited with writing Chirurgia Magna, an influential treatise on surgery, which was translated into several languages and read by many physicians in Europe. A respected physician, Chauliac was invited to serve as a personal doctor to Pope Clement VI. He also played an important role during the Black Death.

 31 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran

Charles-Louis-Alphonse Laveran
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 18, 1845
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: May 18, 1922

 32 Jérôme Lejeune

Jérôme Lejeune
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Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: June 13, 1926
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: April 3, 1994

 33 Alain Bombard

Alain Bombard
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: October 27, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: July 19, 2005

 34 Edouard Séguin

Edouard Séguin
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 20, 1812
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French, American
Died: October 28, 1880

 35 Guillaume, Baron Dupuytren

Guillaume, Baron Dupuytren
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: October 5, 1777
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: February 8, 1835

 36 Albert Calmette

Albert Calmette
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: October 29, 1933

 37 Claude Perrault

Claude Perrault
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: September 25, 1613
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: October 9, 1688

 38 Jacques Benveniste

Jacques Benveniste
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Famous As: Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 12, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: October 3, 2004

 39 Henri Laborit

Henri Laborit
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: November 21, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French, Vietnamese
Died: May 18, 1995

 40 Charles Nicolle

Charles Nicolle
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Famous As: Bacteriologist
Birthdate: September 21, 1866
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: February 28, 1936

 41 Pierre Paul Emile Roux

Pierre Paul Emile Roux
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 17, 1853
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: November 3, 1933

 42 Jean-Baptiste Charcot

Jean-Baptiste Charcot
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: July 15, 1867
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: September 16, 1936

 43 Henri Dutrochet

Henri Dutrochet
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 14, 1776
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: February 4, 1847

 44 Nicolas Leblanc

Nicolas Leblanc
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 6, 1742
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: January 16, 1806

 45 Pierre Marie

Pierre Marie
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Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: September 9, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: April 13, 1940

 46 Gabriel Naudé

Gabriel Naudé
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Famous As: Librarian
Birthdate: February 2, 1600
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: July 10, 1653

 47 André Frédéric Cournand

André Frédéric Cournand
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French, American
Died: February 19, 1988

 48 Georges-Fernand Widal

Georges-Fernand Widal
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 9, 1862
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: January 14, 1929

 49 Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon

Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon
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Famous As: Translator
Birthdate: 1120 AD
Nationality: Spanish, French
Died: November 30, 1190

 50 François-Joseph Talma

François-Joseph Talma
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: January 15, 1763
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: October 19, 1826