Joseph Erlanger Biography
Birthday: January 5, 1874 (Capricorn)
Born In: San Francisco
Joseph Erlanger was a renowned American physiologist who conducted extensive studies in the field of neuroscience. His most important works include the discovery of a variety of nerve fiber, the determination of the relation between a nerve fiber diameter and action potential velocity and the development of the modified Western Electric Oscilloscope as well as an adapted version of the sphygmomanometer. After completing his graduation in Chemistry, he went on to pursue studies in medicine and completed his M.D degree from John Hopkins University in 1899. Though initially, he focused on cardiology, later he shifted his area of study to neuroscience and conducted several notable studies in the field. He began his career at the John Hopkins University and later shifted to the University of Wisconsin in 1906. Here he began his association with Herbert Spencer Gasser which lasted until 1931 and as a result of their partnership several critical inventions and discoveries were made in the field of neuroscience. They were jointly presented with the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1944 for ‘their discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibers’.