Gerd Binnig is a German physicist known for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope which earned him a share of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986. He also invented the atomic force microscope, which helped to develop the new field of microscopy. Born in Frankfurt, West Germany, shortly after ending of the World War II, he grew up playing among demolished buildings as a young boy. He loved science from the very beginning and was just ten years old when he decided to become a physicist. As a teenager he questioned his childhood decision as he was now more interested in playing music in a band. Nonetheless, he proceeded to study physics at the J.W. Goethe University in Frankfurt, completing a bachelor's degree in 1973. After earning his doctorate he joined the staff of the research laboratory operated by International Business Machines (IBM) in Zurich, Switzerland. It was here that he met Heinrich Rohrer with who he would collaborate to perform important research in future. The pair’s relentless work led to the development of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM) for which the duo won a share of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986. Binnig also invented the atomic force microscope (AFM).