Famous 20th Century Psychiatrists

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 1 
Carl Jung
(Swiss Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst and Founder of Analytical Psychology)
Carl Jung
10
Birthdate: July 26, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kesswil, Switzerland
Died: June 6, 1961

Widely regarded as the father of analytical psychology, Carl Jung is one of the most important contributors to symbolization and dream analysis. The concepts of socionics and a popular psychometric instrument called Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) were developed from Jung's theory. Apart from working as a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Carl Jung was also an artist, craftsman, builder, and prolific writer.

 2 
Viktor Frankl
(Psychiatrist)
Viktor Frankl
10
Birthdate: March 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 2, 1997

Austrian psychiatrist Viktor Frankl founded logotherapy. He also authored several books, most notably his bestselling autobiographical depiction of his ordeal at various Nazi concentration camps, Man's Search for Meaning. He had lost his parents, brother, and wife in the Holocaust. He later won honors such as the Oskar Pfister Award.

 3 
Frantz Fanon
(Psychiatrist)
Frantz Fanon
8
Birthdate: July 20, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fort-de-France, Martinique
Died: December 6, 1961

Frantz Fanon was a French-West Indian born in Martinique, a former French colony. A skilled psychiatrist and physician, he realized the impact of colonialism on the human mind while treating French soldiers and Algerians. The author of books such as The Wretched of the Earth, Fanon supported the Algerian independence movement.

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 4 
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
(Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist)
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
6
Birthdate: September 29, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rijeka
 5 
Glenn Shadix
(Italian Psychiatrist-Neurologist)
Glenn Shadix
4
Birthdate: April 15, 1952
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bessemer, Alabama, United States
Died: September 7, 2010
Height: 5'10" (178 cm)
 6 
R. D. Laing
(Psychiatrist)
R. D. Laing
5
Birthdate: October 7, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Govanhill
Died: August 23, 1989

Psychiatrist R. D. Laing was known for his different perspective on mental illnesses, particularly psychosis. Known as anti-psychiatry, his theory of resolving mental ailments opposed the age-old shock therapy. His written works include The Divided Self. He was also a talented poet and had fathered 10 children by four women.

 7 
M. Scott Peck
(Psychiatrist)
M. Scott Peck
4
Birthdate: May 22, 1936
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: September 25, 2005
 8 
Sabina Spielrein
(Psychiatrist)
Sabina Spielrein
4
Birthdate: October 25, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire
Died: August 11, 1942

Sabina Spielrein was a Russian physician who also worked as a psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, and teacher during an illustrious professional career that spanned 30 years. A pioneer of psychoanalysis, Spielrein was the first person to bring in and popularize the concept of the death instinct. Sabina Spielrein was also one of the earliest psychoanalysts to study schizophrenia in detail. 

 9 
Andrea Dotti
(Italian Psychiatrist-Neurologist)
Andrea Dotti
4
Birthdate: March 18, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: September 30, 2007

Andrea Dotti was an Italian psychiatrist. He specialized in treating women with depression and was the assistant director of Rome University's psychiatric department. He was also a skier, tennis player, dancer, and art collector. He was married to famous actress Audrey Hepburn from 1969 to 1982, and the couple had one son. Dotti had several affairs during their marriage. 

 10 
Simon Baron-Cohen
(Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist, Researcher)
Simon Baron-Cohen
4
Birthdate: August 15, 1958
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London

British clinical-psychologist Simon Baron-Cohen is noted for making significant contributions in fields like autism-neuroimaging, autism-genetics, and synaesthesia, and his services to autistic people, for which he was knighted in the 2021 New Year Honours. He formulated mind-blindness theory and fetal-sex-steroid theory of autism and presently serves as a professor at the University of Cambridge and director of the university's Autism Research Centre.

 11 
Arthur M. Sackler
(Psychiatrist)
Arthur M. Sackler
3
Birthdate: August 22, 1913
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: May 26, 1987
 12 
Aaron T. Beck
(American Psychiatrist Who Was Regarded as the Father of Cognitive Therapy)
Aaron T. Beck
3
Birthdate: July 18, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: October 1, 2021
 13 
Julienne Marie
(Actress)
Julienne Marie
3
Birthdate: March 21, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Toledo, Ohio, United States
 14 
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
(Swiss-American Psychiatrist, a Pioneer in Near-Death Studies and Author of the Book ‘On Death and Dying')
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
0
Birthdate: July 8, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Zurich, Switzerland
Died: August 24, 2004

Best known for her pathbreaking bestseller On Death and Dying, Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross also made pioneering research in areas such as near-death studies. Her five stages of grief, or the Kübler-Ross model, has been adopted by corporates to help employees deal with loss and change.

 15 
Eric Kandel
(Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Neuroscientist, Psychologist, Biochemist)
Eric Kandel
3
Birthdate: November 7, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna

Nobel Prize-winning neurobiologist Eric Kandel is known for his research on the role of synapses in memory and learning. An Austrian Jew, he left his country with his family and moved to the U.S. in the wake of anti-Semitism. A doctor, specializing in psychiatry, he later taught at Columbia University.

 16 
Irvin D. Yalom
(Psychiatrist)
Irvin D. Yalom
3
Birthdate: June 13, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Washington, D.C.
 17 
Ron Dellums
(Politician)
Ron Dellums
3
Birthdate: November 24, 1935
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oakland, California, U.S.
Died: July 30, 2018
 18 
Frances Cress Welsing
(Psychiatrist)
Frances Cress Welsing
3
Birthdate: March 18, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chicago
Died: January 2, 2016
 19 
Milton H. Erickson
(Psychotherapist, Hypnotist, Hypnotherapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Writer)
Milton H. Erickson
3
Birthdate: December 5, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Aurum
Died: March 25, 1980
 20 
Jean Tatlock
(Psychiatrist)
Jean Tatlock
0
Birthdate: February 21, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Died: January 4, 1944
 21 
Theodore Dalrymple
(Journalist, Psychiatrist, Conspiracy theorist, Writer, Non-fiction writer)
Theodore Dalrymple
3
Birthdate: October 11, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London

Anthony Malcolm Daniels, better known by his pseudonym, Theodore Dalrymple, has worked as a physician in many African countries, such as Tanzania and Zimbabwe. The retired consultant psychiatrist and prison doctor is now known for his social and culture critiques in City Journal and other publications.

 22 
Ian Stevenson
(Psychiatrist, Parapsychologist, University teacher)
Ian Stevenson
3
Birthdate: October 31, 1918
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Montreal
Died: February 8, 2007

Canadian-American psychiatrist and University of Virginia School of Medicine professor Ian Stevenson believed he had developed his love for the paranormal from his mother, who maintained a well-stocked library on theosophy. His studies included unearthing children’s past life memories. He also penned books such as Reincarnation and Biology.

 23 
Stanislav Grof
(Psychiatrist known for Transpersonal psychology)
Stanislav Grof
3
Birthdate: July 1, 1931
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
 24 
Wilfred Bion
(English Psychoanalyst Who Became President of the British Psychoanalytical Society From 1962 to 1965)
Wilfred Bion
5
Birthdate: September 8, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: India
Died: August 28, 1979

Born in British India, Wilfred Bion grew up to be a prominent psychoanalyst. He had fought during World War I. He is best remembered for his work on group dynamics and the object relations theory. He was also part of the Tavistock group of psychologists who founded the Tavistock Institute.

 25 
Neal D. Barnard
(American Author and Medical Researcher)
Neal D. Barnard
3
Birthdate: July 10, 1953
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fargo, North Dakota, United States
 26 
Nora Volkow
(Mexican-American Psychiatrist and Director of the ‘National Institute on Drug Abuse’)
Nora Volkow
2
Birthdate: March 27, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico

Mexican-born Nora Volkow studied medicine in her country, before moving to New York University, where she became a Laughlin Fellow. Now the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, she was the first to prove that drug abuse is a brain disease. She was featured at TEDMED 2014.

 27 
Otto F. Kernberg
(Psychiatrist, Psychanalyst, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Psychologist)
Otto F. Kernberg
2
Birthdate: September 10, 1928
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna

After fleeing to Chile with his family during the Nazi regime, Otto F. Kernberg studied medicine and then psychiatry. He eventually moved to the U.S. on a Rockefeller fellowship and grew up to be one of the finest psychoanalysts of the country. He now teaches at the Weill Cornell Medicine.

 28 
Suzanne Mallouk
(Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst and Painter)
Suzanne Mallouk
0
Birthdate: September 10, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Orangeville, Ontario, Canada

Suzanne Mallouk ran away from her Canada home and moved to New York, where she took up odd jobs to finance her art career. She supported a penniless Jean-Michel Basquiat grow into a wealthy artist and became a muse for his paintings. She later became a practicing psychiatrist.

 29 
Irmfried Eberl
(Austrian Psychiatrist and Medical Director)
Irmfried Eberl
3
Birthdate: September 8, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bregenz, Austria
Died: February 16, 1948

Best known for leading the mass killing of Jews at the Treblinka extermination camp, psychiatrist Irmfried Eberl was eventually dismissed from his post because of his inefficiency in disposing of the bodies and thus causing a cremation backlog. Following the war, he hanged himself before being tried for his crimes.

 30 
Otto Gross
(Austrian Psychoanalyst)
Otto Gross
2
Birthdate: March 17, 1877
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gniebing-Weißenbach, Austria
Died: February 13, 1920

Born to renowned criminologist Hans Gross, Otto Gross initially worked with his father but later deviated to depth psychology. It is believed, he was a liberal drug user and an advocate of polyamory. He apparently allowed his wife to have sexual relationships with other men, often participating as an observer.

 31 
Harry Stack Sullivan
(American Neo-Freudian Psychiatrist and Psychoanalyst)
Harry Stack Sullivan
2
Birthdate: February 21, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, United States
Died: January 14, 1949
 32 
Marie Bashir
(Engineer, Psychiatrist, Physician, University teacher)
Marie Bashir
2
Birthdate: December 1, 1930
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Narrandera

Marie Bashir created history when she became the first female governor of New South Wales. A doctor, too, she was initially associated with children’s hospitals and later focused on psychiatry. She also worked for the mentally ill and homeless people from the Aboriginal community of Australia.

 33 
Alex Comfort
(Physician, Writer, University teacher, Psychiatrist)
Alex Comfort
2
Birthdate: February 10, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London
Died: March 26, 2000

Best known for his world-renowned bestselling sex manual The Joy of Sex and its equally successful follow-up books, British physician Alex Comfort had earned the nickname “Dr. Sex.” He had also written extensively on aging. He had apparently lost his left hand, except his thumb, in a gunpowder experiment.

 34 
Margaret Mahler
(Physician)
Margaret Mahler
2
Birthdate: May 10, 1897
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sopron, Hungary
Died: October 2, 1985
 35 
Sándor Ferenczi
(Hungarian Psychoanalyst)
Sándor Ferenczi
2
Birthdate: July 7, 1873
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Miskolc, Hungary
Died: May 22, 1933

Sándor Ferenczi is best remembered for his research on free association and the psychoanalytic theory. Initially an army doctor, he specialized in subjects such as neuropathology and hypnosis. He was also close to Sigmund Freud and later taught at the University of Budapest. He also established the Hungarian Psychoanalytic Society.

 36 
Axel Munthe
(Swedish-born Psychiatrist and Medical Doctor)
Axel Munthe
2
Birthdate: October 31, 1857
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Oskarshamn, Sweden
Died: February 11, 1949

Axel Munthe was a Swedish-born psychiatrist and medical doctor. He is best remembered for writing an autobiographical work titled The Story of San Michele. Munthe often risked his own life to offer medical help during war, plague, and disaster. He also treated the poor without charge. Axel Munthe was also a well-known animal rights activist.

 37 
Karl Deisseroth
(Professor of Bioengineering and of Psychiatry)
Karl Deisseroth
2
Birthdate: November 18, 1971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
 38 
David Servan-Schreiber
(Neuroscientist and psychiatrist)
David Servan-Schreiber
2
Birthdate: April 21, 1961
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died: July 24, 2011
 39 
W. H. R. Rivers
(British Anthropologist, Neurologist, Ethnologist and Psychiatrist, Best Known for His Work Treating First World War Officers)
W. H. R. Rivers
2
Birthdate: March 12, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chatham, Kent, England
Died: June 4, 1922

English anthropologist and psychologist W. H. R. Rivers is best remembered for his work on the Todas of the Nilgiri Hills. A qualified physician, he also taught at Cambridge and worked extensively on medical psychology. One of his best-known works is Kinship and Social Organisation.

 40 
Joseph Wolpe
(Psychiatrist, Psychotherapist, Psychologist, University teacher)
Joseph Wolpe
2
Birthdate: April 20, 1915
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Johannesburg
Died: December 4, 1997

South African psychiatrist Joseph Wolpe, a leading figure in behaviour therapy, is noted for his reciprocal inhibition methods, especially for developing systematic desensitization. He also developed Subjective Units of Disturbance Scale and created Fear Survey Plan and Subjective Anxiety Scale. He was ranked as the 53rd most-cited psychologist of the twentieth-century in a 2002 survey of Review of General Psychology.

 41 
Max Nordau
(Physician, Author and Co-founder of World Zionist Organization)
Max Nordau
4
Birthdate: July 29, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Pest, Budapest, Hungary
Died: January 23, 1923

Hungarian physician and author Max Nordau was the son of a rabbi. After practicing medicine in Budapest for a while, he went to Paris and began writing for Neue Freie Presse. A major figure behind the Zionist Organization, he penned The Conventional Lies of Our Civilization, which was banned in several countries.

 42 
Robert Spitzer
(Psychiatrist known for Modernizing classification of mental disorders, recognizing homosexuality as a non-mental disorder)
Robert Spitzer
2
Birthdate: May 22, 1932
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: White Plains, New York, United States
Died: December 25, 2015
 43 
Dino Risi
(Film Director)
Dino Risi
2
Birthdate: December 23, 1916
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: June 7, 2008
 44 
Elsa Cayat
(Psychiatrist)
Elsa Cayat
2
Birthdate: March 9, 1960
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sfax, Tunisia
Died: January 7, 2015
 45 
Bluma Zeigarnik
(Lithuanian-Soviet Psychologist and Psychiatrist)
Bluma Zeigarnik
2
Birthdate: November 9, 1901
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Prienai, Lithuania
Died: February 24, 1988

Born to a Jewish family in southern Lithuania that was well-respected among the community, Bluma Zeigarnik grew up to be a renowned psychologist. She is best remembered for discovering what is known as the Zeigarnik effect, or the phenomenon of remembering incomplete tasks better than complete ones.

 46 
Ernst Kretschmer
(German Psychiatrist Who Researched the Human Constitution and Established a Typology)
Ernst Kretschmer
2
Birthdate: October 8, 1888
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wüstenrot, Germany
Died: February 8, 1964

German psychiatrist Ernst Kretschmer believed that mental illnesses and personality traits could be linked to the types of bodies people possess. He treated hysteria patients as a military doctor in World War I. Though he opposed the Nazi regime, he stayed in Germany throughout World War II.

 47 
José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado
(Spanish Scientist, Psychiatrist, and Educator)
José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado
2
Birthdate: August 8, 1915
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ronda
Died: September 15, 2011

José Manuel Rodriguez Delgado was a Spanish scientist, psychiatrist, and educator. He is best remembered for his association with the Yale University, where he worked as a professor of neurophysiology. José Manuel Rodríguez Delgado is also remembered for his research on mind control with the help of electrical stimulation of the brain.

 48 
Hervey M. Cleckley
(Psychiatrist, screenwriter)
Hervey M. Cleckley
2
Birthdate: January 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Augusta
Died: January 28, 1984
 49 
James Grigson
(Psychiatrist)
James Grigson
0
Birthdate: January 30, 1932
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Texarkana, Texas, United States
Died: June 3, 2004
 50 
Stephen Barrett
(psychiatrist)
Stephen Barrett
1
Birthdate: 1933 AD
Birthplace: New York City