Famous Indian Mathematicians

All the inventions and discoveries in the field of mathematics would have meant nothing had it not been for the introduction of zero to mathematics. And do you know who introduced zero to maths? Well, it was an Indian mathematician and genius Brahmagupta. Born in 598 AD, he not just made known the concept of zero in arithmetic but also explained how to find cube and cube root of an integer. But is that all what Indian mathematicians gave to the field of maths? Modestly no! Aryabhatta, one of the earliest Indian mathematicians, first announced to the world that the earth was spherical and that it revolved around the sun. Furthermore, he was the first to state explicitly that a year comprises of 365 days and the first to work on place value system using letters to signify numbers. Other prominent Indian mathematicians include Srinivasa Ramanujan, Satyendra Nath Bose, Bhaskara, and so on. Interestingly, prominent Indian mathematicians have spanned across many centuries, dating back from the Indus Valley civilization and Vedas to modern times. Apart from legendary mathematicians, Indian soil has been home to some of the prodigious mathematic talent such as Shakuntala Devi. Fondly called human computer, she was said to have possessed unbelievable mental calculating skills. Check this section to know in details about famous Indian mathematicians, their life and their contribution to maths.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 22, 1887
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Erode
Died: April 26, 1920

A self-taught genius Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan is known for his contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory and continued fractions. Born into a humble family, the celebrated mathematician struggled with poverty but still managed to publish first of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. Later, his collaboration with English mathematician G. H. Hardy proved very productive.

 2 Aryabhata

Birthdate: 0476 AD
Birthplace: Assaka
Died: 0550 AD
Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata pioneered the concept of “zero” and used it in his “place value system.” He had also worked on the approximation of pi and laid down the basic concepts of trigonometry, such as sine and cosine. He also mentioned that the Earth rotates on its axis.

 3 Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi
Famous As: Human Computer
Birthdate: November 4, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bangalore
Died: April 21, 2013

A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of Human Computer for her exceptional calculating abilities. The Indian genius was also an astrologer and a gifted writer who authored books on maths, astrology, homosexuality in India and a crime thriller novel.

 4 Brahmagupta

Famous As: Mathematician and Astronomer
Birthdate: 0598 AD
Birthplace: Bhinmal
Died: 0670 AD

 5 Madhava of Sangamagrama

Madhava of Sangamagrama
Famous As: mathematician, astronomer
Birthdate: 1350 AD
Birthplace: Kerala
Died: 1425 AD

 6 Nilakantha Somayaji

Nilakantha Somayaji
Famous As: mathematician, astronomer, astrologer
Birthdate: June 14, 1444
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tirur
Died: 1544 AD

 7 Bhāskara II

Bhāskara II
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1114 AD
Birthplace: Bijapur
Died: 1185 AD
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 8 Varahamihira

Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 0505 AD
Birthplace: Avanti Region, Malwa, India
Died: 0587 AD

 9 Bhāskara I

Bhāskara I
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0600 AD
Birthplace: Parbhani, India
Died: 0680 AD

 10 S. R. Ranganathan

S. R. Ranganathan
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 12, 1892
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sirkazhi, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: September 27, 1972

 11 Harish-Chandra

Famous As: mathematician, physicist, university teacher
Birthdate: October 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kanpur
Died: October 16, 1983

 12 Augustus De Morgan

Augustus De Morgan
Famous As: British mathematician
Birthdate: June 27, 1806
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Madras Presidency
Died: March 18, 1871

 13 Shridhara

Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0870 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: 0930 AD

 14 Hemachandra

Famous As: mathematician, historian, philosopher, writer
Birthdate: 1089 AD
Birthplace: Dhandhuka
Died: 1172 AD

 15 S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan

S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 2, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chennai, India

 16 Manindra Agrawal

Manindra Agrawal
Famous As: Mathematician, Computer scientist, University teacher
Birthdate: May 20, 1966
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Allahabad

 17 Raj Chandra Bose

Raj Chandra Bose
Famous As: Mathematician, Statistician, University teacher
Birthdate: June 19, 1901
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hoshangabad
Died: October 31, 1987

 18 Mahan Mj

Mahan Mj
Famous As: mathematician
Birthdate: April 5, 1967
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: India

 19 S. Ramanan

S. Ramanan
Famous As: mathematician
Birthdate: July 20, 1937
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chennai

 20 Dignāga

Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: 0480 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: 0540 AD

 21 Ziauddin Ahmad

Ziauddin Ahmad
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 22 Raghunath Dhondo Karve

Raghunath Dhondo Karve
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 23 Ganesh Prasad

Ganesh Prasad
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: November 15, 1876
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ballia, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: March 9, 1935

 24 R. P. Paranjpe

R. P. Paranjpe
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 25 Ramchundra

Birthdate: 0000 AD

 26 Shripati

Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 1019 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: 1066 AD

 27 Bapudeva Sastri

Bapudeva Sastri
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: November 1, 1821
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pune, Maharashtra, India