Famous Indian Scientists

The great scientific theories such as ‘Gravity’ and ‘Relativity’ are the creations of the western world which reached the Indian shores much later.  However, most people don’t know that ‘Science’ in ‘India’ has a glorious history. India holds the reputation of being the birthplace of geniuses such as Aryabhatta. The man is well-known for apparently introducing the world to the digit ‘0(Zero)’, a mammoth contribution to the number theory. Famous physicians such as Charaka and Sushruta had even penned texts on the medicinal uses of plants, which continue to be useful in curing dreaded ailments even today. Other famous Indians who have contributed immensely to the field of science are Ramanujam, Sir C.V Raman, Homi Bhabha, M. Visvesvaraya, and J.C Bose. The discoveries of some of these sharp minds range from theories of mathematics such as Calculus to modern day nuclear physics. The Indian Space Research Organization, popularly known as ‘ISRO’ is considered to be one of the best space agencies in the world. Many scientists of the space agency worked together to make the nation proud with projects such as the ‘Mars Mission’ and the ‘Moon Mission’ etc. The achievements of these intelligent minds have also garnered a lot of appreciation from world over. Explore our extensive collection of biographies of some of the most prominent Indian Scientists, and learn all about their life stories, timelines as well as some interesting facts and trivia pertaining to their lives.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 22, 1887
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Erode
Died: April 26, 1920

A self-taught genius Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan is known for his contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory and continued fractions. Born into a humble family, the celebrated mathematician struggled with poverty but still managed to publish first of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. Later, his collaboration with English mathematician G. H. Hardy proved very productive.

 2 Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi
Famous As: Human Computer
Birthdate: November 4, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bangalore
Died: April 21, 2013

A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of Human Computer for her exceptional calculating abilities. The Indian genius was also an astrologer and a gifted writer who authored books on maths, astrology, homosexuality in India and a crime thriller novel.

 3 A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Famous As: Former President of India, Missile Man of India
Birthdate: October 15, 1931
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Died: July 27, 2015
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, India’s 11th president, had earlier been an aerospace scientist at DRDO and ISRO. Known as the “People’s President” and the “Missile Man of India,” he was instrumental in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests. He died of a cardiac arrest while delivering a lecture at IIM Shillong.

 4 Aryabhata

Birthdate: 0476 AD
Birthplace: Assaka
Died: 0550 AD
Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata pioneered the concept of “zero” and used it in his “place value system.” He had also worked on the approximation of pi and laid down the basic concepts of trigonometry, such as sine and cosine. He also mentioned that the Earth rotates on its axis.

 5 C.V. Raman

C.V. Raman
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 7, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tiruchirappalli, Madras Province
Died: November 21, 1970
Indian physicist C.V. Raman earned the Nobel Prize in Physics after discovering the Raman effect. He was the first director of the IISc and founded the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Raman Research Institute. He destroyed his Bharat Ratna medal in protest against Jawaharlal Nehru’s policies on science.

 6 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Birthdate: October 19, 1910
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lahore, British India
Died: August 21, 1995
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 7 Jagadish Chandra Bose

Jagadish Chandra Bose
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 30, 1858
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India (Now Munshiganj District of Bangladesh)
Died: November 23, 1937
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 8 Vikram Sarabhai

Vikram Sarabhai
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: August 12, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ahmedabad, India
Died: December 30, 1971
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 9 Salim Ali

Salim Ali
Famous As: Ornithologist
Birthdate: November 12, 1896
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Died: June 20, 1987

 10 Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose
Birthdate: January 1, 1894
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kolkata, India
Died: February 4, 1974
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 11 Brahmagupta

Famous As: Mathematician and Astronomer
Birthdate: 0598 AD
Birthplace: Bhinmal
Died: 0670 AD

 12 Jayant Narlikar

Jayant Narlikar
Famous As: Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, Scientist, University teacher, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: July 19, 1938
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kolhapur

 13 Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw

Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
Famous As: Business woman
Birthdate: March 23, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bangalore, Mysore State, India

 14 Sudha Murty

Sudha Murty
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: August 19, 1950
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Shiggaon, Haveri, Karnataka, India

 15 Narinder Singh Kapany

Narinder Singh Kapany
Famous As: physicist, scientist, university teacher
Birthdate: October 12, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Faridkot, Punjab

 16 C. N. R. Rao

C.N.R. Rao
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: June 30, 1934
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bangalore, Kingdom of Mysore, British India

 17 Varahamihira

Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 0505 AD
Birthplace: Avanti Region, Malwa, India
Died: 0587 AD

 18 Vandana Shiva

Vandana Shiva
Famous As: Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher
Birthdate: November 5, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dehradun

 19 Bhāskara I

Bhāskara I
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0600 AD
Birthplace: Parbhani, India
Died: 0680 AD

 20 Madhava of Sangamagrama

Madhava of Sangamagrama
Famous As: mathematician, astronomer
Birthdate: 1350 AD
Birthplace: Kerala
Died: 1425 AD

 21 Birbal Sahni

Birbal Sahni
Famous As: Palaeobotanist
Birthdate: 1891 AD
Birthplace: Saharanpur district
Died: April 10, 1949

 22 Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri

Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri
Famous As: physicist
Birthdate: September 14, 1924
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Barisal
Died: June 18, 2005

 23 Nilakantha Somayaji

Nilakantha Somayaji
Famous As: mathematician, astronomer, astrologer
Birthdate: June 14, 1444
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tirur
Died: 1544 AD

 24 Upendranath Brahmachari

Upendranath Brahmachari
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: December 19, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Jamalpur
Died: February 6, 1946

 25 Dignāga

Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: 0480 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: 0540 AD

 26 Shripati

Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 1019 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: 1066 AD

 27 M. S. Swaminathan

M. S. Swaminathan
Famous As: Agricultural Scientist
Birthdate: August 7, 1925
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kumbakonam

 28 Rajnath Singh

Rajnath Singh
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 10, 1951
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chandauli district

 29 Homi Bhabha

Homi Bhabha
Famous As: Indian physicist
Birthdate: October 30, 1909
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mumbai, India
Died: January 24, 1966

 30 Siddhartha Mukherjee

Siddhartha Mukherjee
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 21, 1970
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Delhi, India

 31 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
Famous As: Statistician
Birthdate: June 29, 1893
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kolkata
Died: June 28, 1972

 32 Bhāskara II

Bhāskara II
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1114 AD
Birthplace: Bijapur
Died: 1185 AD

 33 Pranav Mistry

Pranav Mistry
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: May 14, 1981
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Palanpur, Gujarat, India

 34 Prafulla Chandra Ray

Prafulla Chandra Ray
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 2, 1861
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Khulna
Died: June 16, 1944

 35 Meghnad Saha

Meghnad Saha
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: October 6, 1893
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Shaoratoli, Dhaka, Bangladesh, British India
Died: February 16, 1956

 36 E. C. George Sudarshan

E. C. George Sudarshan
Famous As: Physicist, University teacher
Birthdate: September 16, 1931
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kottayam district

Padma Vibhushan winner and nine-time Nobel Prize nominee theoretical physicist E. C. George Sudarshan was born in India but moved to the U.S. to study at the University of Rochester. He later joined Harvard and made ground-breaking discoveries in topics such as quantum optics, tachyons, and the quantum Zeno effect.

 37 S. R. Ranganathan

S. R. Ranganathan
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 12, 1892
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sirkazhi, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: September 27, 1972

 38 Tessy Thomas

Tessy Thomas
Famous As: aerospace engineer, engineer, scientist
Birthdate: March 31, 1963
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Alappuzha

 39 Harish-Chandra

Famous As: mathematician, physicist, university teacher
Birthdate: October 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kanpur
Died: October 16, 1983

 40 Augustus De Morgan

Augustus De Morgan
Famous As: British mathematician
Birthdate: June 27, 1806
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Madras Presidency
Died: March 18, 1871

 41 Mylswamy Annadurai

Mylswamy Annadurai
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: July 2, 1958
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kothavadi, Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu, India

 42 Yellapragada Subbarow

Yellapragada Subbarow
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: January 12, 1895
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bhimavaram
Died: August 9, 1948

 43 Vijay P. Bhatkar

Vijay P. Bhatkar
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: October 11, 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Akola district

 44 Ashoke Sen

Ashoke Sen
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 15, 1956
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kolkata

 45 Subhash Mukhopadhyay

Subhash Mukhopadhyay
Famous As: scientist, physiologist, gynaecologist
Birthdate: January 16, 1931
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Died: June 19, 1981

 46 Raja Ramanna

Raja Ramanna
Famous As: Physicist, Politician
Birthdate: January 28, 1925
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tumkur
Died: September 24, 2004

 47 Shridhara

Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0870 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: 0930 AD

 48 Raghunath Anant Mashelkar

Raghunath Anant Mashelkar
Famous As: Engineer, Scientist
Birthdate: January 1, 1943
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Goa

 49 Tathagat Avatar Tulsi

Tathagat Avatar Tulsi
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: September 9, 1987
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madhubani

 50 Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan

Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: October 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ernakulam, India