If you thought Italy was all about Venice’s heavenly scenery, Milan’s state-of-art fashion, Florence’s Renaissance treasure or Rome’s historic landmark and art, think more. For those who have figured out, good, but for the rest, here we spill the beans – Italy is home to some of the world’s greatest intellectuals and academicians who, through their body of work, have greatly influenced the life of many across the globe. Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Caravaggio, Dante Alighieri, Petrarca, Galileo Galilee, Saint Francesco of Assisi and Marco Polo are some of the most renowned Italian names while talking about intellectuals and academicians. Italian intellectuals and academicians have made important contribution to mankind, most notably in the field of literature, architecture, science, technology, philosophy, engineering, politics, medicine, mathematics, visual art and music. Through their exemplary work, they have created a niche for Italy and helped it stand-out from other European nations. Also, they have played a critical role in the development of their country and the world. Read this section and absorb some quick facts about the life and works of famous Italian intellectuals and academics.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer
CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469
Political Philosopher

Girolamo SavonarolaGirolamo Savonarola
21 September 1452
Monk

Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas
28 January 1225
Philosophers, Theologian

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Politician, Philosopher
Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD
Philosopher

JosephusJosephus
0037 AD
Historian, Scholar

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher
Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898
Philosopher

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist
PetrarchPetrarch
20 July 1304
Poet & Philosopher

BonaventureBonaventure
1221 AD
Theologian

Cesare LombrosoCesare Lombroso
06 November 1835
Criminologist

Leon Battista AlbertiLeon Battista Alberti
18 February 1404
Architect, Linguist
Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani
10 June 1918
Economist

Piero SraffaPiero Sraffa
05 August 1898
Founder of the Neo-Ricardian School of Economics

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535
Scholar, Polymath

Anicius Manlius Severinus BoethiusAnicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
0480 AD
Philosopher, Theologian, Statesman
Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
05 March 1922
Film director, Writer, Actor, Poet, Screenwriter,

Pierluigi CollinaPierluigi Collina
13 February 1960
Association football referee, Writer, Economist
Giorgio AgambenGiorgio Agamben
22 April 1942
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Poet

BoethiusBoethius
0477 AD
Philosopher
Zeno of EleaZeno of Elea
0490 BC
Greek philosopher

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
30 May 1875
Philosopher
Diodorus SiculusDiodorus Siculus
0090 BC
Historian

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SuetoniusSuetonius
0069 AD
Secretary, historian
Michael ParentiMichael Parenti
1933 AD
political scientist, historian, journalist

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668
Philosopher

Giovanni Pico della MirandolaGiovanni Pico della Mirandola
24 February 1463
Philosopher
Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738
Jurist
Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist

Mario DraghiMario Draghi
03 September 1947
Economist, Banker, University teacher

Romano ProdiRomano Prodi
09 August 1939
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Carlo RovelliCarlo Rovelli
03 May 1956
Physicist, Writer
Marsilio FicinoMarsilio Ficino
19 October 1433
Philosopher, Writer, Cleric, Astrologer, Poet

GorgiasGorgias
0485 BC
philosopher

Gabriele AmorthGabriele Amorth
01 May 1925
Catholic priest, Writer, Theologian

Robert BellarmineRobert Bellarmine
04 October 1542
Theologian, Writer, Librarian, University teacher,

Mario MontiMario Monti
19 March 1943
Economist, Politician, University teacher
Antonio NegriAntonio Negri
01 August 1933
Philosopher, Politician, Professor, Economist

Benedetto CroceBenedetto Croce
25 February 1866
Philosopher, Politician, Art historian, Writer,
HippasusHippasus
Philosopher

Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
18 May 1711
Physicist
Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
05 November 1778
Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist,

Angelo SodanoAngelo Sodano
23 November 1927
Diplomat, Theologian, Catholic priest
Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,

Amintore FanfaniAmintore Fanfani
06 February 1908
Politician, Diplomat, Economist, University

Joachim of FioreJoachim of Fiore
1135 AD
Theologian

Mary DouglasMary Douglas
25 March 1921
Anthropologist
Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Poggio BraccioliniPoggio Bracciolini
11 February 1380
Scholar

Carlo GinzburgCarlo Ginzburg
15 April 1939
Art historian, Writer, Medievalist, Historian of

Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,
ArchytasArchytas
0428 BC
Greek philosopher

Francesco GuicciardiniFrancesco Guicciardini
06 March 1483
Historian, Politician, Writer, Diplomat
Pomponius MelaPomponius Mela
0015 AD
Geographer

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646
Philosopher

Angelo ScolaAngelo Scola
07 November 1941
Theologian, University teacher, Catholic priest
Gianni VattimoGianni Vattimo
04 January 1936
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher

Brunetto LatiniBrunetto Latini
1220 AD
writer, politician, philosopher, poet, diplomat
Norberto BobbioNorberto Bobbio
18 October 1909
Philosopher, Jurist, Historian, Politician,

Francesco AlgarottiFrancesco Algarotti
11 December 1712
Polymath

Gaetano MoscaGaetano Mosca
01 April 1858
Political scientist
Pietro BemboPietro Bembo
20 May 1470
Writer, Poet, Librarian, Historian, Translator,

Marsilius of PaduaMarsilius of Padua
 
LanfrancLanfranc
1005 AD
Jurist

Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835
Astronomer

Riccardo ChaillyRiccardo Chailly
20 February 1953
Conductor

Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469
philosopher, Catholic priest
AristoxenusAristoxenus
0360 AD
Philosopher
Piero SchlesingerPiero Schlesinger
19 May 1930
Lawyer

EuhemerusEuhemerus
Greek mythographer

Gian-Carlo RotaGian-Carlo Rota
27 April 1932
Mathematician

Giorgio BassaniGiorgio Bassani
04 March 1916
Novelist
Corrado GiniCorrado Gini
23 May 1884
Statistician

Gerard of CremonaGerard of Cremona
1114 AD
Italian scholar

Luciano FloridiLuciano Floridi
16 November 1964
Philosopher

Alcmaeon of CrotonAlcmaeon of Croton
Philosopher

John of CapistranoJohn of Capistrano
24 June 1386
Saint
Peter Martyr VermigliPeter Martyr Vermigli
08 September 1499
Theologian

Polydore VergilPolydore Vergil
1470 AD
Historian
Ulisse AldrovandiUlisse Aldrovandi
11 September 1522
Naturalist

Tyrannius RufinusTyrannius Rufinus
0344 AD
Monk
Giles of RomeGiles of Rome
1247 AD
Philosopher
Antonio RosminiAntonio Rosmini
25 March 1797
Philosopher