If you thought Italy was all about Venice’s heavenly scenery, Milan’s state-of-art fashion, Florence’s Renaissance treasure or Rome’s historic landmark and art, think more. For those who have figured out, good, but for the rest, here we spill the beans – Italy is home to some of the world’s greatest intellectuals and academicians who, through their body of work, have greatly influenced the life of many across the globe. Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Caravaggio, Dante Alighieri, Petrarca, Galileo Galilee, Saint Francesco of Assisi and Marco Polo are some of the most renowned Italian names while talking about intellectuals and academicians. Italian intellectuals and academicians have made important contribution to mankind, most notably in the field of literature, architecture, science, technology, philosophy, engineering, politics, medicine, mathematics, visual art and music. Through their exemplary work, they have created a niche for Italy and helped it stand-out from other European nations. Also, they have played a critical role in the development of their country and the world. Read this section and absorb some quick facts about the life and works of famous Italian intellectuals and academics.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469
Political Philosopher

Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas
28 January 1225
Philosophers, Theologian

03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

0037 AD
Historian, Scholar

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher
20 July 1304
Poet & Philosopher

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Leon Battista AlbertiLeon Battista Alberti
18 February 1404
Architect, Linguist
Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani
10 June 1918
Piero SraffaPiero Sraffa
05 August 1898
Founder of the Neo-Ricardian School of Economics

Anicius Manlius Severinus BoethiusAnicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
0480 AD
Philosopher, Theologian, Statesman

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
Francis of AssisiFrancis of Assisi

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Italian Politician
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
05 March 1922
Film director, Writer, Actor, Poet, Screenwriter,

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD

Catherine of SienaCatherine of Siena
25 March 1347
Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898
Poet, Racial theorist, Writer, Painter,

Girolamo SavonarolaGirolamo Savonarola
21 September 1452
Politician, Philosopher, Religious
Mario DraghiMario Draghi
03 September 1947
Economist, Banker, University teacher

0515 BC

Anselm of CanterburyAnselm of Canterbury
1033 AD

0059 BC
0495 BC
0480 AD

Pierluigi CollinaPierluigi Collina
13 February 1960
Association football referee, Writer, Economist

1221 AD

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Cesare LombrosoCesare Lombroso
06 November 1835
Physician, Writer, Criminologist, Psychiatrist,

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0069 AD
Secretary, historian

Zeno of EleaZeno of Elea
0490 BC
Greek philosopher

Romano ProdiRomano Prodi
09 August 1939
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Giorgio AgambenGiorgio Agamben
22 April 1942
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Poet
Diodorus SiculusDiodorus Siculus
0090 BC

Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales
16 August 1567
Theologian, Priest, Writer
Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
29 May 1875

Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,
Giovanni Pico della MirandolaGiovanni Pico della Mirandola
24 February 1463

Mario MontiMario Monti
19 March 1943
Economist, Politician, University teacher
Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist

0485 BC

Michael ParentiMichael Parenti
1933 AD
political scientist, historian, journalist

Carlo RovelliCarlo Rovelli
03 May 1956
Physicist, Writer
Robert BellarmineRobert Bellarmine
04 October 1542
Theologian, Writer, Librarian, University teacher,

Antonio NegriAntonio Negri
01 August 1933
Philosopher, Politician, Professor, Economist

Marsilio FicinoMarsilio Ficino
19 October 1433
Philosopher, Writer, Cleric, Astrologer, Poet

Benedetto CroceBenedetto Croce
25 February 1866
Philosopher, Politician, Art historian, Writer,
Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,

Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,
Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
05 November 1778
Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist,


Gabriele AmorthGabriele Amorth
01 May 1925
Catholic priest, Writer, Theologian
Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

Angelo SodanoAngelo Sodano
23 November 1927
Diplomat, Theologian, Catholic priest
Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

Carlo GinzburgCarlo Ginzburg
15 April 1939
Art historian, Writer, Medievalist, Historian of
0428 BC
Greek philosopher

Gianni VattimoGianni Vattimo
04 January 1936
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher
Amintore FanfaniAmintore Fanfani
06 February 1908
Politician, Diplomat, Economist, University

Norberto BobbioNorberto Bobbio
18 October 1909
Philosopher, Jurist, Historian, Politician,

Francesco GuicciardiniFrancesco Guicciardini
06 March 1483
Historian, Politician, Writer, Diplomat

Brunetto LatiniBrunetto Latini
1220 AD
writer, politician, philosopher, poet, diplomat
Pietro BemboPietro Bembo
20 May 1470
Writer, Poet, Librarian, Historian, Translator,
Pomponius MelaPomponius Mela
0015 AD

Marsilius of PaduaMarsilius of Padua

Riccardo ChaillyRiccardo Chailly
20 February 1953

Angelo ScolaAngelo Scola
07 November 1941
Theologian, University teacher, Catholic priest
Luciano FloridiLuciano Floridi
16 November 1964

Alcmaeon of CrotonAlcmaeon of Croton

Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469
philosopher, Catholic priest

Bruno PlatterBruno Platter
21 March 1944
Theologian, Catholic priest

Francesco AlberoniFrancesco Alberoni
31 December 1929
Journalist, Writer, Sociologist
0233 AD

Nicola AbbagnanoNicola Abbagnano
15 July 1901
Italian philosopher
0170 AD
Theologian, Saint

Achille SilvestriniAchille Silvestrini
25 October 1923
Theologian, Catholic priest, Diplomat

Cesare, Marquis of BeccariaCesare, Marquis of Beccaria
15 March 1738
Giovanni CanestriGiovanni Canestri
30 September 1918
Theologian, University teacher, Catholic priest

Ersilio ToniniErsilio Tonini
20 July 1914
Theologian, Catholic priest
Felice LeonardoFelice Leonardo
09 March 1915
Theologian, Catholic priest