The old-world charm and beauty of Italy wouldn’t have been possible had it not been for Italian philosophers who dominated much of the country’s culture, heritage and traditional landscape. What’s more, Italian philosophy exerted a huge influence on Western philosophy and helped shaped much of its structure and ideologies. Right from the ancient times, Italy has been home to some of the world’s most renowned philosophers, whose thinking and ideologies gave people a new dominion from which they could look at things. Philosophers like Cicero, Lucretius, Plutarch and Clement of Alexandria all belong to Ancient Rome. The period of ancient philosophy gave way to medieval philosophy which in turn saw the emergence and dominance of the Renaissance movement that swiftly enrolled entire Europe. It was during this time that Italian philosophy gained new heights with the philosophies of Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, Tommaso Campanella, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. The Age of Enlightenment witnessed the emergence of Giovani Battista Vico, who in turn became the founder of modern Italian philosophy. Find out more about greatest Italian philosophers through this section.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469
Political Philosopher

Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas
28 January 1225
Philosophers, Theologian

03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Politician, Philosopher

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD
Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher

20 July 1304
Poet & Philosopher

Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898
George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian
Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Anicius Manlius Severinus BoethiusAnicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
0480 AD
Philosopher, Theologian, Statesman

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
05 March 1922
Film director, Writer, Actor, Poet, Screenwriter,

Catherine of SienaCatherine of Siena
25 March 1347

0477 AD
Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Giorgio AgambenGiorgio Agamben
22 April 1942
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Poet

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738
Zeno of EleaZeno of Elea
0490 BC
Greek philosopher

1221 AD
Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
29 May 1875

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist

Giovanni Pico della MirandolaGiovanni Pico della Mirandola
24 February 1463
Antonio NegriAntonio Negri
01 August 1933
Philosopher, Politician, Professor, Economist

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668
Marsilio FicinoMarsilio Ficino
19 October 1433
Philosopher, Writer, Cleric, Astrologer, Poet

Benedetto CroceBenedetto Croce
25 February 1866
Philosopher, Politician, Art historian, Writer,

0485 BC

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Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

Brunetto LatiniBrunetto Latini
1220 AD
writer, politician, philosopher, poet, diplomat

Marsilius of PaduaMarsilius of Padua

0428 BC
Greek philosopher
Gianni VattimoGianni Vattimo
04 January 1936
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher
Norberto BobbioNorberto Bobbio
18 October 1909
Philosopher, Jurist, Historian, Politician,

Pietro VerriPietro Verri
12 December 1728

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646

Gaetano MoscaGaetano Mosca
01 April 1858
Political scientist
Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469
philosopher, Catholic priest

Antonio RosminiAntonio Rosmini
25 March 1797

Francesco AlgarottiFrancesco Algarotti
11 December 1712

Luciano FloridiLuciano Floridi
16 November 1964

Gian-Carlo RotaGian-Carlo Rota
27 April 1932
Alcmaeon of CrotonAlcmaeon of Croton

Pietro PomponazziPietro Pomponazzi
16 September 1462
Philip MazzeiPhilip Mazzei
25 December 1730

Bernardino TelesioBernardino Telesio
07 November 1509

0233 AD
Nicola AbbagnanoNicola Abbagnano
15 July 1901
Italian philosopher

Cesare, Marquis of BeccariaCesare, Marquis of Beccaria
15 March 1738