The old-world charm and beauty of Italy wouldn’t have been possible had it not been for Italian philosophers who dominated much of the country’s culture, heritage and traditional landscape. What’s more, Italian philosophy exerted a huge influence on Western philosophy and helped shaped much of its structure and ideologies. Right from the ancient times, Italy has been home to some of the world’s most renowned philosophers, whose thinking and ideologies gave people a new dominion from which they could look at things. Philosophers like Cicero, Lucretius, Plutarch and Clement of Alexandria all belong to Ancient Rome. The period of ancient philosophy gave way to medieval philosophy which in turn saw the emergence and dominance of the Renaissance movement that swiftly enrolled entire Europe. It was during this time that Italian philosophy gained new heights with the philosophies of Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, Tommaso Campanella, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. The Age of Enlightenment witnessed the emergence of Giovani Battista Vico, who in turn became the founder of modern Italian philosophy. Find out more about greatest Italian philosophers through this section.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer
CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469
Political Philosopher

Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas
28 January 1225
Philosophers, Theologian

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Politician, Philosopher

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD
Philosopher
Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher

Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898
Philosopher

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist
PetrarchPetrarch
20 July 1304
Poet & Philosopher

BonaventureBonaventure
1221 AD
Theologian
Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Anicius Manlius Severinus BoethiusAnicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
0480 AD
Philosopher, Theologian, Statesman

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
05 March 1922
Film director, Writer, Actor, Poet, Screenwriter,

Giorgio AgambenGiorgio Agamben
22 April 1942
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Poet
BoethiusBoethius
0477 AD
Philosopher

Zeno of EleaZeno of Elea
0490 BC
Greek philosopher

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
30 May 1875
Philosopher
Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668
Philosopher
Giovanni Pico della MirandolaGiovanni Pico della Mirandola
24 February 1463
Philosopher

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738
Jurist

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist
Marsilio FicinoMarsilio Ficino
19 October 1433
Philosopher, Writer, Cleric, Astrologer, Poet

GorgiasGorgias
0485 BC
philosopher
Antonio NegriAntonio Negri
01 August 1933
Philosopher, Politician, Professor, Economist

Benedetto CroceBenedetto Croce
25 February 1866
Philosopher, Politician, Art historian, Writer,

HippasusHippasus
Philosopher
Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
18 May 1711
Physicist

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Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer
Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

ArchytasArchytas
0428 BC
Greek philosopher

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646
Philosopher

Gianni VattimoGianni Vattimo
04 January 1936
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher
Brunetto LatiniBrunetto Latini
1220 AD
writer, politician, philosopher, poet, diplomat
Norberto BobbioNorberto Bobbio
18 October 1909
Philosopher, Jurist, Historian, Politician,

Francesco AlgarottiFrancesco Algarotti
11 December 1712
Polymath

Gaetano MoscaGaetano Mosca
01 April 1858
Political scientist

Marsilius of PaduaMarsilius of Padua
 
Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469
philosopher, Catholic priest

AristoxenusAristoxenus
0360 AD
Philosopher

EuhemerusEuhemerus
Greek mythographer

Gian-Carlo RotaGian-Carlo Rota
27 April 1932
Mathematician

Luciano FloridiLuciano Floridi
16 November 1964
Philosopher
Alcmaeon of CrotonAlcmaeon of Croton
Philosopher

Giles of RomeGiles of Rome
1247 AD
Philosopher
Antonio RosminiAntonio Rosmini
25 March 1797
Philosopher

Philip MazzeiPhilip Mazzei
25 December 1730
Physician

FavorinusFavorinus
0080 AD
Philosopher
Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
06 June 1519
Physician

Pietro VerriPietro Verri
12 December 1728
Economist
Vincenzo GiobertiVincenzo Gioberti
05 April 1801
Philosopher

Antonio GenovesiAntonio Genovesi
01 November 1713
Writer

PorphyryPorphyry
0233 AD
Philosopher

Carlo CattaneoCarlo Cattaneo
15 June 1801
Philosopher

Pietro PomponazziPietro Pomponazzi
16 September 1462
Philosopher
Nicola AbbagnanoNicola Abbagnano
15 July 1901
Italian philosopher

Gaetano FilangieriGaetano Filangieri
22 August 1753
Jurist

Bernardino TelesioBernardino Telesio
07 November 1509
Philosopher

Helvidius PriscusHelvidius Priscus
Philosopher
Antonio LabriolaAntonio Labriola
02 July 1843
Philosopher

HeracleonHeracleon
Philosopher
Cesare, Marquis of BeccariaCesare, Marquis of Beccaria
15 March 1738
Philosopher

Julius Pomponius LaetusJulius Pomponius Laetus
1428 AD
Humanist

John ItalusJohn Italus
1025 AD
Philosopher
Alessandro AchilliniAlessandro Achillini
20 October 1463
Philosopher

Agostino NifoAgostino Nifo
1473 AD
Philosopher
Pietro GiannonePietro Giannone
07 May 1676
Philosopher

Jacopo AconcioJacopo Aconcio
1520 AD
Jurist

Hillel ben SamuelHillel ben Samuel
1220 AD
Physician
Francis of MayroneFrancis of Mayrone
1280 AD
Philosopher

Armando CarliniArmando Carlini
09 August 1878
Philosopher
Giuseppe FerrariGiuseppe Ferrari
07 March 1812
Philosopher

Battista GuarinoBattista Guarino
1435 AD
Scholar

Gregory Of RiminiGregory Of Rimini
1300 AD
Philosopher

Paul Of VenicePaul Of Venice
1369 AD
Philosopher