The old-world charm and beauty of Italy wouldn’t have been possible had it not been for Italian philosophers who dominated much of the country’s culture, heritage and traditional landscape. What’s more, Italian philosophy exerted a huge influence on Western philosophy and helped shaped much of its structure and ideologies. Right from the ancient times, Italy has been home to some of the world’s most renowned philosophers, whose thinking and ideologies gave people a new dominion from which they could look at things. Philosophers like Cicero, Lucretius, Plutarch and Clement of Alexandria all belong to Ancient Rome. The period of ancient philosophy gave way to medieval philosophy which in turn saw the emergence and dominance of the Renaissance movement that swiftly enrolled entire Europe. It was during this time that Italian philosophy gained new heights with the philosophies of Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, Tommaso Campanella, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. The Age of Enlightenment witnessed the emergence of Giovani Battista Vico, who in turn became the founder of modern Italian philosophy. Find out more about greatest Italian philosophers through this section.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
03 May 1469
Political Philosopher

Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas
28 January 1225
Philosophers, Theologian

03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
05 January 1932
Italian Semiotician, Philosopher

20 July 1304
Poet & Philosopher
George SantayanaGeorge Santayana
16 December 1863
Philosopher, Essayist, Poet, & Novelist

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Anicius Manlius Severinus BoethiusAnicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
0480 AD
Philosopher, Theologian, Statesman
Francis of AssisiFrancis of Assisi

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Italian Politician
Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
05 March 1922
Film director, Writer, Actor, Poet, Screenwriter,

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD

Catherine of SienaCatherine of Siena
25 March 1347
Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898
Poet, Racial theorist, Writer, Painter,

Girolamo SavonarolaGirolamo Savonarola
21 September 1452
Politician, Philosopher, Religious
0515 BC

Anselm of CanterburyAnselm of Canterbury
1033 AD

0495 BC
0480 AD

1221 AD
Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Zeno of EleaZeno of Elea
0490 BC
Greek philosopher

Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
29 May 1875

Giorgio AgambenGiorgio Agamben
22 April 1942
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Poet
Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana
Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Giovanni Pico della MirandolaGiovanni Pico della Mirandola
24 February 1463

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist
0485 BC

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Antonio NegriAntonio Negri
01 August 1933
Philosopher, Politician, Professor, Economist

Marsilio FicinoMarsilio Ficino
19 October 1433
Philosopher, Writer, Cleric, Astrologer, Poet

Benedetto CroceBenedetto Croce
25 February 1866
Philosopher, Politician, Art historian, Writer,

Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer
0428 BC
Greek philosopher

Gianni VattimoGianni Vattimo
04 January 1936
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher

Norberto BobbioNorberto Bobbio
18 October 1909
Philosopher, Jurist, Historian, Politician,
Brunetto LatiniBrunetto Latini
1220 AD
writer, politician, philosopher, poet, diplomat

Marsilius of PaduaMarsilius of Padua
Luciano FloridiLuciano Floridi
16 November 1964

Alcmaeon of CrotonAlcmaeon of Croton

Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469
philosopher, Catholic priest

0233 AD

Nicola AbbagnanoNicola Abbagnano
15 July 1901
Italian philosopher
Cesare, Marquis of BeccariaCesare, Marquis of Beccaria
15 March 1738