The old-world charm and beauty of Italy wouldn’t have been possible had it not been for Italian philosophers who dominated much of the country’s culture, heritage and traditional landscape. What’s more, Italian philosophy exerted a huge influence on Western philosophy and helped shaped much of its structure and ideologies. Right from the ancient times, Italy has been home to some of the world’s most renowned philosophers, whose thinking and ideologies gave people a new dominion from which they could look at things. Philosophers like Cicero, Lucretius, Plutarch and Clement of Alexandria all belong to Ancient Rome. The period of ancient philosophy gave way to medieval philosophy which in turn saw the emergence and dominance of the Renaissance movement that swiftly enrolled entire Europe. It was during this time that Italian philosophy gained new heights with the philosophies of Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, Tommaso Campanella, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. The Age of Enlightenment witnessed the emergence of Giovani Battista Vico, who in turn became the founder of modern Italian philosophy. Find out more about greatest Italian philosophers through this section.

Francis of AssisiFrancis of Assisi
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Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Italian Politician
Catherine of SienaCatherine of Siena
25 March 1347
Philosopher

Pier Paolo PasoliniPier Paolo Pasolini
05 March 1922
Film director, Writer, Actor, Poet, Screenwriter,

Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
1548 AD
Philosopher
Julius EvolaJulius Evola
19 May 1898
Poet, Racial theorist, Writer, Painter,

Girolamo SavonarolaGirolamo Savonarola
21 September 1452
Politician, Philosopher, Religious
ParmenidesParmenides
0515 BC
philosopher

Anselm of CanterburyAnselm of Canterbury
1033 AD
Philosopher

BoethiusBoethius
0480 AD
Philosopher
EmpedoclesEmpedocles
0495 BC
Philosopher

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Zeno of EleaZeno of Elea
0490 BC
Greek philosopher

Giorgio AgambenGiorgio Agamben
22 April 1942
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher, Poet

BonaventureBonaventure
1221 AD
Philosopher

Giovanni GentileGiovanni Gentile
29 May 1875
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Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana
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Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Giovanni Pico della MirandolaGiovanni Pico della Mirandola
24 February 1463
Philosopher

Giacomo LeopardiGiacomo Leopardi
29 June 1798
Writer, Poet, Philosopher, Philologist

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
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GorgiasGorgias
0485 BC
philosopher

Antonio NegriAntonio Negri
01 August 1933
Philosopher, Politician, Professor, Economist

Marsilio FicinoMarsilio Ficino
19 October 1433
Philosopher, Writer, Cleric, Astrologer, Poet

Benedetto CroceBenedetto Croce
25 February 1866
Philosopher, Politician, Art historian, Writer,

HippasusHippasus
Philosopher
Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer
ArchytasArchytas
0428 BC
Greek philosopher

Gianni VattimoGianni Vattimo
04 January 1936
Philosopher, Politician, University teacher

Brunetto LatiniBrunetto Latini
1220 AD
writer, politician, philosopher, poet, diplomat
Norberto BobbioNorberto Bobbio
18 October 1909
Philosopher, Jurist, Historian, Politician,

Marsilius of PaduaMarsilius of Padua
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Luciano FloridiLuciano Floridi
16 November 1964
Philosopher

Alcmaeon of CrotonAlcmaeon of Croton
Philosopher

Thomas CajetanThomas Cajetan
20 February 1469
philosopher, Catholic priest

PorphyryPorphyry
0233 AD
Philosopher

Nicola AbbagnanoNicola Abbagnano
15 July 1901
Italian philosopher
Cesare, Marquis of BeccariaCesare, Marquis of Beccaria
15 March 1738
Philosopher