Famous Israeli Political Leaders

Perched on the eastern shore of Mediterranean sea, Israel has been locked in conflict ever since its independence in 1948. Much of the hullabaloo has been because Israel is considered holy land by the Jews, Christian and Muslim. Thus, the ownership of the land has been a matter of constant debate. The conflict with the Palestinians and neighbouring Arabs has dominated the politics of the country. Though the country does not have a written constitution, it follows a parliamentary system of government, with the Prime Minister as the executive head of the country. The political environment of Israel is marked by volatile coalition government. Ever since its independence, Israel has been ruled by skilled and efficient leaders, who have steered the country towards advancement and progress. Some of the popular Israeli political leaders who helped shaped the country’s magnificent present and future include David Ben-Gurion the country’s first Prime Minister followed by Moshe Sharett and Levi Eshkol. Other prominent leaders include Ariel Sharon, Ehud Barak, Yitzhak Shamir, Golda Meir, Shimon Peres, and current and third-time Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Browse through this section and discover some interesting life facts and works of Israeli political leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 King David

King David
10
Famous As: King of Israel
Birthdate: 1040 BC
Birthplace: Bethlehem, Israel
Died: 0970 BC

King David of Israel remains a significant figure not just in Christianity, but also in Judaism and Islam. The Books of Samuel describe him as a shepherd. Legends also mention how he killed the giant Goliath and had an affair with Bathsheba. He was also a poet and a psalmist.

 2 Golda Meir

Golda Meir
4
Famous As: Prime Minister of Israel (1969-74)
Birthdate: May 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: December 8, 1978

Born in present-day Ukraine and brought up in the United States, the phenomenal rise of Golda Meir to become the prime minister of Israel was driven by her sheer leadership qualities. She steered her country amid hostilities from its neighbourhood during her eventful term as premier which also saw the Yom Kippur War. She is remembered as a strong-willed woman.

 3 Benjamin Netanyahu

Benjamin Netanyahu
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Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: October 21, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel

The current Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu is the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Israel. Before becoming a politician, Netanyahu had a prolific military career; he played important roles in the Yom Kippur War and the War of Attrition and participated in missions, such as Operation Isotope and Operation Gift.

 4 Roman Abramovich

Roman Abramovich
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Famous As: Owner of Chelsea F.C. Owner of Millhouse Capital Owner of Evraz
Birthdate: October 24, 1966
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saratov, Russia

Roman Abramovich is an Israeli-Russian businessman and politician. Over the years, he has played an influential role as the primary owner of Millhouse LLC and as the owner of the popular Premier League football club Chelsea F.C. Roman Abramovich is one of the richest persons in the world and has donated over US$2.5 billion to various charitable causes between 1999 and 2013.

 5 Shimon Peres

Shimon Peres
4
Famous As: Former President of Israel
Birthdate: August 2, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Wiszniew, Poland
Died: September 28, 2016
Shimon Peres had been both the president and prime minister of Israel (twice). He was also part of five political parties in his 70-year career and had held important cabinet posts such as the minister of finance. He won the Nobel Peace Prize along with Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat.

 6 David Ben-Gurion

David Ben-Gurion
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Israel
Birthdate: October 16, 1886
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Płonsk, Poland
Died: December 1, 1973
David Ben-Gurion was the founder of the State of Israel and also served as Israel’s first prime minister. He was the leader of the Jews in British Mandate Palestine and had also been the country’s defense minister and the chairman of the Provisional State Council of Israel.

 7 Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan
4
Famous As: Israeli Military & Political Leader
Birthdate: May 20, 1915
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Degania Alef, Israel
Died: October 16, 1981

Born to Ukrainian Jewish immigrants, military leader/politician Moshe Dayan, grew up to be an revered for his exploits against Israel’s Arab neighbors. His invasion of the Sinai peninsula is etched in his memoir, Diary of the Sinai Campaign. Following his death, his eye patch was sold on eBay for US$75,000.

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 8 Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon
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Famous As: Prime Minister of Israel
Birthdate: February 26, 1928
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: British Mandate of Palestine
Died: January 11, 2014

Ariel Sharon was the Israeli prime minister from 2001 to 2006. As a commander of the Israeli Army, he had participated in the Palestine War of 1948 and the 1967 Six-Day War. He was removed as the defense minister after he led the massacre of Palestinians in the Lebanon War.

 9 Reuven Rivlin

Reuven Rivlin
4
Famous As: 10th President of Israel (2014-21)
Birthdate: September 9, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel

Israeli president Reuven Rivlin, a qualified lawyer, has been associated with organizations such as the Betar Jerusalem Sports Association. A supporter of the one-state solution to end the Israel–Palestine issue, he has previously made headlines for cancelling an Amir Benayoun show after the singer sang an anti-Arab track.

 10 Naftali Bennett

Naftali Bennett
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Famous As: 13th Prime Minister of Israel
Birthdate: March 25, 1972
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Haifa, Israel

 11 Jeroboam

Jeroboam
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: United Kingdom of Israel
Died: 0910 BC

Jeroboam, son of Nebat, is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as someone who fought against Rehoboam, joining hands with the Israelite tribes. King Solomon had initially made him the superintendent of his tribesmen engaged in building fortresses. The Bible also mentions Jeroboam's constant conflict with Judah.

 12 Benny Gantz

Benny Gantz
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Famous As: Alternate Prime Minister of Israel
Birthdate: June 9, 1959
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kfar Ahim, Israel

Born to Holocaust survivors, Benny Gantz later soared through the ranks of the Israeli military, gaining the nickname The Prince. He founded Israel Resilience, which later merged into the Blue and White alliance. As the IDF’s chief of staff, he presided over the operations Pillar of Defence and Protective Edge.

 13 Avigdor Lieberman

Avigdor Lieberman
3
Famous As: politician
Birthdate: July 5, 1958
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chișinău, Moldova

 14 Ehud Barak

Ehud Barak
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Famous As: 10th Prime Minister of Israel
Birthdate: February 12, 1942
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mishmar HaSharon kibbutz, Israel

Former Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak has also served as a minister of defense and foreign affairs. A talented pianist, he boasts of a degree from Stanford. Part of the Israeli Defense Forces since his younger days, he is one of the most decorated soldiers in the history of Israel.

 15 Yair Lapid

Yair Lapid
3
Famous As: Journalist, Writer, Politician, Actor, Television presenter
Birthdate: November 5, 1963
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tel Aviv

Yair Lapid is an Israeli politician who has been serving as the prime minister of Israel since June 2021. He is also the current Minister of Foreign Affairs in Israel. He is credited with founding the centrist Yesh Atid party. A former journalist, Lapid was also known for his skills as a writer before entering politics in 2012.

 16 Ehud Olmert

Ehud Olmert
3
Famous As: Politician, Lawyer
Birthdate: September 30, 1945
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Binyamina
Ehud Olmert had a decade-long stint as the mayor of Jerusalem, before he became the prime minister of Israel. A qualified lawyer, he has also served the Israel Defense Forces. He supported the two-state solution to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He eventually got a 6-year sentence for a bribing scandal.

 17 Amin al-Husseini

Amin al-Husseini
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Famous As: Mufti
Birthdate: 1895 AD
Birthplace: Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem, Israel
Died: July 4, 1974

Amin al-Husseini, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, is remembered as a symbol of Arab nationalist resistance to Palestinian Zionism. His rebellions made the British drop the idea of making Palestine a Jewish state. During World War II, he rallied to stop Jewish immigrants from entering Palestine from Nazi-occupied countries.

 18 Uzziah

Uzziah
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0740 BC

Uzziah reigned as the tenth king of the Kingdom of Judah. According to the Biblical narrative, Uzziah reigned for about 52 years and was one of the most prosperous rulers of the Kingdom of Judah. It is believed that he suffered from leprosy during his reign for disobeying God.

 19 Tzipi Livni

Tzipi Livni
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat, Manager
Birthdate: July 8, 1958
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tel Aviv

 20 Herod Archelaus

Herod Archelaus
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Birthdate: 0023 BC
Died: 0018 AD

 21 Chaim Herzog

Chaim Herzog
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Famous As: 6th President of Israel
Birthdate: September 17, 1918
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Belfast, Ireland
Died: April 17, 1997

 22 Ish-bosheth

Ish-bosheth
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1052 BC
Died: 1010 BC

Ish-bosheth reigned as the King of Israel from 1012 until his death in 1010 BCE. The son of King Saul, Ish-bosheth succeeded his father to become the second king of the Kingdom of Israel. His reign lasted only two years as Ish-bosheth was killed by two of his own army captains, Baanah and Rechab.

 23 Jehoiakim

Jehoiakim
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Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0634 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0598 BC

Jehoiakim reigned as the King of Judah from 609 to 598 BC. He ruled the kingdom as a vassal of the Egyptians. After the Egyptians' defeat at the battle of Carchemish, Jehoiakim changed allegiances and supported the Babylonians in order to avoid the destruction of Jerusalem.

 24 Yitzhak Shamir

Yitzhak Shamir
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Famous As: Prime Minister of Israel (1983-84, 1986-92)
Birthdate: October 22, 1915
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ružany, Belarus
Died: June 30, 2012
Former Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Shamir previously led the Zionist group Lehi. He lost his parents and sisters to the Holocaust and later changed his last name from "Yezernitsky" to "Shamir," to match the surname on his forged ID card. He had also joined the Mossad later.

 25 Jeconiah

Jeconiah
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0615 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel

Jeconiah reigned as the 19th King of Judah from 598 to 597 BCE. Jeconiah's reign of three months and ten days came to an end when Nebuchadnezzar II's army captured Jerusalem. Subsequently, Jeconiah and 3000 Jews were exiled to Babylon. This is seen as a significant event in the history of Israel as well as Babylon.

 26 Ezer Weizman

Ezer Weizman
3
Famous As: Politician, Officer, Fighter pilot, Aviator
Birthdate: June 15, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tel Aviv
Died: April 24, 2005

 27 Abba Eban

Abba Eban
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Famous As: Politician and Diplomat
Birthdate: February 2, 1915
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cape Town
Died: November 17, 2002

Abba Eban was an Israeli politician and diplomat who took up many ministerial roles during his career. He served as Israel's education minister, foreign affairs minister, and deputy prime minister. He also served as an ambassador to the United Nations and to the United States. In 2001, he was honored with the prestigious Israel Prize for lifetime achievement.

 28 Natan Sharansky

Natan Sharansky
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Famous As: Politician, Writer, Mathematician, Human rights activist
Birthdate: January 20, 1948
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Donetsk

A well-known human rights activist, Natan Sharansky not just campaigned for the rights of the Jews and spent 9 years in a prison in Siberia, but was also a chess prodigy, who was a champion at age 14. He has also penned books and won multiple awards.

 29 Moshe Sharett

Moshe Sharett
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Famous As: 2nd Prime Minister of Israel
Birthdate: October 15, 1894
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kherson, Ukraine
Died: July 7, 1965

 30 Yigal Allon

Yigal Allon
3
Famous As: Politician, Military personnel
Birthdate: October 10, 1918
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kfar Tavor
Died: February 29, 1980

 31 Levi Eshkol

Levi Eshkol
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 25, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orativ
Died: February 26, 1969

 32 Moshe Katsav

Moshe Katsav
3
Famous As: President , Politician 
Birthdate: December 5, 1945
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Yazd

Moshe Katsav is an Israeli ex-politician who became the second Mizrahi Jew to serve as the President of Israel from 1 August 2000 until his resignation on 1 July 2007. Katsav resigned after allegations of sexual harassment from his female subordinates. In 2011, Moshe Katsav was sentenced to seven years of imprisonment, of which he served five, at Maasiyahu Prison.

 33 George Habash

George Habash
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Famous As: Founder of The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Birthdate: August 2, 1926
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lod
Died: January 26, 2008
George Habash, also known as al-Hakim, was a Palestinian leader who established the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. After fleeing Palestine following the formation of the State of Israel, he studied medicine in Beirut. He battled with cancer in his final days and died at age 81.

 34 Isser Harel

Isser Harel
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Famous As: spy, politician, writer
Birthdate: 1912 AD
Birthplace: Vitebsk
Died: February 18, 2003

 35 Jehoram

Jehoram
2
Famous As: King of Judah
Birthdate: 0881 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0842 BC

Jehoram of Judah reigned as the King of Judah from 849 BCE until his death in 842 BCE. He is generally depicted as a cruel man who killed his six brothers in order to secure his position as the King of Judah. He was succeeded by his son Ahaziah. 

 36 Tzipi Hotovely

Tzipi Hotovely
2
Famous As: Ambassador of Israel to the United Kingdom Since 2020
Birthdate: December 2, 1978
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rehovot, Israel

 37 Amaziah of Judah

Amaziah of Judah
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0802 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0776 BC

Amaziah of Judah was the King of Judah who reigned for 29 years; 24 years of his reign had his son Uzziah as co-regent. Amaziah of Judah is usually depicted as a righteous king who adhered strictly to the Law of Moses. His legacy revolves around his righteousness and his decision not to kill the children of his father's murderers.

 38 Nir Barkat

Nir Barkat
2
Famous As: Politician, Entrepreneur, Businessperson
Birthdate: October 19, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Jerusalem

 39 Yitzhak Ben-Zvi

Yitzhak Ben-Zvi
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 24, 1884
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Poltava, Ukraine
Died: April 23, 1963

Yitzhak Ben-Zvi was a historian and Labor Zionist leader who served as the president of Israel from 1952 to 1963. His father was one of the organizers of the first Zionist Congress in 1897. Ben-Zvi studied at Kiev University for one year before dropping out to co-found the Russian Poale Zion movement. He was awarded the Bialik Prize. 

 40 Miri Regev

Miri Regev
3
Famous As: Politician, Spokesperson, Officer
Birthdate: May 26, 1965
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kiryat Gat

 41 Meir Amit

Meir Amit
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 17, 1921
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tiberias, Israel
Died: July 17, 2009

 42 Yitzhak Navon

Yitzhak Navon
2
Famous As: 5th President of Israel
Birthdate: April 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: November 6, 2015

 43 Aryeh Deri

Aryeh Deri
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 17, 1959
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Meknes

 44 Shaul Mofaz

Shaul Mofaz
2
Famous As: Politician, Officer
Birthdate: November 4, 1948
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tehran

 45 Danny Danon

Danny Danon
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 8, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ramat Gan

 46 Zalman Shazar

Zalman Shazar
2
Famous As: politician, journalist, writer,poet
Birthdate: November 24, 1889
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mir
Died: October 5, 1974

 47 Haneen Zoabi

Haneen Zoabi
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Famous As: Member of the Knesset
Birthdate: May 23, 1969
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nazareth, Israel

Haneen Zoabi is an Israeli Arab politician. She is credited with co-founding a non-governmental organization called I'lam – Media Center for Arab Palestinians in Israel. She served as the general director of the NGO before resigning to concentrate on her political career.

 48 Teddy Kollek

Teddy Kollek
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 27, 1911
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nagyvázsony, Hungary
Died: January 2, 2007

 49 Leah Rabin

Leah Rabin
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Famous As: Yitzhak Rabin's wife
Birthdate: April 8, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kaliningrad, Russia
Died: November 12, 2000

 50 Arcadi Gaydamak

Arcadi Gaydamak
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Famous As: Businessperson, Politician
Birthdate: April 8, 1952
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia