France has been the breeding ground of the world’s greatest literary figures and intellectuals. The country has produced some of the finest works and often served as the initiator of new trends in European literature. Interestingly, it is these trends that have passed on to the world, thus becoming a global trend in literature. While French novels and short stories are widely read and translated, French drama has been equivocally appreciated for the finesse that they possess. Tracing it roots way back to the 12th century, French theatre has a come a pretty long way since its Middle Age and Renaissance days. With its eventful history and glorious past, much of the opulence and magnificence that the theatre of France today enjoys is due to the work of proficiently talented French playwrights. And if you don’t believe us, check this. France has been the address of some of the world’s greatest playwrights like Alexander Dumas, Charles Riviere Dufresny, Emile Augier, Eugène Brieux, Victorien Sardou, Thomas Corneille, Alfred Jarry, Jean Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Antonin Artaud and so on. A key trademark of their work is an intense plot that is embroidered by a tight yet crisp story and dramatic dialogues. With this segment, explore the life and works of some of the greatest French playwrights.
Alexandre DumasAlexandre Dumas
24 July 1802
 
Jules VerneJules Verne
08 February 1828
Writer

Honoré de BalzacHonoré de Balzac
20 May 1799
French Novelist and Playwright

Gustave FlaubertGustave Flaubert
12 December 1821
Novelist, Writer

Antonin ArtaudAntonin Artaud
04 September 1896
Dramatist, Poet, Essayist, Actor, & Theatre

Cyrano de BergeracCyrano de Bergerac
06 March 1619
Dramatist and Playwright
Alfred de MussetAlfred de Musset
11 December 1810
Dramatist, Poet, Novelist

Alphonse DaudetAlphonse Daudet
13 May 1840
Novelist, Short story writer, playwright, poet

Alfred de VignyAlfred de Vigny
27 March 1797
Poet, Playwright, Novelist

Alejandro JodorowskyAlejandro Jodorowsky
17 February 1929
Writer, Film director, Actor, Playwright,
W. Somerset MaughamW. Somerset Maugham
25 January 1874
Playwright, Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter

Denis DiderotDenis Diderot
05 October 1713
Philosopher, Novelist, Essayist, Encyclopédistes,
Jean GenetJean Genet
19 December 1910
Writer, Playwright, Poet, Film director,

Marguerite DurasMarguerite Duras
04 April 1914
Writer, Film director, Screenwriter, Publisher,

Olympe de GougesOlympe de Gouges
07 May 1748
Playwright, Journalist, Philosopher, Writer,
Alain BadiouAlain Badiou
17 January 1937
Philosopher, Novelist, Playwright, Editor,

Jean RacineJean Racine
22 December 1639
Dramatist
Tristan TzaraTristan Tzara
16 April 1896
Art collector, Poet, Writer, Diplomat, Film

Françoise SaganFrançoise Sagan
21 June 1935
Writer, Playwright, Novelist, Screenwriter,

Romain RollandRomain Rolland
29 January 1866
Writer, Playwright, Essayist, Historian, Novelist,
Edmond RostandEdmond Rostand
01 April 1868
Playwright, Writer, Poet, Essayist, Screenwriter

Boris VianBoris Vian
10 March 1920
Polymath, Singer, Poet, Trumpeter, Lyricist,
Marcel PagnolMarcel Pagnol
28 February 1895
Theatre director, Film director, Writer,

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
28 September 1803
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Historian,

Alfred JarryAlfred Jarry
08 September 1873
Playwright, Writer, Poet, Novelist

Gabriel MarcelGabriel Marcel
07 December 1889
Playwright, Philosopher, Writer, University
Jean AnouilhJean Anouilh
23 June 1910
Playwright, Screenwriter, Writer
François MauriacFrançois Mauriac
11 October 1885
Writer, Journalist, Poet, Novelist, Playwright,

Gao XingjianGao Xingjian
04 January 1940
Writer, Painter, Translator, Novelist, Playwright,

Philippe de RothschildPhilippe de Rothschild
13 April 1902
Winegrower, Screenwriter, Socialite, Racecar

Yasmina RezaYasmina Reza
01 May 1959
Actor, Linguist, Translator, Playwright, Novelist,
Paul ClaudelPaul Claudel
06 August 1868
Playwright, Poet, Diplomat, Writer, Diarist, Poet

Continue Reading Below
Éric-Emmanuel SchmittÉric-Emmanuel Schmitt
28 March 1960
Playwright, Literary historian, Writer,

Raymond QueneauRaymond Queneau
21 February 1903
Poet, Playwright, Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter,

Claude Joseph Rouget de LisleClaude Joseph Rouget de Lisle
10 May 1760
Composer, Poet, Writer, Playwright

Roland ToporRoland Topor
07 January 1938
Painter, Actor, Screenwriter, Writer, Novelist,
Sacha GuitrySacha Guitry
21 February 1885
Screenwriter, Actor, Playwright, Film director,

Pierre de MarivauxPierre de Marivaux
04 February 1688
Playwright, Writer, Journalist, Novelist
Fernando ArrabalFernando Arrabal
11 August 1932
Screenwriter, Film director, Actor, Playwright,

Jean GiraudouxJean Giraudoux
29 October 1882
Playwright, Screenwriter, Diplomat, Novelist,

Bernard Le Bovier de FontenelleBernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle
11 February 1657
Philosopher, Poet, Writer, Playwright, Satirist,
Octave MirbeauOctave Mirbeau
16 February 1848
Novelist, playwright, journalist, pamphleteer

Benjamin FondaneBenjamin Fondane
14 November 1898
Linguist, Poet, Librarian, Film director,
Arthur AdamovArthur Adamov
23 August 1908
Playwright

Eugene IonescoEugene Ionesco
26 November 1909
Playwright

Pierre de BeaumarchaisPierre de Beaumarchais
24 January 1732
 

Jean Marie Lucien Pierre AnouilhJean Marie Lucien Pierre Anouilh
21 June 1910
 

Louise-Rose-Etiennette GerardLouise-Rose-Etiennette Gerard
05 April 1871
 
Pierre-Jules RenardPierre-Jules Renard
22 January 1864