Estonia, one of the most developed countries in Europe, boasts of a rich cultural heritage, influenced by Nordic aspects, as well as Finnic, Baltic, Germanic and Slavic elements. Jacob Johann Köhler revolutionized Estonian literature when he became the first publisher to publish Estonian-language Bible in the 18th century. Friedrich Robert Faehlmann and Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald took forward Köhler’s legacy and proceeded to publish what became the Estonian national epic. Estonians are also much respected for their musical culture, and the nation has produced several notable musicians and conductors who earned international acclaim. Painters like Johann Köler, Ants Laikmaa, Paul Raud, Evald Okas, Kristjan Raud and Konrad Mägi revitalized Estonian art and helped to bring their nation at par with other European countries in the artistic fields. August von Kotzebue founded an amateur theater company way back in the late 18th century, setting the pace for the growth of theater as a popular means of entertainment. In the 20th century, Arvo Valton and Grigori Kromanov played instrumental roles in the growth of Estonian cinema which is now well regarded in the international scenario. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Estonians.