Famous People Who Died In 1882

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1882. This list includes people like Charles Darwin, Jesse James, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Mary Todd Lincoln, Giuseppe Garibaldi and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include poets, philosophers, political leaders and journalists who died in 1882. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom, Germany & France and many more countries.
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 1 
Charles Darwin
(Naturalist known for His Contributions to Evolutionary Biology)
Charles Darwin
89
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: The Mount House, Shrewsbury, England
Died: April 19

Widely regarded as one of the most influential personalities in the history of mankind, Charles Darwin was an English biologist, naturalist, and geologist. He is credited with publishing the Theory of Evolution, which explains the evolution of life from a unicellular organism to human beings. A prolific writer, Charles Darwin also wrote important books on plants and barnacles.

 2 
Ralph Waldo Emerson
(Famous For his Essay 'Nature' and Speech Entitled 'The American Scholar')
Ralph Waldo Emerson
19
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 25, 1803
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 27

Ralph Waldo Emerson was an American philosopher who led the transcendentalist movement that developed in the eastern United States in the 1820s and 1830s. He is credited with popularizing individualism through his numerous lectures and essays. Emerson influenced many thinkers and writers that followed him; he mentored Henry David Thoreau, who went on to become a leading transcendentalist.

 3 
Mary Todd Lincoln
(Wife of Former US President Abraham Lincoln and the First Lady of the United States (1861 - 1865))
Mary Todd Lincoln
16
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 13, 1818
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lexington, Kentucky, United States
Died: July 16

Mary Todd Lincoln was the wife of Abraham Lincoln. She played an important role during the American Civil War as she worked hard to keep the morale of the country high throughout the war. Mary invariably finds a place in stories and biographies written about Abraham Lincoln as she was seated next to him when he was killed.

 4 
Giuseppe Garibaldi
(Italian General Who Contributed to Italian Unification and the Creation of the Kingdom of Italy)
Giuseppe Garibaldi
12
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 4, 1807
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: June 2

Italian general, patriot, and republican Giuseppe Garibaldi is remembered for the role he played in the Italian unification and the creation of the Kingdom of Italy. He is considered one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland." A highly proficient military general, he also led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf of Victor Emmanuel II. He died in 1882.

 5 
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
(First American poet to translate Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy)
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
13
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: February 27, 1807
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Portland, Maine, United States
Died: March 24
 6 
Morgan Earp
(Police officer)
Morgan Earp
7
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 24, 1851
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pella, Iowa, United States
Died: March 18
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
6
Birthdate: May 12, 1828
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: April 9

Known for founding the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Dante Gabriel Rossetti was a legendary poet and painter of the 19th century. His illustrations also adorned the books of his poet sister Christina Rossetti. Known for volumes such as The House of Life, he also influenced the Aesthetic movement.

 8 
Theodor Schwann
(Physiologist)
Theodor Schwann
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 7, 1810
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Neuss, Germany
Died: January 11

Theodor Schwann was a German physiologist and physician best remembered for his important contributions to biology. He is credited with discovering the Schwann cells, which is named after him. He is also credited with discovering pepsin and the organic nature of yeast. Theodor Schwann also invented the term metabolism.

 9 
Anthony Trollope
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 24, 1815
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 6
 10 
Friedrich Wöhler
(German chemist)
Friedrich Wöhler
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 31, 1800
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Eschersheim
Died: September 23

Friedrich Wöhler was a German chemist best remembered for his contribution to the field of inorganic chemistry. He was the first person to isolate the chemical elements yttrium and beryllium in pure metallic form. Friedrich Wöhler was also the first person to prepare many inorganic compounds such as silicon nitride and silane.

 11 
Léon Gambetta
(Former republican politician who proclaimed the French Third Republic in 1870 and played a prominent role in its early government)
Léon Gambetta
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: April 2, 1838
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cahors, France
Died: December 31
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)
 12 
Alexander Gardner
(Scottish Photographer)
Alexander Gardner
0
Listed In: Photographers
Birthdate: October 17, 1821
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died: December 10
Richard Henry Dana Jr.
2
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: August 1, 1815
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 6
 14 
Sergey Nechayev
(Revolutionary)
Sergey Nechayev
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 2, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: December 3
 15 
Bruno Bauer
(German Philosopher and Theologian Known for His Association and Sharp Break With ‘Karl Marx’ and ‘Friedrich Engels')
Bruno Bauer
1
Birthdate: September 6, 1809
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Eisenberg, Germany
Died: April 13

German philosopher Bruno Bauer is best remembered as a student of legendary German philosopher G. W. F. Hegel. Part of the group of intellectuals known as Young Hegelians, he was also a staunch Rationalist. He not only questioned the origin of Christ but was also accused of anti-semitism.

 16 
Ewelina Hańska
(Noblewoman)
Ewelina Hańska
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 6, 1805
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pohrebyshche, Ukraine
Died: April 11
 17 
William Tappan Thompson
(Writer)
William Tappan Thompson
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 31, 1812
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ravenna, Ohio, United States
Died: March 24
 18 
Francesco Hayez
(Painter)
Francesco Hayez
0
Birthdate: February 10, 1791
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: February 12
 19 
Ignacy Łukasiewicz
(One of the Most Prominent Philanthropists in the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria)
Ignacy Łukasiewicz
2
Birthdate: March 8, 1822
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zaduszniki, Poland
Died: January 7

One of the pioneers of the European oil industry, Ignacy Łukasiewicz was a Polish pharmacist who not only invented the kerosene lamp but also co-established the first petroleum extraction company and invented Europe’s first modern street lamp. As an affluent man, in his later years, he also became a prominent philanthropist.

 20 
Louis Blanc
(French Politician and Historian for His Theory of Worker-Controlled 'Social Workshops')
Louis Blanc
1
Birthdate: October 29, 1811
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: December 6

French socialist and politician Louis Blanc is best remembered for supporting the formation of "social workshops" led by workers. He initially studied law, before he started writing for journals and then eventually launched his own newspaper, Revue du progress, which published his most notable work L’Organisation du travail.

 21 
Archibald Campbell Tait
(Former Archbishop of Canterbury)
Archibald Campbell Tait
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 21, 1811
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Edinburghshire, Scotland
Died: December 3

While Archibald Campbell Tait, the Archbishop of Canterbury, is best remembered for trying to mitigate the Church of England conflict during the Oxford Movement, his contributions in other fields were of no less importance. His inauguration of the Bishop of London's Fund and his work on the Royal Commission on Ritual are still remembered by one and all.

 22 
Georges Leclanché
(French Electrical Engineer Famous for His Invention of the 'Leclanché Cell')
Georges Leclanché
0
Birthdate: October 9, 1839
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Parmain, France
Died: September 14

Georges Leclanché was a 19th-century French electrical engineer who invented what became known as the Leclanché cell. His invention is considered the forerunner of the modern dry cell battery. He was educated at École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures and had a successful engineering career. He later founded the cells factory "Leclanché-Barbier" with Ernest Barbier. 

 23 
Henry Draper
(American Physician and Amateur Astronomer Who Made the First Photograph of the Spectrum of a Star)
Henry Draper
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: March 7, 1837
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Prince Edward County, Virginia, United States
Died: November 20

A practicing physician, Henry Draper later taught at the New York University medical school. However, he later devoted all his time to his passion, astronomy, photographing celestial bodies and following in his doctor and amateur astronomer father’s footsteps. He was the first to photograph a stellar spectrum and a nebula.

 24 
E.B. Pusey
(Theologian)
E.B. Pusey
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 22, 1800
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Pusey, England
Died: September 16
 25 
Carl Robert Jakobson
(Estonian Politician Who Played an Important Role in the 'Estonian National Awakening Movement')
Carl Robert Jakobson
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 26, 1841
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tartu, Estonia
Died: March 19

Carl Robert Jakobson was an Estonian politician, writer, and teacher. He is best remembered for his role in the Estonian national awakening movement that unfolded during the latter half of the 19th century. As part of the movement, Carl Robert Jakobson founded a newspaper named Sakala in 1878, which became an important promoter of the cultural awakening. 

 26 
Vasily Perov
(Russian Painter)
Vasily Perov
0
Birthdate: January 2, 1834
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tobolsk, Russia
Died: June 10

Vasily Perov was a Russian painter who played an important role in the Realist movement in Russia. He is credited with co-founding one of the most popular groups of Russian realist artists called Peredvizhniki. Over the course of his career, Vasily Perov received several prestigious awards and honors like the grand gold medal from the Russian Academy of Arts.

 27 
János Arany
(Hungarian Poet Best Known for His Epic Poem 'Toldi' Trilogy)
János Arany
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 2, 1817
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Salonta, Romania
Died: October 22

Hungarian poet Janos Arany is regarded by many as the Shakespeare of ballads. Best known for his iconic epic poem Toldi, which was part of a trilogy, he had also been associated with the Hungarian Academy. He had initially been part of the Hungarian Revolution and later also taught for a while.

 28 
Ekaterine Dadiani, Princess of Mingrelia
(Princess)
Ekaterine Dadiani, Princess of Mingrelia
0
Birthdate: March 19, 1816
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tbilisi, Georgia
Died: August 13
 29 
James Challis
(British Clergyman and Astronomer Famous in the History of Astronomy for His Failure to Discover the Planet 'Neptune')
James Challis
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 12, 1803
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Braintree, Essex, England
Died: December 3

Astronomer and physicist James Challis had been a professor of astronomy and the director of the Cambridge Observatory. Throughout his career, he published over 200 academic papers. Though he had observed Neptune a month before its official discovery, he had failed to identify as a separate planet.

 30 
George Perkins Marsh
(Environmentalist)
George Perkins Marsh
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 15, 1801
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Woodstock, Vermont, United States
Died: July 23
 31 
Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald
(Estonian Writer Regarded as 'Father of the National Literature for Estonia')
Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 26, 1803
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Jõepere, Estonia
Died: August 25

Estonian writer and physician Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald is regarded as father of the national literature for Estonia. He is best remembered for authoring the epic poem Kalevipoeg that is considered the Estonian national epic. It is considered that Kreutzwald wrote the first original Estonian book. He was also noted as a leader of the national awakening.

 32 
Thurlow Weed
(Politician)
Thurlow Weed
2
Birthdate: November 15, 1797
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Greene County, New York, United States
Died: November 22
 33 
William Harrison Ainsworth
(Novelist)
William Harrison Ainsworth
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: February 4, 1805
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Manchester, England
Died: January 3
 34 
Edward Henry Palmer
(Explorer)
Edward Henry Palmer
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 7, 1840
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cambridge, England
Died: August 10
 35 
Joachim Raff
(German-Swiss Composer and Pedagogue)
Joachim Raff
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: May 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lachen, Switzerland
Died: June 24

Joachim Raff was a German-Swiss pianist, pedagogue, and composer. He is best remembered for his work at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt where he served as the institute's first director. He contributed immensely to the success of the conservatory and employed a number of renowned musicians as teachers, including Clara Schumann.

 36 
Lord Frederick Cavendishdish
(Politician)
Lord Frederick Cavendishdish
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 30, 1836
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Eastbourne, England, United Kingdom
Died: May 6
 37 
Hablot Knight Browne
(Artist)
Hablot Knight Browne
0
Birthdate: July 12, 1815
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lambeth, England
Died: July 8
 38 
John Scott Russell
(Scottish Civil Engineer, Naval Architect and Shipbuilder Best Known for Researches in Ship Design)
John Scott Russell
0
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: May 9, 1808
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Parkhead, Glasgow, Scotland
Died: June 8

Glasgow-born civil engineer John Scott Russell is best remembered for his contribution to naval architecture. He was the first to build a naval battleship entirely made of iron, the HMS Warrior. His written works include the 3-volume The Modern System of Naval Architecture. He also discovered Russell's solitary wave.

 39 
Timothy H. O'Sullivan
(Photographer)
Timothy H. O'Sullivan
0
Listed In: Photographers
Birthdate: 1840 AD
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: January 14
 40 
Henry Kendall
(Author)
Henry Kendall
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 18, 1839
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New South Wales, Australia
Died: August 1

After losing his father at age 2, Henry Kendall was raised on a farm by his mother. The Australian bush poet is remembered for his depictions of nature in works such as Leaves from Australian Forests. Throughout his life, he continued to switch from one job to another.

 41 
Egerton Ryerson
(Educator, minister known for Championing free schooling in Canada, influence in the design of the Canadian Indian residential school system)
Egerton Ryerson
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 24, 1803
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Walsh, Canada
Died: February 19
 42 
Arthur de Gobineau
(French Aristocrat & Writer Best Known for Helping to Legitimise 'Racism' by the Use of Scientific Racist Theory)
Arthur de Gobineau
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: July 14, 1816
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ville-d'Avray, France
Died: October 13

Arthur de Gobineau was a French aristocrat best remembered for his efforts to legitimize racism. He cited scientific racist theory as legitimate evidence in an attempt to coerce people into believing that the Aryan race is superior. He was also known as a novelist, travel writer, and diplomat among his contemporaries. 

 43 
Mikhail Skobelev
(General)
Mikhail Skobelev
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 29, 1843
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 7
 44 
Giovanni Dupré
(Italian Sculptor)
Giovanni Dupré
0
Birthdate: March 1, 1817
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Siena, Italy
Died: January 10

Giovanni Dupré was a 19th-century Italian sculptor considered one of the best of his era. He began his career working in his father’s workshop. In his early career, he also created many fakes of Renaissance sculptures. He earned much respect over the years and took many pupils. His daughter Amalia followed in his footsteps.   

 45 
Jules Quicherat
(Historian)
Jules Quicherat
0
Birthdate: October 13, 1814
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 8
 46 
Sophie Gray
(Model)
Sophie Gray
0
Listed In: Fashion
Birthdate: October 28, 1843
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: March 15
 47 
West Hughes Humphreys
(Judge)
West Hughes Humphreys
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: August 26, 1806
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States
Died: October 16
 48 
Francis Maitland Balfour
(Biologist)
Francis Maitland Balfour
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 10, 1851
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland,
Died: July 19
 49 
Carlo Piaggia
(Italian Explorer)
Carlo Piaggia
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 4, 1827
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lucca, Italy
Died: January 17

Italian explorer Carlo Piaggia is best known for his exploration of Lake Kyoga in Uganda and the upper Nile River system. Though he belonged to a poor family and had very little formal education, his thirst for knowledge led him to learn about the geography and natural history of African nations.

 50 
William George Ward
(Theologian)
William George Ward
0
Birthdate: March 21, 1812
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 6