Famous People Who Died In 1864

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1864. This list includes people like Nathaniel Hawthorne, Stephen Foster, George Boole, John Clare, George M. Dallas and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include soldiers, military leaders, political leaders and poets who died in 1864. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom, Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Nathaniel Hawthorne
(Novelist and Short Story Writer)
Nathaniel Hawthorne
7
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: July 4, 1804
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Salem, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 19

Nathaniel Hawthorne was an American writer, known for dark romanticism and moral-themed novels and short stories. A descendant of judge John Hathorne of the Salem witch trials infamy, the writer was a friend of late American president Franklin Pierce. His well-known books include Twice-Told Tales, The Scarlet Letter and The House of the Seven Gables. Nathaniel was married to painter Sophia Peabody.

 2 
George Boole
(Mathematician, Philosopher, and Logician Best Known as the Author of ‘The Laws of Thought’)
George Boole
4
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 2, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England
Died: December 8

George Boole is remembered for pioneering Boolean algebra, a tool used in digital computer circuits. More of a self-taught mathematician, Boole began teaching at 16 and later grew up to be a math professor at Queen’s College, Cork. His work in differential equations and algebraic logic was groundbreaking.

 3 
Stephen Foster
(Composer known as the Father of American music)
Stephen Foster
4
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: July 4, 1826
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 13
 4 
John Clare
(English Poet)
John Clare
28
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: July 13, 1793
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Helpston, England
Died: May 20
 5 
J. E. B. Stuart
(Confederate States Army General)
J. E. B. Stuart
15
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 6, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Patrick County, Virginia, United States
Died: May 12
 6 
George M. Dallas
(Vice President of the United States (1845-49))
George M. Dallas
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 10, 1792
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 31
 7 
John Hanning Speke
(Discoverer of the source of the Nile)
John Hanning Speke
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 4, 1827
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Somerset
Died: September 15
 8 
Vuk Stefanović Karadžić
(Philologist, Anthropologist and Linguist)
Vuk Stefanović Karadžić
2
Birthdate: November 6, 1787
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tršić, Serbia
Died: February 7
 9 
Patrick Cleburne
(Senior officer of the Confederate States Army who commanded infantry in the Western Theater of the American Civil War)
Patrick Cleburne
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 16, 1828
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ovens, Ireland
Died: November 30
 10 
Juan José Flores
(First President of Ecuador)
Juan José Flores
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 19, 1800
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Puerto Cabello
Died: October 1

Juan José Flores was a Venezuelan-born military general who served as the president of the new Republic of Ecuador on three non-consecutive terms. Enlisted as a private in the Spanish Royalist army at the age of 15, he grew up to be a military man with a commanding presence. He was an intelligent man and an eloquent orator. 

 11 
Gonçalves Dias
(Brazilian Romantic Poet, Playwright, Ethnographer and Linguist)
Gonçalves Dias
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 10, 1823
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caxias, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Died: November 3

Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian lawyer, poet, playwright, ethnographer, and linguist. A major figure of Brazilian Romanticism, he is credited with having composed Canção do exílio, often considered the best known poem of Brazilian literature. He was posthumously awarded the title of national poet of Brazil and is the patron of the 15th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. 

 12 
Leonidas Polk
(Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana)
Leonidas Polk
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 10, 1806
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
Died: June 14

Leonidas Polk was an American Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana. He is credited with establishing an Anglican Christian denomination called the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Confederate States of America. A political general of the Civil War, Leonidas Polk is remembered for commanding troops in the Battle of Perryville and the Battle of Shiloh among many other battles.

 13 
James B. McPherson
(Officer)
James B. McPherson
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 14, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Clyde
Died: July 22
 14 
Giacomo Meyerbeer
(Opera composer)
Giacomo Meyerbeer
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: September 5, 1791
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 2
 15 
Ferdinand Lassalle
(Prussian-German Jurist, Philosopher and Politician)
Ferdinand Lassalle
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: April 11, 1825
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: August 31

Enamoured by the ideas of French and German philosophers, Ferdinand Lassalle initially aspired to be a lecturer. He later joined the socialist cause and spearheaded Germany’s social democratic movement. He also introduced terms such as the iron law of wages and concepts such as Lassallism, or achieving socialist ideals through the state.

 16 
Anna Harrison
(Former First Lady of America)
Anna Harrison
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 25, 1775
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Morristown, Province of New Jersey
Died: February 25
 17 
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve
(German Astronomer and Geodesist Best Known for Studying Double Stars)
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: April 15, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Altona, Hamburg, Germany
Died: November 23

Part of the legendary Struve family of astronomers, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve is best remembered for his research on double stars, or binary stars. The winner of the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Struve had fled Germany and moved to Denmark and to Russia, to avoid military service.

 18 
William Dyce
(Artist)
William Dyce
0
Birthdate: September 19, 1806
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Aberdeen, Scotland
Died: February 14
 19 
Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine
(Politician)
Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: October 4, 1807
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boucherville, Canada
Died: February 26
 20 
ʿUmar Tal
(West African Islamic Scholar Who Founded the Short-Lived Toucouleur Empire)
ʿUmar Tal
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1794 AD
Birthplace: Halvar, Senegal
Died: February 12

ʿUmar Tal was a West African Islamic scholar, political leader, Toucouleur military commander, and Tijani Sufi. He is best remembered for founding the short-lived Toucouleur Empire, which encompassed much of present-day Senegal, Mauritania, Guinea, and Mali. ʿUmar Tal remains an important figure in Senegal, Mali, and Guinea. 

 21 
Simanas Daukantas
(Historian)
Simanas Daukantas
1
Birthdate: October 28, 1793
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kalviai, Lithuania
Died: December 6
 22 
John Ramsay McCulloch
(Economist)
John Ramsay McCulloch
0
Birthdate: March 1, 1789
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Whithorn, Scotland
Died: November 11

Scottish economist and statistician John Ramsay McCulloch was one of the main promoters of the principles of British economist David Ricardo. He also wrote for The Edinburgh Review and co-established and edited The Scotsman. Once a University College, London professor, he was also known for his works on economic history.

 23 
Robert Shields
(Military Personnel)
Robert Shields
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1827 AD
Birthplace: Cardiff, Wales
Died: December 23
 24 
Rose O'Neal Greenhow
(American Confederate Spy Who was Active During the American Civil War)
Rose O'Neal Greenhow
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1814 AD
Birthplace: Montgomery County, Maryland, United States
Died: October 1

Rose O'Neal Greenhow was a well-known Confederate spy who was active during the American Civil War. She is credited with securing the South's victory at the Battle of First Manassas in July 1861. After her demise, Rose O'Neal Greenhow was given a Confederate military funeral.

 25 
Anton Schindler
(Conductor, Writer, Musicologist, Music historian, Biographer, Composer)
Anton Schindler
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: June 13, 1795
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Medlov
Died: January 16
 26 
William I of Württemberg
(King)
William I of Württemberg
0
Birthdate: September 27, 1781
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lubin, Poland
Died: June 25
 27 
James Frederick Ferrier
(Scottish Metaphysical Writer and Philosopher)
James Frederick Ferrier
0
Birthdate: June 16, 1808
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: June 11

James Frederick Ferrier was a Scottish metaphysical philosopher, writer, and professor. He is best remembered for authoring a series of articles titled An Introduction to the Philosophy of Consciousness, which were published in Blackwood's Magazine. As an educator, James Frederick Ferrier taught at several prestigious institutions like Edinburgh University and the University of St Andrews.

 28 
Karl Ernst Claus
(Chemist)
Karl Ernst Claus
0
Birthdate: January 23, 1796
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Livonia, Russia
Died: March 24

German-Russian chemist Karl Ernst Claus of Baltic-German ancestry is best remembered as the discoverer of the chemical element ruthenium. He discovered it while serving as a professor at Kazan State University and named it ruthenium in honour of his homeland Russia. Claus is also counted among the first scientists who applied quantitative methods in botany.

 29 
George S. Patton Sr.
(Military personnel)
George S. Patton Sr.
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 26, 1833
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fredericksburg, Virginia, United States
Died: September 25
 30 
Ferdinand Alphonse Hamelin
(Naval Officer)
Ferdinand Alphonse Hamelin
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 2, 1796
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pont-l'Évêque, France
Died: January 10
 31 
Eliza Farnham
(Writer)
Eliza Farnham
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: November 17, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rensselaer, New York, United States
Died: December 15
 32 
Imre Madách
(Hungarian Poet, Dramatist and Playwright)
Imre Madách
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 20, 1823
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dolná Strehová, Slovakia
Died: October 5

Though a qualified lawyer, Imre Madách gained fame as a poet and author. The 15-act play The Tragedy of Man, compared to the works of Faust and Milton, was not only his best-known work but also a significant addition to Hungarian literature. He was also a politician and an MP.

 33 
David Sassoon
(Indian Entrepreneur)
David Sassoon
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1792
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: November 7
 34 
Thomas Blanchard
(Inventor)
Thomas Blanchard
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: June 24, 1788
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sutton
Died: April 16
 35 
Johann Lukas Schönlein
(German Physician Known for His Pioneering Contribution to the Diagnoses of Several Diseases)
Johann Lukas Schönlein
0
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: November 30, 1793
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bamberg, Germany
Died: January 23

German physician Johann Lukas Schönlein made many pioneering contributions to medical science, such as using the microscope for the first time the chemical analyses of urine and blood diagnosing diseases. He first published the word tuberculosis and coined the word hemophilia. He also discovered Achorion schonleinii as the cause of ringworm infection.

 36 
Jean-Jacques Ampère
(Philologist)
Jean-Jacques Ampère
0
Birthdate: August 12, 1800
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: March 27
 37 
William Balfour Baikie
(Explorer)
William Balfour Baikie
0
Birthdate: August 27, 1825
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kirkwall, Scotland
Died: December 12
 38 
Myrtilla Miner
(Abolitionist)
Myrtilla Miner
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 4, 1815
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brookfield, New York,United States
Died: December 17
 39 
James Bronterre O'Brien
(Journalist)
James Bronterre O'Brien
0
Birthdate: 1805
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Longford, Ireland
Died: December 23
 40 
Fidelia Fisk
(American Congregationalist Missionary and Teacher)
Fidelia Fisk
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 1, 1816
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shelburne, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 9

Fidelia Fisk was a noted American missionary to Persia (Iran), who championed the cause of women’s education and health in Urmia, Iran. Initially a teacher, she had later moved to Iran to be part of the Nestorian Christians. However, she eventually went back to the U.S. with failing health.

 41 
Apollon Grigoryev
(Poet)
Apollon Grigoryev
0
Birthdate: July 16, 1822
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 25
 42 
Roger B. Taney
(5th Chief Justice of the United States)
Roger B. Taney
4
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: March 17, 1777
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Calvert County, Maryland, United States
Died: October 12
 43 
John Hunt Morgan
(Military General)
John Hunt Morgan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 1, 1825
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.
Died: September 4
 44 
James William Wallack
(Actor)
James William Wallack
0
Birthdate: 1794 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 1864 AD
 45 
Jack Slade
(Gunslinger)
Jack Slade
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 22, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Carlyle, Illinois, United States
Died: March 10
 46 
Hong Xiuquan
(Taiping Heavenly King from 1851 to 1864)
Hong Xiuquan
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 1, 1814
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Huadu District, Guangzhou, China
Died: June 1

Hong Xiuquan was a Hakka Chinese revolutionary best remembered for leading the Taiping Rebellion against the much-feared and powerful Qing Dynasty. Credited with establishing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, Hong Xiuquan later served as an inspiration to the Communists under Mao Zedong. In 1959, China established a small museum to honor his legacy.  

 47 
Prince Eduard Franz of Liechtenstein
(Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein's son)
Prince Eduard Franz of Liechtenstein
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 22, 1809
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 27
 48 
Maximilian II of Bavaria
(King)
Maximilian II of Bavaria
1
Birthdate: November 28, 1811
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: March 10
 49 
James Drummond Burns
(Poet)
James Drummond Burns
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: February 18, 1823
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: November 27

James Drummond Burns was a Scottish poet and Presbyterian minister best remembered for his work The Vision of Prophecy, and other Poems. He is also known for his contribution to the eighth edition of Encyclopædia Britannica.

 50 
John Leech
(Illustrator)
John Leech
0
Birthdate: August 29, 1817
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 29