Juan José Flores Biography

Juan Jose Flores was the first President of Ecuador. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Quick Facts

Birthday: July 19, 1800

Nationality: Ecuadorian

Famous: Presidents Military Leaders

Died At Age: 64

Sun Sign: Cancer

Also Known As: Juan Jose Flores

Born in: Puerto Cabello

Famous as: First President of Ecuador


children: Antonio Flores Jijón

Died on: October 1, 1864

place of death: Puná Island

Continue Reading Below

Juan Jose Flores was the first President of Ecuador and served the country in his capacity as president three times. Flores was an illegitimate child of a Spanish merchant who abandoned him and his mother when he was still a child and his childhood was spent in poverty. Flores was born in Venezuela and due to the abject poverty in which he grew up; he did not have any opportunity to get an education. He worked in a hospital till he was 14 years old but then decided to enter the Spanish Royalist Army. His stint at the army was a successful one but after being captured by the patriot army he decided to join them and again showed his remarkable skills as heroic soldier as he helped the army in winning key battles against the Spanish Royalist Army. However, his life changed completely when he was installed as the supreme leader of Ecuador in 1830 and later on that year, he became the country’s first president. During his three terms as president, he had plenty of conflicts with other members of the congress and it was due to these conflicts, among other things, that his government was overthrown following a rebellion.

Childhood & Early Life
Recommended Lists:

Recommended Lists:

  • In his position as a private in the Spanish Royalist Army, Juan Jose Flores impressed one and all with his diligence, loyalty and heroism. He became a sergeant quite soon but in 1817 he was captured by the enemies. It was during his incarceration that he identified with the cause of freeing the region from Spanish rule and joined forces with Simon Bolivar’s patriot army.
  • After joining the patriot army, Juan Jose Flores displayed his talents as a heroic soldier and battle strategist as he helped the army win plenty of battles. The Battle of Carabobo in 1821 was a particularly notable victory for the army that was overseen by Flores and he was soon made the Colonel. Subsequently, he became the Commandant General of the city of Pasto.
  • On May 13, 1830, Ecuador was liberated and Juan Jose Flores was installed as the supreme chief of the country. On August 14, 1830, Flores was appointed as the provisional president and a month later the constituent assembly at Riobamba confirmed him as the elected president of Ecuador.
  • Juan Jose Flores’ became the first president of Ecuador but his first term as president was a particularly trying one and it came to an end after four years on September 10, 1834. During that term he had to quell a rebellion headed by Luis Urdaneta and subsequently he faced challenges from his fellow Ecuadorian congressman Vicente Rocafuerte, who wanted to be the president. Flores brokered a peace by agreeing to make Rocafuerte the next president if he was made the head of the army.
  • Throughout his first stint as the President of Ecuador, Juan Jose Flores had to defend the country against Columbian invasion and after two battles, the Columbians were defeated decisively on January 18, 1835.
  • On February 1, 1839, Juan Jose Flores started his second term as President of Ecuador and during his four years stint he sought to promote peace and social justice. Flores involved the military in Nueva Granada after the Columbian government requested him to do so but it proved to be a largely unpopular operation.
  • Flores became president for the third term on April 1, 1843 after annulling the constitution of Ecuador but his tenure was short lived as a rebellion threw out his government two years later. Vicente Rocafuerte was one of the leaders of the rebellion, along with the next president Vicente Ramon Roca. Flores tried to invade Ecuador with the help of royal families of Spain and France, but those efforts proved to be fruitless.
Major Works
  • Although Juan Jose Flores will always be remembered as Ecuador’s first president, it was his work with the patriot army with Simon Bolivar that will remain his most important work in a distinguished military career.
Personal Life & Legacy
  • Juan Jose Flores was married to Dona Mercedes Jijon, who belonged to an aristocratic family. The couple had a son named Antonio Flores Jijon, who was born in 1833.
  • Juan Jose Flores died on October 1, 1864 in Puna Island in Ecuador after suffering from uremia. He was under house arrest at the time.

See the events in life of Juan José Flores in Chronological Order

How To Cite

Article Title
- Juan José Flores Biography
- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
- TheFamousPeople.com
Juan José Flores

People Also Viewed

Rafael Correa
Tabaré Vázquez
Ptolemy I Soter
Nicolás Maduro

Rutherford B. Hayes
Alfred Moisiu
Pratibha Patil