Famous People Who Died In 1861

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1861. This list includes people like Albert, Prince Consort, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Frederick William IV of Prussia, Henry Gray and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, emperors & kings, poets and journalists who died in 1861. This list includes people from England, United States, Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Albert, Prince Consort
(Prince Consort of Queen Victoria of Great Britain (1840 - 1861))
Albert, Prince Consort
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 26, 1819
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Schloss Schloss Rosenau, Coburg, Rödental, Germany
Died: December 14

Albert, Prince Consort was the husband of Queen Victoria who earned a reputation for promoting public causes like the abolition of slavery worldwide and educational reform. He also helped develop Britain's constitutional monarchy by guiding his wife during her dealings with Parliament. After his untimely death at age 42, Queen Victoria started wearing black for the remainder of her life. 

 2 
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
(English poet of the Victorian era, best known for her 'Sonnets From the Portuguese' and 'Aurora Leigh.)
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 6, 1806
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kelloe, Durham, England
Died: June 29
 3 
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
(German Princess and the Mother of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom)
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
7
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 17, 1786
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Coburg, Germany
Died: March 16

Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, mother of Queen Victoria of the U.K., was a German princess who became the Duchess of Kent and Strathearn by virtue of her marriage to Prince Edward. She was initially married to Charles, Prince of Leiningen. The Royal Chapel of All Saints was dedicated to her.

 4 
Abdülmecid I
(Sultan of the Ottoman Empire)
Abdülmecid I
3
Birthdate: April 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: İstanbul Eyaleti
Died: June 25

Abdülmecid I reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 2 July 1839 until his death on 25 June 1861. During his reign, Abdülmecid I tried to set up alliances with France and the United Kingdom. He also played an important role in the Crimean War against the Russians.

 5 
Taras Shevchenko
(Poet)
Taras Shevchenko
7
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 9, 1814
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Morintsy, Ukraine
Died: March 10
 6 
Elisha Otis
(Inventor, Businessperson)
Elisha Otis
1
Birthdate: August 3, 1811
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Halifax, Vermont, United States
Died: April 8
 7 
Henry Gray
(Anatomist and surgeon)
Henry Gray
0
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: 1827 AD
Birthplace: Belgravia
Died: June 13

Best known for his iconic medical textbook Gray's Anatomy, surgeon Henry Gray, who was a skilled anatomist, was made a Fellow of The Royal Society at the tender age of 25. His untimely death at 34 due to small pox, while treating his nephew, cheated him of an illustrious career.

 8 
Stephen Douglas
(The Designer of the Kansas–Nebraska Act)
Stephen Douglas
12
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 23, 1813
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brandon, Vermont, United States
Died: June 3
 9 
Lola Montez
(Spanish Dancer, Courtesan, and Mistress of King Ludwig I of Bavaria)
Lola Montez
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 17, 1821
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Grange, Ireland
Died: January 17

Lola Montez was an Irish actress and dancer. She achieved popularity as a Spanish courtesan, dancer, and mistress of King Ludwig I of Bavaria. The German revolutions of 1848–1849 forced her to flee to the United States, where she established herself as an actress and dancer. Lola Montez has been portrayed in many films, including Lola Montez, the King's Dancer.

 10 
Ranavalona I
(Antananarivo, Madagascar)
Ranavalona I
0
Birthdate: 1788 AD
Birthplace: Ambatomanoina, Madagascar
Died: August 16
 11 
Frederick William IV of Prussia
(Former King of Prussia (1840 - 1861))
Frederick William IV of Prussia
0
Birthdate: October 15, 1795
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 2

Frederick William IV of Prussia was the King of Prussia from 1840 until his death in 1861.  He was the eldest son of Frederick William III of Prussia and his wife, Queen Louise. He was a staunch Romanticist and was a patron of several great German artists. He ascended to the throne upon the death of his father in 1840.

 12 
Patrick Brontë
(Priest)
Patrick Brontë
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 17, 1777
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rathfriland, County Down, Ireland
Died: June 7
 13 
William Lyon Mackenzie
(1st Mayor of Toronto)
William Lyon Mackenzie
5
Birthdate: March 12, 1795
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dundee, Scotland
Died: August 28

Born in Scotland, William Lyon Mackenzie moved to Canada as a merchant but soon got involved in the country’s politics. He later stepped into journalism and launched his own newspaper, the Colonial Advocate. He spearheaded the Canadian Rebellion of 1837, a failed uprising against the Canadian government.

 14 
Arthur Hugh Clough
(Poet)
Arthur Hugh Clough
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 1, 1819
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Liverpool, England
Died: November 13
 15 
Adam Jerzy Czartoryski
(Statesman)
Adam Jerzy Czartoryski
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 14, 1770
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: July 15
 16 
Eliphalet Remington
(Engineer Who founded the "Remington Arms")
Eliphalet Remington
2
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: October 28, 1793
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Suffield, Connecticut, United States
Died: August 12
 17 
Utagawa Kuniyoshi
(Artist)
Utagawa Kuniyoshi
0
Birthdate: January 1, 1798
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: April 14

Nineteenth-century Japanese painter and printmaker Utagawa Kuniyoshi was one of the major figures behind the ukiyo-e style of woodwork. Born to a silk-dyer, he had started as a print designer. While he initially specialized in warrior prints, he later also worked on landscapes, such as the series Famous Sights of Edo.

 18 
Xianfeng Emperor
(Emperor)
Xianfeng Emperor
4
Birthdate: July 17, 1831
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Yuanmingyuan Park, Beijing, China
Died: August 22

Qing dynasty Chinese emperor Xianfeng not just faced the invasion of the European powers but also had to deal with the internal Taiping Rebellion. In his bid to prevent the disintegration of his empire, he relied on the militia. He eventually fled his city when the Anglo-French forces advanced into it.

 19 
William John Wills
(Explorer)
William John Wills
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 5, 1834
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Totnes, Devon, England
Died: June 28
 20 
Debsirindra
(Queen)
Debsirindra
1
Birthdate: July 17, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bangkok, Siam, Thailand
Died: September 9
 21 
Friedrich Carl von Savigny
(Jurist)
Friedrich Carl von Savigny
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: February 21, 1779
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: October 25
 22 
Richard Oastler
(British Industrial Reformer)
Richard Oastler
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: December 20, 1789
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Leeds, England
Died: August 22

Nicknamed the Factory King, Richard Oastler was a prominent English social reformer who is known for his relentless campaign for shortening work hours, eventually leading to the 1847 Ten Hours Act. While in prison for opposing the Poor Law Amendment Act, he penned Fleet Papers, a collection of his social theories.

 23 
Mikhail Dmitrievich Gorchakov
(Military general)
Mikhail Dmitrievich Gorchakov
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 28, 1793
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: May 18
 24 
John McLean
(Jurist and politician)
John McLean
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 11, 1785
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Morris County, New Jersey, United States
Died: April 4
 25 
Ernst Anschutz
(Poet)
Ernst Anschutz
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 28, 1780
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Suhl, Germany
Died: December 18
 26 
José María Obando
(Politician)
José María Obando
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 8, 1795
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Miranda, Colombia
Died: April 29
 27 
Herbert Coleridge
(Philologist)
Herbert Coleridge
0
Birthdate: October 7, 1830
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: United Kingdom
Died: April 23
 28 
Nikolay Dobrolyubov
(Literary Critic)
Nikolay Dobrolyubov
0
Birthdate: February 5, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: November 29
 29 
Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky
(Former Minister-President of the Austrian Empire)
Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 31, 1778
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: April 4

A prominent Austrian statesman and Bohemian nobleman of the 19th century, Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky had served as the Minister-President of the Austrian Empire. He had also been the interior minister of his kingdom. He was also the main rival of Prince Klemens von Metternich.

 30 
Henri Mouhot
(French Naturalist Who Explored Angkor and Informed the Western World about It)
Henri Mouhot
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 15, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Montbéliard, Doubs, France
Died: November 10

French naturalist and explorer Henri Mouhot started his career as a professor of philology and travelled throughout Europe. With the help of British academic societies, he went on a mission to Indochina. He is best known for informing the Western world of the ruins of Angkor.

 31 
Mark Cubbon
(Army officer with the East India Company)
Mark Cubbon
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 23, 1775
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Maughold, Isle of Man
Died: April 23
 32 
Charles Philipon
(French Caricaturist, Lithographer, and Journalist)
Charles Philipon
0
Birthdate: April 19, 1800
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 25
 33 
Robert O'Hara Burke
(Explorer)
Robert O'Hara Burke
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 6, 1821
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: St. Clerah’s, Ireland
Died: June 28
 34 
Heinrich Marschner
(Composer)
Heinrich Marschner
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: August 16, 1795
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Zittau, Germany
Died: December 16
 35 
Mariana Carcelen
(Aristocrat)
Mariana Carcelen
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 27, 1805
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Real Audiencia of Quito, Spanish Empire
Died: December 15
 36 
Friedrich Christoph Schlosser
(Historian)
Friedrich Christoph Schlosser
0
Birthdate: November 17, 1776
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jever, Germany
Died: September 23
 37 
Jean-Baptiste Henri-Dominique Lacordaire
(Journalist)
Jean-Baptiste Henri-Dominique Lacordaire
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 12, 1802
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: France
Died: November 21
 38 
Eugène Scribe
(French dramatist)
Eugène Scribe
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 24, 1791
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 20
 39 
Manuel Antônio de Almeida
(Brazilian Satirical Writer, Medician and Teacher)
Manuel Antônio de Almeida
0
Birthdate: November 17, 1831
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: November 28

Brazilian author Manuel Antônio de Almeida initially studied art and medicine but later supported himself as a translator and journalist. His best-known work remains the iconic novel Memoirs of a Militia Sergeant. He often wrote under the pseudonym Um Brasileiro and was part of the romantic movement in literature.

 40 
George Tucker
(Former Politician, Writer, whose literary works include The Valley of Shenandoah (1824))
George Tucker
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 20, 1775
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: St. George's Island, Bermuda
Died: April 10
 41 
Benjamin Caunt
(Boxer)
Benjamin Caunt
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 22, 1815
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hucknall, England
Died: September 10
Height: 6'2" (188 cm)
 42 
George Gurnett
(journalist, politician)
George Gurnett
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1792 AD
Birthplace: England
Died: November 17
 43 
Henri Murger
(French author)
Henri Murger
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 28
 44 
Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
(Zoologist)
Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 16, 1805
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 10
 45 
Ludwig Friedrich Leopold von Gerlach
(Prussian general)
Ludwig Friedrich Leopold von Gerlach
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 17, 1790
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 10
 46 
Lemuel Shaw
(Jurist)
Lemuel Shaw
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: January 9, 1781
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: West Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 30
 47 
Jonas Furrer
(Swiss Lawyer and Politician)
Jonas Furrer
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 3, 1805
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Winterthur, Switzerland
Died: July 25
 48 
John Heathcoat
(British Inventor of Lace-Making Machinery)
John Heathcoat
0
Birthdate: August 7, 1783
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Duffield, Derbyshire, England
Died: January 18

John Heathcoat was an English inventor who improved the construction of the warp-loom in order to produce better-looking mitts. In 1808, he invented the machine to produce an exact imitation of handmade pillow lace. It was by far the most complex and expensive textile apparatus.

 49 
Pavel Josef Šafařík
(Poet)
Pavel Josef Šafařík
0
Birthdate: May 13, 1795
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kobeliarovo, Slovakia
Died: June 26
 50 
Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet
(Statesman)
Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 1, 1792
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cumberland, England
Died: October 25