Famous People Who Died In 1856

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1856. This list includes people like Robert Schumann, Max Stirner, Heinrich Heine, Manuela Sáenz, Amedeo Avogadro and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, philosophers, military leaders and poets who died in 1856. This list includes people from France, United States, England & Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Robert Schumann
(One of the Greatest Composer of the Romantic Era which include 'Carnaval, Symphonic Studies and Kinderszenen')
Robert Schumann
10
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: June 8, 1810
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Zwickau, Germany
Died: July 29
Robert Schumann was a German pianist, music critic, and composer. An influential musician of the Romantic era, Schumann is considered one of the greatest composers of the era. Schumann was initially focused on becoming the finest pianist in Europe. However, a hand injury brought an end to his dream, forcing him to focus on composing.
 2 
Amedeo Avogadro
(Chemist and Physicist)
Amedeo Avogadro
6
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: August 9, 1776
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: July 9

Son of a reputed senator and lawyer in Italy, Amedeo Avogadro was himself a qualified lawyer. However, he later delved into research as a mathematical physicist and is best remembered for laying down the Avogadro’s law, contributing to the molecular theory of gases. The Avogadro constant is named after him.

 3 
Manuela Sáenz
(South American Revolutionary and Spy)
Manuela Sáenz
10
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 27, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Quito, Ecuador
Died: November 23

Manuela Sáenz was an Ecuadorian revolutionary who supported women's rights. She received the Order of the Sun, honoring her services in the revolution. Today, she is widely regarded as a feminist symbol of the 19th century. In 2007, the Ecuadorian government honored her with the rank of General.

 4 
Max Stirner
(German Philosopher Best Known for His Work ‘The Ego and Its Own’)
Max Stirner
1
Birthdate: October 25, 1806
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bayreuth, Germany
Died: June 26
German philosopher Max Stirner had humble beginnings as a girls’ preparatory school teacher and translator. Remembered for his most ground-breaking work, The Ego and His Own, he explored the ego and Hegel’s concepts of social alienation. Unfortunately, he died of a poisonous insect bite at 49.
 5 
Heinrich Heine
(German Poet & Literary Critic Know for His Works 'Germany. A Winter's Tale' and 'Buch der Lieder')
Heinrich Heine
5
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 13, 1797
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Germany
Died: February 17

Heinrich Heine was a German poet, literary critic, and writer. He is known internationally for his lyric poetry, which was popularized by composers like Franz Schubert and Robert Schumann who adapted Heine's lyric poetry into art songs. Heinrich Heine's radical political views forced the German authorities to ban his works, which only added to his popularity.

 6 
Paul Delaroche
(Former painter whose painstakingly realistic historical subjects made him one of the most successful academic artists of mid-19th-century France)
Paul Delaroche
0
Birthdate: July 17, 1797
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 4
 7 
Adolphe Adam
(French Music Critic, Teacher, and Composer Best Remembered for His Ballets, 'Le corsaire' and 'Giselle')
Adolphe Adam
0
Birthdate: July 24, 1803
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 3

Adolphe Adam was a French music critic, teacher, and composer. Best remembered for his ballets, Le corsaire and Giselle, Adam was a prolific composer for the theatre. Adolphe Adam is credited with developing the French form of opera along with his teacher Adrien Boieldieu and his older contemporary Daniel Auber.

 8 
Nikolai Lobachevsky
(Mathematician)
Nikolai Lobachevsky
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 1, 1792
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: February 24
 9 
William Buckland
(English Theologian, Palaeontologist, and Geologist Who Wrote the First Full Account of a Dinosaur Fossil)
William Buckland
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: March 12, 1784
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Axminster, Devon, England
Died: August 14

William Buckland was an English theologian, palaeontologist, and geologist. He is best remembered for his service as the Dean of Westminster. He is credited with writing the first full account of a dinosaur fossil, which he named Megalosaurus. William Buckland pioneered the usage of fossilized faeces to reconstruct ecosystems. Buckland was the recipient of the prestigious Copley Medal.

 10 
Ľudovít Štúr
(Revolutionary Politician and an Important Figure in Slovak History)
Ľudovít Štúr
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 28, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Uhrovec, Slovakia
Died: January 12

Slovak author and politician Ľudovít Štúr was a major figure of the 19th-century Slovak national revival. He had started writing poems as a teenager and had also penned The Theory of the Slovak Language. He was also part of the Hungarian Assembly. He later accidentally shot himself during a hunt.

 11 
Florestan, Prince of Monaco
(Prince)
Florestan, Prince of Monaco
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 10, 1785
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 20
 12 
John M. Clayton
(Politician)
John M. Clayton
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: July 24, 1796
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dagsboro, Delaware, United States
Died: November 9
 13 
Charles Frédéric Gerhardt
(French chemist)
Charles Frédéric Gerhardt
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: August 21, 1816
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: August 19

Charles Frédéric Gerhardt was a French chemist. He developed an early interest in chemistry and studied the subject under German chemist Otto Linné Erdmann. He later went to Paris and attended Jean Baptiste Dumas’ lectures before embarking on an academic career. He is best known for his work on reforming the notation for chemical formulas. 

 14 
Eston Hemings
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 21, 1808
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Monticello, Virginia, United States
Died: January 3
 15 
Ninomiya Sontoku
(Philosopher)
Ninomiya Sontoku
0
Birthdate: September 4, 1787
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ashigarakami District, Kanagawa, Japan
Died: November 17
 16 
Father Mathew
(Priest)
Father Mathew
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 10, 1790
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: County Tipperary, Ireland
Died: December 8
 17 
Théodore Guérin
(Saint)
Théodore Guérin
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 2, 1798
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Étables-sur-Mer, France
Died: May 14
 18 
Hugh Miller
(Geologist)
Hugh Miller
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: October 10, 1802
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cromarty, Scotland
Died: December 24
 19 
Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov
(Statesman)
Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 30, 1782
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: November 18
 20 
Thomas Attwood
(Former Member of Parliament of the United Kingdom, Banker and Economist)
Thomas Attwood
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: October 6, 1783
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Halesowen, Shropshire, England
Died: March 6

British banker, economist, political-campaigner Thomas Attwood is best-remembered as a leader in the electoral reform movement. He founded the Birmingham Political Union and emerged as a prominent figure of the underconsumptionist Birmingham School and during the public campaign for Great Reform Act of 1832. After the act was passed, Attwood and Joshua Scholefield became the first two Members of Parliament for Birmingham.

 21 
Jovan Sterija Popović
(One of the best comic playwrights in Serbian literature)
Jovan Sterija Popović
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 13, 1806
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vršac, Serbia
Died: March 10
 22 
Alonzo Morphy
(Lawyer)
Alonzo Morphy
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: November 23, 1798
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: November 22
 23 
Robert L. Stevens
(Inventor)
Robert L. Stevens
0
Birthdate: October 18, 1787
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
Died: April 20
 24 
Gim Jeong-hui
(Calligrapher)
Gim Jeong-hui
0
Birthdate: June 3, 1786
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kyongho-ri, South Korea
Died: October 10
 25 
István Ferenczy
(Hungarian sculptor)
István Ferenczy
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 24, 1792
Sun Sign: Pisces
Died: July 4

Renowned Hungarian sculptor István Ferenczy was the son of a locksmith but ended up training in copperplate engraving at the Vienna Academy. A master of marble statues, he wished to establish a sculpting school in his country. Eurydike and the Statue of Kölcsey remain two of his best-known works.

 26 
Colin Halkett
(British Army officer who became Lieutenant Governor of Jersey)
Colin Halkett
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 7, 1774
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Venlo, Netherlands
Died: September 24
 27 
Hendrik George de Perponcher Sedlnitsky
(Diplomat, Military personnel)
Hendrik George de Perponcher Sedlnitsky
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 19, 1771
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: The Hague
Died: November 29
 28 
John Ross
(Navy Officer)
John Ross
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 24, 1777
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Balsarroch, Scotland
Died: August 30
 29 
Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen
(Prince)
Carl, 3rd Prince of Leiningen
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 12, 1804
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bavaria, Germany
Died: November 13
 30 
William Palmer
(physician, serial killer)
William Palmer
2
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: August 6, 1824
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rugeley
Died: June 14

Physician William Palmer, also known as Palmer the Poisoner, was hanged in public for the murder of his friend John Cook. He had apparently poisoned Cook with strychnine and had also killed several others, eventually gaining from their insurance. He has been loosely referred to in many literary works.

 31 
Théodore Chassériau
(Painter)
Théodore Chassériau
0
Birthdate: September 20, 1819
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: El Limón, Dominican Republic
Died: October 8
 32 
Pyotr Chaadayev
(Russian author)
Pyotr Chaadayev
0
Birthdate: June 7, 1794
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: April 26
 33 
Nicolas-Charles Bochsa
(Harpist)
Nicolas-Charles Bochsa
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: August 9, 1789
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Montmédy, France
Died: January 6
 34 
Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge
(Former Governor-General of India)
Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 30, 1785
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wrotham, England
Died: September 24
 35 
Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet
(Scottish Metaphysician and Philosopher Known for His Contributions in the Field of Logic)
Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet
1
Birthdate: March 8, 1788
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: May 6

Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet, was a Scottish metaphysician and educator best remembered for his work in the field of logic. Hamilton, who made attempts to combine the views held by German philosopher Immanuel Kant with the Scottish philosophy of common sense, is credited with popularizing the works of Kant in the United Kingdom.

 36 
Étienne Cabet
(Philosopher)
Étienne Cabet
0
Birthdate: January 1, 1788
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dijon, France
Died: November 9
 37 
Agostino Bassi
(Entomologist)
Agostino Bassi
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: September 25, 1773
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mairago, Italy
Died: February 8
 38 
Said bin Sultan
(Ruler)
Said bin Sultan
2
Birthdate: June 5, 1791
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Muscat, Oman
Died: October 19
 39 
Augustin Thierry
(French Historian)
Augustin Thierry
0
Birthdate: May 10, 1795
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Blois, France
Died: May 22

One of the most outstanding Romantic historians of his era, Augustin Thierry is especially known for his discursive style of presenting history.  An ardent supporter of the French Revolution, he was initially influenced by Henri de Saint-Simon; but later developed a style of his own, among his most valuable work being History of the Conquest of England by the Normans.

 40 
Julie Guicciardi
(Countess)
Julie Guicciardi
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 23, 1784
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Przemyśl, Poland
Died: March 22
 41 
Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich
(Military leader)
Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 19, 1782
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Poltava, Ukraine
Died: February 1
 42 
Karel Havlíček Borovský
(Czech Writer and Journalist Who Popularized the 'National News' Newspaper)
Karel Havlíček Borovský
0
Birthdate: October 31, 1821
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Havlíčkova Borová, Czechia
Died: July 29

Karel Havlíček Borovský was a Czech writer, politician, publisher, critic, poet, and journalist. He is credited with popularizing a newspaper called National News, which became one of the most popular and influential publications of the late 1840s under his guidance. Karel Havlíček Borovský's life and career inspired a biographical film which released in 1925. 

 43 
Lucia Elizabeth Vestris
(Actress)
Lucia Elizabeth Vestris
1
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: March 3, 1797
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 8
 44 
George Henry Evans
(American Social Reformer and Newspaper Editor)
George Henry Evans
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: March 25, 1805
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bromyard, Herefordshire, England
Died: February 2

American reformer and trade unionist George Henry Evans is best remembered for his involvement in the 1829 Working Men's movement. He was also instrumental in the passage of the 1862 Homestead Act, was an abolitionist, and was a champion for women’s rights, too. He also owned the newspaper Working Man’s Advocate.

 45 
David d'Angers
(Sculptor)
David d'Angers
0
Birthdate: March 12, 1788
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Angers, France
Died: January 4
 46 
Thomas Doughty
(Artist)
Thomas Doughty
1
Birthdate: July 19, 1793
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: July 22
 47 
Ivan Kireyevsky
(Literary Critic)
Ivan Kireyevsky
0
Birthdate: April 3, 1806
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 23
 48 
James Strang
(American Religious Leader and Founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints)
James Strang
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 21, 1813
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Scipio, New York, United States
Died: July 9

James Strang, the leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, or the Strangite faction of the LDS movement, had also worked as a lawyer, a postmaster, and a teacher. He later proclaimed himself the king of Beaver Island, married five women, and had 14 children.

 49 
Adolphe Monod
(Clergyman)
Adolphe Monod
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 21, 1802
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: April 6
 50 
Yang Xiuqing
(Leader)
Yang Xiuqing
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 23, 1821
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Guiping, China
Died: September 2

Chinese military leader Yang Xiuqing is remembered for leading the Taiping Rebellion. Initially a firewood dealer, he later joined the army of Taiping leader Hong Xiuquan. However, when he tried to usurp the powers of Hong, he was executed along with his family and followers.