Famous People Born In 1801

Discover the most famous people born in 1801. The list includes people like Brigham Young, Vincenzo Bellini, Johannes Peter Müller, Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán, John Henry Newman and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, physicists, composers and artists born in 1801. This list includes people from United States, England, Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Marie Laveau
(American Voodoo Priestess and Herbalist)
Marie Laveau
8
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 10th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Died: June 15, 1881

Occultist and herbalist Marie Laveau was known as the Vodoo Queen of New Orleans. Though a hairdresser, she was chiefly known for her spiritual practices which she used to heal the sick and the poor. She has inspired several books, such as Robert Tallant's The Voodoo Queen.

 2 
William H. Seward
(Former United States Secretary of State)
William H. Seward
2
Birthdate: 16th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Florida, New York, United States
Died: October 10, 1872
 3 
John Henry Newman
(Theologian and Philosopher)
John Henry Newman
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 21st February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland United Kingdom
Died: August 11, 1890

An important figure in the English religious history, John Henry Newman was a nineteenth century theologian, scholar and poet. Famed for leading the Oxford movement in the Church of England, he later switched to the Roman Catholic Church, eventually becoming the Cardinal Deacon of St. George in Velabro.  Also an influential educator and writer, he was canonized in October 2019.

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 4 
Joseph Plateau
(Belgian Physicist & Mathematician - One of the First People to Demonstrate the Illusion of a Moving Image)
Joseph Plateau
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 14th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brussels
Died: September 15, 1883

Belgian physicist and mathematician Joseph Plateau was a pioneer of the modern animation and movie industry, as he invented the phenakistiscope, the world’s first device to create an illusion of motion through images. He also laid down the structure of soap films through Plateau's laws.

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 5 
Vincenzo Bellini
(Italian Opera Composer Known for His Long-Flowing Melodies)
Vincenzo Bellini
2
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 3rd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Catania, Italy
Died: September 23, 1835

Italian opera composer Vincenzo Bellini was encouraged to study music by his organist father. Best known for his operas such as The Sleepwalker and Norma, Bellini was named the Swan of Catania. His letters to his friend Francesco Florimo reveal Bellini was known for his womanizing ways, too.

 6 
David Farragut
(Military officer)
David Farragut
6
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 5th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Farragut, Tennessee, United States
Died: August 14, 1870
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 7 
Thomas Cole
(Painter)
Thomas Cole
3
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 1st February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bolton, Lancashire, England
Died: February 11, 1848
 8 
Frédéric Bastiat
(Member of the National Assembly of France (1848 - 1850))
Frédéric Bastiat
2
Birthdate: 30th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bayonne, France
Died: December 24, 1850

An ardent follower of Adam Smith’s ideas, French economist Frederic Bastiat propagated the concept of free trade. Apart from launching his journal Le Libre-Échange, he also penned the iconic satire Sophismes économiques and his most notable work The Law. He also introduced what later came to be known as opportunity cost.

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 9 
Brigham Young
(Second President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)
Brigham Young
11
Birthdate: 1st June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Whitingham
Died: August 29, 1877
Brigham Young, known as the "American Moses," was the second president of the LDS Church. He founded Salt Lake City, was the first governor of the Utah Territory, and led to the formation of the University of Utah and Brigham Young University. He was a polygamist who had 55 wives.
 10 
George Washington Adams
(Politician, Lawyer)
George Washington Adams
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 12th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: April 30, 1829
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 11 
Thierry Hermès
(Founded Hermès International)
Thierry Hermès
1
Birthdate: 10th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Krefeld, Germany
Died: January 10, 1878
 12 
Josip Jelačić
(Croatian Lieutenant Field Marshal in the Imperial-Royal Army)
Josip Jelačić
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 16th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Petrovaradin, Serbia
Died: May 20, 1859

Croatian lieutenant field marshal in the Imperial-Royal Army and politician Count Josip Jelačić served as the Ban (Viceroy) of Croatia and Governor of the Kingdom of Dalmatia. He sought to free Croatia from Hungary and supported Croatian independence from the Austrian throne. He is noted for his military campaigns during the Revolutions of 1848 and for abolishing serfdom in Croatia.

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 13 
Gustav Fechner
(Physicist, Psychologist, Statistician, University teacher, Philosopher)
Gustav Fechner
2
Birthdate: 19th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bad Muskau
Died: November 18, 1887

Gustav Fechner was a German physicist, philosopher, and experimental psychologist. A pioneer in the field of experimental psychology, Fechner is credited with founding psychophysics. Gustav Fechner inspired several philosophers and scientists like Jan Koenderink, David Heeger, and Farley Norman. In 1970, a crater on the Moon was named after him by the International Astronomical Union.

 14 
George Biddell Airy
(British Mathematician and Astronomer)
George Biddell Airy
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Alnwick, Northumberland, England
Died: January 2, 1892
English astronomer George Biddell Airy is best known for locating Greenwich as the prime meridian. He was ripped apart by critics for allegedly failing to help British astronomer John Couch Adams to discover Neptune. The Astronomer Royal was also the first to cure astigmatism by using cylindrical lenses.
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 15 
Johannes Peter Müller
(One of the Great Natural Philosophers of the 19th Century)
Johannes Peter Müller
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 14th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Koblenz, Germany
Died: April 28, 1858

Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and comparative anatomist. Known for his discoveries and his capability to synthesize knowledge, Müller made important contributions to the field of physiology. He also mentored physiologists and scientists like Hermann von Helmholtz, Theodor Schwann, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, Ernst Haeckel, and Ernst Wilhelm Brücke.

 16 
Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria
(Queen)
Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria
1
Birthdate: 13th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: December 14, 1873
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 17 
Henri Labrouste
(architect)
Henri Labrouste
0
Birthdate: 11th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris
Died: June 24, 1875

Part of the École des Beaux-Arts school of architecture, French architect Henri Labrouste is best known for popularizing iron frame construction. The Prix de Rome winner also designed the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève and the Bibliothèque Nationale. He also received a pension from the French government and lived in the Medici Villa.

 18 
Samuel Gridley Howe
(Physician)
Samuel Gridley Howe
1
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: 10th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 9, 1876
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 19 
Gail Borden
(Inventor)
Gail Borden
0
Birthdate: 9th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Norwich, Chenango County, New York, United States
Died: January 11, 1874
 20 
Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
(Former President of El Salvador)
Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Cartago
Died: 1875 AD

Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán was a Salvadoran politician best remembered for his service as the acting President of El Salvador. He served as the acting president on three occasions between 1844 and 1859. An important politician, Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán also served as the Vice President of El Salvador on a couple of occasions.   

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 21 
Fredrika Bremer
(Swedish Writer and Feminist Reformer)
Fredrika Bremer
0
Listed In: Feminists
Birthdate: 17th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Turku, Finland
Died: December 31, 1865
Fredrika Bremer was a Finnish-born Swedish feminist reformer and writer. She is credited with popularizing literary realism in Sweden. Bremer is best remembered for her 1856 novel Hertha, which inspired Sophie Adlersparre to start Sweden's first women's magazine, Home Review. In 1884, Sweden's first women's rights organization was named after Fredrika Bremer.
 22 
Princess Sophie of Sweden
(Princess)
Princess Sophie of Sweden
0
Birthdate: 21st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: July 6, 1865
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 23 
Pío Pico
(10th Governor of California)
Pío Pico
1
Birthdate: 5th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: San Gabriel, California, United States
Died: September 11, 1894
 24 
Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
(Queen)
Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
1
Birthdate: 13th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: November 8, 1877
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 25 
Charles Elliot
(Chief Superintendent of British Trade in China)
Charles Elliot
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 15th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: England
Died: September 9, 1875
 26 
Karl Baedeker
(Publisher)
Karl Baedeker
0
Birthdate: 3rd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Essen, Germany
Died: October 4, 1859
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 27 
Prince Achille Murat
(Prince)
Prince Achille Murat
0
Birthdate: 21st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 15, 1847
 28 
Vincenzo Gioberti
(Philosopher)
Vincenzo Gioberti
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 5th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: October 26, 1852
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 29 
Prince Charles of Prussia
(Prince)
Prince Charles of Prussia
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 29th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin, Germany
Died: January 21, 1883
 30 
Albert Lortzing
(Composer)
Albert Lortzing
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 23rd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 21, 1851
 31 
John Quidor
(Painter)
John Quidor
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 26th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tappan, New York, United States
Died: December 13, 1881
 32 
Theodore Dwight Woolsey
(Author)
Theodore Dwight Woolsey
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 31st October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: July 1, 1889
 33 
George Maclean
(Governor)
George Maclean
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Keith, Scotland
Died: May 22, 1847
 34 
Jean-Baptiste Boussingault
(French Chemist Who Made Significant Contributions to Agricultural Science, Petroleum Science and Metallurgy)
Jean-Baptiste Boussingault
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 11, 1887

Credited with establishing the first agricultural research station, French agricultural scientist and chemist Jean-Baptiste Boussingault made significant discoveries in agricultural science. Establishing the importance of nitrogen in plant growth, busting the myth that plants absorb the element from the atmosphere and proving that nitrogen content in soil increases after the cultivation of legumes are some of his contributions in this field.  

 35 
Lars Johan Hierta
(Swedish Newspaper Publisher, Businessman and Politician Who was the Founder of the Newspaper 'Aftonbladet')
Lars Johan Hierta
0
Birthdate: 22nd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Uppsala, Sweden
Died: November 20, 1872

Lars Johan Hierta was a Swedish businessman, politician, social critic, and newspaper publisher. Best known for founding the popular Swedish daily newspaper Aftonbladet in 1830, Hierta is sometimes referred to as the father of the free press. Lars Johan Hierta is also remembered as an agitator for social and political reform during the 19th century.

 36 
Pierre-Jean de Smet
(Priest)
Pierre-Jean de Smet
0
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 30th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Termonde, Belgium
Died: May 23, 1873
 37 
Hugh Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn
(Field marshal)
Hugh Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 6th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 16, 1885
 38 
Auguste Arthur de la Rive
(Physicist)
Auguste Arthur de la Rive
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 9th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: November 27, 1873

Born to a prominent Swiss physician and physicist, Auguste Arthur de la Rive initially served as the chair of natural philosophy at the University of Geneva, where his father had worked. He later came to be known for his research on the electrochemical reaction in batteries.

 39 
George Perkins Marsh
(Environmentalist)
George Perkins Marsh
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 15th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Woodstock, Vermont, United States
Died: July 23, 1882
 40 
Antoine-Augustin Cournot
(Philosopher and Mathematician Known for His Contribution to the Development of Economics)
Antoine-Augustin Cournot
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 28th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Gray, France
Died: March 31, 1877

Regarded as the first economist who had applied math to solve economic problems, Antoine-Augustin Cournot had penned the iconic work Researches into the Mathematical Principles of the Theory of Wealth. He was also the first to chart a supply and demand curve on a graph and introduced Cournot competition.

 41 
Robert J. Walker
(Statesman)
Robert J. Walker
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 19th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Northumberland, Pennsylvania
Died: November 11, 1869
 42 
John Batman
(Australian Grazier and Explorer Who Played an Important Role in the Founding of Melbourne)
John Batman
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 21st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Parramatta
Died: May 6, 1839

John Batman was an Australian entrepreneur, grazier, and explorer. He is best remembered for his contribution in the Founding of Melbourne, which is now considered one of Australia's most important and largest cities. Numerous places in Australia have been named after John Batman.

 43 
William McGuckin de Slane
(Philologist, Translator)
William McGuckin de Slane
0
Listed In: Philologists
Birthdate: 12th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Belfast, Ireland
Died: August 4, 1878
 44 
Johann Nestroy
(Austrian Playwright, Poet and Actor)
Johann Nestroy
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 7th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 25, 1862

Austrian singer, actor, and playwright Johann Nestroy was part of the popular Austrian tradition of the Biedermeier era in Central Europe. He took part in the Revolutions of 1848 and the new liberal spirit which was spreading across Europe at that time reflected in his works. He penned around 80 comedies, including Einen Jux will er sich machen.

 45 
Christian Heinrich Grosch
(Architect)
Christian Heinrich Grosch
0
Birthdate: 21st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: May 4, 1865
 46 
Rifa'a al-Tahtawi
(Egyptian Writer, Translator, Teacher, Intellectual, and Egyptologist)
Rifa'a al-Tahtawi
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Tahta, Egypt
Died: May 27, 1873

Rifa'a al-Tahtawi was an Egyptian writer, translator, teacher, intellectual, and Egyptologist. Many of his works were aimed at bringing an understanding between Christian and Islamic civilizations. Rifa'a al-Tahtawi also played an important role in influencing the development of literature, science, law, and Egyptology in 19th-century Egypt. 

 47 
Félix Dujardin
(French Biologist Best Known For His Research on Protozoans)
Félix Dujardin
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 5th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tours, France
Died: April 8, 1860

Félix Dujardin was a French biologist best remembered for his research on invertebrates, especially protozoans. He worked at the University of Toulouse, where he was a professor of mineralogy and geology. Félix Dujardin also taught botany and zoology at Rennes.

 48 
Carlo Cattaneo
(Philosopher)
Carlo Cattaneo
0
Birthdate: 15th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: February 6, 1869
 49 
Ernest le Pelley
(Seigneur of Sark from 1839 to 1849)
Ernest le Pelley
0
Listed In: Noblemen
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Guernsey
Died: 1849 AD
 50 
Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury
(British Politician, Philanthropist, and Social Reformer)
Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 28th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 1, 1885
One of the most significant industrial reformers of Britain, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury was instrumental in bringing about many reforms, such as the 1845 Lunacy Act, which treated the mentally ill with compassion. His Mines Act prohibited all women and all children below 10 from mining work.