Famous People Born In 1781

Discover the most famous people born in 1781. The list includes people like George Stephenson, Stamford Raffles, René Laennec, Eugène de Beauharnais, Siméon Denis Poisson and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include philosophers, botanists, poets and mathematicians born in 1781. This list includes people from Germany, England, United States & France and many more countries.
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 1 
George Stephenson
(Father of Railways)
George Stephenson
6
Birthdate: 9th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wylam
Died: August 12, 1848

George Stephenson was a British mechanical and civil engineer. Stephenson is credited with pioneering rail transport which is widely regarded as one of the most prominent inventions of the 19th century. Regarded as the Father of Railways, George Stephenson is also credited with developing the standard rail gauge which is used by several railways around the world.

 2 
René Laennec
(Inventor of Stethoscope)
René Laennec
4
Birthdate: 17th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Quimper, France
Died: August 13, 1826
Unlike most doctors, French physician René Laennec was also a skilled musician. It was while making his own wooden flutes that he invented the stethoscope, which helped doctors examine the chest cavity through auditory cues. His research also included work on melanoma, cirrhosis, and tuberculosis. He was a dedicated Catholic.
 3 
Stamford Raffles
(Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen and Founder of Modern Singapore and the Straits Settlements)
Stamford Raffles
2
Birthdate: 5th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Port Morant, Jamaica
Died: July 5, 1826

Stamford Raffles was a British statesman who served as the Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies from 1811 to 1816. From 1818 to 1824, he served as the Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen. Raffles is best remembered for founding the Straits Settlements and modern Singapore. He also played a major role in the invasion of Java in 1811 during the Napoleonic Wars.

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 4 
Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France
(Princes)
Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France
2
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 22nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: June 4, 1789
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 5 
David Brewster
(Scientist)
David Brewster
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 11th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Jedburgh, Scotland
Died: February 10, 1868

David Brewster was a British scientist, inventor, and author. He conducted many experiments in physical optics, especially concerned with the study of the polarization of light. Fellow scientist William Whewell dubbed him the "father of modern experimental optics." He was also a pioneer in photography and invented an improved stereoscope. He wrote numerous works of popular science as well. 

 6 
Bernard Bolzano
(Mathematician)
Bernard Bolzano
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 5th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prague, Czechoslovakia
Died: December 18, 1848
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 7 
Mauro Giuliani
(Guitarist)
Mauro Giuliani
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bisceglie, Italy
Died: May 8, 1829
 8 
Robert Mills
(American architect)
Robert Mills
1
Birthdate: 12th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: March 3, 1855
South Carolina architect Robert Mills is considered to be the first native-born American to be professionally trained as an architect. A Neoclassical architect, Mills is known for using classical forms with originality. His best-known structures include Treasury and the Old Patent Office. Built in the US, the World War II Liberty Ship SS Robert Mills was named in his honour.
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 9 
Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
(Princess)
Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
2
Birthdate: 23rd July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Coburg, Germany
Died: August 12, 1860
 10 
Alexander von Benckendorff
(General)
Alexander von Benckendorff
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 4th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tallinn, Estonia
Died: October 5, 1844
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 11 
Siméon Denis Poisson
(Mathematician)
Siméon Denis Poisson
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 21st June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pithiviers, France
Died: April 25, 1840
 12 
Anton Diabelli
(Music Publisher)
Anton Diabelli
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 5th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mattsee, Austria
Died: April 7, 1858
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 13 
Jean Amilcar
(Louis XVI's son)
Jean Amilcar
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Senegal
Died: 1793 AD
 14 
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
(Prussian Painter, City Planner, and Architect)
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
0
Birthdate: 13th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Neuruppin, Germany
Died: October 9, 1841

Karl Friedrich Schinkel was a Prussian painter, city planner, and architect. One of the most important architects of Germany, Schinkel designed both neogothic and neoclassical buildings. Apart from designing buildings, Karl Friedrich Schinkel also designed stage sets and furniture.

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 15 
Valentín Gómez Farías
(Politician)
Valentín Gómez Farías
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 14th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Guadalajara, Mexico
Died: July 5, 1858
 16 
Andrés Bello
(An Exemplary Figure in the History of Spanish American Culture Noted for His Work as a Naturalist)
Andrés Bello
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 29th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Caracas
Died: October 15, 1865

Regarded as the intellectual father of South America, Venezuelan-Chilean poet Andrés Bello one taught revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar and also inspired the struggle for Venezuelan independence. He established the University of Chile and also penned masterpieces such as Las Silvas Americanas. As a legislator, he inspired the Chilean Civil Code.

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 17 
Rebecca Gratz
(Educator)
Rebecca Gratz
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 4th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died: August 27, 1869
 18 
Francis Leggatt Chantrey
(British Sculptor)
Francis Leggatt Chantrey
0
Listed In: Sculptors
Birthdate: 7th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Norton, England
Died: November 25, 1841

Francis Leggatt Chantrey was an English sculptor who produced several statues and busts of notable figures during the Regency era. One of the most popular portrait sculptors of his time, Chantrey's best-remembered works include the statues of King George III, King George IV, and George Washington. Chantrey has displayed his works at prestigious exhibitions, such as the Royal Academy.

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 19 
Joseph Karl Stieler
(Former painter who is known for creating Neoclassical portraits and was the royal court painter of the Bavarian kings from 1820 until 1855)
Joseph Karl Stieler
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 1st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mainz, Germany
Died: April 9, 1858
 20 
Louis-Mathieu Molé
(Statesman)
Louis-Mathieu Molé
0
Birthdate: 24th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 23, 1855
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 21 
Lemuel Shaw
(Jurist)
Lemuel Shaw
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 9th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: West Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 30, 1861
 22 
Adelbert von Chamisso
(German Poet Who Was Also a Noted Botanist and Philologist)
Adelbert von Chamisso
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 30th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sivry-Ante, France
Died: August 21, 1838

German poet and lyricist Adelbert von Chamisso, who lived in the 19th century, is chiefly remembered for his legendary fairy tale, Peter Schlemihl’s Remarkable Story. He also established the Berlin romanticist society Nordsternbund and was a noted botanist, too. He was also interested in philology and Australasian languages.

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 23 
Francisco Espoz y Mina
(General)
Francisco Espoz y Mina
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 17th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Idocin, Idocin, Spain
Died: December 24, 1836
 24 
Swaminarayan
(Religious leader)
Swaminarayan
1
Birthdate: 3rd April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chhapaiya, India
Died: June 1, 1830

Swaminarayan, also known as Sahajanand Swami, was an Indian yogi and ascetic. He is credited to have revived several central Hindu practices of dharma, ahimsa, and brahmacharya. He was initiated into the tradition of Uddhav Sampradaya by his guru and later became the leader of the tradition. He also undertook reforms for women and the poor. 

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 25 
Sydney, Lady Morgan
(Writer)
Sydney, Lady Morgan
1
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 25th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: April 14, 1859
 26 
Karl Christian Friedrich Krause
(German Philosopher)
Karl Christian Friedrich Krause
0
Listed In: Philosophers
Birthdate: 6th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Eisenberg, Germany
Died: September 27, 1832
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 27 
Pedro de Sousa Holstein, duque de Palmela
(Portuguese statesman)
Pedro de Sousa Holstein, duque de Palmela
0
Listed In: Diplomats
Birthdate: 8th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: October 12, 1850
 28 
John Wesley Jarvis
(Painter)
John Wesley Jarvis
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: South Shields, England
Died: January 14, 1839
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 29 
Vincent Novello
(Composer)
Vincent Novello
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 6th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 9, 1861
 30 
Achim von Arnim
(Poet)
Achim von Arnim
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 26th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 21, 1831
 31 
Thomas Stewart Traill
(British Physician, Chemist, Meteorologist, Zoologist and Scholar of Medical Jurisprudence)
Thomas Stewart Traill
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 29th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orkney, Scotland
Died: July 30, 1862

Thomas Stewart Traill had donned many hats. Initially a practicing physician, he was also interested in zoology and helped John James Audubon publish The Birds of America. He was also a chemist and a meteorologist and spent his life teaching at the University of Edinburgh. He also edited Encyclopædia Britannica’s 8th edition.

 32 
William I of Württemberg
(King)
William I of Württemberg
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 27th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lubin, Poland
Died: June 25, 1864
 33 
Ebenezer Elliott
(English Poet)
Ebenezer Elliott
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 17th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rotherham, England
Died: December 1, 1849
 34 
Eugène de Beauharnais
(French Nobleman and Military Commander Who Was Napoleon Bonaparte's Stepson)
Eugène de Beauharnais
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 3rd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 21, 1824

French nobleman and military commander Eugène de Beauharnai is known for service at the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He had also been appointed the Viceroy of Italy under Napoleon I, who was also his stepfather though her mother Joséphine de Beauharnais’s second marriage.

 35 
Louis Duport
(French Ballet Dancer, Ballet Composer and Ballet Master)
Louis Duport
0
Listed In: Dancers
Birthdate: 1st January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 19, 1853

A child prodigy, Louis Duport excelled in both dance and the violin since his early days. He not only developed the classical technique of ballet but also gained fame for his appearances in Charles Didelot’s ballets, such as Zéphyre et Flore. He was also a principal dancer at the Opéra de Paris.

 36 
Frederica of Baden
(Queen)
Frederica of Baden
0
Birthdate: 12th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Germany
Died: September 25, 1826
 37 
James Lawrence
(Naval Officer)
James Lawrence
2
Listed In: Sailors
Birthdate: 1st October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Burlington, New Jersey, United States
Died: June 4, 1813
 38 
Tom Cribb
(Boxer)
Tom Cribb
1
Listed In: Boxers
Birthdate: 8th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: May 11, 1848
 39 
Pompee Valentin Vastey
(Haitian Politician, Educator, and Writer)
Pompee Valentin Vastey
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Saint-Domingue
Died: September 30, 1820

Pompee Valentin Vastey was a Haitian politician, educator, and writer. He is best remembered for his essays on the history of Haiti. He is also remembered for his service as secretary under King Henri Christophe. Pompée Valentin Vastey also worked as a tutor to Jacques-Victor Henry, Henri Christophe's son.

 40 
François-Joseph Naderman
(Harpist)
François-Joseph Naderman
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 5th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 2, 1835
 41 
Johann Friedrich Meckel
(Anatomist)
Johann Friedrich Meckel
1
Birthdate: 17th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Halle, Germany
Died: October 31, 1833

Johann Friedrich Meckel, often referred to as Johann Friedrich Meckel, the Younger, was a German anatomist, known for his pioneering work on the embryonic cartilage we now call Meckel’s cartilage. A professor of anatomy, pathology and zoology at University of Halle, Germany, he also described the Meckel’s diverticulum, an intestinal pouch named after him and wrote numerous papers and treatises

 42 
François Habeneck
(Violinist)
François Habeneck
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 22nd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Charleville-Mézières, France
Died: February 8, 1849
 43 
Samuel Hall
(Engineer)
Samuel Hall
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Basford, England
Died: November 21, 1863