Famous People Born In 1745

Discover the most famous people born in 1745. The list includes people like John Jay, Olaudah Equiano, Anthony Wayne, Count Alessandro Volta, Alessandro Volta and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, composers, military leaders and diplomats born in 1745. This list includes people from United States, England and many more countries.
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 1 
John Jay
(1st Chief Justice of the United States (1789 - 1795))
John Jay
11
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 12th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 1829

One of the Founding Fathers of the United States who signed the famous Paris Treaty, John Jay was best known as the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, although he occupied various other important public positions. He was a diplomat, who shaped his country’s foreign policy. He passed legislation to gradually abolish slavery, but he himself owned five enslaved people.

 2 
Olaudah Equiano
(Anti Slavery Activist)
Olaudah Equiano
12
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Igboland
Died: March 31, 1797

Olaudah Equiano was a writer and abolitionist who was part of the abolitionist group, Sons of Africa, composed of Africans living in Britain in the 18th century. Enslaved as a child and sold to different “masters,” he eventually purchased his freedom and became one of the leaders of the anti-slave trade movement in the 1780s.  

 3 
Count Alessandro Volta
(Physicist, Chemist)
Count Alessandro Volta
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 18th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Como, Duchy of Milan, Italy
Died: March 5, 1827
While Alessandro Volta was a count by birth and was supposed to become a lawyer or a priest, he became a scientist instead. His invention of the battery led to the SI unit of electric potential being named volt. He was also the first to isolate methane gas.
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 4 
Anthony Wayne
(Senior Officer of the United States Army (1792-96))
Anthony Wayne
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1st January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Easttown Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 15, 1796
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 5 
Casimir Pulaski
(One of the United States’ First Cavalry Commanders)
Casimir Pulaski
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 6th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: October 11, 1779

Kazimierz Pułaski was a Polish nobleman, military commander, and soldier. Dubbed the father of the American cavalry, Pulaski is credited with creating the Pulaski Cavalry Legion and reorganizing the American cavalry. He played an important role in the American Revolutionary War and is remembered for fighting for the independence of Poland and the United States.

 6 
Oliver Ellsworth
(Judge)
Oliver Ellsworth
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 29th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Windsor, Connecticut, United States
Died: November 26, 1807
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 7 
John Sevier
(Soldier)
John Sevier
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 23rd September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Augusta County, Virginia, United States
Died: September 24, 1815
 8 
Johan Christian Fabricius
(Danish Entomologist Who Established the Basis for the Modern Insect Classification)
Johan Christian Fabricius
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 7th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tøndern, Denmark
Died: March 3, 1808

Johan Christian Fabricius was a Danish zoologist. He specialized in "Insecta", which at that time included all insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and other anthropoids. He studied under the renowned Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus and went on to become one of the most important entomologists of the 18th century. He is credited to have named nearly 10,000 species of animals. 

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 9 
Francis Asbury
(American Bishop)
Francis Asbury
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 20th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hamstead Bridge, Staffordshire, England
Died: March 31, 1816

Francis Asbury was a bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He played an important role during the Second Great Awakening, popularizing Methodism in British colonial America. He is credited with establishing many schools and his journal is deemed important by scholars due to its account of frontier society; his journal has descriptions of the functioning of towns in Colonial America.

 10 
Maria Luisa of Spain
(Holy Roman Empress)
Maria Luisa of Spain
0
Birthdate: 24th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Kingdom of Naples
Died: May 15, 1792
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 11 
Edward Bancroft
(Double Agent Who Worked for Both Great Britain and America During the American Revolution)
Edward Bancroft
0
Listed In: Spies
Birthdate: 20th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Westfield, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 7, 1821

Edward Bancroft was a Massachusetts-born chemist and physician. He played an important role during the American Revolution, working as a double agent for both Great Britain and the United States. Edward Bancroft's activity as a double agent wasn't disclosed until 1891, when diplomatic papers were made public knowledge by Great Britain.

 12 
Andrianampoinimerina
(King of Imerina)
Andrianampoinimerina
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Madagascar, Madagascar
Died: 1810 AD
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 13 
William Hayley
(Writer)
William Hayley
0
Listed In: Biographers
Birthdate: 9th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chichester, England
Died: November 12, 1820
 14 
Denis Fonvizin
(Dramatist)
Denis Fonvizin
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 14th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 12, 1792
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 15 
Henry Holland
(Architect)
Henry Holland
0
Birthdate: 20th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: June 17, 1806
 16 
Johann Peter Frank
(Physician)
Johann Peter Frank
0
Birthdate: 19th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rodalben, Germany
Died: April 24, 1821

German physician Johann Peter Frank is remembered for his pathbreaking ideas on public health. Though he initially studied theology, he later switched to medicine. He had been a court physician, a councillor, and a professor. He was one of the first to suggest international monitoring of health issues.

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 17 
Johan Gottlieb Gahn
(Swedish Chemist and Metallurgist Known for Discovery of 'Manganese')
Johan Gottlieb Gahn
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Voxna, Sweden
Died: December 8, 1818

Johan Gottlieb Gahn was a Swedish metallurgist and chemist best remembered for discovering manganese in 1774. He is also credited with introducing improvements in copper smelting. In 1784, Johan Gottlieb Gahn was inducted into the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

 18 
Chevalier de Saint-Georges
(French Violinist, Composer, and Foil Fencer)
Chevalier de Saint-Georges
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: 25th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Baillif, Guadeloupe
Died: June 10, 1799
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 19 
Ngwane III
(King of Swaziland)
Ngwane III
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1780 AD
 20 
Yelizaveta Alekseyevna Tarakanova
(Adventuress)
Yelizaveta Alekseyevna Tarakanova
0
Birthdate: 15th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Peter and Paul Fortress, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: 1775 AD
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 21 
Mikhail Kutuzov
(Military officer)
Mikhail Kutuzov
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 16th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 28, 1813
 22 
Levin August von Bennigsen
(General)
Levin August von Bennigsen
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 10th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Braunschweig, Germany
Died: December 3, 1826
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 23 
Carl Stamitz
(Composer)
Carl Stamitz
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 7th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
Died: November 9, 1801
 24 
Samuel Hearne
(Explorer)
Samuel Hearne
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 31st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 31, 1792
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 25 
Bodawpaya
(King)
Bodawpaya
2
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 11th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Shwebo, Myanmar (Burma)
Died: June 5, 1819
 26 
Charles Dibdin
(Composer)
Charles Dibdin
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 4th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Southampton, England
Died: July 25, 1814
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 27 
Valentin Haüy
(Founder)
Valentin Haüy
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 13th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Just-en-Chaussee, France
Died: March 19, 1822
 28 
Hannah More
(Writer, Poet, Essayist)
Hannah More
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Fishponds
Died: September 7, 1833

English religious author Hannah More soared to literary fame with the release of Village Politics, penned under the pseudonym Will Chip. Its popularity made her write an entire series of tracts that educated the poor. She also established clubs and schools, apart from opposing slavery along with the Clapham Sect.

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 29 
Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier
(Inventor)
Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier
1
Birthdate: 6th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Annonay, France
Died: August 1, 1799
 30 
Samuil Micu-Klein
(Historian)
Samuil Micu-Klein
0
Birthdate: 31st August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Romania
Died: May 13, 1806
 31 
François Barbé-Marbois
(Politician)
François Barbé-Marbois
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 31st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Metz, France
Died: February 12, 1837
 32 
Félix María de Samaniego
(Poet)
Félix María de Samaniego
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 12th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Laguardia, Spain
Died: August 11, 1801
 33 
Henry Mackenzie
(Lawyer)
Henry Mackenzie
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 26th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: January 14, 1831
 34 
Jean Baptiste Point du Sable
(First Permanent Non-Indigenous Settler of 'Chicago')
Jean Baptiste Point du Sable
0
Listed In: Discoverers
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Saint-Marc, Haiti
Died: August 28, 1818

Jean-Baptist-Point Du Sable is considered the first permanent non-Indigenous settler of the area that would later become known as Chicago, Illinois. He was of African descent and married to a Native American woman. He established a prosperous trading settlement and traded around the Great Lakes and in the Illinois Country. He is recognized as the "Founder of Chicago." 

 35 
Gim Hongdo
(Painter)
Gim Hongdo
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Korea
Died: 1806 AD
 36 
Thomas Holcroft
(Dramatist)
Thomas Holcroft
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 10th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 23, 1809
 37 
Timothy Pickering
(Politician)
Timothy Pickering
1
Birthdate: 17th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Salem, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 29, 1829
 38 
Colin Macfarquhar
(Scottish printer)
Colin Macfarquhar
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: April 2, 1793

Colin Macfarquhar was a Scottish printer and bookseller best remembered for co-founding Encyclopædia Britannica, which was first published in 1768. After acquiring the status of a master printer, Macfarquhar went on to open a printing shop in Edinburgh and the first edition of Encyclopædia Britannica was sold at his shop. Colin Macfarquhar also contributed to Britannica's second and third editions.

 39 
James Tytler
(Scottish Editor of the Second Edition of 'Encyclopædia Britannica' and Aviator)
James Tytler
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 17th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fearn, Scotland
Died: January 11, 1804

James Tytler made history by becoming the first person from Britain to ride on a hot air balloon and thus became known as Balloon Tytler. The Scottish apothecary also edited the second edition of Encyclopedia Britannica and was branded an eccentric by many for his innovative aviation experiments.

 40 
Ludwig Fischer
(Opera Singer)
Ludwig Fischer
0
Listed In: Opera Singers
Birthdate: 18th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mainz, Germany
Died: July 10, 1825
 41 
Uragami Gyokudō
(Japanese Musician, Painter, Poet and Calligrapher)
Uragami Gyokudō
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Asakuchi, Okayama, Japan
Died: October 10, 1820

Japanese musician, painter, and calligrapher Uragami Gyokudō was an accomplished seven-stringed zither player. He later studied Confucianism and excelled in the Chinese Nan-ga, or Southern school style of painting. His best-known work is Snow Sifted Through Frozen Clouds, which is considered a National Treasure of Japan.

 42 
Charles Victor de Bonstetten
(Writer)
Charles Victor de Bonstetten
0
Birthdate: 3rd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bern, Switzerland
Died: February 3, 1832
 43 
Johan Nordahl Brun
(Norwegian Poet, Dramatist, Bishop of Bergen Who Contributed Significantly to the Growth of National Romanticism in Norway)
Johan Nordahl Brun
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 21st March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Byneset, Norway
Died: June 26, 1816

Johan Nordahl Brun was a Norwegian dramatist, poet, politician, and bishop of Bergen. He is best remembered for his significant contribution to the growth of romantic nationalism in Norway. An influential poet, Johan Nordahl Brun is credited with writing Bergen's anthem as well as Norway's first unofficial national song.

 44 
Thomas Affleck
(Furniture Maker)
Thomas Affleck
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Aberdeen, Scotland
Died: 1795 AD
 45 
Yi In-mun
(Painter)
Yi In-mun
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: South Korea
Died: 1821 AD
 46 
Johann Jakob Griesbach
(Critic)
Johann Jakob Griesbach
2
Birthdate: 4th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Butzbach, Germany
Died: March 24, 1812
 47 
Joseph Proud
(Minister)
Joseph Proud
0
Listed In: Preachers
Birthdate: 22nd March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Beaconsfield, England
Died: August 3, 1826
 48 
Shimazu Shigehide
(Feudal lord)
Shimazu Shigehide
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 29th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kagoshima, Japan
Died: March 22, 1833