19th Century Serial Killers

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Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Serial Killers, including Billy the Kid, H. H. Holmes, Fritz Haarmann, Alferd Packer and Peter Kürten.
Rank the Most Wicked 19th Century Serial Killers
 1 
Jack the Ripper
(Unidentified Serial Killer Active in the East End of London in 1888)
Jack the Ripper
87
Birthplace: England

Jack the Ripper was anl unidentified serial killer who predominantly targeted female prostitutes living and working in the ghetto of the East End of London. Since the murders were never solved, Jack the Ripper became infamous folklore in England. The murders were so cleverly done that the authorities were not even able to ascertain the killer's gender.

 2 
H. H. Holmes
(American Serial Killer and Con Artist)
H. H. Holmes
71
Birthdate: May 16, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gilmanton, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 7, 1896
American serial killer H.H. Holmes was sentenced to death for the murder of his accomplice Benjamin Pitezel but confessed to 27 murders and might have killed almost 200 people. He had set up a hotel, later known as the Murder Castle, specifically for this purpose. He inspired a bestselling book.
 3 
Delphine LaLaurie
(New Orleans Socialite and Serial Killer Who Tortured and Murdered Slaves in Her Household)
Delphine LaLaurie
33
Birthdate: March 19, 1780
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Died: December 7, 1849
Delphine LaLaurie, also known as Marie Delphine Macarty or Madame Blanque, was a socialite from New Orleans who tortured and killed countless slaves in her Royal Street mansion. Her crimes were discovered after a fire at her mansion. An outraged mob subsequently destroyed the house, while she left New Orleans.
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 4 
Billy the Kid
65
Birthdate: November 17, 1859
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Manhattan
Died: July 14, 1881

Billy the Kid was a gunfighter of the American Old West whose notoriety grew when he escaped from jail after killing two sheriff's deputies. He remains one of the most notorious personalities of the American Old West, whose life has been often dramatized in popular culture. His story has inspired over 50 films, including Billy the Kid, and The Outlaw.

 5 
Albert Fish
(Serial Killer)
Albert Fish
57
Birthdate: May 19, 1870
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
Died: January 16, 1936

Albert Fish was an American cannibal, child rapist, and serial killer. Fish confessed to three murders out of the five murders for which he was suspected. However, he claimed to have victimized about 100 people and boasted of having children in every state. His crimes and the subsequent execution by electric chair were dramatized in the film The Gray Man.

 6 
Mary Ann Cotton
(Serial Killer)
Mary Ann Cotton
33
Birthdate: October 31, 1832
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Low Moorsley, Hetton-le-Hole, County Durham, England
Died: March 24, 1873

Mary Ann Cotton was an English serial killer who was convicted for the murder of her stepson. Cotton is believed to have killed 11 of her children and three of her husbands for their insurance policies. Mary Ann Cotton was sentenced to death and was executed by hanging. 

 7 
Amelia Dyer
(English Serial Killer Who Killed Infants)
Amelia Dyer
30
Birthdate: 1837 AD
Birthplace: Bristol
Died: June 11, 1897

Amelia Dyer was an English serial killer who killed infants over a 30-year period. She exercised the practice of baby farming and murdered children after taking them under her care. Amelia Dyer's killings inspired a murder ballad. Her case also led to stricter laws for child protection and adoption in the UK.

 8 
Belle Gunness
(Serial Killer)
Belle Gunness
23
Birthdate: November 11, 1859
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Selbu
Died: April 28, 1908
Also known as the Mistress of Murder Farms, Norwegian-born American immigrant Brynhild Paulsdatter Storset later changed her name to Belle. The brutal murderer is believed to have seduced and then butchered her countless suitors. A headless body found recovered from her burnt house was thought to be hers.
 9 
Jane Toppan
(American Serial Killer)
Jane Toppan
6
Birthdate: March 31, 1854
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 17, 1938
 10 
Minnie Dean
(Serial killer)
Minnie Dean
4
Birthdate: September 2, 1844
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Greenock, Scotland
Died: August 12, 1895
 11 
Juan Severino Mallari
(Serial killer, Catholic priest)
Juan Severino Mallari
1
Birthplace: Philippines
Died: 1840 AD
 12 
John Bodkin Adams
(Physician, Serial killer)
John Bodkin Adams
12
Birthdate: January 21, 1899
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Randalstown
Died: July 4, 1983

Not many suspected physician John Bodkin Adams of being a serial killer till it was revealed that his name had appeared in the wills of at least 132 of his patients who had died, while 163 died in coma. Though never convicted of the killings, he faced punishment for forgery.

 13 
Martha Needle
(Australian Serial Killer)
Martha Needle
4
Birthdate: April 9, 1863
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Morgan, Australia
Died: October 22, 1894
 14 
Martha Rendell
(Australian Murderer)
Martha Rendell
7
Birthdate: August 10, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Australia
Died: October 6, 1909
 15 
Alferd Packer
(Criminal, Serial killer)
Alferd Packer
8
Birthdate: January 21, 1842
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Allegheny County
Died: April 23, 1907
 16 
William Burke
(Criminal)
William Burke
5
Birthdate: 1792 AD
Birthplace: Urney, Ireland
Died: January 28, 1829
 17 
John Makin
(Australian Baby Farmer and Murderer)
John Makin
1
Birthdate: February 14, 1845
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New South Wales, Australia
Died: August 15, 1893
 18 
Fritz Haarmann
(Serial killer)
Fritz Haarmann
11
Birthdate: October 25, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: April 15, 1925
 19 
John Christie
(British Serial Killer Who Was Active During the 1940s and Early-1950s)
John Christie
21
Birthdate: April 8, 1899
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Northowram
Died: July 15, 1953

John Christie was a British serial killer who was active during the 1940s and early-1950s. He killed at least eight people and was sentenced to death for the murder of his wife Ethel. The killings were dramatized in the 1971 film 10 Rillington Place, in which Christie was played by Richard Attenborough. Christie's murders also inspired other works of art.   

 20 
Linda Hazzard
(Physician, Serial killer)
Linda Hazzard
6
Birthdate: December 18, 1867
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Carver, Minnesota, United States
Died: June 24, 1938
 21 
Johann Otto Hoch
(Serial killer)
Johann Otto Hoch
0
Birthdate: 1855 AD
Birthplace: Horrweiler, Germany
Died: February 23, 1906
 22 
Gesche Gottfried
8
Birthdate: March 6, 1785
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bremen, Germany
Died: April 21, 1831
 23 
Servant Girl Annihilator
5
Birthplace: United States
 24 
Elizabeth Stride
(Serial Killer)
Elizabeth Stride
29
Birthdate: November 27, 1843
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Torslanda, Sweden
Died: September 30, 1888
 25 
Diogo Alves
(Serial killer)
Diogo Alves
3
Birthdate: 1810 AD
Birthplace: Galicia, Spain
Died: February 19, 1841
 26 
Olga Konstantinovna Briscorn
10
Birthdate: 1776 AD
Birthplace: Russian Empire
Died: March 30, 1836
 27 
Enriqueta Marti
(Serial Killer)
Enriqueta Marti
9
Birthdate: February 2, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Spain
Died: March 12, 1913
 28 
Henri Désiré Landru
(French Serial Killer)
Henri Désiré Landru
7
Birthdate: April 12, 1869
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris
Died: February 25, 1922

Henri Désiré Landru was a French serial killer who killed at least seven women between 1915 and 1919. Nicknamed the Bluebeard of Gambais, Landru also murdered at least three women and a man between 1914 and 1915 at a house he rented in the town of Vernouillet. Landru was arrested in 1919 and was executed by guillotine in 1922.

 29 
Béla Kiss
(Serial Killer)
Béla Kiss
6
Birthdate: July 28, 1877
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Izsák, Hungary
Died: October 4, 1916
 30 
Alexander Pearce
(Serial killer)
Alexander Pearce
2
Birthdate: 1790 AD
Birthplace: Monaghan, Ireland
Died: July 19, 1824
 31 
Frances Knorr
(English-born Australian Murderer)
Frances Knorr
5
Birthdate: November 10, 1868
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 15, 1894
 32 
Manuel Blanco Romasanta
6
Birthdate: November 18, 1809
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Esgos, Spain
Died: December 14, 1863
 33 
Frederick Bailey Deeming
(Australian Murderer)
Frederick Bailey Deeming
9
Birthdate: July 30, 1853
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ashby-de-la-Zouch, England
Died: May 23, 1892
 34 
William Henry Bury
(Serial killer)
William Henry Bury
21
Birthdate: May 25, 1859
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stourbridge, Worcestershire, England
Died: April 24, 1889
 35 
Thug Behram
(Serial killer)
Thug Behram
23
Birthdate: 1765 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: 1840 AD
 36 
Dagmar Overbye
(Serial killer)
Dagmar Overbye
11
Birthdate: April 23, 1887
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Denmark
Died: May 6, 1929
 37 
Mary Clement
(Serial killer)
Mary Clement
10
Birthdate: February 16, 1863
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Harlange, Lac de la Haute-Sûre, Luxembourg
Died: July 9, 1944
 38 
Samuel Green
(Criminal)
Samuel Green
5
Birthdate: 1796 AD
Birthplace: Meredith, New Hampshire, United States
Died: April 25, 1822
 39 
Thomas Jeffries
(Serial killer)
Thomas Jeffries
11
Birthplace: Dorset, England
Died: May 4, 1826