Famous 18th Century American Artists & Painters

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century American Painters, including Samuel Morse, John James Audubon, John Trumbull, Grandma Moses and Benjamin West.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Samuel Morse

Samuel Morse
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 27, 1791
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Charlestown, Boston
Died: April 2, 1872

 2 John James Audubon

John James Audubon
4
Famous As: Naturalist, Painter, Ornithologist
Birthdate: April 26, 1785
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Les Cayes
Died: January 27, 1851
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 3 Grandma Moses

Grandma Moses
4
Famous As: Painter, Illustrator
Birthdate: September 7, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: New York
Died: December 13, 1961

Anna Mary Robertson, better known as Grandma Moses, revolutionized American folk art with her iconic depictions of American rural life. After spending 15 years of her life working as a housekeeper, she deviated toward embroidery. A bout of arthritis made her switch to painting in her late 70s.

 4 John Trumbull

John Trumbull
4
Famous As: War veterans
Birthdate: June 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Gemini
Died: November 10, 1843

 5 Gilbert Stuart

Gilbert Stuart
5
Famous As: Portrait painter, Painter
Birthdate: December 3, 1755
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: North Kingstown
Died: July 9, 1828

 6 John Singleton Copley

John Singleton Copley
3
Famous As: Anglo-American painter
Birthdate: 1738 AD
Birthplace: Boston, United States
Died: September 9, 1815

 7 Benjamin West

Benjamin West
3
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: October 10, 1738
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Springfield, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 11, 1820
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 8 George Catlin

George Catlin
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 26, 1796
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 23, 1872

 9 Charles Willson Peale

Charles Willson Peale
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 15, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chester
Died: February 22, 1827

 10 Edward Hicks

Edward Hicks
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 4, 1780
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Langhorne, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 23, 1849

Initially a Quaker preacher, folk painter Edward Hicks is best remembered for his work The Peaceable Kingdom and its 100 versions. His interest in painting perhaps stemmed for his early years as a coach painter. He mostly depicted the landscapes of New York and Pennsylvania. His works also featured animals.

 11 Sarah Goodridge

Sarah Goodridge
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 5, 1788
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Templeton, Massachusetts, United Stafes
Died: December 28, 1853

 12 Rembrandt Peale

Rembrandt Peale
3
Famous As: Painter, Curator
Birthdate: February 22, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bucks County
Died: October 3, 1860

 13 William Thornton

William Thornton
3
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 20, 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tortola, British Virgin Islands
Died: March 28, 1828

British-American William Thornton was initially trained in medicine and that is when he began drawing and sketching as part of his medical notes. He later won a contest for the design of the Library Company of Philadelphia's new hall. He also designed the Capitol in Washington, D.C.

 14 Asher B. Durand

Asher B. Durand
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 21, 1796
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Maplewood, New Jersey, United States
Died: September 17, 1886

 15 John Vanderlyn

John Vanderlyn
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 15, 1776
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kingston, New York, United States
Died: September 23, 1852

 16 Washington Allston

Washington Allston
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 17 Patience Wright

Patience Wright
2
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1725 AD
Birthplace: Oyster Bay, New York, United States
Died: March 23, 1786

 18 Joshua Johnson

Joshua Johnson
1
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1763 AD
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: 1878 AD

 19 Ralph Earl

Ralph Earl
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 20 James Peale

James Peale
1
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1749 AD
Birthplace: Chestertown, Maryland, United States
Died: May 24, 1831

 21 Raphaelle Peale

Raphaelle Peale
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 22 Chester Harding

Chester Harding
1
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 1, 1792
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Conway, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 1, 1866

 23 William Rush

William Rush
1
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: July 4, 1756
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 17, 1833

 24 Robert Feke

Robert Feke
1
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1705 AD
Birthplace: Long Island, New York, United States
Died: 1752 AD

 25 John Wesley Jarvis

John Wesley Jarvis
1
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1781 AD
Birthplace: South Shields, England
Died: January 14, 1839

 26 Maria Martin

Maria Martin
1
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 6, 1796
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: December 18, 1863

 27 William Williams

William Williams
1
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1727 AD
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: April 27, 1791

 28 John Smibert

John Smibert
0
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: March 24, 1688
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: March 2, 1751

 29 Anna Claypoole Peale

Anna Claypoole Peale
0
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 6, 1791
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 25, 1878

 30 John Watson

John Watson
0
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 2, 1971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Blackpool, England

 31 Edward Greene Malbone

Edward Greene Malbone
0
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1777 AD
Birthplace: Newport, Rhode Island, United States
Died: May 7, 1807