Birthday: July 27, 1922
Age: 99 Years, 99 Year Old Males
Sun Sign: Leo
Also Known As: Norman Milton Lear
Born Country: United States
Born in: New Haven, Connecticut, United States
Famous as: Television Writer
T V & Movie Producers
Height: 5'7" (170 cm), 5'7" Males
Spouse/Ex-: Lyn Davis (m. 1987), Charlotte Rosen (m. 1943 - div. 1956), Frances Loeb (m. 1956 - div. 1986), Lyn Davis (m. 1987)
father: Herman Lear
mother: Jeanette Seicol
children: Benjamin Lear, Brianna Lear, Ellen Lear, Kate Lear, Madeline Lear, Maggie Lear
U.S. State: Connecticut
City: New Haven, Connecticut
education: Weaver High School, Emerson College
Who is Norman Lear?
Norman Milton Lear is an American television writer, producer and political activist best known for developing ground breaking television sitcom series’ like ‘All in the Family’, ‘Maude’ ‘One Day at a Time’, ‘Good Times’, ‘The Jeffersons’, and ‘Sanford and Son’. Lear co-owned Tandem Productions, T.A.T. Communications, Avco Embassy Pictures and Embassy Communications, Inc. at different points of time. He later founded and presently serves as chairman of ‘Act III Communications’ that produced notable films like ‘The Sure Thing’ and ‘The Princess Bride’. A self-described "liberal", Lear founded a progressive advocacy group called ‘People for the American Way’, supports First Amendment rights, remained a silent partner of ‘The Nation’ magazine and was part of the “Malibu Mafia" group. He received several honours and recognitions including the National Medal of Arts and also became one of the first seven television pioneers who were inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame.
Childhood & Early Life
Norman Milton Lear was born on July 27, 1922, in New Haven, Connecticut, US, to Jeanette (née Seicol) and Hyman "Herman" Lear, a travelling salesman. He was raised in Connecticut in a Jewish household and had a Bar Mitzvah ceremony. His younger sister was Claire Lear Brown.
At age nine Lear saw his father being imprisoned for selling fake bonds. He thought his father was a “rascal” and later mentioned that the characters Archie Bunker and Edith Bunker from the sitcom ‘All in the Family’ were partly inspired by his parents. The nine year old Lear also came across antisemitic commentary of radio priest Father Charles Coughlin, which Lear later claimed to have inspired his lifetime of advocacy.
Lear completed his graduation from Weaver High School in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1940. He then started attending Emerson College in Boston, however dropped out in 1942 to attend the United States Army Air Forces. In September that year, Lear got enlisted in the United States Army.
Norman Lear became part of the 772nd Bombardment Squadron that was deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations during Second World War and served as a radio operator/gunner on Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers. He received the Air Medal with four Oak Leaf Clusters for flying 52 combat missions and was discharged from service in 1945.
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Inspired by his uncle Jack, Norman Lear began a career in public relations following the Second World War. He later shifted to California where, as destiny would have it, Lear teamed up with his brother-in-law and aspiring comedy writer Ed Simmons, husband of his first cousin Elaine, and started writing comedy sketches for small-screen features of Martin and Lewis, Rowan and Martin, and others, while doing odd jobs.
Lewis hired Lear and Simmons to improve his acts with Martin and by 1950 Lear and Simmons became their main writers. During the 1950s Lear and Simmons frequently wrote for the American comedy duo’s regular appearances on NBC's ‘Colgate Comedy Hour’.
Moving on Lear produced the NBC sitcom ‘The Martha Raye Show’. He wrote opening monologues of the NBC variety program ‘The Tennessee Ernie Ford Show’ (1956-61). Lear joined hands with Roland Kibbee to create his first small-screen series, ‘The Deputy’ (1959-61) starring Henry Fonda.
Meanwhile in 1958, Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin founded the film and television production company called Tandem Productions. Later in 1974, Lear founded T.A.T. Communications with talent agent Jerry Perenchio. TAT produced the 1981 made-for-TV movie ‘The Wave’ based on ‘The Third Wave’ experiment. It won Peabody Award (1981), Young Artist Award (1981) and Emmy (1982). Meanwhile Lear and Yorkin split in 1975.
Lear produced and wrote the script of the American satirical-comedy film ‘Divorce American Style’ (1967) starring Dick Van Dyke. It fetched Lear Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay. Another Dick Van Dyke starrer 1971 satirical-comedy film ‘Cold Turkey’ was directed, produced and co-written by Lear.
An article in Variety magazine on successful British television sitcom ‘Till Death Us Do Part’ inspired Lear to develop a show where he could incorporate his own family experiences with his father. The first two pilots titled ‘Justice For All’ and ‘Those Were The Days’ were taped in 1968 and 1969 respectively following which ABC rejected the show. After the third pilot was taped, CBS bought the rights of the show from ABC and re-titled it ‘All in the Family’. The series developed by Lear and Yorkin premiered on January 12, 1971, and following a lacklustre first season, it gradually gained attention and ran for nine seasons till April 8, 1979, emerging as the most watched show in the US. It topped Nielsen ratings for five consecutive years and fetched Lear two Primetime Emmy award nominations. The spin-off continuation of the series titled ‘Archie Bunker's Place’ ran on CBS for four seasons from September 23, 1979, to April 4, 1983.
Lear’s career reach new heights with other hit television sitcom series like ‘Sanford and Son’ (1972-77), ‘Maude’ (1972-78), ‘Good Times’ (1974-79), ‘The Jeffersons’ (1975-85), and ‘One Day at a Time’ (1975-84) and its spin-off that is running since 2017. His sitcoms mostly featured families constantly dealing with significant political and social issues of the day and most of these were shot on videotape instead of film. In 1977, the American Humanist Association bestowed Lear with the Humanist Arts Award.
Norman Lear and Perenchio bought out Avco Embassy Pictures in January 1982 and merged it with T.A.T. Communications Company to form Embassy Communications, Inc. The two later sold Embassy Communications to Columbia Pictures on June 18, 1985. Meanwhile in 1984, Lear became one of the first seven television pioneers who were inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame.
Tandem Productions became defunct on May 4, 1986. That year Lear founded Act III Communications with Tom McGrath as president. The multimedia holding company produced notable films like ‘The Sure Thing’, ‘Stand By Me’, ‘Fried Green Tomatoes’ and ‘The Princess Bride’.
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Later productions of Lear included shows like ‘Sunday Dinner’ (1991), ‘The Powers That Be’ (1992-93), ‘704 Hauser’ (1994), and ‘Channel Umptee-3’ (1997-98). Since May 1, 2017, Lear has hosted a podcast titled ‘All of the Above with Norman Lear’.
Norman Lear received the National Medal of Arts from President Bill Clinton in 1999. Same year Lear and Yorkin received the Women in Film Lucy Award. Lear’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is located at 6615 Hollywood Boulevard. He also received the fourth annual Woody Guthrie Prize (2017), the Kennedy Center Honors (2017) and the Britannia Award for Excellence in Television (2019).
Lear founded the progressive advocacy group ‘People for the American Way’ in 1980 in the US to challenge Christian right agenda of the 1979 founded Moral Majority. He openly advocates for advancement of secularism and criticises ideas held by the Conservatives and Christians.
Lear produced the two-hour television special ‘I Love Liberty’ in March 1982 that promoted liberal politics. He mentioned in his book ‘Even This I Get To Experience’ that he produced the four-day special ‘Liberty Weekend’ (1986). He candidly supports First Amendment and liberal causes. He was a silent partner of ‘The Nation’ magazine and was part of the “Malibu Mafia" group that donated money to liberal and progressive causes and politicians.
He founded ‘Business Enterprise Trust’ in 1989 that ran till 1998. BET celebrated exemplary social innovations, acts of courage and integrity in American business. The multi-disciplinary research and public policy center called ‘Norman Lear Center’ based at the USC Annenberg School for Communication, where Lear provided an endowment in 2000, was named after him.
He is on the National Advisory Board of the Young Storytellers Foundation and wrote articles for ‘The Huffington Post’. He is a trustee emeritus at the American cultural institution called ‘The Paley Center for Media’.
He and his wife, Lyn, shelled out $8.1 million in 2001 to purchase one of the first published copies of the Declaration of Independence. Lear organised the Declaration of Independence Roadtrip during the decade when the document was shared with the American people by touring it to all 50 states. It was displayed in several places including at the Live 8 concert in Philadelphia, the 2002 Olympics, the Super Bowl XXXVI, in different museums and presidential libraries.
Lear launched the national nonpartisan, non-profit campaign ‘Declare Yourself’ in 2004 that registered more than four million new young voters in the 2004, 2006, and 2008 elections. ‘Declare Yourself’ premiered BornAgainAmerican.org at the Presidential Inauguration in 2009.
Selected writings of Lear include ‘Liberty and Its Responsibilities’, ‘Our Political Leaders Mustn't Be Evangelists’, ‘Our Fragile Tower of Greed and Debt’, ‘A Debate on Religious Freedom’ with Ronald Reagan, and ‘Even This I Get to Experience’.
Family & Personal Life
Lear was married to Charlotte Rosen from 1943–1956. Their daughter Ellen Lear, a sex therapist, was born in 1947.
His second marriage with Frances Loeb lasted from 1956-1986. Frances reportedly received $112 million in a divorce settlement which was one of the largest on record. Their daughters Kate Breckir LaPook and Maggie Beth Lear were born in 1958 and 1959 respectively. Kate is an executive and her husband Jonathan LaPook is a CBS News medical correspondent. Lear and Frances have two grandchildren Zoe and Griffin Katz.
Lear is presently married to Lyn Davis since 1987. Their son Benjamin Davis Lear, according to ‘Even This I Get to Experience’, was born on July 10, 1988. Their twin daughters Madeline Rose Lear and Brianna Elizabeth Lear were born in 1994.
Lear is the godfather of American actress and singer-songwriter Katey Sagal.