Hussain Muhammad Ershad Biography

Hussain Muhammad Ershad is one of the most famous former Presidents of Bangladesh. This biography of Hussain Muhammad Ershad provides detailed information about his childhood, profile, career and timeline

Hussain Muhammad Ershad
Quick Facts

Birthday: February 1, 1930

Nationality: Bangladeshi

Famous: Presidents Political Leaders

Age: 89 Years, 89 Year Old Males

Sun Sign: Aquarius

Born in: Dinhata

Famous as: Former President of Bangladesh

political ideology: Political party - Jatiya Party

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Rowshan Ershad

Founder/Co-Founder: Jatiya Party (Ershad), Bangladesh Jatio Sramik League, Grand Alliance

More Facts

education: University of Dhaka, National Defence University, Pakistan

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Hussain Muhammad Ershad, alumni of the ‘University of Dhaka’ started off as a military officer in the Pakistan Army and after the ‘Liberation War’ of Bangladesh, served in the ‘East Bengal Regiment’. He worked his way up the political ladder to soon become the fourth President of Bangladesh. During his term, he introduced several policies that catapulted him to fame and made him popular with the general public. He took measures to control concentration of power and corruption, not just among the masses but also within the Parliament. This famous leader is known for his drastic decision to dissolve the whole parliament and conduct fresh elections, the year he became President. He has contested the elections on several occasions, winning most of them by a clean margin. This astute politician has been recognized globally by the ‘United Nations’ for his contribution to resolving issues on population and environment. He is the only President of Bangladesh who has been arrested, and yet has won elections after imprisonment. Hussain is remembered as a politician who incorporates the contradictory traits of ability as well as inability as a leader. He introduced the martial law, handing over all power to the military, and fought against corruption in his prime, but ultimately falling prey to illegal acquisition of money, himself

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Hussain Muhammad Ershad
Childhood & Early Life
  • Hussain Muhammad Ershad was born on February 1, 1930 in the Rangpur district of present day Bangladesh.
  • He started attending 'Carmichael College' in Rangpur, and later continued his higher education at the 'University of Dhaka', graduating in 1950. Two years later, Ershad served in the Pakistan Army, following which he was recruited by the ‘East Bengal Regiment’ of Chittagong.
  • In 1966, he started pursuing military courses from the ‘Command and Staff College’ in Quetta, Pakistan. After a period of three years, he was given charge of the third ‘East Bengal Regiment’.
  • In 1971, during the ‘Liberation War’ of Bangladesh, he served as commander in the seventh ‘East Bengal Regiment’.
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Career
  • In 1973, Hussein was sent back to Bangladesh by the Pakistan Army, after Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistan President Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto signed the 'Simla Agreement'.
  • After the first president of Bangladesh, Sheik Mujibur Rahman was assassinated, his successor Ziaur Rahman promoted Ershad in 1978 as the Chief of the army staff and the next year as lieutenant-general of the army.
  • In 1981, Major General A. Manzoor led a few other army officers in the assassination of President Ziaur Rahman. This politically chaotic situation was brought under control by Ershad, and he helped the ruling 'Bangladesh Nationalist Party'.
  • On March 24, 1982, he took over the state power from Abdus Sattar, who was, according to the former, unable to govern due to health ailments. He introduced the martial law, which enabled him to remove the cabinet and parliament members, controlling corruption by arresting several former cabinet members.
  • In the following years, he rescheduled important dates of election, and formed the 'Jatiya Party' in 1986. The same year, the military leader was elected President for a term of five years.
  • Even though martial law was imposed during the election of 1986, the ‘Awami League’, which was the opposition party, won 30 percent of the parliamentary seats. This made Hussain’s decisions more acceptable to the public, and with the newly elected parliament, he introduced decentralization of power at civil as well as judicial levels.
  • Owing to opposition from two large rival parties, the President had to reschedule another round of parliamentary elections in 1988. He was once again elected as President, the same year, but this time he withdrew the martial law.
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  • On December 4, 1990, due to strong opposition and a state of emergency in the country, the Bangladeshi President resigned from his post. He was accused of corruption as well as other offences, and kept confined to his home.
  • During 1991-96, he faced trial and was indicted for corruption as well as felonious possession of arms. The defamed political leader contested in the parliamentary elections from prison twice in the span of six years, and won on both occasions.
  • On January 9, 1997, Ershad was granted bail, and was released from prison, but only because he had shown his support towards the ‘Awami League’. The next year, the Supreme Court of Bangladesh ruled that this politician’s arrest had been illegal.
  • In 2000, the ‘Jatiya Party’ was segmented into three groups, and the former President took charge of the strongest section.
  • Hussain was once again arrested in 2001, in a trial called the ‘Janata Tower Case’, on charges of using political authority to assign land, and having black money. Even though he was sentenced to seven years of imprisonment, the political leader only served four months, after which he got out on bail.
  • Hussain, once again, became the Chairman of the ‘Jatiya Party’, on April 8, 2008. The same year, he participated in the parliamentary elections, from the constituencies of Rangpur, Kurigram and Dhaka, eventually winning all the three. The same year, he also became a member of the ‘Mahajote’, or the ‘Grand Alliance’ of four political parties.
  • The Supreme Court of Bangladesh announced on May 15, 2011, that the martial law introduced by this military leader was illegal.
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  • In 2013, this famous political leader chose Bobby Hajjaz as his strategic consultant. Bobby is the son of Bangladeshi business tycoon and weapon dealer, Musa Bin Shamsher’s son.
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Major Works
  • Hussain Muhammad Ershad was a former President of Bangladesh who, during his term brought about changes in many policies of government industries, and introduced major land reforms that gave several rights to tenants. He is also known for resting all political power in the hands of military officials, by establishing the martial law.
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Awards and Achievements
  • In 1987, the ‘United Nations’ felicitated Hussain Muhammad with the ‘UN Population Award’, to recognize his efforts to address population issues in Bangladesh.
  • The next year, he was honoured with the ‘UN Environment Award’, to acknowledge his contribution to a global summit that discussed environmental conservation strategies.
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Personal Life & Legacy
  • In 1956, this politician married Begum Raushan, who is also a member of the ‘Jatiya Party’ in Bangladesh. The couple have a daughter, Mahajebin and an adopted son, Shad.
  • Shad is married to the grand-daughter of business stalwart M.R. Khan, Mahima Ahmed. Mahajebin, has post graduate degrees in Graphic Designing, and Cultural Studies, from the ‘London School of Art’ and the ‘London School of Economics’ and resides with her husband and children in London.
  • Ershad has also been married to a woman named Bidisha, who he divorced because allegedly she kept her first marriage a secret. He had a third marriage with Marieum Mumtaz, who accused the politician of having left her, and thus the latter sought annulment.
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Trivia
  • This famous Bangladeshi political leader and former President is also a talented poet with books like ‘Nobanne Shukher Ghran’ and ‘Kanak Pradip Jalo’, to his credit
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See the events in life of Hussain Muhammad Ershad in Chronological Order

How To Cite

Article Title
- Hussain Muhammad Ershad Biography
Author
- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
Website
- TheFamousPeople.com
URL
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/hussain-muhammad-ershad-5851.php
Last Updated
- November 10, 2017

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