George E. Palade Biography
Birthday: November 19, 1912 (Scorpio)
Born In: Iași, Romania
George E. Palade was a Romanian-American cell biologist who, along, Albert Claude and Christian de Duve, was one of the co-recipients of the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. Palade is considered to be "the most influential cell biologist ever.” He was much acclaimed for his innovations in electron microscopy and cell fractionation which paved the way for the development of modern molecular cell biology. Born in Romania to a professor father and a teacher mother, he was raised in an intellectually stimulating environment and acquired a great respect for books, scholars and education early on. His father hoped that his son would study philosophy but George was more interested in science, especially medicine. He received his M.D. in 1940 from the Carol Davila School of Medicine in Bucharest and eventually moved to the United States to do postdoctoral research. He became acquainted with Albert Claude at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research and the two men worked together for some time. Palade performed many studies, using electron microscope, to examine the internal organization of such cell structures as ribosomes, mitochondria, chloroplasts, and the Golgi apparatus. He received much attention for his contribution to the development of the technique called cell fractionation which played a vital role in the development of modern molecular cell biology.