Albert Claude Biography
Birthday: August 24, 1899 (Virgo)
Born In: Longlier, Neufchâteau, Belgium
Albert Claude was a Belgian-American cytologist and medical doctor who through his extensive research evolved the fundamental procedures of separating living cell to determine its components. His revolutionary work in cytology was initiated by way of his enduring interest in cancer research. He applied advanced biochemical and biophysical procedures including enzyme mapping, electron microscopy and differential high speed centrifugation among others to evolve a method of cell fractionation. His path breaking discovery includes the agent of the Rous sarcoma and the cell organelles constituents like the chloroplast, ribosome, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome and mitochondrion. His research in cytology established the intricate structural and functional cell properties. The details of specific aspects of cell structure were first published by him. His achievements in cytology that party form a base of modern cell biology garnered him the ‘Nobel Prize’ for Physiology or Medicine in 1974, that he shared with his student George Palade, and Christian de Duve. He served as the Professor of the ‘Rockefeller University’, the ‘Université catholique de Louvain’ and the ‘Université Libre de Bruxelles’. He remained Director of the ‘Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire et Cancérologie in Louvain-la-Neuve’. He was also the Director of the ‘Jules Bordet Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment’.