Cesar Cui Biography
Died At Age: 83
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Also Known As: César Antonovich Cui
Born Country: Lithuania
Born in: Vilnius, Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire
Famous as: Composer, Writer and Critic
mother: Julia Gucewicz
children: Aleksandr, Lidiya
place of death: Saint Petersburg
Cesar Cui was a Russian composer and a music critic who was of French and Lithuanian descent. In the 19th century, he was a member of ‘The Five’, who were a famous nationalist group of Russian composers. This group flourished under the leadership of Mily Balakirev and the group typically composed Russian brand music. Similar to most of the other composers, Cui too, nurtured a parallel career apart from music. He was an engineer and a military officer. In the later stages of his career, it was Mily Balakirev, who helped him recognize his musical talents following which, Cesar decided to pursue his musical career seriously. With his copious avocations in music, compositions and journalism, Cesar contributed to orchestral music, choral music, chamber music, art songs and numerous works on piano music. This composer left his imprints in music and military fortifications and was undoubtedly a man of versatile talents. Scroll further for more information on the profile of Cesar Antonovitch Cui.
Though Cesar contributed much in the field of military academics, he had gathered fame in the West for his musical works. The seriousness of considering music as a career began in the year 1857, when Cesar met Mily Balakirev and became a disciple of the Russian nationalist beliefs. His first operetta in 1859, ‘The Mandarin’s Son, was an early and jaded effort. Cui was awarded the ‘Imperial Russian Music Society’ in the year 1860 for a combination of chorus and orchestral works.
Cesar’s first public performance took place in 1869 but unfortunately it failed to gather success even after he gave eight performances. The reason to this could be stated as the harshness of his writings about music in the media. Also, the inclusion in the opera selection committee at the Marinsky Theatre was significant in his life and the stint came to an end in 1883. This is when both Cesar and Rimsky-Korsakov exited from the committee as a means of protest to the rejection of Mussorgsky's Khovanshchina. During 1896 – 1904, Cesar Cui was accorded the position of director of the Petersburg branch of the Russian Musical Society. Cesar also gathered praise for his works from Franz Liszt.
- Orchestral, Scherzo for orchestra 1857 (Dedicated to his wife)
- Opera, The Caucasian Prisoner 1858
- Tarantella 1859
- Opera, The Mandarin's Song 1859 (Dedicated to his wife)
- Opera, William Ratcliffe 1869
- Opera, Angelo 1875-6
- Suite Concertante, for violin and orchestra 1883
- Orchestral, Deux Morceaux, for cello and orchestra, 1886
- Opera, Le Filibuster 1888-9
- Opera, The Saracen 1899
- Opera, Feast in Time of Plague 1901
- Opera, Matteo Falcone 1907
- Opera, The Captain's Daughter 1911
- Opera, Little Red Riding Hood 1911
- Opera, Ivan the Fool 1913
- Opera, Puss-in-Boots (from Perrault) 1915
CESAR CUI TIMELINE
Cesar Cui was born on 18 January, 1835 at Lithuania, Russia.
Cui graduated from Chief Engineering School.
Began his military career as instructor in fortifications.
Met Mily Balakirev and became seriously involved in music.
Composed and published his first Operetta, ‘The Mandarin’s Son’.
Contributions in newspapers/ publications in Russia and Europe.
Expert on military fortifications, attained academic status of professor.
Honored by several foreign musical societies.
Became a member at the Belgian Royal Academy of Literature and Art.
Became director of the Petersburg branch of the Russian Musical Society.
He attained themilitary rank of General.
Cesar Cui passed away on 24th March.
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