Nicaraguan

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Whether you are looking for a backpacking adventure or an exotic escape or just wish to brush up on your general intelligence quotient, having Nicaragua on your list will expose you to a world of new possibilities and newer perceptions. Boasting of indigenous history, culture and cuisine this ‘land of lakes and volcanoes’ has plenty of attractions to offer to anyone who has the nerve and the verve to explore this tropical hotspot. Besides its jaw-dropping Colonial architecture, picturesque volcanic landscape, spine-chilling past, and warm-hearted locals, Nicaragua ranks high when it comes to its reservoir of talented and famous men and women. That is right! From politics to literature, the Nicaraguans have stamped their excellence in myriad fields and how. Without further ado, let us explore the treasury of famous Nicaraguans and discover all about their lives, trials, and tribulations through their timelines, trivia, and facts chronicled in their biographies below.
Vote For Your Favourite Nicaraguan Personality
 1 
Alexis Arguello
(Nicaraguan Three-weight World Champion Boxer)
Alexis Arguello
4
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 19, 1952
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: July 1, 2009

Nicaraguan professional boxer Alexis Arguello had once held the world featherweight, lightweight, and junior lightweight titles. He fought for the Contras against the Sandinista regime, and then continued his boxing career in the US, before returning to politics and becoming the mayor of Managua. He eventually died by suicide.

 2 
Bianca Jagger
(Nicaraguan Social and Human Rights Advocate & Wife of Singer Mick Jagger)
Bianca Jagger
9
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: May 2, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua

Bianca Jagger is a Nicaraguan social rights advocate. She is credited with founding the Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation, where she is currently serving as the chairperson. For her work as a humanitarian, Jagger has received several awards, including the Champion of Justice Award. A former actress, Jagger appeared in many movies and TV shows throughout the 1970s and 1980s.

 3 
Román González
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: June 16, 1987
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 4 
Ricardo Mayorga
(Nicaraguan Professional Boxer and Former Mixed Martial Artist Known for His Trash-Talks Before the Fight)
Ricardo Mayorga
6
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: October 3, 1973
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Masaya, Nicaragua

Ricardo Mayorga is a Nicaraguan former boxer and mixed martial artist. Often referred to as the craziest man in boxing, Mayorga is known for his antics outside the ring as much as for his achievements inside the ring. An entertaining boxer, 26 out of his 32 wins were knockouts. From 2005 to 2006, he held the WBC super welterweight title.

 5 
Rubén Darío
(Nicaraguan Poet Who Initiated the Spanish-Language Literary Movement Known as "Modernismo")
Rubén Darío
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 18, 1867
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ciudad Darío, Nicaragua
Died: February 6, 1916

The leader of the 19th-century Spanish-American Modernismo movement, Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío had been a prodigy who had started writing poems at age 14. Best remembered for his works such as Azul, he earned the tag of the Prince of Castilian Letters. He had also held various diplomatic posts.

 6 
Thaksin Shinawatra
(23rd Prime Minister of Thailand)
Thaksin Shinawatra
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 26, 1949
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: San Kamphaeng District, Thailand
Thaksin Shinawatra, a successful businessman, was once one of Thailand’s richest men. The former prime minister of Thailand, Shinawatra is now in Dubai, on a self-imposed exile, following his ouster over a corruption row. However, that hasn’t stopped him from appearing in events, such as an electronics show in LA.
 7 
Augusto César Sandino
(Nicaraguan Revolutionary Who Fought Against the United States Occupation of Nicaragua)
Augusto César Sandino
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 18, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Niquinohomo, Nicaragua
Died: February 21, 1934

Augusto César Sandino was a Nicaraguan revolutionary. From 1927 to 1933, Sandino led a rebellion against the United States occupation of Nicaragua, due to which he was lauded as a hero throughout Latin America. Although the US government labeled him a bandit, Sandino went on to become a symbol of resistance and is revered as a national hero in Nicaragua.

 8 
Anastasio Somoza García
(President of Nicaragua from 1937 to 1947 and from 1950 to 1956)
Anastasio Somoza García
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San Marcos, Nicaragua
Died: September 29, 1956

Anastasio Somoza García was a Nicaraguan leader who served as the president of Nicaragua from 1937 to 1947 and again from 1950 to 1956. Before becoming the president of Nicaragua, Somoza played a major role in ousting the then-President Adolfo Díaz. Somoza is credited with starting the Somoza family, which had absolute control over Nicaragua for more than four decades. 

 9 
Violeta Chamorro
(President of Nicaragua (1990 - 1997))
Violeta Chamorro
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 18, 1929
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rivas, Nicaragua

The only woman to ever serve as the president of Nicaragua, Violeta Chamorro, was born to an affluent cattle rancher and was mostly educated in the U.S. She was married to La Prensa heir Pedro Joaquim Chamorro Cardenal and later took over the operations of the paper.

 10 
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(President of Nicaragua (1967 - 1972, 1974 - 1979))
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 5, 1925
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: León
Died: September 17, 1980

Anastasio Somoza Debayle was a dictator and de facto ruler of Nicaragua between 1972 and 1974. He served as the President of Nicaragua on two ocassions; from 1967 to 1972 and then from 1974 to 1979. He was the last member of the infamous Somoza family to serve as Nicaraguan president. His life inspired the 1983 movie Last Plane Out.

 11 
Dennis Martínez
(Baseball player)
Dennis Martínez
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 14, 1955
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Granada, Nicaragua
 12 
Luis Enrique
(Singer)
Luis Enrique
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: September 28, 1962
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Somoto, Nicaragua
 13 
Jonathan Loáisiga
(Baseball player)
Jonathan Loáisiga
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: November 2, 1994
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 14 
Ernesto Cardenal
(Nicaraguan Catholic Priest and Poet; Founder of the 'Primitivist' Art Community in the Solentiname Islands)
Ernesto Cardenal
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 20, 1925
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Granada, Nicaragua
Died: March 1, 2020

Nicaraguan priest Ernesto Cardenal was one of the most significant poets of his country. His works despised American imperialism and capitalism and used slogans as symbols. He was also part of the Sandinista Front that removed Anastasio Somoza, following which he became the minister of culture in the new cabinet.

 15 
Rosario Murillo
(Vice President & First Lady of Nicaragua)
Rosario Murillo
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 22, 1951
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua

Rosario Murillo is a Nicaraguan poet and politician. She is the current Vice President and First Lady of Nicaragua; she is the wife of the current President Daniel Ortega. A polyglot, Murillo speaks English, Spanish, French, and Italian. Murillo is also known for her controversial personality. Renowned for her New Age beliefs, Murillo has struggled with alcohol and drug addiction.

 16 
Pedro Miguel Arce
0
Birthdate: June 17, 1976
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 17 
Felix Alvarado
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 15, 1989
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 18 
Gioconda Belli
(Nicaraguan Author, Novelist and One of the Prominent Sandinistas Who Opposed the Somoza Dictatorship)
Gioconda Belli
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 9, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua

Nicaraguan novelist and poet Gioconda Belli is noted for works like the semi-autobiographical novel La Mujer Habitada and the allegory El infinito en la palma de la mano that won her Premio Biblioteca Breve. A prominent member of Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), which established a revolutionary government overthrowing Anastasio Somoza DeBayle, Belli handled media relations for the FSLN government  

 19 
Daniel Ortega
(President of Nicaragua)
Daniel Ortega
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 11, 1945
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: La Libertad, Nicaragua
Daniel Ortega is the incumbent president of Nicaragua. He has also been the Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction and a Sandinista leader, too. He was part of the resistance against dictator Anastasio Somoza and later learned guerrilla tactics in Cuba. His rule is increasingly turning anti-democratic in nature.
 20 
José Santos Zelaya
(President of Nicaragua (1893 - 1909))
José Santos Zelaya
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 1, 1853
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: May 17, 1919

José Santos Zelaya was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua from 1893 to 1909. During his presidency, Zelaya enacted many progressive programs, such as established steam ship lines and improved railroads and public education. José Santos Zelaya also enacted a number of constitutional rights.

Pedro Joaquin Chamorro Cardenal
1
Birthdate: September 23, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Granada, Nicaragua
Died: January 10, 1978
 22 
Hope Portocarrero
(Anastasio Somoza Debayle's wife)
Hope Portocarrero
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 28, 1929
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tampa, Florida Tampa, Florida, United States
Died: October 5, 1991
 23 
Tony Meléndez
(Guitar player)
Tony Meléndez
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 9, 1962
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rivas, Nicaragua
 24 
Juan Bautista Sacasa
(President of Nicaragua (1933 to 1936))
Juan Bautista Sacasa
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 21, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua
Died: April 17, 1946

Juan Bautista Sacasa was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua from 1933 to 1936. An influential politician, Sacasa also served as the Vice President of Nicaragua from 1925 to 1926. The decline of his popularity at the end of his presidency marked the rise of the infamous dictator, Anastasio Somoza García.

 25 
Marina Jacoby
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 3, 1995
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Matagalpa, Nicaragua
 26 
Nastassja Bolivar
2
Birthdate: October 24, 1988
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Miami, Florida, United States
 27 
Rigoberto López Pérez
(Nicaraguan Poet and Assassin of Longtime Dictator of Nicaragua, Anastasio Somoza García)
Rigoberto López Pérez
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 13, 1929
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua León, Nicaragua
Died: September 21, 1956

Rigoberto López Pérez was a Nicaraguan poet, composer, and artist. He is best remembered for murdering the longtime dictator of Nicaragua, Anastasio Somoza García. 25 years after his death, Rigoberto López Pérez was declared a national hero by the Sandinista government of Nicaragua on September 21, 1981.

 28 
Francisco Fonseca
5
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 24, 1994
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: El Rama, Nicaragua
 29 
Rene Alvarado
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: February 15, 1989
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 30 
Tomás Borge
(Nicaraguan Statesman, Writer and Co-founder of the 'Sandinista National Liberation Front')
Tomás Borge
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 13, 1930
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Matagalpa, Nicaragua
Died: April 30, 2012

Tomás Borge was a Nicaraguan statesman and writer. He is credited with co-founding the Sandinista National Liberation Front, a socialist political party in Nicaragua. A revolutionary at heart, Tomás Borge formed friendships with Tamara Bunke and Che Guevara in an attempt to end the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza García. Tomás Borge also authored several poems and essays.

 31 
Rosendo Álvarez
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 6, 1970
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 32 
Hernaldo Zúñiga
(Singer-songwriter)
Hernaldo Zúñiga
1
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: June 2, 1955
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Masaya, Nicaragua
 33 
Cristofer Rosales
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: October 6, 1994
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 34 
Claudia Chamorro Barrios
(Nicaraguan Writer Best Known For Her Memoir 'Tiempo de Vivir')
Claudia Chamorro Barrios
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1952 AD
Birthplace: Nicaragua

Claudia Chamorro Barrios is a Nicaraguan writer and former ambassador of Nicaragua to Costa Rica and Cuba. During the 1980s, she worked as a diplomat for the Sandinista government. Chamorro is perhaps best known for her memoir, Tiempo de Vivir, which narrates her son's sickness and death from leukemia.

 35 
Roberto Solis
(Nicaraguan Criminal & Convicted Murderer)
Roberto Solis
1
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 1945 AD
Birthplace: Nicaragua

Roberto Solis is a Nicaraguan criminal, armored car robber, and convicted murderer. He is also known for writing poetry while spending time in prison. He spent 23 years in prison for killing a security guard named Louis Dake. Roberto Solis was given parole in 1992 and has been missing since 1993.

 36 
Arnoldo Alemán
(President of Nicaragua)
Arnoldo Alemán
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 23, 1946
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Managua

Arnoldo Alemán is a Nicaraguan politician who became the 81st President of Nicaragua on 10 January 1997. A qualified lawyer, he practiced law for several years before entering politics. As the president, he was successful in promoting economic growth in the country. After his term ended in 2002, he was convicted of corruption. These convictions were later overturned. 

 37 
Enrique Bolaños
(Former President of Nicaragua)
Enrique Bolaños
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 13, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Masaya, Nicaragua

Enrique Bolaños is a Nicaraguan former politician. He served as the president of Nicaragua from January 2002 to January 2007. Prior to this, he had been the vice president under his predecessor, Arnoldo Alemán. He was a successful businessman before he ventured into politics. As the president, he implemented many reforms to fight corruption. He has since retired from politics.

 38 
Luis Somoza Debayle
(26th President of Nicaragua (1956 - 1963))
Luis Somoza Debayle
7
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 18, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua
Died: April 13, 1967

The son of former Nicaraguan president Anastasio Somoza Debayle, Luis Somoza Debayle led the country as its president after his father’s assassination. His regime was liberal, and he made efforts to modernize his country. After stepping down from his presidential position, he became a senator.

 39 
Xiomara Blandino
(Beauty pageant contestant)
Xiomara Blandino
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 10, 1984
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 40 
Arturo Cruz Jr.
(Diplomat)
Arturo Cruz Jr.
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 13, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 41 
Adriana Paniagua
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 24, 1995
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chinandega, Nicaragua
 42 
Berenice Quezada
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 28, 1993
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: El Rama, Nicaragua
 43 
Zoilamerica Ortega Murillo
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1967 AD
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 44 
Lillian Molieri
0
Birthdate: January 18, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: September 13, 1980
 45 
Sergio Ramírez
(Vice President of Nicaragua (1985 - 1990))
Sergio Ramírez
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 5, 1942
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Masatepe, Nicaragua

Sergio Ramírez is a Nicaraguan intellectual and writer who played an important role during the revolution of 1979. He is best known for his service as the Vice President of Nicaragua from 1985 to 1990. Ramírez is the recipient of many prestigious awards such as the Miguel de Cervantes Prize, Jose Donoso Award, and Casa de las Américas Novel Prize.

 46 
Oswaldo Castillo
0
Birthplace: Nicaragua
 47 
Byron Rojas
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: June 23, 1990
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Matagalpa, Nicaragua
 48 
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(Former President of Nicaragua (1917 - 1921, 1926))
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 11, 1871
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Acoyapa, Nicaragua
Died: February 26, 1966

Emiliano Chamorro Vargas was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua on two occasions; he first served from 1917 to 1921 and again from March 1926 to November 1926. During his presidency, Emiliano Chamorro Vargas made an honest attempt to pay off Nicaragua's creditors.

 49 
Fernando Cardenal
(Theologian)
Fernando Cardenal
1
Birthdate: January 26, 1934
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Granada, Nicaragua
Died: February 20, 2016
 50 
Claribel Alegría
(Neustadt Prize-Winning Nicaraguan-Salvadoran Author)
Claribel Alegría
3
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: May 12, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Estelí, Nicaragua
Died: January 25, 2018

Nicaraguan-Salvadoran author and poet Clara Isabel Alegría Vides, better known as Claribel Alegría, was an influential name in Central American literature. The Neustadt Prize winner was known for her masterpieces such as Flowers from the Volcano. She was highly critical of the Salvadoran military government and often wrote on socio-political issues.