Famous Nicaraguan Leaders

Nicaragua is the largest country of Central America. Once under the Spanish Empire, Nicaragua gained its independence in 1821 and since then has established its independence. During the formative years, the country underwent a period of political and social unrest marked by dictatorship, fiscal crisis and poverty. A democratic republic, Nicaraguan is headed by the President, who serves as both the head of the state and head of the government. Executive powers lie with the President of Nicaraguan. Though proposal of switching from a presidential to a parliamentary system of affairs was offered, it was later rejected. Some of the prominent Nicaraguan leaders include Tomaz Martinez, Jose Vicente Cuadra, Adan Cardenas, Adolfo Diaz, Bartolome Martinez, Rene Schick and incumbent President Daniel Ortega. Violeta Chamorro was the first female president in Latin America, the second in North America and the 48th President of Nicaragua. Lila T. Abaunza served as the First Lady of Nicaragua from 2002 to 2007. Roger Calero was a prominent Nicaraguan American who ran for U.S. President in the 2004 presidential elections. With this segment, find out in details about the life and profile of Nicaraguan leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Daniel Ortega

Daniel Ortega.
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Famous As: President of Nicaragua
Birthdate: November 11, 1945
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: La Libertad
Daniel Ortega is the incumbent president of Nicaragua. He has also been the Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction and a Sandinista leader, too. He was part of the resistance against dictator Anastasio Somoza and later learned guerrilla tactics in Cuba. His rule is increasingly turning anti-democratic in nature.

 2 Anastasio Somoza Debayle

Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 5, 1925
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: León
Died: September 17, 1980
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 3 Augusto César Sandino

Augusto César Sandino.
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Famous As: Nicaraguan revolutionary Leader
Birthdate: May 18, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Niquinohomo
Died: February 21, 1934

Augusto César Sandino was a Nicaraguan revolutionary. From 1927 to 1933, Sandino led a rebellion against the United States occupation of Nicaragua, due to which he was lauded as a hero throughout Latin America. Although the US government labeled him a bandit, Sandino went on to become a symbol of resistance and is revered as a national hero in Nicaragua.

 4 Anastasio Somoza García

Anastasio Somoza García.
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Famous As: President of Nicaragua
Birthdate: February 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San Marcos, Carazo
Died: September 29, 1956

Anastasio Somoza García was a Nicaraguan leader who served as the president of Nicaragua from 1937 to 1947 and again from 1950 to 1956. Before becoming the president of Nicaragua, Somoza played a major role in ousting the then-President Adolfo Díaz. Somoza is credited with starting the Somoza family, which had absolute control over Nicaragua for more than four decades. 

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 5 Violeta Chamorro

Violeta Chamorro.
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Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: October 18, 1929
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rivas, Nicaragua

The only woman to ever serve as the president of Nicaragua, Violeta Chamorro, was born to an affluent cattle rancher and was mostly educated in the U.S. She was married to La Prensa heir Pedro Joaquim Chamorro Cardenal and later took over the operations of the paper.

 6 Alexis Arguello

Alexis Arguello
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Famous As: Boxer
Birthdate: April 19, 1952
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Barrio Monseñor Lezcano, Managua, Nicaragua
Died: July 1, 2009

 7 Rosario Murillo

Rosario Murillo
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 22, 1951
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
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 8 Ernesto Cardenal

Ernesto Cardenal.
2
Famous As: Poet, Revolutionary, Politician, Priest
Birthdate: January 20, 1925
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Granada, Nicaragua
Died: March 1, 2020

Nicaraguan priest Ernesto Cardenal was one of the most significant poets of his country. His works despised American imperialism and capitalism and used slogans as symbols. He was also part of the Sandinista Front that removed Anastasio Somoza, following which he became the minister of culture in the new cabinet.

 9 Arnoldo Alemán

Arnoldo Alemán.
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Famous As: President of Nicaragua
Birthdate: January 23, 1946
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Managua

Arnoldo Alemán is a Nicaraguan politician who became the 81st President of Nicaragua on 10 January 1997. A qualified lawyer, he practiced law for several years before entering politics. As the president, he was successful in promoting economic growth in the country. After his term ended in 2002, he was convicted of corruption. These convictions were later overturned. 

 10 Luis Somoza Debayle

Luis Somoza Debayle
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 18, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua
Died: April 13, 1967

 11 Enrique Bolaños

Enrique Bolaños.
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Famous As: Former President of Nicaragua
Birthdate: May 13, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Masaya, Nicaragua

Enrique Bolaños is a Nicaraguan former politician. He served as the president of Nicaragua from January 2002 to January 2007. Prior to this, he had been the vice president under his predecessor, Arnoldo Alemán. He was a successful businessman before he ventured into politics. As the president, he implemented many reforms to fight corruption. He has since retired from politics.

 12 José Santos Zelaya

José Santos Zelaya
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Famous As: President
Birthdate: November 1, 1853
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: May 17, 1919

 13 Sergio Ramírez

Sergio Ramírez
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Famous As: Former Vice President of Nicaragua
Birthdate: August 5, 1942
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Masatepe, Nicaragua

 14 Tomás Borge

Tomás Borge
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: August 13, 1930
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Matagalpa, Nicaragua
Died: April 30, 2012

 15 Juan Bautista Sacasa

Juan Bautista Sacasa
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Famous As: Political figure
Birthdate: December 21, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua
Died: April 17, 1946

 16 Humberto Ortega

Humberto Ortega
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 10, 1947
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua

 17 Arlen Siu

Arlen Siu
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Famous As: Singer-songwriter
Birthdate: July 15, 1955
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nicaragua
Died: August 1, 1975

 18 Adolfo Calero

Adolfo Calero
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Famous As: Businessman
Birthdate: December 22, 1931
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: June 2, 2012

 19 Nora Astorga

Nora Astorga
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Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: December 10, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: February 14, 1988

 20 Emiliano Chamorro Vargas

Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
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Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: May 11, 1871
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Acoyapa, Nicaragua
Died: February 26, 1966

 21 Fabio Gadea Mantilla

Fabio Gadea Mantilla
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Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: November 9, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nicaragua

 22 Daisy Torres

Daisy Torres
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 11, 1956
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua

 23 Martha Elena Ruiz Sevilla

Martha Elena Ruiz Sevilla
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Nicaragua

 24 Mónica Baltodano

Mónica Baltodano
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 14, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua

 25 Emilio Álvarez Montalván

Emilio Álvarez Montalván
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Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: July 31, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: July 2, 2014

 26 Román y Reyes, Víctor Manuel

Román y Reyes, Víctor Manuel
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Famous As: president of Nicaragua
Birthdate: October 13, 1872
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Carazo, Nicaragua
Died: May 6, 1950

 27 Julia Mena

Julia Mena
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 3, 1950
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nicaragua