Famous Nicaraguan Leaders

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 1 
Daniel Ortega
(President of Nicaragua)
Daniel Ortega
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Birthdate: November 11, 1945
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: La Libertad, Nicaragua
Daniel Ortega is the incumbent president of Nicaragua. He has also been the Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction and a Sandinista leader, too. He was part of the resistance against dictator Anastasio Somoza and later learned guerrilla tactics in Cuba. His rule is increasingly turning anti-democratic in nature.
 2 
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(President of Nicaragua (1967 - 1972, 1974 - 1979))
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
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Birthdate: December 5, 1925
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: León
Died: September 17, 1980

Anastasio Somoza Debayle was a dictator and de facto ruler of Nicaragua between 1972 and 1974. He served as the President of Nicaragua on two ocassions; from 1967 to 1972 and then from 1974 to 1979. He was the last member of the infamous Somoza family to serve as Nicaraguan president. His life inspired the 1983 movie Last Plane Out.

 3 
Augusto César Sandino
(Nicaraguan revolutionary Leader)
Augusto César Sandino
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Birthdate: May 18, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Niquinohomo, Nicaragua
Died: February 21, 1934

Augusto César Sandino was a Nicaraguan revolutionary. From 1927 to 1933, Sandino led a rebellion against the United States occupation of Nicaragua, due to which he was lauded as a hero throughout Latin America. Although the US government labeled him a bandit, Sandino went on to become a symbol of resistance and is revered as a national hero in Nicaragua.

 4 
Alexis Arguello
(Nicaraguan Three-weight World Champion Boxer Who Became the Mayor of Managua)
Alexis Arguello
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Birthdate: April 19, 1952
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Barrio Monseñor Lezcano, Managua, Nicaragua
Died: July 1, 2009
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 5 
Anastasio Somoza García
(President of Nicaragua (1937-47, 1950-56))
Anastasio Somoza García
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Birthdate: February 1, 1896
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San Marcos, Nicaragua
Died: September 29, 1956

Anastasio Somoza García was a Nicaraguan leader who served as the president of Nicaragua from 1937 to 1947 and again from 1950 to 1956. Before becoming the president of Nicaragua, Somoza played a major role in ousting the then-President Adolfo Díaz. Somoza is credited with starting the Somoza family, which had absolute control over Nicaragua for more than four decades. 

 6 
Violeta Chamorro
(President of Nicaragua (1990 - 1997))
Violeta Chamorro
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Birthdate: October 18, 1929
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rivas, Nicaragua

The only woman to ever serve as the president of Nicaragua, Violeta Chamorro, was born to an affluent cattle rancher and was mostly educated in the U.S. She was married to La Prensa heir Pedro Joaquim Chamorro Cardenal and later took over the operations of the paper.

 7 
Rosario Murillo
(Vice President & First Lady of Nicaragua)
Rosario Murillo
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Birthdate: June 22, 1951
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua

Rosario Murillo is a Nicaraguan poet and politician. She is the current Vice President and First Lady of Nicaragua; she is the wife of the current President Daniel Ortega. A polyglot, Murillo speaks English, Spanish, French, and Italian. Murillo is also known for her controversial personality. Renowned for her New Age beliefs, Murillo has struggled with alcohol and drug addiction.

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 8 
Enrique Bolaños
(Former President of Nicaragua)
Enrique Bolaños
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Birthdate: May 13, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Masaya, Nicaragua

Enrique Bolaños is a Nicaraguan former politician. He served as the president of Nicaragua from January 2002 to January 2007. Prior to this, he had been the vice president under his predecessor, Arnoldo Alemán. He was a successful businessman before he ventured into politics. As the president, he implemented many reforms to fight corruption. He has since retired from politics.

 9 
Arnoldo Alemán
(President of Nicaragua)
Arnoldo Alemán
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Birthdate: January 23, 1946
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Managua

Arnoldo Alemán is a Nicaraguan politician who became the 81st President of Nicaragua on 10 January 1997. A qualified lawyer, he practiced law for several years before entering politics. As the president, he was successful in promoting economic growth in the country. After his term ended in 2002, he was convicted of corruption. These convictions were later overturned. 

 10 
José Santos Zelaya
(President of Nicaragua (1893 - 1909))
José Santos Zelaya
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Birthdate: November 1, 1853
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: May 17, 1919

José Santos Zelaya was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua from 1893 to 1909. During his presidency, Zelaya enacted many progressive programs, such as established steam ship lines and improved railroads and public education. José Santos Zelaya also enacted a number of constitutional rights.

 11 
Juan Bautista Sacasa
(President of Nicaragua (1933 to 1936))
Juan Bautista Sacasa
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Birthdate: December 21, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua
Died: April 17, 1946

Juan Bautista Sacasa was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua from 1933 to 1936. An influential politician, Sacasa also served as the Vice President of Nicaragua from 1925 to 1926. The decline of his popularity at the end of his presidency marked the rise of the infamous dictator, Anastasio Somoza García.

 12 
Tomás Borge
(Nicaraguan Statesman, Writer and Co-founder of the 'Sandinista National Liberation Front')
Tomás Borge
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Birthdate: August 13, 1930
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Matagalpa, Nicaragua
Died: April 30, 2012

Tomás Borge was a Nicaraguan statesman and writer. He is credited with co-founding the Sandinista National Liberation Front, a socialist political party in Nicaragua. A revolutionary at heart, Tomás Borge formed friendships with Tamara Bunke and Che Guevara in an attempt to end the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza García. Tomás Borge also authored several poems and essays.

 13 
Sergio Ramírez
(Vice President of Nicaragua (1985 - 1990))
Sergio Ramírez
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Birthdate: August 5, 1942
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Masatepe, Nicaragua

Sergio Ramírez is a Nicaraguan intellectual and writer who played an important role during the revolution of 1979. He is best known for his service as the Vice President of Nicaragua from 1985 to 1990. Ramírez is the recipient of many prestigious awards such as the Miguel de Cervantes Prize, Jose Donoso Award, and Casa de las Américas Novel Prize.

 14 
Humberto Ortega
(Nicaraguan Military Leader and Revolutionary )
Humberto Ortega
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Birthdate: January 10, 1947
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
 15 
Arlen Siu
(Singer-Songwriter and a Prominent Member and an Earliest Female Martyr of Sandinista Revolution)
Arlen Siu
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Birthdate: July 15, 1955
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nicaragua
Died: August 1, 1975
 16 
Adolfo Calero
(Nicaraguan Businessman and Leader of the 'Nicaraguan Democratic Force')
Adolfo Calero
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Birthdate: December 22, 1931
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: June 2, 2012

Adolfo Calero was a Nicaraguan businessman who led the Nicaraguan Democratic Force, one of the first Contra groups of the country. The group was formed to oppose the Sandinista government. Adolfo Calero was portrayed in the 2017 American action comedy movie American Made, in which he was played by Daniel Lugo. 

 17 
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(Former President of Nicaragua (1917 - 1921, 1926))
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
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Birthdate: May 11, 1871
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Acoyapa, Nicaragua
Died: February 26, 1966

Emiliano Chamorro Vargas was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua on two occasions; he first served from 1917 to 1921 and again from March 1926 to November 1926. During his presidency, Emiliano Chamorro Vargas made an honest attempt to pay off Nicaragua's creditors.

 18 
Fabio Gadea Mantilla
(Nicaraguan Radio Journalist, Owner and Co-founder of Radio News Station 'Radio Corporación')
Fabio Gadea Mantilla
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Birthdate: November 9, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nicaragua

Fabio Gadea Mantilla is a Nicaraguan writer, radio journalist, and politician. He is credited with co-founding Radio Corporación, a news radio station in Nicaragua. In 2010, Mantilla was selected to run for the presidency in the 2011 general election. He lost the election to the Sandinista National Liberation Front member Daniel Ortega.

 19 
Nora Astorga
(Nicaraguan Revolutionary and Ambassador to the United Nations (1986 - 1988))
Nora Astorga
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Birthdate: December 10, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: February 14, 1988
 20 
Daisy Torres
(First Female Mayor of Managua)
Daisy Torres
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Birthdate: March 11, 1956
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua

Daisy Torres is a Nicaraguan politician who became the first female mayor of Managua in 2009. A popular politician, Torres held the post until 2018. Daisy Torres is one of the most important members of the Sandinista National Liberation Front.

 21 
Luis Somoza Debayle
(26th President of Nicaragua (1956 - 1963))
Luis Somoza Debayle
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Birthdate: November 18, 1922
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua
Died: April 13, 1967
 22 
Martha Elena Ruiz Sevilla
(First Woman to Serve as Nicaragua's Minister of Defence)
Martha Elena Ruiz Sevilla
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Birthplace: Nicaragua

Martha Elena Ruiz Sevilla is a Nicaraguan lawyer and politician. She is best known for her service as the Defence Minister of Nicaragua from 2013 to 2019. Ruiz Sevilla was the first woman to serve as Nicaragua's Minister of Defence.

 23 
Román y Reyes, Víctor Manuel
(23rd President of Nicaragua (1947 - 1950))
Román y Reyes, Víctor Manuel
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Birthdate: October 13, 1872
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Carazo, Nicaragua
Died: May 6, 1950

Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes was a Nicaraguan political figure best remembered for his service as the President of Nicaragua from 1947 until his death in 1950. His actions during his presidency enabled the minority in Nicaragua to enter Congress.

 24 
Emilio Álvarez Montalván
(Former Foreign Minister of Nicaragua (1997 – 1998))
Emilio Álvarez Montalván
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Birthdate: July 31, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Managua, Nicaragua
Died: July 2, 2014

Emilio Álvarez Montalván was a Nicaraguan ophthalmologist and political figure. He is best remembered for his service as the Foreign Minister of Nicaragua from 1997 to 1998. After his retirement, Emilio Alvarez continued to contribute to the national political culture, for which he was awarded honorary doctorates.

 25 
Julia Mena
( Vice President of Nicaragua (1995 - 1997))
Julia Mena
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Birthdate: April 3, 1950
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nicaragua
 26 
Leticia Herrera Sánchez
(One of the First Female Commanders of 'Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN)')
Leticia Herrera Sánchez
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Birthdate: March 11, 1949
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica

Leticia Herrera Sánchez is a Nicaraguan politician who served as the National Assembly of Nicaragua's vice president from 1985 to 1990. A former guerrilla leader, Herrera was one of the first female commanders of a socialist political party called Sandinista National Liberation Front, which opposed Anastasio Somoza's dictatorial government.

 27 
Mónica Baltodano
(Nicaraguan Revolutionary Leader and Feminist Known for her Activism for the Sandinistas)
Mónica Baltodano
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Birthdate: August 14, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: León, Nicaragua
Nicaragua is the largest country of Central America. Once under the Spanish Empire, Nicaragua gained its independence in 1821 and since then has established its independence. During the formative years, the country underwent a period of political and social unrest marked by dictatorship, fiscal crisis and poverty. A democratic republic, Nicaraguan is headed by the President, who serves as both the head of the state and head of the government. Executive powers lie with the President of Nicaraguan. Though proposal of switching from a presidential to a parliamentary system of affairs was offered, it was later rejected. Some of the prominent Nicaraguan leaders include Tomaz Martinez, Jose Vicente Cuadra, Adan Cardenas, Adolfo Diaz, Bartolome Martinez, Rene Schick and incumbent President Daniel Ortega. Violeta Chamorro was the first female president in Latin America, the second in North America and the 48th President of Nicaragua. Lila T. Abaunza served as the First Lady of Nicaragua from 2002 to 2007. Roger Calero was a prominent Nicaraguan American who ran for U.S. President in the 2004 presidential elections. With this segment, find out in details about the life and profile of Nicaraguan leaders.