Famous Israeli Historical Personalities

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 1 
Solomon
(King of Israel)
Solomon
17
Birthdate: 0990 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0931 BC
Also known as Jedidiah, Israeli king Solomon, known for his wisdom, is a figure that appears in the Hebrew Bible, the Old Testament, the Quran, and Hadiths. He ruled over the United Monarchy. His sins such as idolatry and marrying foreign women led to the disintegration of his kingdom.
 2 
David
(King of Israel from 1010 to 970 BCE)
David
5
Birthdate: 1040 AD
Birthplace: Bethlehem, Israel
Died: 0970 AD

King David of Israel remains a significant figure not just in Christianity, but also in Judaism and Islam. The Books of Samuel describe him as a shepherd. Legends also mention how he killed the giant Goliath and had an affair with Bathsheba. He was also a poet and a psalmist.

 3 
Melchizedek
(Priest and King of Salem)
Melchizedek
6

Melchizedek was the priest and king of Salem. He is mentioned in the Book of Genesis and is the first person to be given the title priest in the Hebrew Bible. Melchizedek is considered an important figure in Christianity and Judaism.

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 4 
Bathsheba
(Queen consort of Israel)
Bathsheba
5

The wife of Uriah the Hittite, Bathsheba was bathing on her roof when David saw her and had her brought to him. He then got Uriah killed and married Bathsheba. David and Bathsheba’s first child died as a punishment for his sins. She was also the mother of King Solomon.

Baldwin IV of Jerusalem
5
Birthdate: 1161 AD
Birthplace: Kingdom of Jerusalem
Died: March 16, 1185

Though seriously hindered by leprosy, Baldwin IV, who came to power at the age of 13, was successful in defending his Jerusalem kingdom during his nearly 11-year rule. His reign was marked by his confrontations with Saladin, the ruler of Egypt and Syria. Also known as The Leper King, Baldwin slowed Saladin’s military campaigns. He was succeeded by his nephew.

 6 
Hezekiah
(King of Judah)
Hezekiah
4
Birthdate: 0739 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0687 BC
Often likened to David, Hezekiah was the ruler of the southern kingdom of Judah. He succeeded his father, Ahaz, at 25. He reformed the Temple and abolished idolatry. His reign witnessed the Assyrians capture Israel and Sennacherib lead the siege of Jerusalem, following which a plague destroyed the Assyrian army.
 7 
Josiah
(King of Judah)
Josiah
4
Birthdate: 0648 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0609 BC
Josiah, whose name means Healed of the Lord, became the king of Judah at the tender age of 8. Apart from compiling major Hebrew scriptures, Josiah destroyed all pagan placed of worship. Though he isn’t mentioned anywhere apart from the Bible, historians believe he very much existed.
 8 
Deborah
(Prophetess)
Deborah
3
Birthdate: 1107 AD
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 1067 AD

Deborah was an Israeli prophetess and a judge of Israel who made her judgments underneath a date palm tree between Bethel in the Tribe of Ephraim and Ramah in Benjamin. According to the Bible, Deborah was the only female judge in pre-monarchic Israel.

 9 
Jezebel
(Queen Consort of Northern Israel)
Jezebel
9
Birthdate: 0900 BC
Birthplace: Israel
Died: November 30, 0841

Jezebel was the wife of the King of Israel, Ahab. Jezebel is credited with introducing the worship of Asherah and Baal on a national scale. She also purged the prophets of Yahweh, for which she is often associated with false prophets. An important cultural symbol, Jezebel is also associated with promiscuity and fallen women.

 10 
Benjamin
(Jacob's son)
Benjamin
3
Birthdate: 1553 BC
Birthplace: Canaan

Benjamin was an Israeli man best known as the son of Jacob, a patriarch of the Israelites. The last-born of Jacob's 12 sons, Benjamin is widely regarded as the forefather of the Tribe of Benjamin.

 11 
Saul the King
(King of Israel (c. 1037–1010 BCE))
Saul the King
8
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 1010 AD

Saul the King reigned as the first king of the United Monarchy (Israel and Judah) from 1037 to 1010 BCE. His reign played a major role in helping the then-civilization undergo a major transition from a tribal society to statehood. According to a biblical summary, Saul was a successful king. He conducted several military campaigns against kingdoms like Aram Rehob.

 12 
Rehoboam
(King of Judah (c. 931–913 BCE))
Rehoboam
3
Birthdate: 0972 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0913 AD

Rehoboam reigned as the King of Judah from 931 to 913 BCE. Since Judah and Israel remained in a state of war during his 17-year reign, Rehoboam built many strongholds and elaborate defenses, including fortified cities, thus playing a major role in shaping the Kingdom of Judah.

 13 
Ahab
(Seventh king of the northern kingdom of Israel (reigned 874–c. 853 BCE))
Ahab
3
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0852 AD

According to the Hebrew Bible, Ahab was the seventh king of Israel. Depicted as a wicked king, Ahab is remembered for his role in the cruel and unjust execution of Naboth, a citizen of Jezreel. Ahab is also responsible for popularizing the worship of Baal after abandoning the religion of Yahweh in Israel.

 14 
Herod Antipas
5
Birthplace: Judea
Died: 0039 AD

Herod Antipas reigned as the ruler of Galilee and Perea during the first century. He is widely known for his role in events leading up to the executions of Jesus of Nazareth and John the Baptist. It is said that Jesus was initially handed over to Antipas by Pontius Pilate before Antipas decided to send Jesus back to Pilate's court.

 15 
Jehoshaphat
3
Birthdate: 0896 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0849 BC

Jehoshaphat reigned as the fourth king of Judah from 870 to 849 BCE. Jehoshaphat is credited with instituting several reforms, including religious reforms, in the Kingdom of Judah. He is widely regarded as a successful king whose reign was marked by a great measure of prosperity and peace in the kingdom.

 16 
Jeroboam
(King)
Jeroboam
3
Birthplace: United Kingdom of Israel
Died: 0910 BC

Jeroboam, son of Nebat, is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as someone who fought against Rehoboam, joining hands with the Israelite tribes. King Solomon had initially made him the superintendent of his tribesmen engaged in building fortresses. The Bible also mentions Jeroboam's constant conflict with Judah.

 17 
Herod Agrippa
3
Birthdate: 0010 AD
Died: 0044 AD

Herod Agrippa reigned as the King of Judaea from 41 to 44 AD. He is credited with shaping the city of Berytus, where he built an amphitheatre, theatre, baths, and porticoes. He also contributed immensely to the infrastructure of Sebaste, Caesarea, and Heliopolis.

Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem
3
Birthdate: 1160 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: July 25, 1190
 19 
Jehu
(King)
Jehu
3
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0814 AD

Jehu reigned as the King of Northern Israel from 841 to 814 BCE. The son of Jehoshaphat, Jehu is best remembered for exterminating the house of Ahab. The annihilation of the house of Ahab is widely regarded as an important event in the history of Israel.

 20 
Herodias
(Queen of Galilee)
Herodias
7
Birthdate: 0015 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0039 AD
 21 
Fulk, King of Jerusalem
(King of Jerusalem)
Fulk, King of Jerusalem
3
Birthdate: 1092 AD
Birthplace: Angers, France
Died: November 13, 1143

Fulk, King of Jerusalem, reigned as the King of Jerusalem from 1131 until his death in 1143. He is credited with helping the Kingdom of Jerusalem reach its largest territorial extent. His reign witnessed the construction of the fortress of Kerak, which is counted among the largest castles in the region.

 22 
Baldwin I of Jerusalem
(King of Jerusalem)
Baldwin I of Jerusalem
3
Birthdate: 1058 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: April 2, 1118
 23 
Athaliah
(Queen)
Athaliah
3
Birthplace: Samaria
Died: 0836 BC
 24 
Uzziah
(King of Judah)
Uzziah
3
Birthdate: 0801 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0733 BC

Uzziah reigned as the tenth king of the Kingdom of Judah. According to the Biblical narrative, Uzziah reigned for about 52 years and was one of the most prosperous rulers of the Kingdom of Judah. It is believed that he suffered from leprosy during his reign for disobeying God.

 25 
Jehoiakim
(king)
Jehoiakim
3
Birthdate: 0634 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0598 BC

Jehoiakim reigned as the King of Judah from 609 to 598 BC. He ruled the kingdom as a vassal of the Egyptians. After the Egyptians' defeat at the battle of Carchemish, Jehoiakim changed allegiances and supported the Babylonians in order to avoid the destruction of Jerusalem.

 26 
Ish-bosheth
5
Birthdate: 1052 BC
Died: 1010 BC

Ish-bosheth reigned as the King of Israel from 1012 until his death in 1010 BCE. The son of King Saul, Ish-bosheth succeeded his father to become the second king of the Kingdom of Israel. His reign lasted only two years as Ish-bosheth was killed by two of his own army captains, Baanah and Rechab.

 27 
Jeconiah
(King)
Jeconiah
3
Birthdate: 0615 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel

Jeconiah reigned as the 19th King of Judah from 598 to 597 BCE. Jeconiah's reign of three months and ten days came to an end when Nebuchadnezzar II's army captured Jerusalem. Subsequently, Jeconiah and 3000 Jews were exiled to Babylon. This is seen as a significant event in the history of Israel as well as Babylon.

 28 
Ahaz
(King of Judah (732–716 BC))
Ahaz
2
Birthdate: 0763 AD
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0710 AD

Ahaz was the King of Judah who reigned from 732 to 716 BC. He is often depicted as an evil king who practiced rituals, such as child sacrifice. It is said that he sacrificed his own son to Moloch by making him pass through the fire. He was succeeded by his son Hezekiah.

Isabella I of Jerusalem
2
Birthdate: 1172 AD
Birthplace: Nablus, Israel
Died: April 5, 1205
 30 
Omri
(King of Israel)
Omri
2
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0871 AD

Omri was the sixth king of Israel who reigned from 884 BC to 873 BC. A successful military campaigner, Omri is credited with extending the northern kingdom of Israel. He is also credited with the establishment of Samaria, which served as his capital. Omri was also the founder of one of the most important Israelite royal houses, House of Omri.

 31 
Ahitophel
(Counselor)
Ahitophel
2
Birthplace: Giloh
 32 
Abijam
(King of Judah)
Abijam
2
Birthdate: 0950 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0911 BC

Abijam was the second King of Judah who reigned from 913 BCE until his death in 911 BCE. One of the most popular kings of the House of David, Abijam aimed at winning back Israel to the Davidic kingdom. As a result, he fought in the Battle of Mount Zemaraim and emerged victorious. Subsequently, he captured Bethel, Ephron, and Jeshanah.

 33 
Ahaziah of Judah
2
Died: 0841 BC

Ahaziah of Judah was the king of Judah who reigned from 842 BCE until his death in 841 BCE. His brief reign was influenced by his mother Athaliah, who went on to succeed him as queen regnant after he died in Megiddo.

 34 
Jehoram
(King of Judah)
Jehoram
2
Birthdate: 0881 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0842 BC

Jehoram of Judah reigned as the King of Judah from 849 BCE until his death in 842 BCE. He is generally depicted as a cruel man who killed his six brothers in order to secure his position as the King of Judah. He was succeeded by his son Ahaziah. 

 35 
Baldwin III of Jerusalem
(King of Jerusalem)
Baldwin III of Jerusalem
2
Birthdate: 1130 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: February 10, 1163

Baldwin III of Jerusalem was the King of Jerusalem from 1143 until his death in 1163, at the age of 33. The seizure of the Egyptian fortress of Ascalon was one of the highlights of his reign. He is credited with improving the relations between Byzantium and Jerusalem; during his reign, the Byzantine Empire became a close ally of Jerusalem.

 36 
Amon of Judah
(Fifteenth King of Judah)
Amon of Judah
2
Birthdate: 0664 AD
Birthplace: Judah, Israel
Died: 0641 AD
 37 
Amaziah of Judah
2
Birthdate: 0802 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0776 BC

Amaziah of Judah was the King of Judah who reigned for 29 years; 24 years of his reign had his son Uzziah as co-regent. Amaziah of Judah is usually depicted as a righteous king who adhered strictly to the Law of Moses. His legacy revolves around his righteousness and his decision not to kill the children of his father's murderers.

Amalric of Jerusalem
2
Birthdate: 1136 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: July 11, 1174

Amalric of Jerusalem was the King of Jerusalem who reigned from 1163 until his death in 1174. He is credited with strengthening the relationship between the Byzantine Empire and Jerusalem. During his reign, Jerusalem and the Byzantine Empire joined forces and launched an attack on Egypt, which was unsuccessful. He is also remembered for fathering three future rulers of Jerusalem.

 39 
Maria of Montferrat
1
Birthdate: 1192 AD
Birthplace: Acre, Israel
Died: March 31, 1212
 40 
Hoshea
(King)
Hoshea
1
Birthplace: Israel

Hoshea reigned as the King of Northern Israel. It is believed that Tiglath-pileser III played a major role in making Hoshea a king, for which the latter paid an annual tribute to the former. Hoshea's downfall, brought about by his refusal to pay tribute to the new Assyrian king, played a major role in establishing the Assyrians' rule in Israel.

 41 
Abijah of Judah
1
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0911 AD

Abijah of Judah was the King of Judah who reigned from 913 BCE until his death in 911 BCE. One of the most popular kings of the House of David, Abijah aimed at winning back Israel to the Davidic kingdom. As a result, he fought in the Battle of Mount Zemaraim and won. Subsequently, he captured Bethel, Ephron, and Jeshanah.

 42 
Menahem
(King)
Menahem
1
Birthplace: Israel

Menahem was the King of Northern Israel. He is credited with founding the House of Gadi, which is also known as the House of Menahem. House of Gadi, which lasted only 12 years, is credited with producing two kings of Israel; Pekahiah and Menahem. The dynasty was succeeded by the House of Remaliah after the death of Menahem's son Pekahiah.

 43 
Aristobulus II
(King of Judaea and High Priest of Judaea)
Aristobulus II
1
Birthdate: 0100 BC
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0049 BC

Aristobulus II reigned as the King of Judaea from 66 to 63 BCE. He also served as the Jewish High Priest of Judaea during his reign. Aristobulus II succeeded his mother Salome Alexandra to the throne after defeating his brother John Hyrcanus II. He was the last of the Maccabean kings of Judaea.

 44 
Nadab of Israel
(Second king of the northern Israelite Kingdom of Israel)
Nadab of Israel
1
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0910 AD
 45 
Manasseh of Judah
0
Birthdate: 0709 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0643 AD

Manasseh of Judah was the King of Judah who reigned from 697 to 643 BC. From 697 to 687 BC, he ruled as a co-regent and his total reign of 55 years is the longest in the history of Judah. He is usually depicted as a wicked king as he allowed the revival of several pagan rituals, including child sacrifice.  

 46 
Aristobulus I
(King of Judaea)
Aristobulus I
0
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0103 AD

Aristobulus I was the king of Judaea who reigned from 104 to 103 BCE. Aristobulus, who hailed from the Hasmonean dynasty, was the first Hebrew king to claim the kingship as well as high priesthood title. He is depicted as a cruel king as he killed his brothers and took the throne from his mother, against his late father’s will.  

 47 
Saul
(First King of Israel)
Saul
0
Birthdate: 1079 BC
Birthplace: Gibeah, Jerusalem
Died: 1010 BC
The first king of united Israel, Saul, finds mention in the Hebrew Bible. He is remembered for his reliance on the trust of his people and his lack of kingly attributes, such as royal excesses or a harem. He eventually committed suicide at Mount Gilboa during the Philistine attack.
 48 
Isabella of Beirut
0
Birthdate: 1252 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1282 AD