As per the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament), Saul ben Kish was the first king of the United Kingdom of Israel (Israel and Judah). Before him, Israel was essentially a tribal society. As king, he successfully led battles against enemies including Amalekites and Philistines. The Hebrew Bible states that he ruled for two years; however, scholars think that his reign perhaps lasted for twenty to twenty two years. He died by taking his own life so as to avoid capture by enemy after a defeat in a battle with the Philistines. He was succeeded by his son Ish-bosheth who ruled briefly. Later David who was an important member of his court and who he had become envious of, was crowned the king. All accounts about Saul’s life come from The Hebrew Bible and there are no other non-biblical sources that support the account. However, some archaeological evidence back aspects of his reigns.