Famous People Who Died In 1794

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1794. This list includes people like Antoine Lavoisier, Georges Danton, Marquis de Condorcet, Maximilien de Robespierre, Maximilien Robespierre and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, lawyers, philosophers and journalists who died in 1794. This list includes people from France, United States, England and many more countries.
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 1 
Maximilien de Robespierre
(French Lawyer and Statesman & One of the Most Influential Figures of the 'French Revolution')
Maximilien de Robespierre
27
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: May 6, 1758
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Arras, France
Died: July 28
Maximilien de Robespierre was a leading left-wing lawyer and leader during the Reign of Terror. He led the Committee of Public Safety and was part of the Constituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club. He was accused of establishing a dictatorship and was guillotined in 1794, thus beginning the Thermidorian Reaction.
 2 
Antoine Lavoisier
(French Chemist Who Discovered the Role of Oxygen in Combustion)
Antoine Lavoisier
22
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 26, 1743
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 8

Antoine Lavoisier was a French chemist and nobleman. He played a crucial role during the chemical revolution of the 18th-century. Widely regarded as the father of modern chemistry, Lavoisier had a major influence on the history of biology as well as the history of chemistry. He also helped build the metric system. 

 3 
Georges Danton
(French Lawyer and a Leading Figure in the French Revolution)
Georges Danton
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 26, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Arcis-sur-Aube, France
Died: April 5

Georges Danton was a major figure in the early stages of the French Revolution. While many historians state that he played a key role in the establishment of the First French Republic, a few scholars refute this claim. He served as the first president of the Committee of Public Safety and was beheaded by the advocates of revolutionary terror. 

 4 
Marquis de Condorcet
(French Philosopher and Mathematician)
Marquis de Condorcet
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: September 17, 1743
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ribemont, France
Died: March 29

French mathematician and philosopher Marquis de Condorcet was a champion for liberal economy and women’s rights. He was a significant contributor of the Encyclopédie and was part of the Academy of Sciences. He is also remembered for his political activities in the wake of the French Revolution.

 5 
Cesare Beccaria
(One of the Greatest Thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment Known for His Treatise 'On Crimes and Punishments')
Cesare Beccaria
0
Birthdate: March 15, 1738
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: November 28

Cesare Beccaria was an 18th-century Italian criminologist, philosopher, jurist, and politician. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. He is still remembered for his treatise On Crimes and Punishments (1764), a pioneering work in the field of penology. He is considered the father of modern criminal law. 

 6 
James Lind
(Scottish Doctor Known for Pioneering of Naval Hygiene in the Royal Navy)
James Lind
1
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: October 4, 1716
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: July 13

James Lind revolutionized medical science by recommending lemon juice and citrus fruits as remedies for scurvy in British Navy officials. Though born into a Scottish merchant family, he ended up becoming a successful naval surgeon. His research also included the prevention of typhus among seamen.

 7 
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
(German Military Officer Who Served as a Major General of the Continental Army During the American Revolutionary War)
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
11
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 17, 1730
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Germany
Died: November 28
At a time when homosexuality was illegal, Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben was openly gay. The Prussian military officer and hero of the American Revolutionary War, reportedly had a romantic relationship with his fellow military man Benjamin Walker. He is also known as someone who singlehandedly trained the Continental Army.
 8 
Edward Gibbon
(Historian)
Edward Gibbon
3
Birthdate: April 8, 1737
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 16

Eighteenth-century historian and author Edward Gibbon is best remembered for his 6-volume historical work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, a narrative that charted events from the 2nd century to the Fall of Constantinople. He had also been an MP, representing Lymington and Liskeard.

 9 
Richard Henry Lee
(Politician)
Richard Henry Lee
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 20, 1732
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stratford, Virginia, United States
Died: June 19
 10 
Élisabeth of France
(Princess)
Élisabeth of France
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 3, 1764
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: May 10
 11 
Georg Forster
(German Explorer Who Established Travel Literature as a Genre in Germany)
Georg Forster
0
Birthdate: November 27, 1754
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mokry Dwór, Poland
Died: January 10
German ethnologist, explorer, and travel writer Georg Forster established travel literature as a prominent genre in the German literary circle. Both he and his naturalist father, Johann Reinhold Forster, accompanied Capt. James Cook on his second voyage around the world. He also taught at several universities, before becoming a librarian.
 12 
Louis Antoine de Saint-Just
(Revolutionary)
Louis Antoine de Saint-Just
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 25, 1767
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Decize, France
Died: July 28
 13 
Lotf Ali Khan
(Ruler)
Lotf Ali Khan
3
Birthdate: 1769 AD
Birthplace: Iran
Died: 1794 AD
 14 
James Bruce
(Explorer, Archaeologist, Film editor, Botanist)
James Bruce
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 14, 1730
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stirling
Died: April 27

Scottish explorer James Bruce is best known for his treatises of travel and his discovery of the source of the Blue Nile. Initially a wine merchant, he later became a British consul in Algiers and decided to explore North Africa. He traveled to places such as Syria, Ethiopia, and Egypt.

 15 
Jean-Baptiste Carrier
(French Revolutionary Known for His Actions in the War in the Vendée During the Reign of Terror)
Jean-Baptiste Carrier
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 16, 1756
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Yolet, France
Died: December 16

French revolutionary Jean-Baptiste Carrier is remembered for his radicalism, his actions during the the War in the Vendée, and his notorious atrocities against counter-revolutionaries, such as the murder of thousands of people at Nantes. He was eventually found guilty of mass murder by the Revolutionary Tribunal and guillotined.

 16 
Jacques Hébert
(French Journalist and Leader)
Jacques Hébert
0
Birthdate: November 15, 1757
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Alençon, France
Died: March 24
 17 
William Jones
(British Philologist and Jurist Known for His Research on Oriental Languages)
William Jones
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: September 28, 1746
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 27
 18 
Fabre d'Églantine
(Actor)
Fabre d'Églantine
0
Birthdate: July 28, 1750
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Carcassonne, France
Died: April 5
 19 
John Witherspoon
(Scottish-American Presbyterian Minister, Educator and a Founding Father of the United States)
John Witherspoon
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 5, 1723
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Gifford, Scotland
Died: November 15

John Witherspoon was a Scottish American slaveholder, Presbyterian minister, and Founding Father of the United States. A signatory to the Declaration of Independence, Witherspoon also signed the Articles of Confederation. He also played a crucial role in shaping public policy in the United States of America.

 20 
André Chénier
(Poet)
André Chénier
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 30, 1762
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: July 25
 21 
Abraham Clark
(Politician, Lawyer)
Abraham Clark
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 15, 1726
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Elizabeth
Died: September 15

American politician and slaveholder Abraham Clark, a Revolutionary War figure who earned the reputation as "the poor man's councilor," signed the United States Declaration of Independence as a delegate for New Jersey to the Continental Congress. He later served as Member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey's At-large district in both the Second and Third United States Congress.

 22 
Jacques François Dugommier
(French general)
Jacques François Dugommier
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 1, 1738
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Trois-Rivières, Guadeloupe
Died: November 18
 23 
Thomas Mudge
(Watchmaker)
Thomas Mudge
0
Birthdate: 1715 AD
Birthplace: Exeter, England
Died: November 14
 24 
Mahadaji Shinde
(Maratha Statesman and Ruler of Ujjain in Central India)
Mahadaji Shinde
0
Birthdate: 1730 AD
Birthplace: India
Died: February 12
 25 
Alejandro O'Reilly
(3rd Spanish Governor of Louisiana)
Alejandro O'Reilly
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 24, 1723
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Baltrasna, County Meath, Ireland
Died: March 23
 26 
Fredrik Axel von Fersen
(Soldier)
Fredrik Axel von Fersen
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 5, 1719
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: April 24
 27 
Marguerite-Élie Guadet
(Former 3rd President of the National Convention of France)
Marguerite-Élie Guadet
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 20, 1758
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Émilion, France
Died: June 19

Marguerite-Élie Guadet was a French politician who played an important role during the Revolutionary period. During the French Revolution, Guadet led the Girondin faction of working-class revolutionaries. An ardent supporter of the democratic monarchy, Marguerite-Élie Guadet opposed the ministers of Louis XVI.

 28 
François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis
(Diplomat)
François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 22, 1715
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saint-Marcel d’Ardeche, France
Died: November 3
 29 
Alison Cockburn
(Scottish Poet and Socialite)
Alison Cockburn
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 8, 1712
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Selkirkshire, Scotland
Died: November 22

Known for her iconic ballad Flowers of the Forest, author Alison Cockburn, or Alicia Cockburn was also quite popular as a witty socialite. Her advocate husband was penniless, and following his death, she created a network among the intellectual circle of Edinburgh, which included Robert Burns and Walter Scott.

 30 
Camille Desmoulins
(French Journalist and Politician)
Camille Desmoulins
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: March 2, 1760
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Guise, France
Died: April 5
 31 
Alexandre de Beauharnais
(Political figure)
Alexandre de Beauharnais
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 28, 1760
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fort-Royal, Martinique, France
Died: July 23
 32 
Duchess Christiane of Mecklenburg
(Princess)
Duchess Christiane of Mecklenburg
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 6, 1735
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Unteres Schloß, Mirow, Germany
Died: August 31
 33 
Francis Light
(Explorer)
Francis Light
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1740 AD
Birthplace: Dallinghoo, England
Died: October 25
 34 
André Chénier
(Turkish-Born French Poet Who Inspired the Romantic Movement)
André Chénier
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 30, 1762
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Died: July 25

Turkish-born French poet André de Chénier is considered one of the greatest 18th-century French poets. Considered as an inspiration for the Romantic movement, he also worked as a political journalist. His political criticism got him guillotined during the French Revolution, on the orders of Maximilien Robespierre.

 35 
Georges Couthon
(Politician)
Georges Couthon
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 22, 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Orcet, France
Died: July 28
 36 
Charles-Hector, count d'Estaing
(French General and Admiral)
Charles-Hector, count d'Estaing
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 24, 1729
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Auvergne Ruvel, France
Died: April 28
 37 
François Hanriot
(French Sans-Culotte Leader, Street Orator, and Commander of the Garde Nationale During the French Revolution)
François Hanriot
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 2, 1759
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nanterre, France
Died: July 28

François Hanriot was a Sans-culotte leader and street orator. He played an important role during the French Revolution, commanding the National Guard. He played a crucial role in the insurrection of May 31 to 2 June 1793 which resulted in the fall of the Girondins. François Hanriot’s arrest and execution went a long way in ending the Reign of Terror.

 38 
John Roebuck
(Inventor)
John Roebuck
0
Birthdate: 1718 AD
Birthplace: Sheffield, England
Died: July 17
 39 
Rudolf Erich Raspe
(Librarian)
Rudolf Erich Raspe
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1736
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hannover, Germany
Died: November 1
 40 
Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg
(Diplomat and State Chancellor of the Habsburg Empire (1753 - 1792))
Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 2, 1711
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 27

Austrian chancellor Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg was a supporter of enlightened absolutism. Though he initially studied law, he later rose to be the State Chancellor of the Habsburg monarchy and stayed in the position for almost 40 years. He witnessed the Seven Years’ War during his tenure.

 41 
Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de Malesherbes
(Statesman)
Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de Malesherbes
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 6, 1721
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 22
 42 
Nicolas Chamfort
(Writer)
Nicolas Chamfort
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 6, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Clermont-Ferrand, France
Died: April 13
 43 
Anacharsis Cloots
(Prussian Nobleman Who Was a Significant Figure in the French Revolution)
Anacharsis Cloots
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: June 24, 1755
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kleve, Germany
Died: March 24

Anacharsis Cloots was a Prussian nobleman who played a significant role in the French Revolution. Born into a wealthy family, he spent his youth traveling across the world preaching his revolutionary ideas. He was a world federalist and is believed to be the first person to advocate a world parliament. He was nicknamed "a personal enemy of God." 

 44 
Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gobel
(Politician)
Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gobel
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: September 1, 1727
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Thann, France
Died: April 13
 45 
Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden
(Lawyer)
Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: March 21, 1714
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kensington, London, England
Died: April 18
 46 
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles
(Judge)
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: September 20, 1759
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 5
 47 
Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve
(Writer)
Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 3, 1756
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chartres, France
Died: June 18
 48 
Isaac René Guy le Chapelier
(Former Member of the National Assembly of France)
Isaac René Guy le Chapelier
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 12, 1754
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rennes, France
Died: April 22

Isaac René Guy le Chapelier was a French politician and jurist of the Revolutionary period. He oversaw the abolition of feudalism in France, which was later added to the Constitution of 1791, a majority of which was drafted by him. Le Chapelier is also remembered for introducing a motion in the National Assembly which forbade trade unions, guilds, and compagnonnage.

 49 
Hester Bateman
(Silversmith)
Hester Bateman
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: 1708 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 16
 50 
Pierre Gaspard Chaumette
(French Politician of the Revolutionary Period)
Pierre Gaspard Chaumette
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 24, 1763
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nevers, France
Died: April 13

Pierre Gaspard Chaumette was a French politician who played a prominent role during the French Revolution. Chaumette played a key role in the inception of the Reign of Terror during which he was serving as the president of the Paris Commune. A vehement critic of Christianity, Chaumette led the dechristianization of France during the revolution.