Famous People Born In 1746

Discover the most famous people born in 1746. The list includes people like Francisco Goya, Tadeusz Kościuszko, Gustav III of Sweden, Benjamin Rush, Carlo Buonaparte and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, mathematicians, physicists and military leaders born in 1746. This list includes people from France, United States, England and many more countries.
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 1 
Francisco Goya
(Painters)
Francisco Goya
22
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 30th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fuendetodos
Died: April 16, 1828
One of the most successful and distinguished artists of his time, Spanish painter Francisco Goya is regarded as both the first of the moderns and last of the Old Masters. His career was initially marked by Rococo style tapestry cartoons and Spanish aristocracy and royalty but later his works became pessimistic.
 2 
Tadeusz Kościuszko
(Polish Military Engineer and Statesman)
Tadeusz Kościuszko
8
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 4th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Belarus
Died: October 15, 1817

Tadeusz Kościuszko was a Polish-Lithuanian statesman, military leader, and military engineer. Thanks to his participation in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's fight against Prussia and Russia and his role in the American Revolutionary War, Tadeusz Kościuszko is widely regarded as a national hero in the United States, Poland, Belarus, and Lithuania.

 3 
Benjamin Rush
(Founding Father of the United States)
Benjamin Rush
5
Birthdate: 4th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Byberry, Philadelphia, United States
Died: April 19, 1813
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 4 
Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
(Swiss Educational Reformer and Pedagogue Who Exemplified Romanticism in His Approach)
Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 12th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Zürich, Switzerland
Died: February 17, 1827

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi was a Swiss educational reformer and pedagogue. He is credited with establishing several educational institutions in French- and German-speaking regions of Switzerland. He also came up with many works explaining his modern principles of education. Thanks to Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Switzerland was able to overcome illiteracy as early as 1830.

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 5 
Jacques Charles
(Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist, Mathematician)
Jacques Charles
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 12th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Beaugency
Died: April 7, 1823

Best known for developing the Charles’s law, which explains the expansion of gases when heated, Jacques Charles was a prominent French physicist. He was the first to ascend in a hydrogen-filled gas balloon, thus pioneering hot-air balloon flight. The Académie des Sciences member later became a professor of physics.

 6 
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
(Statesman)
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 25th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: August 16, 1825
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 7 
Robert R. Livingston
(Politician)
Robert R. Livingston
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 27th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 26, 1813
 8 
Tiradentes
(Brazilian Revolutionary)
Tiradentes
2
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 12th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ritápolis, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: April 21, 1792

Joaquim José da Silva Xavier was a revolutionary who played a major role in a colonial Brazilian revolutionary movement called Inconfidência Mineira, which called for a creation of a Brazilian republic and full independence from the Portuguese Empire. Joaquim José da Silva Xavier was arrested and publicly hanged. Today, he is regarded as a national hero in Brazil.

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 9 
Carlo Buonaparte
(Corsican Lawyer Best Known as the Father of 'Napoleon Bonaparte' and Grandfather of 'Napoleon III')
Carlo Buonaparte
3
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 27th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ajaccio, France
Died: February 24, 1785

Though he initially studied law, Carlo Buonaparte quit without a degree to take charge of his inheritance after his father’s death. He later served Pasquale Paoli. However, following the French conquest of Corsica, he completed his legal education. He is best remembered as the father of Napoleon Bonaparte.

 10 
Gustav III of Sweden
(King of Sweden from 1771 to 1792)
Gustav III of Sweden
4
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 24th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: March 29, 1792

Gustav III of Sweden, the eldest son of Adolf Fredrik, was a man of culture and a symbol of the Swedish Enlightenment. He is remembered for regaining control over the Swedish parliament and for introducing reforms such as free trade. He was assassinated at a masked ball.

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 11 
William Billings
(Composer)
William Billings
1
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 7th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 26, 1800
 12 
Henry Grattan
(Politician)
Henry Grattan
0
Birthdate: 3rd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: June 6, 1820
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 13 
Gregory V of Constantinople
(Saint)
Gregory V of Constantinople
0
Listed In: Saints
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Dimitsana, Greece
Died: April 22, 1821
 14 
André Michaux
(Botanist)
André Michaux
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 8th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Satory, Versailles, France
Died: November 13, 1802
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 15 
Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville
(Prosecutor)
Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville
0
Listed In: Lawyers
Birthdate: 10th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Foreste, France
Died: May 7, 1795
 16 
Bernardo de Gálvez
(49th Viceroy of New Spain)
Bernardo de Gálvez
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 23rd July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Macharaviaya, Spain
Died: November 30, 1786
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 17 
William Jones
(British Philologist and Jurist Known for His Research on Oriental Languages)
William Jones
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 28th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 27, 1794
 18 
Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
(Queen consort of Sweden)
Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
0
Listed In: Noblewomen
Birthdate: 3rd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: August 21, 1813
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 19 
Giuseppe Piazzi
(Astronomer, University teacher, Mathematician)
Giuseppe Piazzi
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 16th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ponte in Valtellina
Died: July 22, 1826

Italian Theatine priest, astronomer and mathematician Giuseppe Piazzi discovered and identified the first asteroid Ceres at Palermo Astronomical Observatory that he established in Palermo, Sicily. He first demonstrated the large proper motion of the binary star system 61 Cygni in the constellation Cygnus. He also supervised compilation of the Palermo Catalogue of stars and completion of the Capodimonte (Naples) Observatory.

 20 
James Wyatt
(Architect)
James Wyatt
0
Birthdate: 3rd August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Weeford, Staffordshire, England
Died: September 4, 1813
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 21 
Maurice Benyovszky
(Explorer and Military personnel)
Maurice Benyovszky
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 20th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vrbové, Slovakia
Died: May 24, 1786
 22 
Thomas Heyward Jr.
(Politician, Judge)
Thomas Heyward Jr.
1
Listed In: Judges
Birthdate: 28th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: South Carolina
Died: March 6, 1809
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 23 
Mary Boyle, Countess of Cork and Orrery
(Countess of Orrery)
Mary Boyle, Countess of Cork and Orrery
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 21st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 30, 1840
 24 
Saverio Cassar
(Politician)
Saverio Cassar
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 29th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ghajnsielem, Malta
Died: December 16, 1805
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 25 
Stéphanie Félicité, comtesse de Genlis
(Writer)
Stéphanie Félicité, comtesse de Genlis
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 25th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Issy-l'Évêque, Saône-et-Loire
Died: December 31, 1830
 26 
Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma
(Duchess)
Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma
1
Birthdate: 26th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: June 18, 1804
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 27 
James Northcote
(Painter)
James Northcote
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 22nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: July 13, 1831
 28 
Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis
(Jurist)
Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Le Beausset, France
Died: August 25, 1807
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 29 
Gaspard Monge
(Mathematician)
Gaspard Monge
1
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 9th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Beaune, France
Died: July 28, 1818
 30 
Michael Bruce
(Poet)
Michael Bruce
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 27th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Portmoak, Scotland
Died: July 15, 1767

Though born to a weaver, Michael Bruce had started reading before turning 4. Best known for works such as Elegy Written in Spring, he died at the tender age of 21. It is believed, poet John Logan stole most of Bruce’s works and passed them off as his own.

 31 
Peter Jacob Hjelm
(Swedish Chemist and the First Person To Isolate the Element Molybdenum in 1781)
Peter Jacob Hjelm
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 2nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sunnerbo, Sweden
Died: October 7, 1813

Peter Jacob Hjelm was a Swedish chemist best remembered for isolating the element molybdenum; he became the first person to do so in 1781, four years after it was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele. In 1784, Peter Jacob Hjelm was inducted into the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

 32 
Johann Jakob Wilhelm Heinse
(Poet)
Johann Jakob Wilhelm Heinse
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 16th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Langewiesen, Ilmenau, Germany
Died: June 22, 1803
 33 
Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen
(Military General)
Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 31st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ingelfingen, Germany
Died: February 15, 1818
 34 
Jean-Baptiste-Robert Lindet
(Politician)
Jean-Baptiste-Robert Lindet
1
Birthdate: 2nd May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bernay, France
Died: February 17, 1825