Famous People Born In 1740

Discover the most famous people born in 1740. The list includes people like Marquis de Sade, Ivan VI of Russia, James Boswell, Johann van Beethoven, Haym Salomon and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, novelists, lawyers and composers born in 1740. This list includes people from England, France, Germany & United States and many more countries.
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 1 
Marquis de Sade
(French Writer Whose Perverse Sexual Preferences and Erotic Writings gave Rise to the Term 'Sadism')
Marquis de Sade
15
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 2nd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 2, 1814
Marquis de Sade is remembered for his erotic books such as The 120 Days of Sodom. He was known for his peculiar way of deriving sexual pleasure by torturing his victims, now known as “sadism.” He was jailed for several years for sexual abuse against men, women, and children. 
 2 
Ivan VI of Russia
(Emperor of Russia)
Ivan VI of Russia
7
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 23rd August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 16, 1764
The eldest child of Duke Anthony Ulrich and Duchess Anna Leopoldovna, Ivan VI of Russia, took over the throne as a 2-month-old baby, with his mother as the regent. His first cousin Elizabeth’s coup later resulted in his imprisonment for 20 years and his eventual assassination. 
 3 
Johann van Beethoven
(Musician)
Johann van Beethoven
0
Birthdate: 14th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bonn, Germany
Died: December 18, 1792
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 4 
Joseph-Michel Montgolfier
(Aviator)
Joseph-Michel Montgolfier
0
Listed In: Aviators
Birthdate: 26th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Annonay, France
Died: June 26, 1810

Joseph-Michel Montgolfier was a French aviation pioneer and balloonist. Along with his brother Jacques-Étienne, he invented the Montgolfière-style hot air balloon and launched the first confirmed piloted ascent by man in 1783. The first ascent carried Jacques-Étienne. The innovative brothers also invented a process to manufacture transparent paper. Joseph invented the self-acting hydraulic ram as well. 

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 5 
James Boswell
(Best Known for His Biography of His Friend and Older Contemporary the English Writer 'Samuel Johnson')
James Boswell
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 29th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: May 19, 1795

Best known for his biography of his friend Samuel Johnson, 18th-century biographer and diarist James Boswell was also a qualified lawyer. Know for his reckless lifestyle and his trysts with prostitutes, he had contracted gonorrhea and had also fathered many children, including two illegitimate ones.

 6 
Haym Salomon
(Businessman and Principal Financier During the American Revolutionary War)
Haym Salomon
1
Listed In: Bankers
Birthdate: 7th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leszno, Poland
Died: January 6, 1785

Polish-American businessman Haym Salomon not only contributed to the establishment of the Philadelphia synagogue Mikveh Israel, but also lent huge amounts of interest-free money to soldiers and other borrowers during the American Revolutionary War. The financier eventually died in poverty, with the American government owing thousands of dollars to him.

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 7 
Empress Go-Sakuramachi
(117th Monarch of Japan)
Empress Go-Sakuramachi
0
Birthdate: 23rd September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan
Died: December 24, 1813
 8 
Carl Michael Bellman
(Songwriter)
Carl Michael Bellman
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 4th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: February 11, 1795
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 9 
Giambattista Bodoni
(Typographer)
Giambattista Bodoni
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 26th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saluzzo, Italy
Died: November 30, 1813
 10 
Francis Light
(Explorer)
Francis Light
0
Listed In: Explorers
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Dallinghoo, England
Died: October 25, 1794
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 11 
David Bushnell
(Inventor)
David Bushnell
0
Birthdate: 30th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Connecticut, United States
Died: 1824 AD
 12 
J. F. Oberlin
(Pastor)
J. F. Oberlin
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 31st August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 1, 1826
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 13 
Henry Cort
(Ironmaster)
Henry Cort
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Lancaster, England
Died: May 23, 1800
 14 
Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet
(Banker)
Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet
0
Listed In: Bankers
Birthdate: 18th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Exeter, England
Died: September 11, 1810
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 15 
Louis-Sébastien Mercier
(Author)
Louis-Sébastien Mercier
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 6th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 25, 1814
 16 
Giovanni Paisiello
(Composer)
Giovanni Paisiello
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 9th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Roccaforzata, Italy
Died: June 5, 1816
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 17 
William Paca
(Politician, Lawyer, Judge)
William Paca
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 31st October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Abingdon
Died: October 23, 1799
 18 
Matthias Claudius
(Poet)
Matthias Claudius
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 15th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Reinfeld, Germany
Died: January 21, 1815
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 19 
Philip Francis
(Politician)
Philip Francis
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 22nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: December 23, 1818
 20 
Isabelle de Charrière
(Dutch-Swiss Writer Best Known for Her Letters and Novels)
Isabelle de Charrière
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 20th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: December 27, 1805

Isabelle de Charrière was born to a Dutch noble family but later married her brother’s Swiss teacher and settled in Switzerland. A fine novelist, known for works such as Trois Femmes and Caliste; ou, lettres écrites de Lausanne, she critiqued social conventions and aristocratic privilege.

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 21 
Philip James de Loutherbourg
(Painter)
Philip James de Loutherbourg
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 31st October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Strasbourg
Died: March 11, 1812
 22 
Samuel Arnold
(Composer)
Samuel Arnold
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 10th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 22, 1802
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 23 
Horace Bénédict de Saussure
(Genevan Geologist and Physicist Who Developed an Improved Hygrometer to Measure Atmospheric Humidity)
Horace Bénédict de Saussure
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 17th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: January 22, 1799

Apart from being a geologist and physicist, Horace Bénédict de Saussure was also a skilled mountaineer and Alpine explorer. Initially a professor of philosophy and physics, he later became one of the earliest user of the word geology. Of his many inventions, the most prominent was his version of the hygrometer.

 24 
John Frere
(Antiquary)
John Frere
0
Listed In: Archaeologists
Birthdate: 10th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Roydon Hall, England
Died: July 12, 1807
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 25 
Ali Pasha of Ioannina
(Ottoman Ruler Who Was the Provincial Governor of Janina, or Ioannina)
Ali Pasha of Ioannina
2
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Tepelenë, Albania
Died: January 24, 1822

Ottoman leader Ali Pasha was born into a poor family but later, through deceit and murder, rose to be the pasha, or provincial governor, of Janina, or Ioannina, the center of Greek culture. He later extended his rule to most of Albania and Macedonia. He was eventually shot dead by his enemies.

 26 
Johann Heinrich Jung
(Author)
Johann Heinrich Jung
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 12th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Grund, Germany
Died: April 2, 1817
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 27 
Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida
(Poet)
Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 10th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: June 23, 1811
 28 
Lewis Hallam the Younger
(Actor)
Lewis Hallam the Younger
0
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: England, United Kingdom
Died: November 1, 1808
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 29 
Basílio da Gama
(Portuguese Poet and Member of the Society of Jesus)
Basílio da Gama
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 10th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tiradentes, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: July 31, 1795

Basílio da Gama was a Portuguese poet best remembered for his epic poem, O Uraguai. An important member of the Society of Jesus, Basílio traveled across Europe, visiting many countries like Italy and Portugal. These travels helped him in his literary career.

 30 
John Sullivan
(Politician)
John Sullivan
2
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 17th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Somersworth, New Hampshire, United States
Died: January 23, 1795
 31 
Elizabeth Sugrue
(Executioner)
Elizabeth Sugrue
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: County Kerry, Ireland
Died: 1807 AD
 32 
Elias Boudinot
(Politician)
Elias Boudinot
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 2nd May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: October 24, 1821
 33 
Georg Magnus Sprengtporten
(Politician)
Georg Magnus Sprengtporten
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 16th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gammelbacka, Finland
Died: October 13, 1819

Georg Magnus Sprengtporten was a Finland-Swedish politician best remembered as the younger half-brother of Jacob Magnus Sprengtporten. He played an important role during the Seven Years' War where he served as a captain. As he defected to Russia, Georg Magnus Sprengtporten is considered a traitor in Sweden.

 34 
John Cartwright
(British politician)
John Cartwright
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 17th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Marnham, England
Died: September 23, 1824

Known as the Father of Reform, John Cartwright made significant parliamentary reforms, which later became part of the People’s Charter. An English naval officer, he had also been part of the Seven Years’ War. He also worked for universal suffrage and, in his later life, invested in crop trials and agricultural improvement.