American Female Physicists

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 1 
Sally Ride
(The First American Woman and The Third Woman in Space)
Sally Ride
18
Birthdate: May 26, 1951
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Encino, Los Angeles, California, United States
Died: July 23, 2012
Astronaut and physicist Sally Ride was the first American woman and the youngest American astronaut to enter space. Following her death, it was revealed that she had been in a 27-year lesbian relationship with tennis player and professor Tam O'Shaughnessy. Sally herself was a ranked junior tennis player, too.
 2 
Vera Rubin
(American Astronomer Known for Her Pioneering Work on Galaxy Rotation Rates)
Vera Rubin
4
Birthdate: July 23, 1928
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 25, 2016

American astronomer Vera Rubin is best known for her pioneering discoveries on galaxy rotation rates, her groundbreaking work confirming the existence of dark matter and for her life-long advocacy for women in science. She studied the galactic rotation curves and provided strong evidence of the existence of dark matter. The Vera C. Rubin Observatory in Chile is named after her.

 3 
Alicia Nash
(Salvadoran-American Physicist)
Alicia Nash
7
Birthdate: January 1, 1933
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: San Salvador, El Salvador
Died: May 23, 2015

Born in El Salvador, Alicia Nash later moved to the U.S., where she became one of the first women to join MIT as a student. The physicist met her husband, renowned mathematician John Nash at MIT. Both Alicia and John were killed in car crash while returning home from Norway.

 4 
Lisa Randall
(Physicist, University teacher)
Lisa Randall
3
Birthdate: June 18, 1962
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Queens, New York, United States

Apart from teaching at Harvard, theoretical physicist Lisa Randall has also held professorships at MIT and Princeton. She has also written several popular books, such as Warped Passages and Knocking on Heaven’s Door. One of Time’s 100 Most Influential People of 2007, she has also written a libretto for an opera.

 5 
Annie Jump Cannon
(Astronomer)
Annie Jump Cannon
4
Birthdate: December 11, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dover
Died: April 13, 1941

After studying physics and astronomy at Wellesley College, Annie Jump Cannon traveled across Europe and focused on photography for a decade, before venturing to study astronomy again. At the Harvard Observatory, she made a considerable contribution to the classification of stellar bodies. She was almost deaf due to scarlet fever.

 6 
Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
2
Birthdate: July 19, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Bronx, New York, United States
Died: May 30, 2011

Medical physicist Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was the second woman and the first American woman to earn the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Best known for her research on the radioimmunoassay, or RIA, technique, she studied science at a time when women weren’t hired for science jobs.

 7 
Maria Goeppert-Mayer
2
Birthdate: June 28, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Katowice, Poland
Died: February 20, 1972
 8 
Ingrid Daubechies
(Mathematician, Physicist best known for her work with wavelets in image compression.)
Ingrid Daubechies
2
Birthdate: August 17, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Houthalen-Helchteren, Belgium

Belgian-born physicist Ingrid Daubechies was a prodigy of sorts and had started dealing with complicated mathematical concepts before turning 6. She grew up to work at the AT&T Bell Laboratories and also taught at Princeton. She is best known for her research on wavelets and image-compression technology.

 9 
Katharine Burr Blodgett
1
Birthdate: January 10, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Schenectady
Died: October 12, 1979
 10 
Deborah S. Jin
(Physicist)
Deborah S. Jin
1
Birthdate: November 15, 1968
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Stanford, California, United States
Died: September 15, 2016
 11 
Melissa Franklin
(American Experimental Particle Physicist)
Melissa Franklin
1
Birthdate: September 30, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Edmonton, Canada

Particle physicist and Harvard professor Melissa Franklin is known for her research on the Higgs boson and the proton-proton collisions caused by the Large Hadron Collider. Interestingly, she had quit high school to form a parallel school with her friends. The Stanford alumna is also associated with the ATLAS experiment.

 12 
Sarah Frances Whiting
1
Birthdate: August 23, 1847
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wyoming, New York, United States
Died: September 12, 1927

Born to a teacher father, Sarah Frances Whiting created history by becoming the first physics professor of Wellesley College, an institute that revolutionized higher education for women, and also established America's second undergraduate and first women’s physics lab. She remains a pioneer of women’s education in science.

 13 
Clelia Duel Mosher
0
Birthdate: December 16, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: December 21, 1940
 14 
Elda Emma Anderson
1
Birthdate: October 5, 1899
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Green Lake, Wisconsin, United States
Died: April 17, 1961