Famous 20th Century Sculptors

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Andy Goldsworthy

Andy Goldsworthy.
Famous As: Sculptor & Photographer
Birthdate: July 26, 1956
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cheshire, England

English sculptor, artist, and photographer Andy Goldsworthy has revolutionized outdoor art by creating masterpieces with naturally available material such as rain, snow, and rocks. A farm laborer in his younger days, he developed an early love for nature and the elements. Rain Shadows remains one of his best-loved works.

 2 Jeff Koons

Jeff Koons.
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: January 21, 1955
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: York
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 3 Louise Bourgeois

Louise Bourgeois.
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 25, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 31, 2010

Louise Bourgeois was a French-American artist best remembered for her large-scale installation art and sculpture. Also a prolific printmaker and painter, Bourgeois explored a variety of themes, such as sexuality and death. In 1997, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. In 2009, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

 4 Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth.
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 10, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wakefield
Died: May 20, 1975
English sculptor Barbara Hepworth, CBE and DBE, was a prominent figure in Modern Art. A Royal College of Art alumna, she used bronze, marble, and wood to create masterpieces such as Single Form and Family of Man, which adorn various venues. She died in a fire at her studio.

 5 Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali.
Famous As: Surrealist Painter
Birthdate: May 11, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Figueres, Spain
Died: January 23, 1989

Salvador Dali was a Spanish artist best remembered for his precise draftsmanship and technical skills. His artwork is famous for depicting bizarre and striking images. In spite of producing brilliant artworks, Dali's ostentatious and eccentric public behavior often overshadowed his professional achievements, much to the irritation of his fans and critics. His works have influenced other artists like Jeff Koons.

 6 Yvonne McGuinness

Yvonne McGuinness.
Famous As: Visual Artist
Birthdate: October 12, 1972
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kilkenny
Irish visual artist Yvonne McGuinness is renowned for her video installations and prints. Most of her art works revolve around themes of conflict between revealing and hiding one’s true self. She has also made several short films, such as Charlie's Place. She is married to Irish actor Cillian Murphy.

 7 H. R. Giger

H. R. Giger.
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 5, 1940
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Chur
Died: May 12, 2014

H. R. Giger was a Swiss artist remembered for his airbrushed images of machines and humans intertwined in cold biomechanical relationships. He is also remembered for his work as part of the special effects team that worked in Ridley Scott's 1979 science fiction horror film Alien, for which the team won an Academy Award

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 8 Donald Judd

Donald Judd
Famous As: Artist, Architect, Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: June 3, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Excelsior Springs
Died: February 12, 1994

Donald Judd was an American artist widely regarded as one of the most prominent international exponents of minimalism. He is credited with founding a contemporary art museum named Chinati Foundation which houses the collection of popular artists like Carl Andre, Ilya Kabakov, Richard Long, and John Wesley. Judd also contributed as a teacher at many academic institutions in the USA.

 9 Gina Lollobrigida

Gina Lollobrigida
Famous As: Actor, Photographer, Sculptor, Journalist
Birthdate: July 4, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Subiaco

Gina Lollobrigida is an Italian actress and photojournalist counted amongst the highest-profile European actresses of the 1950s and 1960s. Considered a  sex symbol in her youth, she had a successful career both in the film and TV industries. She later built a second career as a photojournalist. She is a recipient of the NIAF Lifetime Achievement Award.  

 10 Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei.
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 28, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Beijing
Named Art Review’s most powerful artist in 2011, Chinese artist Ai Weiwei has become a symbol of resilience against the authoritarian Chinese government. Jailed and banned from leaving the country once, he is known for using various media, such as sculpture, photos, and documentaries, to reflect Chinese human-rights abuses.

 11 Takashi Murakami

Takashi Murakami
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, Artist, Film director
Birthdate: February 1, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Itabashi-ku

Takashi Murakami is a Japanese contemporary artist who works in both fine arts media and commercial arts media. He is known for blurring the line between “high” and “low” arts. He is the founder of the art production and artist management company Kaikai Kiki Co., Ltd. He has collaborated with the fashion brand Louis Vuitton as well. 

 12 Jean Arp

Jean Arp
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 16, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 7, 1966

Jean Arp was born in Strasbourg, to a German father and a French mother. After studying art in Paris and Switzerland, he co-created The Modern Alliance and participated in the Dada and Abstraction-Création movements. An avant-garde painter and sculptor, he also experimented with media such as embroidery.

 13 Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti.
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: October 10, 1901
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Borgonovo, Bregaglia, Switzerland
Died: January 11, 1966

Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss painter, sculptor, printmaker, and draftsman. Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's most important sculptors, Giacometti's career and his friendship with American writer James Lord inspired the 2017 British-American drama film Final Portrait, in which Alberto Giacometti is portrayed by Australian actor Geoffrey Roy Rush.

 14 Gutzon Borglum

Gutzon Borglum.
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 25, 1867
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: St. Charles, Idaho, United States
Died: March 6, 1941

 15 Jasper Johns

Jasper Johns
Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Costume designer
Birthdate: May 15, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Augusta

 16 Camille Claudel

Camille Claudel.
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 8, 1864
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fère-en-Tardenois, France
Died: October 19, 1943

French sculptor Camille Claudel is also popularly known as legendary sculptor Auguste Rodin’s student, mistress, and muse. Claudel also contributed to many of Rodin’s masterpieces but never got any credit for it. After her relationship with Rodin soured, she became alienated and eventually died in an asylum.

 17 Zdzisław Beksiński

Zdzisław Beksiński
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 24, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sanok, Poland
Died: February 21, 2005

 18 Dora Maar

Dora Maar
Famous As: Photographer, Artist, Painter, Poet, Choreographer, Sculptor, Model
Birthdate: November 22, 1907
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris
Died: July 16, 1997

Born to a French mother and a Croatian father, Dora Maar spent her childhood in Argentina and later studied art in Paris. The renowned surrealist artist and photographer later gained fame as Pablo Picasso’s lover and muse, and was featured in his paintings such as Weeping Woman.

 19 Georges Braque

Georges Braque
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 13, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Argenteuil, France
Died: August 31, 1963

French painter Georges Braque is considered one of the pioneers of Cubism. His 1908 masterpiece Large Nude is one of his most celebrated pieces. Critics often argue whether Braque or Picasso had first begun developing Cubism, and many of their works are very similar in nature.

 20 Isamu Noguchi

Isamu Noguchi
Famous As: Sculptor, Architect
Birthdate: November 17, 1904
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Los Angeles
Died: December 30, 1988

Isamu Noguchi was an American landscape architect and artist best remembered for designing the iconic Noguchi table. His sculptures are credited with bridging East and West and some of his works are considered landmarks of 20th-century art. In 1982, he won the Edward MacDowell Medal. In 1987, he received the National Medal of Arts for his contribution to the arts. 

 21 Cy Twombly

Cy Twombly.
Famous As: Praemium Imperiale
Birthdate: April 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lexington city
Died: July 5, 2011

 22 Eric Gill

Eric Gill.
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: February 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brighton, East Sussex, England
Died: November 17, 1940

English sculptor and printer Eric Gill first gained attention with his work Mother and Child. Apart from co-founding the St. Dominic’s Press, he also contributed to the illustrations and woodcuts for The Four Gospels. He was also infamous form his deviant sexual behavior, which included incest and animal abuse.

 23 Anish Kapoor

Anish Kapoor
Famous As: Sculptor, Visual artist, Painter, Architect
Birthdate: March 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mumbai

Born in India, sculptor Anish Kapoor initially studied engineering in Israel but soon quit his studies to study art in Britain. The Turner Prize-winning artist was the first living artist to earn a solo show at London’s Royal Academy of Arts. The Cloud Gate in Chicago remain his best-loved work.

 24 Stanislaw Szukalski

Stanislaw Szukalski
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: December 13, 1893
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warta, Poland
Died: May 19, 1987

 25 Joseph Beuys

Joseph Beuys
Famous As: Sculptor, Choreographer, Painter, University teacher
Birthdate: May 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Krefeld
Died: January 23, 1986

It is believed Joseph Beuys was rescued by Tartars when his air force plane broke down in Crimea during World War II. He later gained fame as an avant-garde sculptor and artist and part of the group Fluxus. His works used unconventional media, with some even including staged actions.

 26 Antony Gormley

Antony Gormley
Famous As: Sculptor, Artist
Birthdate: August 30, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London

Sculptor Antony Gormley is best known for his human forms, most of which he creates using his own naked form. The Turner Prize-winning artist had initially studied history and archaeology but later turned to art. His best-known works include Angel of the North and Three Ways: Mould, Hole and Passage.

 27 Yoshitaka Amano

Yoshitaka Amano
Famous As: Character designer, Sculptor, Illustrator, Artist, Blogger, Animator, Painter
Birthdate: March 26, 1952
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shizuoka

Japanese visual artist and illustrator Yoshitaka Amano is a renowned name in the animation industry. Apart from creating iconic characters such as Gatchaman, he has also illustrated for the video game series Final Fantasy. The Inkpot Award winner has also worked for two Vampire Hunter D movies.

 28 Gunther von Hagens

Gunther von Hagens
Famous As: Anatomist, Sculptor, Inventor, University teacher
Birthdate: January 10, 1945
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Skalmierzyce, Greater Poland Voivodeship

 29 Claes Oldenburg

Claes Oldenburg
Famous As: Artist, Sculptor, Painter, Graphic artist
Birthdate: January 28, 1929
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm

 30 Frank Stella

Frank Stella
Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: May 12, 1936
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Malden

 31 Robert Graham

Robert Graham
Famous As: sculptor, architect
Birthdate: August 19, 1938
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mexico City
Died: December 27, 2008

 32 Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer
Famous As: Artist, Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: July 29, 1950
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gallipolis

 33 Sol Lewitt

Sol Lewitt
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: September 9, 1928
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 8, 2007

 34 Niki de Saint Phalle

Niki de Saint Phalle.
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: October 29, 1930
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died: May 21, 2002

Niki de Saint Phalle was a French-American painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. She gained prominence as a monumental sculptor as not many women were renowned for their skills as monumental sculptors. Also remembered for her social work, Niki was one of the earliest artists to spread awareness about AIDS through art. She also wrote extensively in English and French.

 35 Oskar Schlemmer

Oskar Schlemmer
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 4, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
Died: April 13, 1943

German painter and sculptor Oskar Schlemmer had gained fame both for his paintings and for his choreographed avant-garde ballet productions such as Triadisches Ballett. He was a major influence behind bringing modern art exhibitions to the Stuttgart Academy of Fine Art. He had also served in World War I.

 36 Jean Marais

Jean Marais
Famous As: Film actor, Actor, Sculptor, Painter, Theatre director, Film director, Autobiographer
Birthdate: December 11, 1913
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cherbourg-Octeville
Died: November 8, 1998

French actor Jean Marais was not only a long-time collaborator of director Jean Cocteau but was also his lover. After being rejected by the Paris Conservatory, he studied photography and later got only small roles, until Cocteau roped him in for lead roles in films such as Beauty and the Beast.

 37 Barnett Newman

Barnett Newman
Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Visual artist, Architect
Birthdate: January 29, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City
Died: July 4, 1970

Barnett Newman was an American artist widely regarded as one of the most prominent figures in abstract expressionism. Although his work was unappreciated for much of his life, it served as a major influence on several younger artists like Bob Law, Frank Stella, and Donald Judd.

 38 William Steig

William Steig
Famous As: Writer, Sculptor, Illustrator, Children's writer, Screenwriter
Birthdate: November 14, 1907
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City
Died: October 3, 2003

 39 Richard Serra

Richard Serra
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: November 2, 1939
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: San Francisco

 40 Olafur Eliasson

Olafur Eliasson
Famous As: Artist, Sculptor
Birthdate: February 5, 1967
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen

 41 Bharathan

Famous As: film director
Birthdate: November 14, 1947
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Enkakkad
Died: July 30, 1998

Bharathan was an Indian artist, filmmaker, and art director. He earned a diploma from the College of Fine Arts, Thrissur, and began his career as an art director in films. He eventually started working as an assistant director and made his directorial debut in 1975 with the film Prayanam. Many of his films dealt with bold themes. 

 42 Takeshi Kitano

Takeshi Kitano
Famous As: Comedian
Birthdate: January 18, 1947
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Adachi, Tokyo, Japan

Takeshi Kitano is a Japanese comedian, TV presenter, author, actor, and filmmaker. He gained international fame in the 1970s as one half of the comedy duo Two Beat. He later pursued a solo act and became one of the top comedians in Japan. He then ventured into acting and direction as well. He won the Golden Lion award in 1997.   

 43 Eva Hesse

Eva Hesse
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: January 11, 1936
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hamburg
Died: May 29, 1970

Born in Germany, Eva Hesse moved with her family to England, and then to the U.S., in a bid to escape the Nazi regime. Her death due to brain tumor at age 34 cut short her dynamic career. A sculptor and painter, she experimented with media such latex, metal, and mesh.

 44 Joseph Cornell

Joseph Cornell
Famous As: Film director, Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: December 24, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Nyack
Died: December 29, 1972

 45 Andre Derain

Andre Derain
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 10, 1880
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Garches, France
Died: September 8, 1954

Andre Derain is considered a co-founder of Fauvism, along with fellow artist Henri Matisse, who was one of his classmates at the Académie Carriere. He also created theatrical décor for Ballets Russes and woodcut book illustrations for authors such as Antonin Artaud and André Breton.

 46 Victor Vasarely

Victor Vasarely
Famous As: Painter, Visual artist, Sculptor
Birthdate: April 9, 1906
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Pécs
Died: March 15, 1997

Hungarian-French artist Victor Vasarely pioneered the Op Art movement, using geometric angles and depth in works such as Vega-Nor. He initially worked as a graphic artist in advertising agencies and then created masterpieces influenced by Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. His work Zebra remains one of his best-known pieces.

 47 Romero Britto

Romero Britto
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: October 6, 1963
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Recife

 48 Douglas Coupland

Douglas Coupland
Famous As: Writer, Sculptor, Novelist, Artist, Designer, Screenwriter, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: December 30, 1961
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rheinmünster

Douglas Coupland is a Canadian novelist and artist who popularized the term “Generation X” mentioned in his international bestseller Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture. He has published several novels, collections of short stories, and works of non-fiction. His art is frequently exhibited at the Vancouver Art Gallery and the Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art. 

 49 Thomas Heatherwick

Thomas Heatherwick
Famous As: Architect, Sculptor, Designer
Birthdate: February 17, 1970
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London

The founder of the London-based architecture firm Heatherwick Studio, Thomas Heatherwick is best known for his works such as the Seed Cathedral for the 2010 Shanghai Expo’s UK Pavilion and the 2012 Olympic Cauldron. A descendant of the owners of fashion brand Jaeger, he studied 3-D design and revolutionized architecture.

 50 Ellsworth Kelly

Ellsworth Kelly
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, Artist
Birthdate: May 31, 1923
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Newburgh (city), New York
Died: December 27, 2015