Famous 20th Century Sculptors

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 1 

Marcel Duchamp
6
Birthdate: July 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Blainville-Crevon, France
Died: October 2, 1968
French-American painter and sculptor Marcel Duchamp is remembered for his association with movements such as Cubism and Dadaism. A significant figure in conceptual art, he was against art that was meant to just cater to the eyes. He was also a skilled chess player and carved his own chess set.

 2 
Edgar Degas
(Impressionist Painter)

Edgar Degas
7
Birthdate: July 19, 1834
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 27, 1917

French Impressionist artist Edgar Degas is best remembered for his oil paintings and pastel drawings and for his signature use of dancers and bathing women as themes in his works such as Fin d'Arabesque and Woman in a Tub. He had also experimented with bronze sculptures and called himself a realist.

 3 
Alexander Calder
(Sculptor, Painter)

Alexander Calder
6
Birthdate: July 22, 1898
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lawnton
Died: November 11, 1976

Alexander Calder was an American sculptor best remembered for his innovative kinetic sculptures designed to use either motor, air currents, or other forces of nature. A multi-talented personality, Calder was also known for his paintings, miniatures, prints, jewelry design, theater set design, political posters, and tapestries and rugs. In 1977, he was honored with the prestigious Presidential Medal of Freedom.

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 4 
Andy Goldsworthy
(Sculptor & Photographer)

Andy Goldsworthy
5
Birthdate: July 26, 1956
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cheshire, England

English sculptor, artist, and photographer Andy Goldsworthy has revolutionized outdoor art by creating masterpieces with naturally available material such as rain, snow, and rocks. A farm laborer in his younger days, he developed an early love for nature and the elements. Rain Shadows remains one of his best-loved works.

 5 

Constantin Brâncuși
5
Birthdate: February 19, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hobita, Romania
Died: March 16, 1957

Constantin Brâncuși was a Romanian sculptor, painter, and photographer. A pioneer of modernism, he is considered one of the most influential sculptors of the 20th-century. The son of poor parents, he worked hard to fund his training at the Bucharest School of Fine Arts and became a skilled sculptor. He left behind 1200 photographs and 215 sculptures at his death. 

 6 

Barbara Hepworth
5
Birthdate: January 10, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wakefield, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Died: May 20, 1975
English sculptor Barbara Hepworth, CBE and DBE, was a prominent figure in Modern Art. A Royal College of Art alumna, she used bronze, marble, and wood to create masterpieces such as Single Form and Family of Man, which adorn various venues. She died in a fire at her studio.

 7 

Louise Bourgeois
5
Birthdate: December 25, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 31, 2010

Louise Bourgeois was a French-American artist best remembered for her large-scale installation art and sculpture. Also a prolific printmaker and painter, Bourgeois explored a variety of themes, such as sexuality and death. In 1997, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. In 2009, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

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 8 
Jeff Koons
(Sculptor, Painter)

Jeff Koons
6
Birthdate: January 21, 1955
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: York

Jeff Koons is an American artist best known for his versatility and work that deals with popular culture. Koons is also known for his sculptures, such as large balloon animals made using stainless steel to achieve mirror-finish surfaces. One of the most successful artists of his generation, Koons has produced works that have earned a couple of record auction prices.

 9 
Yayoi Kusama
(Contemporary Artist)

Yayoi Kusama
5
Birthdate: March 22, 1929
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan
Japanese contemporary artist Yayoi Kusama is known for her variety of artforms, including sculpture, installations, paintings, and fashion. She mingles elements such as feminism, surrealism, and abstract expressionism, and expresses her struggle with mental illness through her art. She has also published books and produced an award-winning film. 

 10 
Donald Judd
(Artist, Architect, Sculptor, Painter)

Donald Judd
5
Birthdate: June 3, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Excelsior Springs
Died: February 12, 1994

Donald Judd was an American artist widely regarded as one of the most prominent international exponents of minimalism. He is credited with founding a contemporary art museum named Chinati Foundation which houses the collection of popular artists like Carl Andre, Ilya Kabakov, Richard Long, and John Wesley. Judd also contributed as a teacher at many academic institutions in the USA.

 11 
H. R. Giger
(Painter)

H. R. Giger
5
Birthdate: February 5, 1940
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Chur
Died: May 12, 2014

H. R. Giger was a Swiss artist remembered for his airbrushed images of machines and humans intertwined in cold biomechanical relationships. He is also remembered for his work as part of the special effects team that worked in Ridley Scott's 1979 science fiction horror film Alien, for which the team won an Academy Award

 12 
Amedeo Modigliani
(Painter & Sculptor)

Amedeo Modigliani
5
Birthdate: July 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Livorno, Italy
Died: January 24, 1920

Amedeo Modigliani was an Italian Jewish painter and sculptor. He is remembered for his surrealist and modern-style depiction of nudes in his portraits. Even though he spent his youth in Italy, he worked mainly in France. He enjoyed little success while he was alive. He died young at the age of 35 and received massive posthumous appreciation for his works.

 13 
Tony Dow
(Film Producer)

Tony Dow
5
Birthdate: April 13, 1945
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States
Tony Dow is best known as Wally Cleaver from the long-running sitcom Leave It to Beaver and its sequel. He also created abstract bronze sculptures and was a Junior Olympics diving champion. He has also worked as a producer, director, visual effects supervisor, and writer.

 14 

Steve McQueen
5
Birthdate: October 9, 1969
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England

Steve McQueen is a British filmmaker and video artist best known for his film 12 Years a Slave. The film won the Academy Award for Best Picture, making him the first black filmmaker to win the award. He is also a prominent visual artist and a recipient of the Turner Prize, the highest award given to a British visual artist. 

 15 
Auguste Rodin
(Sculptor)

Auguste Rodin
5
Birthdate: November 13, 1840
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 17, 1917
Initially aspiring to be a monk, Auguste Rodin found his true calling when he visited Italy and was awestruck by Michelangelo’s creations. His iconic sculptures such as The Thinker and The Age of Bronze are astoundingly life-like. He breathed magic into nudes and ballerinas made of stone and bronze.

 16 
Takashi Murakami
(Contemporary Artist Who Is the Founder and President of Kaikai Kiki Co., Ltd)

Takashi Murakami
4
Birthdate: February 1, 1962
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan

Takashi Murakami is a Japanese contemporary artist who works in both fine arts media and commercial arts media. He is known for blurring the line between “high” and “low” arts. He is the founder of the art production and artist management company Kaikai Kiki Co., Ltd. He has collaborated with the fashion brand Louis Vuitton as well. 

 17 
Joan Miró
(Painter)

Joan Miró
5
Birthdate: April 20, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain
Died: December 25, 1983

Born to an artisan father in Catalan, Joan Miró was allowed to attend art school after falling sick working as a clerk. Known for combining surrealism and abstract art, he experimented with various forms of art, including paintings, sculptures, and ceramics, and created masterpieces such as The Farm.

 18 

Zdzisław Beksiński
4
Birthdate: February 24, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sanok, Poland
Died: February 21, 2005

 19 
Max Ernst
(Painter)

Max Ernst
6
Birthdate: April 2, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brühl, Germany
Died: April 1, 1976

Max Ernst was a German painter, graphic artist, sculptor, and poet. A pioneer of the Dada movement, Ernst played an important role in popularizing surrealism during the early-20th century. He is also credited with inventing a couple of techniques, namely frottage and grattage. In 2005, the Max Ernst Museum was opened in his honor in Brühl, Germany.

 20 
Jean Arp
(Sculptor)

Jean Arp
3
Birthdate: September 16, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 7, 1966

Jean Arp was born in Strasbourg, to a German father and a French mother. After studying art in Paris and Switzerland, he co-created The Modern Alliance and participated in the Dada and Abstraction-Création movements. An avant-garde painter and sculptor, he also experimented with media such as embroidery.

 21 
Don Gummer
(Sculptor)

Don Gummer
5
Birthdate: December 12, 1946
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Don Gummer, husband of actor Meryl Streep, is a talented sculptor who is known for his free-standing sculptures in bronze. He initially focused on wall-mounted and table-top pieces. An avid philanthropist, he has donated to various charitable organizations such as the Silver Mountain Arts Foundation, along with Meryl.

 22 
Jasper Johns
(Painter, Sculptor, Costume designer)

Jasper Johns
5
Birthdate: May 15, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Augusta

Presidential Medal-winning artist Jasper Johns is best known for his contribution to the pop art movement. His paintings revolve around subjects such as flags, numbers, and letters, whereas he has also gained fame for his cast sculpture art such as Painted Bronze. He also once experimented by attaching strings to his art.

 23 
Alberto Giacometti
(Sculptor, Painter)

Alberto Giacometti
5
Birthdate: October 10, 1901
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Borgonovo, Bregaglia, Switzerland
Died: January 11, 1966

Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss painter, sculptor, printmaker, and draftsman. Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's most important sculptors, Giacometti's career and his friendship with American writer James Lord inspired the 2017 British-American drama film Final Portrait, in which Alberto Giacometti is portrayed by Australian actor Geoffrey Roy Rush.

 24 
Fernando Botero
(Painter, Sculptor, Artist)

Fernando Botero
5
Birthdate: April 19, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Medellín, Colombia

 25 
Camille Claudel
(Sculptor)

Camille Claudel
5
Birthdate: December 8, 1864
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fère-en-Tardenois, France
Died: October 19, 1943

French sculptor Camille Claudel is also popularly known as legendary sculptor Auguste Rodin’s student, mistress, and muse. Claudel also contributed to many of Rodin’s masterpieces but never got any credit for it. After her relationship with Rodin soured, she became alienated and eventually died in an asylum.

 26 
Eric Gill
(Sculptor)

Eric Gill
4
Birthdate: February 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brighton, East Sussex, England
Died: November 17, 1940

English sculptor and printer Eric Gill first gained attention with his work Mother and Child. Apart from co-founding the St. Dominic’s Press, he also contributed to the illustrations and woodcuts for The Four Gospels. He was also infamous form his deviant sexual behavior, which included incest and animal abuse.

 27 
Umberto Boccioni
(Painter and Sculptor)

Umberto Boccioni
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1882
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Reggio Calabria, Italy
Died: August 17, 1916

Umberto Boccioni was an Italian painter and sculptor credited to have shaped the revolutionary aesthetic of the Futurism movement. Even though he died at the young age of 33, he left behind a rich legacy as an artist. He was of a rebellious nature and played a key role in the development of the Futurism movement. 

 28 
Isamu Noguchi
(Artist and landscape architect)

Isamu Noguchi
4
Birthdate: November 17, 1904
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States
Died: December 30, 1988

Isamu Noguchi was an American landscape architect and artist best remembered for designing the iconic Noguchi table. His sculptures are credited with bridging East and West and some of his works are considered landmarks of 20th-century art. In 1982, he won the Edward MacDowell Medal. In 1987, he received the National Medal of Arts for his contribution to the arts. 

 29 
Wes Borland
(Musician)

Wes Borland
4
Birthdate: February 7, 1975
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Richmond, Virginia, USA

Wes Borland is a rock musician best known for his association with the popular rock band, Limp Bizkit. Borland is also credited with co-founding an experimental metal band named Big Dumb Face. Known for his elaborate visual appearance, Borland often wears a mask while performing. He was named in the Top 100 Guitarists of All Time list by the magazine Total Guitar.

 30 

Frank Frazetta
4
Birthdate: February 9, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: May 10, 2010

Frank Frazetta was an American science fiction and fantasy artist remembered for his work on comic books, LP record album covers, paperback book covers, posters, and paintings among other media. Nicknamed the Godfather of fantasy art, Frazetta is also considered one of the 20th century's best-known illustrators. He was honored at the World Fantasy Convention with a Life Achievement Award. 

 31 

Georges Braque
4
Birthdate: May 13, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Argenteuil, France
Died: August 31, 1963

French painter Georges Braque is considered one of the pioneers of Cubism. His 1908 masterpiece Large Nude is one of his most celebrated pieces. Critics often argue whether Braque or Picasso had first begun developing Cubism, and many of their works are very similar in nature.

 32 
Cy Twombly
(Artist)

Cy Twombly
4
Birthdate: April 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lexington, Virginia, United States
Died: July 5, 2011

Cy Twombly was an American sculptor, painter, and photographer. Although he wasn’t popular among the critics, Twombly's works influenced several younger artists like Francesco Clemente, Anselm Kiefer, and Julian Schnabel. Today, his works are preserved in many museums globally, including the Tate Modern in London, the Menil Collection in Houston, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.

 33 

Stanislaw Szukalski
4
Birthdate: December 13, 1893
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warta, Poland
Died: May 19, 1987

 34 
Günter Grass
(German Novelist & Nobel Prize Laureate, Best Known for His 1959 Novel, 'The Tin Drum')

Günter Grass
4
Birthdate: October 16, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Free City of Danzig, Poland
Died: April 13, 2015

Günter Grass was a German novelist, illustrator, graphic artist, poet, playwright, and sculptor. A much revered and decorated writer, Grass was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature in 1999. Over the course of his illustrious career, Günter Grass won many other awards, including the Georg Büchner Prize and the Hermann Kesten Prize.

 35 
Pablo Picasso
(Painter)

Pablo Picasso
0
Birthdate: October 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
Died: April 8, 1973

Pablo Picasso was a renowned artist whose paintings sell by millions of dollars at auctions even today, many years after his death. With masterful strokes, attractive shades and rich textures, Picasso created some of the most visually impressive arts of the 20th century. While exploring new styles and experimenting with different techniques, Picasso co-founded Cubist art style and co-invented collage.

 36 
Claes Oldenburg
(Artist, Sculptor, Painter, Graphic artist)

Claes Oldenburg
4
Birthdate: January 28, 1929
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm

Claes Oldenburg is a Swedish-American sculptor recognized for his public art installations. Many of his artworks, which were co-designed by his wife Coosje van Bruggen until 2009, feature everyday objects. One of the most celebrated sculptors of his generation, Claes Oldenburg has been honored with many prestigious awards like the National Medal of Arts and the Wolf Prize in Arts.  

 37 
Yoshitaka Amano
(Character designer, Sculptor, Illustrator, Artist, Blogger, Animator, Painter)

Yoshitaka Amano
4
Birthdate: March 26, 1952
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shizuoka

Japanese visual artist and illustrator Yoshitaka Amano is a renowned name in the animation industry. Apart from creating iconic characters such as Gatchaman, he has also illustrated for the video game series Final Fantasy. The Inkpot Award winner has also worked for two Vampire Hunter D movies.

 38 
Anish Kapoor
(Sculpture known for works like Cloud Gate in Chicago and Sky Mirror in New York, he won the Premio Duemila Prize in 1990 and the Turner Prize in 1991.)

Anish Kapoor
4
Birthdate: March 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mumbai, Maharashtra, india

Born in India, sculptor Anish Kapoor initially studied engineering in Israel but soon quit his studies to study art in Britain. The Turner Prize-winning artist was the first living artist to earn a solo show at London’s Royal Academy of Arts. The Cloud Gate in Chicago remain his best-loved work.

 39 
Joseph Beuys
(Founder of the provocative art movement known as Fluxus, and was a key figure in the development of Happenings)

Joseph Beuys
4
Birthdate: May 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Krefeld, Germany
Died: January 23, 1986

It is believed Joseph Beuys was rescued by Tartars when his air force plane broke down in Crimea during World War II. He later gained fame as an avant-garde sculptor and artist and part of the group Fluxus. His works used unconventional media, with some even including staged actions.

 40 
Antony Gormley
(Sculptor, Artist)

Antony Gormley
4
Birthdate: August 30, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London

Sculptor Antony Gormley is best known for his human forms, most of which he creates using his own naked form. The Turner Prize-winning artist had initially studied history and archaeology but later turned to art. His best-known works include Angel of the North and Three Ways: Mould, Hole and Passage.

 41 
Jenny Holzer
(Artist, Painter, Sculptor)

Jenny Holzer
4
Birthdate: July 29, 1950
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gallipolis

Jenny Holzer is an American artist best known for her association with neo-conceptual art. Her work focuses on conveying ideas and messages in public spaces with the help of large-scale installations, illuminated electronic displays, projections on buildings, and advertising billboards. Over the course of her career, Holzer has received several awards like the Golden Lion at the 1990 Venice Biennale.

 42 
Anselm Kiefer
(Painter)

Anselm Kiefer
4
Birthdate: March 8, 1945
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Donaueschingen, Germany

German painter and sculptor Anselm Kiefer, counted among leading figures of the Neo-Expressionist art movement of the late 20th century, is noted for his works like The Hierarchy of Angels (painting), The Secret Life of Plants (sculpture) and Grane (woodcut). Themes of Kiefer were often influenced by the spiritual concepts of Kabbalah, horror of the Holocaust and poems of Paul Celan.

 43 
Robert Graham
(sculptor, architect)

Robert Graham
4
Birthdate: August 19, 1938
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mexico City
Died: December 27, 2008

 44 
Barnett Newman
(Painter, Sculptor, Visual artist, Architect)

Barnett Newman
4
Birthdate: January 29, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City
Died: July 4, 1970

Barnett Newman was an American artist widely regarded as one of the most prominent figures in abstract expressionism. Although his work was unappreciated for much of his life, it served as a major influence on several younger artists like Bob Law, Frank Stella, and Donald Judd.

 45 
Richard Serra
(Sculptor, Painter)

Richard Serra
4
Birthdate: November 2, 1939
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: San Francisco

Richard Serra is an American artist renowned for his large-scale sculptures that are designed for site-specific landscape, architectural, and urban settings. Many of his works are displayed in several museums, including The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York and Musée National d’Art Moderne in Paris. Serra is the recipient of several prestigious awards like The National Arts Award.

 46 
Eva Hesse
(Former Sculptor known for her pioneering work in materials such as latex, fiberglass, and plastics)

Eva Hesse
3
Birthdate: January 11, 1936
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: May 29, 1970

Born in Germany, Eva Hesse moved with her family to England, and then to the U.S., in a bid to escape the Nazi regime. Her death due to brain tumor at age 34 cut short her dynamic career. A sculptor and painter, she experimented with media such latex, metal, and mesh.

 47 
Joseph Cornell
(Film director, Sculptor, Painter)

Joseph Cornell
4
Birthdate: December 24, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Nyack
Died: December 29, 1972

Joseph Cornell was an American filmmaker and visual artist. He is best remembered as a pioneer and exponent of assemblage. Joseph Cornell is also known for his experimental films like Rose Hobart which were inspired by Surrealism.

 48 
Sol Lewitt
(Artist)

Sol Lewitt
4
Birthdate: September 9, 1928
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 8, 2007

Sol Lewitt was an American artist best remembered for his association with various movements, including minimalism and conceptual art. LeWitt was also prolific in drawing, printmaking, installation, photography, and painting. Since 1965, Lewitt has been the subject of several solo exhibitions in galleries and museums around the world. His life inspired a biography titled Sol LeWitt: A Life of Ideas.

 49 
William Steig
(Writer, Sculptor, Illustrator, Children's writer, Screenwriter)

William Steig
4
Birthdate: November 14, 1907
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City
Died: October 3, 2003

William Steig was an American illustrator, cartoonist, and children's book writer. He is best remembered for his work Shrek, which has been adapted into a movie series of the same name. Some of his other works which have been adapted into films include Doctor De Soto and Sylvester and the Magic Pebble. 

 50 
Romero Britto
(Sculptor, Painter)

Romero Britto
3
Birthdate: October 6, 1963
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Recife

Romero Britto is a Brazilian painter, artist, sculptor, and serigrapher. He is best known for his distinctive style that fuses elements of pop art, cubism, and graffiti painting. Romero Britto is also known for using bold patterns and vibrant colors as a visual expression of happiness, dreams, and hope.